Introduction to the Ancient World: Greece

Lecture 9

The Persian Wars; Early Athens 

I. The Persian Wars (cf. Morkot 62-71, 74-79; A&L 59-70); Images 10-13

A. The first expedition; Aristagoras at Miletus, satraps, Datis and Artaphernes, Battle of Marathon (490 B.C.);
the fable of the Marathon runner
B. And the second try: Xerxes at Salamis (480 B.C.); Themistocles, Thermopylae (Leonidas),
Pausanias at Plataea (479 B.C.)
C. What if the Persians had won??? Persepolis - reconstruction in 3D; cf. Images 14-20

II. Over-the-top Sparta: discussion of 300

Some discussion points:

            1) Did enough of what makes Sparta Sparta get into the movie? If so, was it done to the point of near caricature?
Was there anything in this movie that was NOT over the top? Or tendentious?

            2) It's bringing the Frank Miller comic book 300 to the screen. Should we have expected more?

            3) Anything really emotionally stirring in this movie? Any food for thought?
Or is part of the movie's appeal precisely that you can watch a stirring story with detachment?

            4) Alternatives, as always: does this movie format detract from the historical significance
             of Thermopylae? Would a more conventional film treatment be preferable and allow
             for more depth of characterization, for instance?

            5) In sum, best and worst aspects of 300? Are you looking forward to the sequel for spring break?

            6) Why was 300 such a hit?

III. Early Athens; Agora (agoraphobia), Acropolis (fear of heights is ?)  (Cf. A&L 46-48)

A. The 7th century: Draco (c. 624 B.C.); derivative: draconian

B. The Reforms of Solon (594/593BC): 4 classes (timocracy);
Areopagus, ecclesia (derivative: iglesia), boulē (Council of 400), archon

C. Rendezvous with tyranny: Peisistratus (561-527 B.C.);
Thespis (534 B.C.), Panathenaic Festival;
Hipparchus vs. Harmodius and Aristogeiton (514 B.C.);
Hippias into Exile (510 B.C.)

D. The Reforms of Kleisthenes (508/507 B.C.); redistricting, Athenian style: 
3 districts: City, Coast, Country(side); 10 tribes, each consisting of one third
City, one third Coast, one third Country; a Council (boulē) of 500: 50 members from each tribe;
an executive committee of the Council (prytany) and its presiding officer of the day; ostracism

IV. Some heads-ups re the essays

Exam #1 next Tuesday; please bring bluebooks and #2 pencils.

Lecture 9 Images

modified Feb. 12, 2014