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Lecture 12/13 Images
Updated 10/12/2015                                                          

Lecture 13: Augustus and his times

Revised as Lecture 12/13 in Canvas

I. Augustan art and architecture - a new synthesis

a. simplicity of form; moral dimension (vs. previous architectural excesses, e.g., Sulla's Temple of Fortuna at Praeneste)

b. complexity of associations and references; "image to reflect on"

c. buildings: Temple of Divus Julius; Forum of Augustus (Temple of Mars the Avenger); Pont du Gard (aqueduct);
Maison Carrée (Temple in Nimes, France); Circus Maximus

       d. The Ara Pacis (Altar of Augustan Peace; 13-9 B.C.):

how to represent the variety and totality of the Pax Augusta; complexity, associative pictorial program

       e. The Augustus Statue from Prima Porta:

Mars, Caelus (Sky God), Apollo, Diana, Mother Earth (Tellus), cornucopia

Starting Thursday - see prompts in Canvas:

II. The uniqueness of Rome's "national epic" - Vergil's Aeneid; difficulty of conventional appreciation


purpose; not an Augusteid


Roman Odyssey-Iliad


a complex epic about a complex subject; inversion of traditional heroism: Aeneas' first appearance (pp. 6-7)


the Roman aspect: social responsibility (pietas)

III. The Aeneid as a product of its times: achievement and its cost

Key line: "So hard and huge a task it was to found the Roman people (1.49; p. 4)
short translation: "No pain, no gain."

a. the ideal of Venus and Jupiter's prophecy (pp. 11-14); Antenor

armaque fixit Troia, nunc placida compostus pace quiescit
(lines 248-49 in LATIN! = lines 337-38 in transl.)

b. the end of the epic (p. 402); Turnus
c. death of the young: Marcellus in Book 6 (pp. 190-91); also (for you to look at):
Nisus and Euryalus in Book 9 (pp. 265-76); Pallas (pp. 309-12), Lausus and Mezentius (pp. 323-25) in Book 10

Please bring Aeneid texts to class on Thursday.