LAS 370S • MYTHMAKERS/DIVINITIES IN ANDES
12:30 PM-2:00 PM
The topic for this course is: Representing History and Ritual through Narrative. We will study the construction of history and religious beliefs by the Andean peoples through their mythological narratives and the ritual dramas that inscribe them. The time span is divided into epochs: the narratives begin at the cusp of remembered history in the highland origen myths of the Kolla nation (Lake Titicaca), followed by the foundation accounts of social order sanctioned by the Inca state (Cusco) and, then, the elaboration of ancient mythical notions into accounts of the Apostolic mission in the Andes. We will read the numerous tales in the Tunupa/Viracocha cycles and testimonies (Miracles) of the Virgin of Copacabana gathered by the Spanish, criollo and native chroniclers in Peru between 1550 and 1653. Coastal Peruvian myth/history will be represented by the narrative of Huarochiri. We will also compare the ancient epochal myths as reinterpreted by contemporary Indian - Mestizo communities in Peru (Huarochiri and Ayacucho) and Bolivia (Oruro). Readings marked* offer bilingual Quechua-Spanish texts for beginning or intermediate students interested in learning Quechua.
Oral presentation in class on readings 20% 5 Written commentaries on readings 50% End of course revised commentary & class presentation of topic 30%
Required Reading: From Viracocha to the Virgin of Copacabana: Representation of the Sacred at Lake Titicaca (1997) by Verónica Salles-Reese. * The Huarochiri Manuscript. A Testament of Ancient and Colonial Andean Religion. (<1607> 1991). Frank Salomon and George L. Urioste, editors. Recommended: The History of a Myth by Gary Urton. Course Packet Readings from: 1) the Colonial chroniclers, Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa, Cristóbal de Molina "el Cusqueño", "El Anónimo", Joan de Santa Cruz Pachacuti, Alonso Ramos Gavilán, Francisco de Avila, Bernabé Cobo 2) contemporary anthropology (ethnography, criticism and texts), José María Arguedas, Alejandro Ortiz Rescaniere, Roger Rasnake, Xavier Albó & Félix Layme, Brian S. Bauer