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Lecture 2 Outline
January 22

Troy: what was it like?

 
 
I.       The basic cinematic task: how to recreate the world of 1250 B.C.
            (click here for one solution)
 
II.      Troy in myth and legend
 
            The story: Judgment of Paris (Hera/Juno; Athena/Minerva; Aphrodite/Venus);  Menelaos and Helen of Sparta. 
            More: Achilles, Thetis, River Styx, Achilles at Skyros, another snag: Iphigenia at Aulis; Agamemnon and Clytemnestra.
            The sack: Laocoon; the Trojan Horse 

 
III.     The archaeology of Troy (cf. Morkot, 34-35)

 
            The excavations at Hissarlik: Heinrich Schliemann (1870's and 80's); W. Doerpfeld, Carl Blegen (U. of Cincinnati, 1930's);             resumed in 1990's.
 
            The layers (stratigraphy): Troy I (3,000-2,600 B.C.), Troy II (2,600-2,300 B.C.), Troy VI (1,900-1,300),
            Troy VIIa (1,300-1,250 B.C.); Troy IX (350 B.C.-A.D. 400); all dates approximate.

 
            Main ancient date for the Trojan War: 1183 B.C. 
 
            TV series (documentary): In Search of the Trojan War, and book by Michael Wood (1985).

 
IV.     Homer
 
            Not a contemporary: Iliad and Odyssey from approx. 750-700 B.C.;
            ongoing changes till 5th cent.  B.C.; oral poetry
 
            Homer and the material culture: weapons, buildings
 
V.      The historical and material context for Troy:

            The Myceneans (Morkot, 26-33); characteristics
            preceded by the Minoans (Morkot, 24-25: Palace of Minos at Knossos, “restored” in 1920’s)
            followed by Dark Ages (1100-800 B.C.)
 
For MONDAY: please read the selections from the Iliad in the course packet and BRING THE COURSE PACKET TO CLASS.







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Modified on 1/13/2010
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