Plan II Honors Logo
Plan II Honors

John Hoberman

ProfessorPh.D. Scandinavian Languages and Literature, University of California, Berkeley

John Hoberman



European cultural and intellectual history with special interests in Sportwissenschaft and the history of ideas about race


John Hoberman is a social and cultural historian who has researched and published extensively in the fields of sports studies, race studies, human enhancements, medical history, and globalization studies. His work in sports studies encompasses race relations, politics and the Olympics, and performance-enhancing drug use. His interests in medical history include the social and medical impacts of androgenic drugs (anabolic steroids) and the history of medical racism in the United States. He has lectured at many medical schools and other medical institutions on this topic.

 Prof. Hoberman is the author of Sport and Political Ideology (1984), The Olympic Crisis: Sport, Politics, and the Moral Order (1986), Mortal Engines: The Science of Performance and the Dehumanization of Sport (1992), Darwin’s Athletes: How Sport Has Damaged Black America and Preserved the Myth of Race (1997), Testosterone Dreams: Rejuvenation, Aphrodisia, Doping ((2005), Black & Blue: The Origins and Consequences of Medical Racism (2012), and Age of Globalization, the text of a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) broadcast on the edX global platform during 2013 and 2014 and published online by the University of Texas Press in January 2014.

Prof. Hoberman has also published widely for general audiences. His articles have appeared in the New York Times, the Wall Street JournalForeign PolicyThe NationThe Wilson QuarterlySocietyScientific American, the Atlanta Journal-ConstitutionThe National (Canada), and Der Spiegel (Germany). Interviews with Prof. Hoberman have appeared in Norwegian, Swedish, French and German publications. Interviews on media outlets include all of the national networks: PBS, ABC. NBC, CBS, FOX, ABC (Australia), CBC (Canada), and BBC (UK).



T C 357 • Race And Medicine In Amer Life

43600 • Spring 2010
Meets TTH 500pm-630pm CRD 007A

TC 357. Race & Medicine in American Life
[Spring 2010]

Meeting Time and Room: TTH 5:00-6:30 p.m. @CRD 007A
Instructor: John Hoberman <>
Office hours: WF 9:00 – 10:30 a.m. or by appointment in BUR @322
 Phone: 512-232-6368
This course fulfils the substantial writing component.

January 19.

1. Introduction to the Course

January 21.

1. Race & Medicine in the 20th Century: An Historical Introduction

1. Charles H. Garvin, "Negro Health," Opportunity (November 1924): 341-342.

2. "Negro Health, Time (April 8, 1940).

3. Ralph G. Martin, “Doctor’s Dream in Harlem,” The New Republic (June 3, 1940): 798-800.

4. "Negro in Florida," Time (January 14, 1952): 71-72.

5. Alfred Maund, "The Negro and Medicine," The Nation (May 9, 1953): 396-397.

6. “You’re Black and Sick,” Newsweek (July 7, 1969): 83.

7. "Racially Rationed Health," Time (April 6, 1970): 90-91.

8. Daniel S. Greenberg, "Black health: grim statistics," The Lancet (March 31, 1990): 780-781.

9. "Poor and Black Patients Slighted, Study Says," New York Times (April 20, 1994).

10. “Health Gap Grows, With Black Americans Trailing Whites, Studies Say,” New York Times (January 26, 1998).

11. "Nashville Clinic Offers Case Study of Chronic Gap in Black and White Health," New York Times (March 21, 1998).

12. “Aggression Study of Kids Assailed,” Austin American-Statesman (April 18, 1998).

13. Bob Herbert, “The Quiet Scourge,” New York Times (January 11, 2001).
January 26, 28.

2. Racial Health Disparities and Social Stress

Mid-20tth Century Commentary

14. Louis I. Dublin, “The Problem of Negro Health as Revealed by Vital Statistics,” Journal of Negro Education 6 (1937): 268-275.

15. Charles S. Johnson, “The Socio-Economic Background of Negro Health Status,” Journal of Negro Education 18 (1949): 429-435.

