CC 302: Introduction to Ancient Rome

November 30: Rome, 235-2004 AD



Central events and reigns after 235 CE

Map of the Roman Empire in AD 211

Invasions and rebellions in the Roman Empire, A.D. 250 - 271. Map. Shows the Roman frontier, the Gallic Empire in 260 and the Palmyrene empire as well as the Persian invasions of 253-60, and the Germanic invasions of 251-71.

Humiliation of Valerian. This rock sculpture depicts Sapor's victory over the emperor Valerian in 260 CE. Here the defeated emperor kneels before Sapor who is seated on his horse.


Diocletian's empire. Map of the empire reorganized by Diocletian, A.D. 294. Shows the sites of Imperial residences and mints.

Porphyry relief of the Tetrarchs. Detail of the Augusti (Diocletian and Maximian).

Baths of Diocletian

Palace of Diocletian at Split: Aerial view

Palace of Diocletian at Split: The "Peristyle" or ceremonial courtyard leading up to the entrance to the main residential wing

Constantine's rise, A.D. 306-24. Map. Shows the Roman frontier, the areas of Constantine's realm color coded according to when they were added, and Constantine's campaigns against Maxentius (212 A.D.) and Licinius (316 A.D. and 324 A.D.). Also indicates battle sites.

Constantine's conversion. Painting by Peter Paul Rubens.

Painting of the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, which took place in 312 AD, by Raphael. Detail: the vision of Constantine. 1509-1510 AD.

Victory of Constantine. Painting by Piero della Francesca (AD 1416-1492) depicts the famous battle of Constantine and Maxentius at Milvian Bridge. c. 1458.

Basilica of Constantine

Isometric drawing of the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine, Rome.

Reconstruction of the interior of the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine. In the apse is the colossal statue of Constantine (about 36 feet tall).

Constantine: fragments from a colossal statue, which graced the Basilica of Constantine in Rome

Back of the Basilica of Constantine: Maps of Rome put up under Mussolini

Remains of Map of "Modern Roman Empire" once placed on back of Basilica of Constantine

More remains of Mussolini's map

Arch of Constantine

Reliefs from the Arch of Constantine. Medallions Frieze

Arch of Constantine, Rome. Plan showing the historical development of the decorations.

General site plan of the Mausolum and Circus-Basilica of 'St. Constantia' showing the mausoleums of S. Agnese and S. Costanza, and catacombs beneath. Numbers indicate the following items: 1. Basilica, 2. S. Costanza, 3. S. Agnese

View of the Church of Santa Constanza, Rome. Originally built in the mid 4th c. AD as a mausoleum for Constantia, daughter of Constantine. View of circular corridor and ceiling mosaics.

Byzantium. Plan showing major buildings and the walls built in 330 AD and 413 AD by Constantine and Theodosius II. Buildings and urban featres include the forums of Arcadius, Bovis, Constantine, and Tauri, the Church of the Holy Apostles, the Hagia Sophia, and the Hagia Eirene, the aqueduct of Valens, the Hippodrome, the column of Constantine, the Augusteum, the Imperial Palace, and the Arch of Theodosius.

Divided Empire, A.D. 400. Map. Shows the Roman frontier, the division between Eastern and Western Empires, imperial and regional capitals, and the prefectures of Gallia, Oriens, Illyricum, Italia, and Africa. Also indicates the locations of mints, treasuries, weapons factories, and cloth factories or dye works.

Western Europe, c. AD 526. Map shows Germanic kingdoms and peoples in purple (Visigoths, Suebii, Burgundians, Ostrogoths, Vandals, Franks, Alemanni, Jutes, and Saxons), areas still ruled by pre-migration inhabitants in blue (Basques and Celts), and the Byzantine Empire in yellow.

Mosaic of Justinian and his court. Church of San Vitale, Ravenna. The emperor, wearing a diadem and surrounded by a nimbus (the symbol of sanctity) bears a golden paten towards the chancel, as an act of offering.

Map of the Byzantine Empire of Justinian I (527 - 565 AD).

The Church of St. Sophia / Hagia Sophia in Constantinople (Istanbul), built by the architects Anthemios of Tralles and Isidoros of Miletus by order of Justinian I in AD 532 - 537 and converted to a mosque after 1453.

Pondering Rome's Fall

210 Reasons Given for the Fall of Rome

Rome's Legacy: Some Examples

Rome in America in the 19th Century

The Vancouver Public Library, Built 1995. Designed by Moshe Sadfie and Associates with Downs/Archambault and Partners.


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