Introduction to Ancient Rome

CC (s)302 (82005) Summer 2009

Forum Romanum

Amiternum relief (1st c. BC): depiction of a funeral procession; notice the body on a bier, surrounded by family, and preceded by musicians, all carried by slaves

Sarcophagus (& elogium) of Scipio Barbatus

Via Appia

Funeral stele of Aurelia Philematium and her husband, Aurelius Hermia

Coin commemorating the comet of Caesar's deification (thenceforth 'Divus Julius')

Bust of Divus Julius - Divine Caesar - as Father of his Country; the corona civica (or oak-crown) is a computer restoration

Coin commemorating Caesar's deification: goddess Roma (on right) crowns Caesar, holding a Victory, with his divine star/comet

Display of Caesar's wax effigy and bloody toga, alongside his body; the 'mechanism' mentioned by Appian has here been depicted as a wooden cross, much like those upon which tropaea (or military trophies) would have been been hung, one for every triumph the dead man had been granted (Caesar would have had four); notice the hints of later Christian iconography...

Before you read the following passages, make sure you have read Polybius 6.53-54

Laudatio Murdiae

Read the funeral eulogy for "Turia", delivered by her husband (Laudatio Turiae), then the following for Murdia, delivered by her son. Both are from the first century BC, and were inscribed on stone, on or near the womens tombs. As you read, think about these womens socio-economic status. What in particular is praised? How are these speeches similar to, and different from, those for men?

Last update: August 7th, 2009 (

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