16. Chester M. Pierce, M.D., "Is Bigotry the Basis of the Medical Problems of the Ghetto?" in John C. Norman, ed., Medicine in the Ghetto (New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1969): 301-314.

17. “The Daily Irritations,” Time (April 6, 1970): 74, 77, 78.

18. Richard A. Schweder, “It’s Called Poor Health for a Reason,” New York Times (March 9, 1997).

19. Michael Marmot, “Life at the Top,” New York Times (February 27, 2005).

Early 21st-Century Commentary

1. Erma Jean Lawson and Tanya L. Sharpe, “Black Men and Divorce: Implications For Culturally Competent Practice,” Minority Health Today (July 2000).

2. Dorothy E. Roberts, “The Social and Moral Coast of Mass Incarceration in African American Communities,” Stanford Law Review 56 (2003-2004): 1271-1305. [440.45] [OPTIONAL READING]

3. Jonathan Tilove, "Numbers tell toll on black men," Austin American-Statesman (May 8, 2005).  [219.1] [Blackboard]

22. Sandra L. Gadson, “The Third World Health Status of Black American Males,” Journal of the National Medical Association 98 (April 2006): 488-491. [440.525]

February 2, 4.

3. African-American Perspectives on Race & Medical Practice

116.  David Satcher, “Does Race Interfere With the Doctor-Patient Relationship?” JAMA 223 (March 26, 1973): 1498-1499. [1138.]

4. Samuel C. Bullock and Earline Houston, "Perceptions of Racism by Black Medical Students Attending White Medical Schools," JNMA 79 (1987): 601-608. [651.2] [Blackboard]

5. Mark B. Wenneker and Arnold M. Epstein, "Racial Inequalities in the Use of Procedures for Patients With Ischemic Heart Disease in Massachusetts," JAMA 261 (January 13, 1989): 253-257.  [463.] [Blackboard]

45. Michelle D. Holmes, David Hodges, John Rich, “Racial Inequalities in the Use of Procedures for Ischemic Heart Disease,” Journal of the American Medical Association (June 9, 1989): 3242-3243.  [464.] [Blackboard]

6. Mitchell F. Rice and Mylon Winn, “Black Health Care in America: A Political Perspective,” Journal of the National Medical Association 82 (1990): 429-437. [Blackboard] [466.7]

February 9, 11.

4. Racial Attitudes Among Whites

7.  “How Whites Feel About Negroes: A Painful American Dilemma,” Newsweek (October 21, 1963): 44-50, 55. [1136.5]

8. Nicholas D. Kristof, “Racism Without Racists,” New York Times (October 5, 2008). [1154.64]

9. David Glenn, “Our Hidden Prejudices, on Trial,” Chronicle of Higher Education (April 25, 2008): B12-B14. [WTWMS 462.] [1154.63]

February 16, 18.

5. Medical Liberals Respond to Medical Racism

48. H. Jack Geiger, “Race and Health Care,” NEJM 335 (September 12, 1996): 815-816.

10. H. Jack Geiger, “Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Diagnosis and Treatment: A Review of the Evidence and a Consideration of Causes,” in Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare (Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2003): 417-454. [PDF] [522.1515A]

11. Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good, Cara James, Byron J. Good, Anne E. Becker, “The Culture of Medicine and Racial, Ethnic, and Class Disparities in Healthcare,” in Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare (Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2003): 594-625. [PDF] [522.1515B] [OPTIONAL READING]

120. John Hoberman, “Medical Racism and the Rhetoric of Exculpation,” New Literary History  38 (2007). [154.59]

February 23.

6. The Conservative Critique of Medical Liberalism

12. Sally Satel, "Race and Medicine," in PC, M.D. (New York: Basic Books, 2000): 155-192. [1145.3]

49. Sally Satel, "The Indoctrinologists Are Coming," The Atlantic Monthly (January 2001): 59-64. [46-51] [1145.]

119. Sally Satel, "I Am a Racially Profiling Doctor," New York Times Magazine (May 5, 2002): 56, 58. [⇒ RACE CONCEPT IN MEDICINE] [1151.]

