Chandra L. Muller

Faculty Research AssociatePh.D., University of Chicago

Professor of Sociology; Alma Cowden Madden Centenial Professor & Ashbell Smith Professor in Liberal Arts
Chandra L. Muller



Dr. Muller's current research is on how schools and education shape life course outcomes such as work and health.  In particular, she focuses on STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) preparation and careers.  Of primary interest is the diversity in experiences and disparities according to gender, race and ethnicity, social class, as well as disability, immigration or language minority status.

Education and Transition to Adulthood Research Group (ETAG) website


Muller, Chandra. Forthcoming. "Measuring School Contexts." AERA Open.

Carroll, Jamie, Chandra Muller, and Evangeleen Pattison. Forthcoming. "Cooling Out Undergraduates with Health Impairments: The Freshman Experience. Journal of Higher Education.

Blanchard, Sarah, Justina Judy, Chandra Muller, Richard H. Crawford, Anthony Petrosino, Christina K. White, Fu-An Lin, and Kristin L. Wood. Forthcoming. "Beyond the Classroom: Engaging Underserved Middle School Students in Engineering." Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research (J-PEER). 5(1):Article 2.

Blanchard, Sarah, and Chandra Muller. 2015. "Gatekeepers of the American Dream: How Teachers' Perceptions Shape the Academic Outcomes of Immigrants and Language-Minority Students." Social Science Research, 51:262-275.

Muller, Chandra. 2015. "Measuring Education and Skill." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 657(1):136-48.

Shifrer, Dara, Jennifer Pearson, Chandra Muller, and Lindsey Wilkinson. 2015. "College-Going Benefits of High School Sports Participation: Race and Gender Differences over Three Decades." Youth & Society, 47(3):295-318.

Crosnoe, Robert, and Chandra Muller. 2014. "Family Socioeconomic Status, Peers, and the Path to College." Social Problems, 61(4):602-624.

Williams, Christine, Kristine Kilanski, and Chandra Muller. 2014. "Corporate Diversity Programs and Gender Inequality in the Oil and Gas Industry." Work and Occupations. 41(4):440-476.

Muller, Chandra, In press. "The Role of School-Related Peers and Social Networks in Human Development." in Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences, edited by Robert Scott and Stephen Kosslyn. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Kenneth A Frank, Chandra Muller, and Anna S. Mueller. 2013. “The Embeddedness of Adolescent Friendship Nominations: The Formation of Social Capital in Emergent Network Structures.” American Journal of Sociology, 119(1):216-253.

Evangeleen Pattison, Eric Grodsky, and Chandra Muller. 2013. “Is the Sky Falling? Grade Inflation and the Signaling Power of Grades.” Educational Researcher, 42(5):259-265.

Dara Shifrer, Rebecca Callahan, and Chandra Muller. 2013. “Equity or Marginalization? The High School Course-Taking of Students Labeled with a Learning Disability.” American Educational Research Journal, 50(4):656-682.

Melissa Humphries, Chandra Muller, and Kathryn Schiller. 2013 “The Political Socialization of Adolescent Children.” Social Science Quarterly, 94(5):1261-1282.

Rebecca Callahan and Chandra Muller. 2013. Coming of Political Age: American Schools and the Civic Development of Immigrant Youth. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, NY. 

April Sutton, Chandra Muller, and Amy Langenkamp. 2013. “High School Transfer Students and the Transition to College: Timing and the Structure of the School Year.” Sociology of Education, 86(1):63-82.

Molly Dondero and Chandra Muller. 2012. “School Stratification in New and Established Latino Destinations.” Social Forces, 91(2):477-502.

Catherine Riegle-Crumb, Barbara King, Eric Grodsky, and Chandra Muller. 2012. “The More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same?  Prior Achievement Fails to Explain Gender Inequality in Entry into STEM College Majors Over Time.” American Educational Research Journal. 49(6):1048-1073.

Christine Williams, Chandra Muller, and Kristine Kilanski. 2012. “Gendered Organizations in the New Economy.” Gender and Society, 26(4):549-573.

