I. The basic cinematic task: how to recreate the world of 1250 B.C.
(click here for one solution)
II. Troy in myth and legend
The story: Judgment of Paris (Hera/Juno; Athena/Minerva; Aphrodite/Venus); Menelaos and Helen of Sparta.
More: Achilles, Thetis, River Styx, Achilles at Skyros, another snag: Iphigenia at Aulis; Agamemnon and Clytemnestra.
The sack: Laocoon; the Trojan Horse
III. The archaeology of Troy (cf. Morkot, 34-35)
The excavations at Hissarlik: Heinrich Schliemann (1870's and 80's); W. Doerpfeld, Carl Blegen (U. of Cincinnati, 1930's); resumed in 1990's.
The layers (stratigraphy): Troy I (3,000-2,600 B.C.), Troy II (2,600-2,300 B.C.), Troy VI (1,900-1,300),
Troy VIIa (1,300-1,250 B.C.); Troy IX (350 B.C.-A.D. 400); all dates approximate.
Main ancient date for the Trojan War: 1183 B.C.
TV series (documentary): In Search of the Trojan War, and book by Michael Wood (1985).
Not a contemporary: Iliad and Odyssey from approx. 750-700 B.C.;
ongoing changes till 5th cent. B.C.; oral poetry
Homer and the material culture: weapons, buildings
V. The historical and material context for Troy:
The Myceneans (Morkot, 26-33); characteristics
preceded by the Minoans (Morkot, 24-25: Palace of Minos at Knossos, “restored” in 1920’s)
followed by Dark Ages (1100-800 B.C.)
For MONDAY: please read the selections from the Iliad in the course packet and BRING THE COURSE PACKET TO CLASS.