February 25.

7. Early Commentaries on and by White Physicians

13. John M. Eisenberg, "Sociologic Influences on Decision-Making by Clinicians," Annals of Internal Medicine 90 (1979): 957-964. [1139.]

117. David R. Levy, “White Doctors and Black Patients: Influence of Race on the Doctor-Patient Relationship,” Pediatrics 75 (1985): 639-643. [228.]

March 2, 4.

8. Types of “Difficult” Patients


35. S.W. Douglas, “Difficulties and Superstitions Encountered in Practice Among the Negroes,” Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society 18 (1922): 155-158. [1132.]


14. C. Jeff Miller, “Special Medical Problems of the Colored Woman,” Southern Medical Journal 25 (1931): 733-739. [1134.] [ALSO: HARDINESS, PAIN, WHITE PHYSICIAN]

15. James E. Groves, "Taking Care of the Hateful Patient," New England Journal of Medicine 298 (April 20, 1978): 883-887. [1138.7]

16. Karen J. Armitage et al., "Response of Physicians to Medical Complaints in Men and Women," JAMA 241 (May 18, 1979): 2186-2187. [1139.5]

17. Solomon Papper, "The Undesirable Patient," in Dominant Issues in Medical Sociology, Howard D. Schwartz, ed. (New York: Random House, 1987): 259-261. [1142.2]

18. Chris Anne Raymond, “Lesbians Call for Greater Physician Awareness, Sensitivity to Improve Patient Care,” Journal of the American Medical Association 259 (January 1, 1988): 18. [637.5]

19. “How the Topic of Homosexuality is Taught at U.S. Medical Schools,” Academic Medicine 67 (September 1992) 601-603. [637.55]

20. 637.6 Ginger Thompson, “New Clinics Seek Patients Among Lesbians, Who Often Shun Health Care,” New York Times (March 30, 1999): A25.

21. Dorothy E. Roberts, "Reconstructing the Patient: Starting with Women of Color," in Susan B. Wolf, ed., Feminism & Bioethics (1996): 116-143] [1143.]

When the Doctor Is the Problem

118. Delthia Ricks, “Medical Myths,” Newsday [Long Island, New York] (December 6, 1998): A4, A52-A55.

22. Richard A. Friedman, "Learning Words They Rarely Teach in Medical School: 'I'm Sorry'," New York Times (July 26, 2005). 1154.52

23. "When the Doctor Is In, But You Wish He Wasn't," New York Times (November 30, 2005). 1154.54a

March 9, 11.

9. Race & Medical Education

24. Frederic W. Hafferty and Ronald Franks, “The Hidden Curriculum, Ethics Teaching, and the Structure of Medical Education,” Academic Medicine 69 (November 1994): 861-871. [644.7]

25. Jack Coulehan and Peter C. Williams, “Vanquishing Virtue: The Impact of Medical Education,” Academic Medicine 76 (June 2001): 598-605. [645.5]

26. Sandra Turbes et al., “The Hidden Curriculum in Multicultural Medical Education: The Role of Case Examples,” Academic Medicine 77 (March 2002): 209-216. [647.1]

27. Brenda L. Beagan, “Teaching Social and Cultural Awareness to Medical Students: “It’s All Very Nice to Talk about It in Theory, But Ultimately It Makes No Difference’,” Academic Medicine 78 (June 2003): 605-614. [647.2]

28. Manish C. Champaneria and Sara Axtell, "Cultural Competence Training in US Medical Schools," JAMA 291 (May 5, 2004): 2142. [647.5]

29. Manabu Murakami et al, “The perception of the hidden curriculum on medical education: an exploratory study, Asia Pacific Family Medicine 8 (December 2009): 9pp. [649.31]

March 23.

10. Racial Health Disparities

20. William W. Dressler, “Health in the African American Community: Accounting for Health Inequalities,” Medical Anthropology Quarterly 7 (1993): 325-345.

