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Lecture 14 Images
Updated 10/14/2015

Lecture 14: Augustan art (cont'd); Vergil's Aeneid

Much updated in Canvas

I. Augustan art and architecture - a new synthesis

a. simplicity of form; moral dimension (vs. previous architectural excesses, e.g., Sulla's Temple of Fortuna at Praeneste)

b. complexity of associations and references; "image to reflect on"

c. buildings: Temple of Divus Julius; Forum of Augustus (Temple of Mars the Avenger); Pont du Gard (aqueduct);
Maison Carrée (Temple in Nimes, France); Circus Maximus

d. The Ara Pacis (Altar of Augustan Peace; 13-9 B.C.):

how to represent the variety and totality of the Pax Augusta; complexity, associative pictorial program

e. The Augustus Statue from Prima Porta:

Mars, Caelus (Sky God), Apollo, Diana, Mother Earth (Tellus), cornucopia

II. The uniqueness of Rome's "national epic" - Vergil's Aeneid

a. purpose; not an Augusteid

b. Roman Odyssey-Iliad

c. multi-faceted epic about a manysided subject; inversion of traditional heroism: Aeneas' first appearance (pp. 6-7)

d. the Roman aspect: social responsibility (pietas)
10/14/ MMXV