The Hellenistic Age (cont'd)
A. realism: women, Boxer, boy strangling goose
B. classicizing: Apollo Belvedere; mighty and flighty Aphrodites (cf. Venus de Milo earlier); also earlier 4th cent.: Praxiteles (Apollo the Lizard Slayer)
C. baroque, eccentricism, freakout: Farnese Bull (Punishment of Dirce), Laocoon
D. architecture as spectacle: Acropolis of Lindos (Rhodes), Fortuna Temple at Palestrina (near Rome) [LEGO model]
A. Stoicism (Zeno 335-263 B.C.): Thy will be done
B. Epicureanism (Epicurus 341-270 B.C.): a material world, atoms
A. math and science:1. Eratosthenes (285-194 B.C.): circumference of earth (see A&L p. 204)
2. Archimedes (287-212 B.C.): specific gravity
3. heliocentrism, world as globe
B. Library of Alexandria; Septuagint
C. technology and gizmos; mechane; Hero of Alexandria (1st cent.)
D. medicine:1. Herophilus (330-260 B.C.): anatomy, vivisection; discovers cerebrum, cerebellum, spinal cord, ovaries, fallopian tube, etc.
2. Context: magic, temple healing (Asclepius)
FOR FRIDAY: PLEASE READ EURIPIDES' BACCHAE AND BRING TEXTS TO CLASS.
Lecture 34 Images