CC 302
Lecture 21 Images 
Updated 4/18/2011


Lecture 21: ROME IN THE THIRD AND FOURTH CENTURIES

I. MORE ON ISIS

The panthea next to the Pantheon; The Baboon God Thoth and relative

Some shenanigans: "Anubis" and The perils of Paulina

II. The Dynasty from Africa: the Severi (A.D. 193-235):

A. Septimius Severus (A.D. 193-211)
B.Caracalla and his Edict on Citizenship (A.D. 212)
C.Elagabalus, Julia Domna, Julia Maesa

III. The Age of the Soldier Emperors (a.k.a. Barracks Period): A.D. 235-284

a. everybody's turn: 26 emperors
b. separatist movements: Gaul; Queen Zenobia of Palmyra
c. more rigid class structure: honestiores, humiliores

IV. Restabilization: Diocletian and the Dominate (A.D. 284-305); dominus, dominatrix

a. tetrarchy: 2 Augusti and 2 Caesars
b. streamlining of the empire; provinces and dioceses
c. economics by decree: the Edict on Maximum Prices (A.D. 301)

V. Back to one-man rule: Constantine (A.D. 312-337)

Power politics: vs. Maxentius (Battle of the Milvian Bridge in A.D. 312: in hoc signo vinces);
Edict of Toleration in 313; Battle of Adrianople vs. Licinius in 323; Constantinople

The emperor and the Christians: one iota matters - the Arian controversy: Arius; Council of Nicaea in A.D. 325;
homoousios vs. homoiousios

VI. Julian (331-363 A.D.); his home page

a.childhood and youth; Constantius II; Macellum; Gallus

b.the liberation: Athens U (pp. 126ff.); university life: Libanius; trivium (grammar, rhetoric, dialectic),
quadrivium
(geometry/geography, arithmetic, astronomy, music)