21. Ford Fessenden, “A Difference of Life & Death,” Newsday [Long Island, New York] (November 29, 1998): A4-A6, A55-A57.

March 25.

11. Colonial Medicine & the Origins of Medical Racism

23. Albert Schweitzer, "Medicine in the Jungle," JAMA 156 (December 25, 1954): 1547-1549, 1586.

24. Franz Fanon, "Medicine and Colonialism," in A Dying Colonialism (1959): 121-145.

25. Winthrop D. Jordan, "First Impressions: Initial English Confrontation with Africans," in The White Man's Burden: Historical Origins of Racism in the United States (1974): 3-25.

26. Jean Comaroff, "The Diseased Heart of Africa: Medicine, Colonialism, and the Black Body," in Shirley Lindenbaum and Margaret Lock, eds. Knowledge, Power, and Practice: The Anthropology of Medicine and Everyday Life (1993): 305-329.

27. Daniel J. Ncayiyana, "Africa can solve its own health problems," BMJ 324 (March 23, 2002): 688-689.

March 30.

12. Plantation Medicine & the Origins of Medical Racism

28. John S. Haller, Jr., "The Negro and the Southern Physician: A Study of Medical and Racial Attitudes 1800-1860," Medical History (1972): 238-253.

29. Felice Swados, "Negro Health on the Ante Bellum Plantations," Bulletin of the History of Medicine 10 (1941): 460-472.

30. Samuel Cartwright, M.D., "The Diseases and Physical Peculiarities of the Negro Race," De Bow's Review 11 (1851): 504-508.

Medical Experimentation

31. Todd L. Savitt, “The Use of Blacks for Medical Experimentation in the Old South,” Journal of Southern History (1982): 331-348.

32. Walter Fisher, "Physicians and Slavery in the Antebellum Southern Medical Journal," in August Meier & Elliott Rudwick, eds. The Making of Black America: Essays in Negro Life & History (1969): 153-164.

33. Durrenda Ojanuga, "The medical ethics of the 'Father of Gynaecology', Dr J Marion Sims," Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1993): 28-31.

April 1.

13. Southern Medicine & the Origins of Medical Racism

Public Health

34. C.E. Terry, "The Negro: His Relation to Public Health in the South," American Journal of Public Health 3 (1913): 300-310.

The “Negro Patient”

35. S. W. Douglas, “Difficulties and Superstitions Encountered in Practice Among the Negroes,” Southern Medical Journal (October 1926): 736-738.

Blood Segregation

36. “Impossibility of Race Identification by Blood Tests,” JAMA 76 (March 5, 1921): 674.

37. “No Blood Test for Race Differentiation,” JAMA 112:5 (1939): 465.

38. “Use of Negro Blood for Blood Banks,” JAMA 119:3 (1942): 307.

39. “Opposition to Segregation of Bloods From White and Negro Donors in Blood Banks,” JAMA 119:10 (1942): 801.

40. “Labeling of Blood for Transfusion,” JAMA 224 (June 4, 1973): 1425-1426.

41. “Racial Discrimination in Blood Transfusions,” JAMA 232 (June 30, 1975): 1410.

April 6.

14. The Race Concept in Medicine

42. Newton G. Osborne and Marvin D. Feit, "The Use of Race in Medical Research," JAMA 267 (January 8, 1992): 275-279.

43. Ritchie Witzig, "The Medicalization of Race: Legitimization of a Flawed Social Construct," Annals of Internal Medicine 125 (1996): 675-679.

44. Stephen B. Thomas, "The Color Line: Race Matters in the Elimination of Health Disparities," American Journal of Public Health 91 (July 2001): 1046-1048.

April 8.

Differential Diagnosis & Treatment

47. Marcia Angell, "Privilege and Health – What is the Connection?" New England Journal of Medicine 329 (July 8, 1993): 126-127.

50. Kevin A. Schulman et al., “The Effect of Race and Sex on Physicians’ Recommendations for Cardiac Catheterization,” NEJM (February 25, 1999): 618-626.

