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Lecture 12 Images
Updated 10/7/2015

Lecture 12: Caesar's heir: Augustus

As usual, updated and expanded in Canvas

I. Caesar's successor - Stage I: A Bloody Civil War

Octavian (born 63 B.C.), divi filius
Second Triumvirate, 43 B.C. (Mark Antony, Octavian, Lepidus)
Philippi (42 B.C.); against Sextus Pompey (Naulochos, 36 B.C.)
and Antony and Cleopatra (Actium, 31 B.C.); Maecenas, Agrippa, Livia

II.  Stage II:  Augustus and the restoration of the res publica  

            a.  return to constitutional and legal government in 27 B.C.; Augustus (cf. aug-,
                        Augur); his alternatives
            b.  deemphasis of authoritarianism: auctoritas, princeps, libertas  (se-curitas), pater
; the jaundice of our (senatorial) sources (Tacitus, 2nd half of 1st cent. A.D.)

            c. transforming and transactional leadership  (cf. James MacGregor Burns,
                      Transforming Leadership, 2004); cf. Joseph Nye, Presidential Leadership and the Creation of the American Era (2014)

            d. no ideology, but ideals and values: compulsory marriage laws;
                       laws against legacy hunting and adultery; Lucretia again

            e. the pax Augusta: parta victoriis pax ("peace is born from victories")
            foreign policy and provinces; the Parthians

III. Augustan art and architecture - a new synthesis

a. simplicity of form; moral dimension (vs. previous architectural excesses, e.g., Sulla's Temple of Fortuna at Praeneste)

b. buildings: Temple of Divus Julius; Forum of Augustus (Temple of Mars the Avenger); Pont du Gard (aqueduct);
Maison Carrée (Temple in Nimes, France); Circus Maximus

To be continued Tuesday.

For next time, begin reading Vergil's Aeneid and bring the texts to class. Consult the summary on the web.

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