Dara Shifrer, Chandra Muller, and Rebecca Callahan. 2011. “Disproportionality and Learning Disabilities: Parsing Apart Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Language.” Journal of Learning Disabilities, 44(3):246-257.

Dara Shifrer, Chandra Muller, and Rebecca Callahan. 2010. "Disproportionality: A Sociological Perspective on the Identification by Schools of Students with Learning Disabilities." Pp. 279-308 in Research in Social Science and Disability Series, Volume 5: Disability as a Fluid State, edited by B. M. Altman and S. Barnartt. Bingley, United Kingdom: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Rebecca Callahan, Chandra Muller, and Kathryn Schiller. 2010. "Preparing the Next Generation for Electoral Engagement: Social Studies and the School Context." American Journal of Education, 116(4):525-556.

Kathryn Schiller, William H. Schmidt, Chandra Muller, and Richard Houang. 2010. "Hidden Disparities: How Courses and Curricula Shape Opportunities in Mathematics during High School." Equity and Excellence in Education, 43(4).

Chandra Muller, Catherine Riegle-Crumb, Kathryn S. Schiller, Lindsey Wilkinson, Kenneth A. Frank. 2010. “Race and Academic Achievement in Racially Diverse High Schools: Opportunity and Stratification.” Teachers College Record, 112(4): 1038-1063.  

Rebecca Callahan, Lindsey Wilkinson, and Chandra Muller. 2010. "Academic Achievement and Course Taking Among Language Minority Youth in U.S. Schools: Effects of ESL Placement." Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis,32(1):84-117.

Anna S. Mueller, Jennifer Pearson, Chandra Muller, Kenneth Frank and Alyn Turner. 2010. “Sizing Up Peers: Adolescent Girls’ Weight Control and Social Comparison in the School Context.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 51:64-78. 

Rebecca Callahan, Lindsey Wilkinson, Chandra Muller and Michelle Frisco. 2009. “ESL Placement and Schools: Effects on Immigrant Achievement.” Educational Policy, 23(2):355-384.

Rebecca Callahan, Chandra Muller, Kathryn Schiller. 2008. “Preparing for Citizenship: Immigrant High School Students’ Curriculum and Socialization.” Theory and Research in Social Education, 36(2): 6-31.

Kate H. Choi, R. Kelly Raley, Chandra Muller, Catherine Riegle-Crumb.  2008.  “Class Composition: Socioeconomic Characteristics of Coursemates and College Enrollment.” Social Science Quarterly, 89(4): 846-866.

Kenneth A. Frank, Chandra Muller, Kathryn Schiller, Catherine Riegle-Crumb, Anna Strassmann Mueller, Robert Crosnoe, Jennifer Pearson.  2008. “The Social Dynamics of Mathematics Coursetaking in High School.”  American Journal of Sociology, 113(6):1645-96.

Robert Crosnoe, Catherine Riegle-Crumb, Sam Field, Kenneth Frank, and Chandra Muller. 2008. “Peer Group Contexts of Girls’ and Boys’ Academic Experiences.” Child Development, 79(1):139-155.

Rebecca Callahan, Lindsey Wilkinson, and Chandra Muller. 2008. “School Context and the Effects of ESL Placement on Mexican-Origin Adolescents’ Achievement.”  Social Science Quarterly, 89(1):177-198.

Jennifer Barrett, Jennifer Pearson, Chandra Muller, Kenneth A. Frank. 2007.  “Adolescent Religiosity and School Contexts.” Social Science Quarterly, 88(4):1024-1037.

R. Kelly Raley, Sarah Crissey, and Chandra Muller. 2007. "Of Sex and Romance: Late Adolescent Relationships and Young Adult Union Formation." Journal of Marriage and Family, 69(5):1210-1226.

Jennifer Pearson, Chandra Muller, and Lindsey Wilkinson. 2007.  “Adolescent Same-Sex Attraction and Academic Outcomes: The Role of School Attachment and Engagement.”  Social Problems, 54(4):523-542.

Michelle L. Frisco, Chandra Muller and Kenneth A. Frank. 2007.  “Parents’ Union Dissolution and Adolescents’ School Performance:  Comparing Methodological Approaches.” Journal of Marriage and the Family, 69(3):721–741.

