Introduction to Archaeological Studies II

Instructor: Constanze Witt

 

University of Texas at Austin

Classics Department




 Know what each term means, be able to use it appropriately in an intelligent sentence, and be able to explain it (using examples where appropriate).

General Terms
Archaeology

culture

archaeology

city, urban, urbanization

excavation

state formation

survey

specialization

stratigraphy, stratum, pl. strata

convention

context/contextual

monumentality

relative chronology

anthropomorphic, zoomorphic

absolute chronology

social hierarchy

grid, trench, scarp, locus

liminal

gender

numinous

mortuary analysis

chthonic

plan, section, elevation

epiphany

GPS/GIS

hoplite, panoply, phalanx

cemetery, necropolis

agathos, pl. agathoi

accident of preservation

xenos

ephemeral

polis, boule, demos, archon, basileus/eis

marine archaeology

tyranny, tyrant

cognitive

Athenian democracy

libation

pathos

votive

eponymous

ritual

tell

magnetometry

axial, on axis, axial symmetry

remote sensing

lex

trireme

hegemony

res publica

Roman Republic

patrician

plebeian, plebs

paterfamilias

patron, client

Lar, pl. Lares

Art History
Architecture

composition

post and lintel, trabeation

picture plane, ground plane

arcuation

convention

corbel vault

reception

cairn, tumulus, barrow

period

passage grave, shaft grave, chamber tomb, rock-cut tomb

genre, medium

megalith

technique

menhir

orientation

ziggurat

register, band, frieze

course

panel, field

mastaba

style:
realistic
naturalistic
idealized
abstract
expressionistic
columns (know your orders):
base
shaft
capital
engaged
half-column

composite view/twisted perspective

pyramid

representational/nonrepresentational

fortification, casemate

linear/painterly

masonry

hierarchy of scale

cyclopean

incision

ashlar

lost-wax bronze casting

tholos, dromos, relieving triangle

iconoclasm

mud-brick

heraldic, paratactic

half-timbered

sculpture
in the round
high relief
low relief
sunken relief
modeling
portico
colonnade
arcade
peristyle
hypostyle

stele

pylon

repoussé

magazine

intaglio

obelisk

faience

clerestory

niello

court

granulation

articulation

inlay

threshold

tripod, cauldron

anta/antae -- columns in antis

kiln

propylon, pl.propylaea

terracotta

crenellations

pottery: wheel-turned

pithos
rhyton
stirrup jar
amphora
hydria
kantharos
kylix
krater
oinochoe
aryballos
apsidal
round house
central court
megaron
palace
temple
templum in antis
prostyle
peripteral
dipteral
hypaethral
 
Atrium house
cubiculum
impluvium
tablinum
peristyle
triclinium

kouros, pl kouroi

theater, amphitheater

kore, pl. korai

entablature (know the orders)

"severe" style, "Classical" style

antefix

"bilingual" pottery

akroterion

black-figure, red-figure, reserved

thesauros

patina

altar

chryselephantine

cenotaph

illusionism, trompe l'oeil

mausoleum

contrapposto

portico

continuous narrative

villa, urban villa

tessera(e), tesselated

orthogonal (Hippodamian) plan

theatricality

basilica

axial symmetry

opus incertum, reticulatum, testaceum

foreshortening

insula

facade

arch, vault, dome (know the parts)

baroque

hypocaust

chiaroscuro

terme/bath (know the parts)

sfumato

Hellenistic city: (know the elements)

Roman city: (know the elements)

Iconography
Writing/Literature

potnia theron

cuneiform

boukranion, pl. boukrania

stylus

sphinx

pictograph

colossus

hieroglyph

baetyl

ideogram

Minotaur

clay tablet, bulla, seal, cylinder seal

centaur, centauromachy, Lapiths

Indo-European, Semitic

marine, nautilus

linear B

greaves, cuirass, helmet, shield

cartouche

griffin

inscription

genius, pl. genii

papyrus

Chimaera

koine

Medusa, Gorgon, Gorgoneion, aegis

boustrophedon

shield device

palimpsest

Gigantomachy

epic

Dionysiac thiasos

historia

satyr, maenad

annals

symposion, komos, kline

mime

peplos

bucolic, pastoral

chiton, mantle/himation

oratory

quadriga

philosophies: Academy, Stoa (Stoics), Cynics, Epicureans

"genre," caricature

satire

Nike

treatise

damnatio memoriae

confessions

People and Places: in your readings and discussed in class


This page is always under construction.

Last updated: sFriday, 12-May-2006 16:49:10 CDT