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Charles R. Hale, Director SRH 1.310, 2300 Red River Street D0800, Austin, TX 78712 • 512.471.5551

Fall 2007

LAS 384L • THE MILITARY IN POLITICS

Unique Days Time Location Instructor
41810 M
3:00 PM-6:00 PM
BAT 1.104
BARANY

Course Description

This course is designed to familiarize graduate students with the military's role in modern state and society. The focus is on the sociopolitical character of the armed forces. We will examine the most important issues of civil-military relations, such as why is civilian control important, what types of control arrangements are conducive to healthy civil-military relations in various types of political regimes, and in what ways do military elites respond to state policies and social movements. The class begins with eight weeks of intensive readings in order to get you grounded in the literature and help you learn to appreciate the diversity of civil-military relations in different political systems. Students will write brief (one single-spaced page) discussion proposals to facilitate debate about the readings. We will conclude with student presentations (approximately 30-minute summations of your research). The seminar paper is due at the last seminar meeting; extensions will not be given save for exceptional cases (e.g., unanticipated call-up for combat duty, debilitating illness, etc.).

Grading Policy

Grading 8 discussion proposals (2.5% each) : 20 seminar participation (including presentation of the research paper) : 20 research paper (minimum 25 pages) : 60 I will assume that as graduate students you will do the readings as assigned. I want you to immerse yourselves in the books and articles in order to be able to make critical comments during the seminar meetings. Without substantive, engaged discussion the seminar will be of little use.

The research paper is the most important requirement of this course. The paper should be minimum 25 double-spaced pages in length and should benefit from at least 25 different sources (books, articles, etc.). Extensive use of articles from the internet is discouraged (I want you to spend time in the library doing research the old-fashioned way; by reading books). The paper should be structurally sound and the argument(s) should be built to follow logical reasoning. Ideally, the paper would take advantage of some existing theory to inform its argument(s); it should be analytical and feature relatively little descriptive material (i.e., ask and answer the question "why?" rather than how?).

Texts

Readings Barany, Zoltan. Democratic Breakdown and the Decline of the Russian Military (Princeton University Press, 2007) ISBN: 0691128960 Callahan, Mary P. Making Enemies: War and State-Building in Burma (Cornell University Press, 2006) ISBN: 0801472679 Herspring, Dale R. The Pentagon And the Presidency: Civil-military Relations from FDR to George W. Bush (University Press of Kansas, 2006) ISBN: 0700614915 Feaver, Peter D. Armed Servants: Agency, Oversight, and Civil-Military Relations (Harvard University Press, 2004) ISBN: 0674017617 Frankel, Philip. Soldiers in the Storm: The Armed Forces in South Africa's Democratic Transition (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000) ISBN: 081333747X Trinkunas, Harold. Crafting Civilian Control of the Military in Venezuela: A Comparative Perspective (University of North Carolina Press, 2005) ISBN: 0807856509 & and a selection of recent and classic articles. Kamrava, M. (2000): 'Military Professionalization and Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East', Political Science Quarterly 115/1, pp.67-92. ALSO: articles about Turkey, under ME countries!!! In addition, you will need to read the following: for the January 25 meeting: 1. Huntington, Samuel P. The Soldier and the State (Harvard University Press, 1957), Chapters 1-3, pp. 7-79. 2. Feaver, Peter. "The Civil-Military Problematique: Huntington, Janowitz, and the Question of Civilian Control," Armed Forces and Society, 23:2 (Winter 1996): 149-178. 3. Friedberg, Aaron. Why Didn't the United States Become a Garrison State? International Security, 16:4 (1992): 109-137. for the March 1 meeting: 1. Sigmund, Paul. Approaches to the Study of the Military in Latin America, Comparative Politics, 26:1 (October 1993): 111-122. for the March 8 meeting: 1. Rustow, Dankwart. The Army and the Founding of the Turkish Republic, World Politics, 11:4 (July 1959): 511-552. 2. Heper, Metin, and Aylin Guney. The Military and Democracy in the Third Turkish Republic, Armed Forces and Society, 22:4 (Summer 1996): 619-642. 3. Sakallioglu, Umit Cizre. The Anatomy of the Turkish Military's Political Autonomy, Comparative Politics 29:2 (January 1997): 151-166. Schedule and topics of seminar meetings January 18: A very brief introduction to the course Part I. General Issues January 25: Civilian control in an historical perspective Read: Huntington chapters, Feaver and Friedberg articles February 1: Civilian control and security Read: Desch (entire) February 8: Corporate involvement in military operations Read: Singer (entire) Part II. Case Studies February 15: Theories and practice of U.S. civil-military relations Read: Feaver (entire) February 22: Soldiers and politics in South Asia (Pakistan) Read: Haggani (entire) Research topic due! March 1 : Politics and the armed forces in Latin America Read: Pion-Berlin, ed. (entire), Sigmund article March 8 : Civil-military relations in the Middle East (Israel and Turkey) Read: van Creveld (entire), and the three articles March 15 : Spring Break March 22 : The military in Russian politics Read: Taylor (entire) April 19 - May 3: Student presentations May 3: Research paper due!

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