Chandra Muller, Jennifer Pearson, Catherine Riegle-Crumb, Jennifer Harris Requejo, Kenneth A. Frank, Kathryn S. Schiller, R. Kelly Raley, Amy G. Langenkamp, Sarah Crissey, Anna Strassmann Mueller, Rebecca Callahan, Lindsey Wilkinson, Samuel Field.  2007.  National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health: Wave III Education Data. Chapel Hill: Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Robert Crosnoe, Catherine Riegle-Crumb and Chandra Muller. 2007. “Gender, Self-Perception, and Academic Problems in High School.” Social Problems, 54(1): 118-138.

Catherine Riegle-Crumb, George Farkas, and Chandra Muller. 2006. “The Role of Gender and Friendship in Advanced Course Taking.”  Sociology of Education, 79(3):206-229.

Jennifer Pearson, Chandra Muller, and Michelle L. Frisco. 2006. “Parental Involvement, Family Structure, and Adolescent Sexual Decision Making.” Sociological Perspectives, 49(1):67-90.

Sam Field, Kenneth A Frank, Kathryn S. Schiller, Catherine Riegle-Crumb, and Chandra Muller. 2006.  "Identifying Positions from Affiliation Networks: Preserving the Duality of People and Events.”  Social Networks, 28(2): 97-186.

Catherine Riegle-Crumb, Chandra Muller, Ken Frank, and Kathryn Schiller. 2005. National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health: Wave III Education Data, First Release. Chapel Hill: Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Chandra Muller and Thomas L. Hanson. 2005.  “Health and Academic Achievement over the School Years.”  In Getting Results:  Student Health, Supportive Schools, and Academic Success.  California Department of Education.

Chandra Muller and Kathryn S. Schiller. 2005. “Achievement and Equity.”  Pp. 270-283 in The Social Organization ofSchooling. Larry Hedges and Barbara Schneider, Eds. Russell Sage Foundation:  New York. 

Robert Crosnoe and Chandra Muller. 2004. “Body Mass Index, Academic Achievement, and School Context: Examining the Educational Experiences of Adolescents at Risk of Obesity.”  Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 45(December): 393-407.

Robert Crosnoe, Lorena Lopez-Gonzalez, and Chandra Muller. 2004. “Immigration from Mexico into the Math/Science Pipeline in American Education.”  Social Science Quarterly, 85(5):1208-1226.

Belinda Needham, Robert Crosnoe and Chandra Muller. 2004. “Academic Failure in Secondary School:  The Inter-Related Role of Health Problems and Educational Context.”  Social Problems, 51(4):569-586.

Michelle L. Frisco, Chandra Muller, and Kyle Dodson. 2004. “Participation in Voluntary Youth-Serving Associations and Early Adult Voting Behavior.”  Social Science Quarterly, 85(3): 660-676.

Robert Crosnoe, Chandra Muller and Kenneth Frank.  2004. “Peer Context and the Consequences of Adolescent Drinking.” Social Problems, 51(2):288-304.

Chandra Muller. 2004.  “Standards and Equity.  Journal of the Learning Sciences, 13(2):237-242.

Chandra Muller. 2003. “Transitions in American Education: A Social History of Teaching.” Contemporary Sociology, 32(1):246-247.

Kathryn S. Schiller and Chandra Muller.  2003.  “Raising the Bar and Equity?  Effects of State High School Graduation Requirements and Accountability Policies on Students’ Mathematics Course Taking.” Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis,25(3):299-318.

Susan E. Moreno and Chandra Muller. 2002  "Higher Education in the United States:  Latinos," in Education and Sociology:  An Encyclopedia, edited by David L. Levinson, Alan R. Sadovnik, and Peter W. Cookson.  New York:  RoutledgeFalmer, 353-358.

Chandra Muller.  2002.  "Working Parents."  In Education and Sociology:  An Encyclopedia, edited by David L. Levinson, Alan R. Sadovnik, and Peter W. Cookson.  New York:  RoutledgeFalmer, 711-715.

