T C 301 • Psychology of Hope and Virtue
11:00 AM-12:30 PM
Look at the psychology section of any major bookstore and you will find two kinds of books. One set contains academic books that focus on psychological problems, and largely ignore questions concerning healthy people. The second set consists of popular psychology books that purport to tell people how to achieve happiness and success. Unfortunately, while the latter sell much better than the former, they rarely incorporate the wisdom of academic psychology, relying instead on anecdote and common sense. Now, however, a new area of academic psychology, positive psychology, is emerging to look seriously at the ways in which people lead fulfilling lives. Finally, the first set of books is providing some substantive information about how to live well.
Historically, psychology has focused on the negative side of life, asking what goes wrong with people, why, and how to fix it. While Freud identified love and creative work as the basis of happiness, he also began the long tradition of focusing on how to help those who were furthest from that ideal. In the past ten years, a movement has developed within the discipline to look at the positive side of life, asking what goes right with people, why, and how to optimize it. What factors really affect the experience of happiness? How much of positive emotionality is genetically pre-disposed? How does the brain process, and how is it changed by, the positive affect states? How does a person's perception of a situation interact with the actual situation to influence their reactions? Why is there a discontinuity between activities that we claim to like and activities that we demonstrably enjoy?
Beyond its intrinsic value, however, there is an added dimension to this work in that it has clear applied value, indicating ways in which people can elect to live their lives that will make them happier, healthier and more successful. Probably the best-known example comes from the research on learned optimism, which has demonstrated that it is possible to deliberately develop an optimistic attributional frame that will lead to better physical and mental health and greater experienced happiness. Similarly, the work on the application of virtue has found that when people programmatically practice virtues such as forgiveness, compassion, and gratitude they reap enormous positive psychological benefits.
About the Professor
Wendy Domjan has a PhD in psychology from The University of Wisconsin, with specialties in perception and cognition. In recent years, she has developed a new specialty in psychology and religion, teaching courses in both the psychology of religion and the psychology of fundamentalism. She has been teaching for Plan II since 1999, and has previously taught the SS301 in psychology and a Junior Seminar in psychology of religion. She is this year's recipient of the Plan II Chad Oliver Teaching Award, and last year won the College Of Liberal Arts Harry Ransom Teaching Award, She is a community activist, a passionate reader of nearly everything, and a devoted fan of all forms of science fiction.
Grades will be broken down as follows:
Final exam: 40%
Papers: 40% (10% each)
Class participation: 10%
Readings remain tentative.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. Flow: The psychology of optimal experience
Seligman, M.P., Authentic happiness.
Keyes, C. & Jonathan Haidt (eds). Flourishing: positive psychology and the life well-lived.