Names to Remember
Cupid and Psyche, Aristophanes, Prometheus
- Pandora in Hesiod’s Works and Days, or, Why Life is Hard
- Pan-dora = All-Gift or All-Giver
- Punishment for Prometheus’ Theft of Fire
- No mention of tricking Zeus at the sacrifice
- Created by Hephaestus and all the other gods (All-Gift)
- Face like a goddess; figure like a beautiful maiden
- But “a bitchy mind and a cheating heart”
- Epimetheus received her, despite warnings from Prometheus
- Pandora's Jar
- Before, life was easy, no work, pain, or disease
- Pandora opens jar and released all the evils of life
- Only Hope was left in the jar
- Ambiguity of meaning
- Is Hope also an evil? Or something good?
- What does it mean that it is still in the jar?
- Pandora in Hesiod’s Theogony
- A “lovely evil”; “The sheer deception, irresistible to men”
- No jar, or spreading evils in this version
- From her are descended all women, “a curse for men”
- A necessary evil; another way in which life is hard
- Pandora is artificial, fabricated, and deceptive
- Beautiful outside, evil inside; like fat covering the bones
- Fritz Lang, dir. (1927) Metropolis: the robot Maria
- Pandora represents the dangers of female sexuality
- G.W. Pabst, dir. (1929) Pandora’s Box: Lulu
- The Femme Fatale
- Pandora's Box
- Becomes a small box in the 1500s by association with the myth of Psyche
- The forbidden, mysterious space; symbol of genitalia?
- NOT in Hesiod’s versions of the Pandora story
- Adam and Eve, Genesis 2-3 [Read a translation (New International Version): BibleGateway.com]
- Apuleius, Cupid and Psyche [Read an abridged version: SurLaLune Fairy Tales]
- Bluebeard [Read one version of the tale at: SurLaLune Fairy Tales]
- Beauty and the Beast
- Aristophanes' Speech in Plato's Symposium
- The Origin of Love
- The Origin of Love, from John Cameron Mitchell, dir. (2001) Hedwig and the Angry Inch (Info at imdb.com)
- Watch the video on YouTube
- Mercury Descending with Pandora, John Flaxman 1805.
- Pandora, Dante Gabriel Rossetti 1878, Museum of Liverpool.
- Pandora, J.W. Waterhouse 1896. Private Collection.
- Psyche Opening the Golden Box, J.W. Waterhouse 1903. Private Collection.
- Psyche Carried to Heaven, Asriaen de Vries. Nationalmuseum, Stockholm.
- Eva Prima Pandora, Jean Cousin, Musée du Louvre, Paris.