Department of Middle Eastern Studies
Department of Middle Eastern Studies

Harold Liebowitz

Professor EmeritusPh.D., University of Pennsylvania

Harold Liebowitz



Archaeology & art history of Israel in the Biblical & Greco-Roman periods; art & archaeology of the Ancient Near East, daily life in Ancient Israel; material culture & literature (Mishnah & Talmud)


MES S320 • Rome And Jerusalem

86960 • Summer 2011
Meets MTWTHF 1000am-1130am JGB 2.202
(also listed as AHC S325, HIS S321G, J S S365, R S S365)

A comparison of life in Rome and the Land of Israel during the first half of the first millennium designed to enrich our understanding of Rabbinic and New Testament literature, and reconstruct these civilizations during that period. Following the footseps of our fathers, we will paint a word picture of the atmosphere of the cities and byways familiar to Rabbi Akiva and Origen the Bishop of Caesarea.

MES 320 • Daily Life In Ancient Israel

41605 • Fall 2010
Meets MWF 1100am-1200pm UTC 3.104
(also listed as HIS 364G, J S 363, R S 353)

A study of daily life in ancient Israel during the periods of the Judges and the Monarchy (ca. 1200 – 586 BC). Our reconstruction of daily life will be based on biblical sources and on archaeological finds from the Land of Israel and Egypt. We will focus on subsistence patterns (farming and animal husbandry), ancient technology and crafts, international trade, transportation, hygiene and health, warfare, death and burial, and social organization, in order to provide a picture of how people lived in biblical times in the Land of Israel.


Life in Ancient Israel, Philip J King


Three Quizzes: 1st 35%, 2nd 45%, 3rd 20%

MES 320 • The Bible And History

41610 • Fall 2010
Meets MWF 1000am-1100am WAG 214
(also listed as HIS 372P, J S 364, R S 354D)

A study of the uses of the Bible for reconstruction of Biblical History. Following an introduction to the history and literature of the Hebrew Bible, introductory lectures will focus on the discovery and significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the implications of the Documentary Hypothesis for Biblical history. The core of the course will focus on the major historical events of the biblical period, utilizing Biblical and extra-Biblical evidence. The periods to be studied will extend from the Patriarchal Period until the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 B.C. and close with the Restoration in the Persian Period.



Complete Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) in translation (any complete version); A History of Israel, Presbyterian Publishing Corporation, 2000; A History of Ancient Israel and Judah, Westminster, 1986. ); On the Reliability of the Old Testament, Eerdmans, 2003. Course Packet .



Quiz 1  30%
Quiz 2  40%
Quiz 3  30%

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