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Lecture 2 Images
Updated 8/31/2015


As usual, this is a concise outline useful for changing to docx and typing in notes; the detailed PPT with updated images will be posted in Files on the Canvas course site.

I. The Significance of the Etruscans

A. in their own right; pre-Roman and co-Roman civilization in central Italy
B. as transmitters of Greek culture; instensive commercial and cultural contacts
C. influence on Romans (cf. below Section VI); Aeneas
II. Origins and formation
A. oriental affinities; Herodotus (5th cent.): Lydia (Asia Minor), Tyrrhenus (Tyrrhenian Sea)
1. role of women; matronymic; women prominent in funerary art (sarcophagi)
2. revealed religion; augurs
3. a microexample: near easterners on Ischia (8th cent.)
B. indigenous (Dionysius of Halicarnassus, 1st cent. B.C.); archaeological evidence: Villanovans, hut urns, canopic urns (human figures);
contradiçtory DNA tests

III. Cultural Life as seen through the tombs

A.early period; zest of life; Tomb of Hunting and Fishing (520 B.C.); music, dancing, histrionics (Tomb of Lionesses; 6th cent.)
B. Gloom and doom; Tomb of Orcus (3rd cent. B.C.); Geryon, Pluto, Proserpina; François Tomb (2nd cent.): killings, executions

IV. Historical sketch

V. The material culture and the political system; fibula (clasp)

VI. Influences on Rome

A. religion; augurs and haruspices; disciplina Etrusca (cf. Disciplina Praesidium Civitatis); ritual; Temple of Capitoline triad (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva)
B. role of women in society
C. gladiatorial games
D. town planning; Hippodamus of Miletus (Asia Minor): grid plan
E. realism or verism vs. (Greek) idealism in portrait sculpture
F. Rome as an Etruscan city from c. 625 to 450 B.C.

VII. Some pointers on how to read Plutarch's Romulus

Please bring the Course Packet to class on Thursday.

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