"Separated at Birth: The Social and Institutional Origins of Democracy in India and Autocracy in Pakistan”
Tue, March 6, 2012 • 2:00 PM • BAT 5.108
A talk by Dr. Maya Tudor, Fellow at St. John’s College at the University of Oxford.
Dr. Tudor received her BA in Economics from Stanford University and her MPA and Phd in Politics and Public Policy at Princeton University. Before assuming her current position, she was also a postdoctoral Research Fellow with the Oxford Centre for the Study of Inequality and Democracy and a predoctoral Research Fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University. Her book, Separated at Birth, is under contract with Cambridge University Press. Tudor won the Gabriel Almond award for her dissertation, which is the basis of her book. This presentation explores why India and Pakistan embarked upon divergent regime trajectories in the decade after their twin independences in 1947. By 1958, India had established itself as a constitutional democracy while Pakistan had descended into autocratic instability. The paper argues that the respective independence movements in each country were founded by different social classes who were motivated to create relatively stronger (India) and weaker (Pakistan) political parties. The core argument thus advanced is that respective party strength critically explains regime stability while respective class interests and their associated ideologies critically explain regime type.