51. L.M. Schwartz et al., “Misunderstandings about the Effects of Race and Sex on Physicians’ Referrals for Cardiac Catheterization,” NEJM 341 (July 22, 1999): 279-283. See also 284-288]

52. Peter B. Bach et al., “Racial Differences in the Treatment of Early-Stage Lung Cancer,” NEJM 341 (October 14, 1999): 1198-1205.

53. Talmadge E. King, Jr. and Paul Brunetta, “Racial Disparity in Rates of Surgery for Lung Cancer,” NEJM 341 (October 14, 1999): 1231-1233.

54. Stephen B. Thomas, "The Color Line: Race Matters in the Elimination of Health Disparities," AJPH 91 (July 2001): 1046-1048.

55. "Minorities Get Inferior Care, Even if Insured, Study Finds," New York Times (March 21, 2002).

56. M. Gregg Bloche, "Health Care Disparities – Science, Politics, and Race," NEJM 350 (April 8, 2004): 1568-1570.  [DHHS & Tommy Thompson]    

30. "Trends in Racial Disparities in Care," New England Journal of Medicine 353 (November 10, 2005): 2081-2085. [522.315]

April 13, 15.

15. African-American Health Issues

Sickle-Cell Disease

57. Charles F. Whitten, "Sickle-Cell Programming – An Imperiled Promise," NEJM 288 (February 8, 1973): 318-319.

58. Doris Y. Wilkinson, "For Whose Benefit? Politics and Sickle Cell," The Black Scholar (May 1974): 26-31.


59. Richard S. Cooper, Charles N. Rotimi and Ryk Ward, “The Puzzle of Hypertension in African-Americans,” Scientific American (February 1999): 56-63.

60. Jay S. Kaufman and Susan A. Hall, "The Slavery Hypertension  Hypothesis: Dissemination and appeal of a modern race theory,"  Epidemiology 2003; 14(1): 111-126.

Organ Transplants

61. Bertram L. Kasiske et al., "The Effect of Race on Access and Outcome in Transplantation," New England Journal of Medicine 324 (January 31, 1991): 302-307.

62. Joye M. Carter, "Reform Organ-Tissue Transplantation" [Letter to the Editor], Journal of the National Medical Association 86 (1994): 647, 666, 685.

31. Phillip S. Pang et al., “The Effect of Donor Race on the Survival of Black Americans Undergoing Liver Transplantation for Chronic Hepatitis C,” Liver Transplantation 15 (2009): 1126-1132. [1120.87]

April 20, 22.

16. Biomedical “Racial” Differences: Facts or Artifacts?
April 27.

63. H. Phillip Venable, “Glaucoma in the Negro,” Journal of the National Medical Association 44 (January 1952): 7-14

64. "Glaucoma in the Negro" [discussion], Journal of the National Medical Association (May 1952): 196-204.

65. “Blacks, Whites Benefit from Different Surgical Glaucoma Treatments” [NIH News Release] (July 6, 1998).
Obstetrics & Gynecology

66. William F. Mengert, "Racial Contrasts in Obstetrics and Gynecology," Journal of the National Medical Association (November 1966): 413-415.

Hematocrit (Red Blood Cell Volume)

67. Stanley M. Garn, Nathan J. Smith, and Diane C. Clark, "Lifelong Differences in Hemoglobin Levels Between Blacks and Whites," Journal of the National Medical Association 67 (1975): 91-96.

68. Stanley M. Garn and Diane C. Clark, "Problems in the Nutritional Assessment of Black Individuals," American Journal of Public Health 66 (1976): 262-267.

69. Diana B. Dutton, "Hematocrit Levels and Race: An Argument Against the Adoption of Separate Standards in Screening for Anemia," Journal of the National Medical Association (1979): 945-954.

Eating Disorders (Anorexia)

70. Tomas J. Silber, "Anorexia Nervosa in Black Adolescents," Journal of the National Medical Association (1984): 29-32.

71. Alan H. Goodman, "Is Race a Useful Variable in Nutritional Research?" CommuNicAtor [American Anthropological Association] 17:2 (1994): 4-8.

