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Lecture 10 Images
Updated 10/01/2015

Lecture 10 : Julius Caesar and the End of the Republic

Postscript to Lecture 9: Land reform in 19th cent. America: the Homestead Act

I. Caesar's foil: Pompey the Great (106-48 B.C.); the Alexander model

a. Personality and early career; Sulla; Spartacus (73-71 B.C.)
b. consul in 70 B.C. with Crassus; war against King Mithridates of Pontus;
c. mideastern settlement 62 B.C.

II. Gaius Julius Caesar (100-44 B.C.)

a. early career; Catiline and his conspiracy in 63 B.C.;
b. pontifex maximus 62 B.C. ("Caesar's wife. . ." );
c. consul 59 B.C. with Bibulus

III. The First Triumvirate (59 B.C.): Pompey, Caesar, Crassus; Julia

IV. The road to Pharsalus

proscriptions; Mark Antony; the Rubicon (alea iacta est)

V. Caesar in power (48-44 B.C.)

a. his problems in general; his approach vs. Augustus'
b. veni, vidi, vici ; Ptolemy Auletes and Cleopatra; Thapsus (North Africa) 46 B.C. and Munda (Spain) 45 B.C.
c. countdown to the Ides of March; Oppius and Balbus; dictator perpetuo

VI. Caesar's reforms

a. the proletariat: workfare
b. the Julian calendar: pros take over
c. Italy; lex Iulia municipalis
d. provincial government; citizenship
e. public works in Rome; Forum of Caesar; Basilica Julia

VII. Suetonius' (early 2nd cent. A.D.) Caesar - some pointers:

Chapters 76-78: reasons for assassination
Chapters 58, 59: personal qualities
Chapters 45-54: personal habits
Chapter 1: courage
Chapter 14: more courage
Chapters 71-75: loyalty to friends, etc.
Chapters 87-89: his death


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