Chandra Muller.  2001.  “Introduction:  Educational Stratification and the Life Course,” Sociological Focus, 34 (4):331-335.

Chandra Muller and Christopher G. Ellison. 2001. “Religious Involvement, Social Capital and Adolescents’ Academic Progress: Evidence from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988" Sociological Focus, 34 (2):155-183.

Chandra Muller. 2001. "The Role of Caring in the Teacher-Student Relationship for At-Risk Students." Sociological Inquiry, 71(2):241-255.

Chandra Muller and Kathryn S. Schiller. 2000. “Leveling the Playing Field? Students’ Educational Attainment and States’ Performance Testing.” Sociology of Education, 73(3):196-218.

Kathryn S. Schiller and Chandra Muller. 2000. "External Examinations and Accountability, Educational Expectations, and High School Graduation." American Journal of Education, 108(2):73-102.

Susan E. Moreno and Chandra Muller. 1999. "Success and Diversity: The Transition Through First- Year Calculus in the University." American Journal of Education, 108:30-57.

Susan Moreno, Chandra Muller, Rose Asera, Lisa Wyatt, and James Epperson.  1999.  "Supporting Minority Mathematics Achievement:  The Emerging Scholars Program at The University of Texas at Austin." Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, 5(1):53-66.

Chandra Muller, Susan Katz and L. Janelle Dance.  1999. "Investing in Teaching and Learning: Dynamics of the Teacher-Student Relationship from Each Actor's Perspective.  Urban Education, 34(3):292-337.

Chandra Muller. 1998. "Gender Differences in Parent Involvement and Adolescents’ Mathematics Achievement." Sociology of Education,  71(4):336-356.

Chandra Muller. 1998. "The Minimum Competency Exam Requirement, Teachers' and Students' Expectations and Academic Performance."  Social Psychology of Education, 2(2):199-216.

Chandra Muller and Michelle Frisco.  1998."Organizations for Adolescents." Pp. 142-159 in The Adolescent Years:  Social Influences and Educational Challenges, The Ninety-seventh Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, edited by Kathryn Borman and Barbara Schneider. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 

Chandra Muller. 1996. "Maternal Employment, Parent-Child Relationships, and Children's Achievement," Pp. 416-419 in Women and Work:  A Handbook, edited by Paula Dubeck and Kathryn Borman.  New York: Garland.

Susan E. Moreno and Chandra Muller.  1996.  "Latinas in the U. S. Labor Force,"  Pp. 38-41 in Women and Work:  A Handbook, edited by Paula Dubeck and Kathryn Borman.  New York: Garland.

Charles E. Bidwell, Stephen Plank and Chandra Muller. 1996."Peer Social Networks and Adolescent Career Development," Pp. 107-131 in Generating Social Stratification:  Toward a New Generation of Research, edited by Alan C. Kerckhoff.  Boulder, CO:  Westview Press.

Chandra Muller.  1995. "Parent Ties to the School and Community and Academic Performance."  Pp. 57-79 in Transforming Schools:  Trends, Dilemmas and Prospects, edited by Peter Cookson and Barbara Schneider.  New York: Garland.

Chandra Muller. 1995. "Maternal Employment, Parent Involvement, and Mathematics Achievement."  Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57(1):85-100. Reprinted in Parents and Adolescents in Changing Families, Families in Focus Series, Vol. III.  David H. Demo and Anne-Marie Ambert, eds.  Minneapolis, MN:  National Council on Family Relations, 1995.

Chandra Muller. 1992-1993. "Parent Involvement in Catholic Schools."  Private School Monitor, 14(1-2, Fall-Winter): 14-17.

Chandra Muller. 1993. "Parent Involvement and Academic Achievement:  An Analysis of Family Resources Available to the Child."  Pp. 77-113 in Parents, Their Children and Schools, edited by Barbara Schneider and James S. Coleman.  Boulder, Colorado:  Westview Press.

Chandra Muller and David Kerbow. 1993.  "Parent Involvement in the Home, School and Community."  Pp. 13-42 in Parents, Their Children and Schools, edited by Barbara Schneider and James S. Coleman.  Boulder, Colorado:  Westview Press.