Pain Threshold

72. "Angina Pectoris in the Negro," JAMA (August 19, 1939).

73. David S. Strogatz, "Use of Medical Care for Chest Pain: Differences Between Blacks and Whites," American Journal of Public Health 80 (1990): 290-294.

Bone Density

74. Robert P. Heaney, "Editorial: Bone Mass, the Mechanostat, and Ethnic Differences," Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 80 (1995): 2289-2290.

32. Anne Fausto-Sterling, “The Bare Bones of Race,” Social Studies of Science 38 (October 2008): 657-694. [259.7]  [⇒ 964.3951] [OPTIONAL READING]

The “Crack Baby”

75. Barry Zuckerman, Deborah A. Frank, and Linda Mayes, "Cocaine-Exposed Infants and Developmental Outcomes," JAMA 287 (April 17, 2002): 1990-1991.

76. Mariah Blake, "Crack Babies Talk Back," Columbia Journalism Review (September/October 2004).


77. W. Kalow, "Race and Therapeutic Drug Response," New England Journal of Medicine 320 (March 2, 1989): 588-589.

78. William B. Lawson, "The Art and Science of the Psychopharmacology of African Americans," The Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine 63 (October/November 1996): 301-304.

79. Alastair J.J. Wood, "Racial Differences in the Response to Drugs – Pointers to Genetic Differences," New England Journal of Medicine 344 (May 3, 2001): 1393-1396.

80. Robert S. Schwartz, "Racial Profiling in Medical Research," New England Journal of Medicine 344 (May 3, 2001): 1392-1393.

81. "Race and Responsiveness to Drugs for Heart Failure," NEJM 345 (September 6, 2001): 766-768.

The Racial Politics of BiDil

82. M. Gregg Bloche, "Race-Based Therapeutics," New England Journal of Medicine 351 (November 11, 2004): 2035-2037.

83. Troy Duster, "Race and Reification in Science," Science 307 (February 18, 2005): 1050-1051.

84. "Cardiovascular and Renal Drugs Advisory Committee: Volume II." Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (June 16, 2005): 1-403.  [EXCERPTS FROM ELECTRONIC ATTACHMENT]

85. Jonathan Kahn, “Race in a Bottle,” Scientific American (August 2007): 40-45.

April 27.

17.  Racial “Hardiness” as Medical Doctrine

Self-Defined Black Hardiness

86. "Slavery Was 'Great Biological Experiment' Negro MD Claims," JAMA 181 (September 1, 1962): 58-59.

Cardiac Hardiness (Heart)

87. Stewart K. Roberts, “Nervous and Mental Influences in Angina Pectoris,” American Heart Journal 7 (1931-1932): 31-35.

88. Edward H. Schwab and Victor E. Schulze, “Heart Disease in the American Negro of the South,” American Heart Journal 7 (1932): 710-717.

89. William S. Hunter, “Coronary Occlusion in Negroes,” JAMA 131 (May 4, 1946): 12-14.

90. John P. Mihaly and Neville C. Whiteman, "Myocardial Infarction in the Negro: Historical Survey as It Relates to Negroes," American Journal of Cardiology 2 (October 1958): 464-474.

91. Clyde W. Yancy, "Does race matter in heart failure?" American Heart Journal 146 (2003): 203-206.

Analgesic Hardiness (Pain)

92. Knox H. Todd et al., "Ethnicity and Analgesic Practice," Annals of Emergency Medicine 35 (January 2000): 11-16.

Obstetrical Hardiness (Childbirth)

93. Wilbur A. Drake, "The Gynecologist: Some of His Problems and His Obligation to the Present and the Future," JNMA (January-March 1920): 16ff., esp. 18.

94. C. Jeff Miller, “Special Medical Problems of the Colored Woman,” Southern Medical Journal 25 (1931): 733-739.

95. Robert A. Hingson, "Comparative Negro and White Mortality During Anesthesia, Obstetrics and Surgery," Journal of the National Medical Association 49 (July 1957): 203-211. [= 964.5]

96. Laura Briggs, "The Race of Hysteria: 'Overcivilization' and the 'Savage' Woman in Late Nineteenth-Century Obstetrics and Gynecology," American Quarterly 52 (June 2000): 246-273.

