Introduction to the Ancient World: Greece

Lecture 24/25

Alexander and the Hellenistic Age

Alexander cont'd (from Lect. 23)

I. The final years 

            1) mass wedding at Susa
            2) return of the exiles in Greece 
            3) apotheosisproskynesis

II. Achievement 

            1) Macedonians and Persians; homonoia
            2) Greek colonization; koine
            3) economic; trade

III. What makes Alexander Alexander –– how to put him on the screen

            Personal characteristics; some issues:

            1) Dad (Philip II) –– 7 marriages and counting
            2) Mom (Olympias) -– domineering; back to Freud
            3) education –– Aristotle
            4) what did he really look like?
            5) sex and the conqueror
            6) Bucephalas (Cabeza de Vaca) 

            7) the Alexander legend

IV.  Influence and impact (e.g. model for Pompey, Augustus / Augustus)

V.   The Hellenistic Age (323-31 B.C.); political division (Image #1):

A. Antigonids & Macedonia
B. Seleucids & Persia et al.
C. Ptolemies & Egypt (Cleopatra VII defeated by Octavian/Augustus in 31 B.C.)
D. Others, e.g. Pergamon; Attalus; Great Altar of Zeus (for an unusual interpretation, click here)

VI. The spirit of the times as reflected in sculpture (see images)

A. realism: women, Boxer, boy strangling goose
B. classicizing: Apollo Belvedere; mighty and flighty Aphrodites (cf. Venus de Milo)
C. Emotionalism, pathos: Dying Gaul
C. baroque, eccentricism, freakout: Farnese Bull (Punishment of Dirce), Laocoon
D. architecture as spectacle: Acropolis of Lindos (Rhodes), Fortuna Temple at Praeneste (Palestrina, near Rome)

Lecture 24 Images

QUIZ #3 on Thursday: from Olympic Games through today, incl. reading
and film assignments for this week
OFFICE HOURS TODAY: 1-2, 3:15-3:45 (instead of 3:30-4)

modified Apr. 21, 2014