Note that although the sentences differ in emphasis (the first is a sentence about Alice, the second is a sentence about the ball and the fact that it was kicked) the basic meaning remains the same:
Alice is still the agent, or the one who does the kicking, and the ball is still the patient, or the thing that gets kicked.
The rule that derives passive sentences from active ones is like a recipe. It's got three steps:
kicked (= past + kick) becomes was kicked (= past + be +en + kick)
Note that the verb string is past + kick + en
Similarly, the diagram of a passive of pattern X (sentence with a NP objective complement) looks a bit like a pattern V.
From The club elected Heloise president.
But again, it is passive of X.
Return to handouts index.
Return to passives index.