Neurological Hardiness (Nervous System)

97. Morris M. Weiss, “The Problem of Angina Pectoris in the Negro,” American Heart Journal 17 (1939): 711-715.

Dermatological Hardiness (Skin)

98. John M. Knox, Earl G. Cockrell, and Robert G. Freeman, "Etiological Factors and Premature Aging," JAMA 179 (February 24, 1962): 136-142.

99. “Skin problems in blacks receive scrutiny,” JAMA 242 (December 21, 1979): 2747-2748.

Dental Hardiness (Teeth)

100. Clifton O. Dummett, “Dental health problems of the Negro population,” Journal of the American Dental Association 61 (1960): 308-314.

April 29, May 4.

The Racial Politics of AIDS

101. James H. Jones, "AIDS: Is It Genocide?" in Bad Blood (1981): 220-241.

102. Harlan L. Dalton, “AIDS in Blackface,” Daedalus 118 (Summer 1989): 205-227.

103. Stephen B. Thomas and Sandra Crouse Quinn, "The Tuskegee Syphilis Study, 1932 to 1972: Implications for HIV Education and AIDS Risk Education Programs in the Black Community," American Journal of Public Health 81 (1991): 1498-1505.

104. Michael Berger, "Mbeki's Aids letter defies belief," Mail & Guardian (April 28 to May, 2000).

105. "Suspend all HIV testing … Mbeki expert panel recommends," New African (September 2000): 14-18.

106. Lynette Clemetson, "Links Between Prison and AIDS Affecting Blacks Inside and Out," New York Times (August 6, 2004).

107.  Linda Villarosa, "Patients With H.I.V. Seen as Separated By a Racial Divide," New York Times (August 7, 2004).

108. Sheryl Thorburn Bird and Laura M. Bogart, "Conspiracy Beliefs About HIV/AIDS and Birth Control Among African Americans: Implications for the Prevention of HIV, Other STIs, and Unintended Pregnancy," Journal of Social Issues 61 (2005): 109-126.

109. Kathleen Johnston Roberts et al., "HIV Vaccine Knowledge and Beliefs among Communities at Elevated Risk: Conspiracies, Questions and Confusion," Journal of the National Medical Association 97 (December 2005): 1662-1671.

May 6.

Racial Stereotyping in Psychiatry

110. E.M. Green, "Psychoses Among Negroes – a Comparative Study," Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 41 (1914): 697-708.

111. W.M. Bevis, “Psychological Traits of the Southern Negro With Observations as to Some of His Psychoses,” American Journal of Psychiatry (1921): 69-78.

112. Rutherford B. Stevens, “Racial Aspects of Emotional Problems of Negro Soldiers,” American Journal of Psychiatry 103 (1947): 493-498.

113. Harvey R. St. Clair, “Psychiatric Interview Experiences With Negroes,” American Journal of Psychiatry (1951): 113-119.

114. Melvin Sabshin et al., “Dimensions of Institutional Racism in Psychiatry,” American Journal of Psychiatry 127 (December 1970): 787-793.

115. James H. Carter, "Frequent Mistakes Made with Black Patients in Psychotherapy," Journal of the National Medical Association 71 (1979): 1007-1009.


(1) Attendance and active participation: Class attendance is mandatory. You will be asked to sign in at the beginning of each class. Unsatisfactory attendance unsupported by medical documentation will preclude a student’s receiving a grade higher than C. Active participation means being involved in discussions and discussion groups, being curious and asking in the event you don’t understand something, questioning statements and findings if you disagree, and defending your own findings and opinions, according to your own capacity to perform in a group. It also means doing your homework regularly (being prepared for class).

