Individual Writing Assignment Unit 4

The following are pairs of sentence that resemble each other superficially but differ in structure. Explain the differences in structure in grammatical terms (e.g., parts of speech identified correctly) provide an explanation of the reasoning behind your analyses, using tests to justify your conclusions (e.g., discussing coreference, movement of sentence constituents) and diagram each sentence. Note that you will NOT receive full credit unless you provide diagrams and justifications of your analyses.

1. A. I haven't found out when my friend Jack is coming to Austin.
B. I'll throw a party when my friend Jack comes to Austin.

2. A. Veronica left her home early.
B. Veronica went home early.

3. A. Harold and Maude went out for a late supper after the movie.
B. Harold and Maude went out for a late supper after they saw the movie.

4. A. The witness lied--to tell the truth.
B. The witness tried to tell the truth.

5. A. Strangely, Cuthbert jogs.
B. Cuthbert jogs strangely.

6. A. Abigail sent the package Federal Express.
B. Abigail sent the package by Federal Express.

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Comments to: Sara Kimball
Last updated January, 2001