 (2) Each of you will have to present ‘minutes’ of one previous session, in oral and written form. Minutes consist of a resume of the session’s content (incl. readings), how it relates to the overall topic of the course, and of the main results of the discussions. You will also add one or two examples from latest ‘news from Europe’ as presented in media such as the New York Times, Google-news or other media sources, and you will comment shortly on them. The oral presentation consists of a 5 min segment, on which you will prepare a written paper of 2 pages in length to hand in on the day of your presentation.

(3) You will be assigned two 4-page papers and a final paper of 8-10 pages. I will suggest topics and approve topics of your choosing. These papers are due on February 18, March 25, and April 27, respectively. The instructor reserves the right to assign additional short writing assignments, such as short “minutes” of a previous class meeting.

(4) Grading is based on attendance and participation (20%), Paper #1 (20%), Paper #2 (20%) and Paper #3 (40%).

 (5) For each class, please bring a hard copy of the respective course readings.

(6) I will be happy to discuss writing issues with you. The Writing Centre offers support and help for student writing and research:

Additional Information / Rules of Conduct

Cell phones must be turned off in class; computers may be used only for note-taking. If a student uses electronic devices for non-class related activities and creates a disturbance s/he will be asked to leave for the remainder of that class.

Academic Assistance is provided by the UT Learning Center, in Jester Center, Room A332A.  It offers help with college-level writing, reading, and learning strategies.  It is free to all currently enrolled students.  
See:  <>  for requesting help you need in using the main library (PCL) or the Fine Arts Library (for films).

The University of Austin provides upon request appropriate academic accommodations for qualified students with disabilities. For more information, contact the Office of the Dean of Students at 471-6259, 471-6441 TTY.   Any student with a documented disability who requires academic accommodations should contact the Service for Students with Disabilities as soon as possible to request an official letter outlining authorized accommodations.  These letters must be given to your TAs to receive accommodations.  See: <>.

All requirements have been given to you in writing, in the package including this sheet.  If you don't read it and miss something, it's your problem.  NO LATE WORK ACCEPTED; the conditions for making up work for medical and other leaves are listed in the next section.

•    Students can make up work missed because of a religious holiday as long as they provide the instructor with documentation at least one week before the holiday occurs.  
•    The same applies to official university obligations like Club or Varsity sports.
•    Documentation from a physician is required for medical absence; arrangements for work to be made up must be made promptly, and in no case should the work be completed more than 2 weeks after the absence.  
•    Other absences (e.g. family events) must be arranged for at least TWO WEEKS IN ADVANCE and missed work must be turned in at the NEXT CLASS SESSION upon return.

Cheating and other forms of scholastic dishonesty, including plagiarism, will be reported to the Dean of Students. Cheating on tests or plagiarism on  papers is an F for the assignment, with no makeup possible.  If you engage in any form of scholastic dishonesty more than once, you will receive an automatic F for the course.
If you are unsure about the exact definition of scholastic dishonesty, you should consult the information about academic integrity produced by the Dean of Students Office: <>.
Plagiarism means using words or ideas that are not your own without citing your sources and without indicating explicitly what you have taken from those sources. If you are unsure about what constitutes plagiarism, consult: <>
What does "citing your sources" mean?  It means providing appropriate footnotes and bibliographic entries.  See <>.  To make correct citations, researchers often use bibliographic software like UT's "Noodlebib" <>  or Zotero  <  

The Student Judicial Services Website provides official definitions of plagiarism and cheating:
•    Definitions of plagiarism and other forms of scholastic dishonesty, based on Section 11-802d of UT’s Institutional Rules on Student Services and Activities:
•    The University’s Standard of Academic Integrity and Student Honor Code (from Chapter 11 of the University’s Institutional Rules on Student Services and Activities):
•    Consequences of scholastic dishonesty:
•    Types of scholastic dishonesty: unauthorized collaboration, plagiarism, and multiple submissions:

Curriculum Vitae

Profile Pages

External Links

  •   Map
  • Plan II Honors Program

    University of Texas at Austin
    305 East 23rd St
    CLA 2.102
    Austin, Texas, 78712-1250