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Lecture 3 Images
Updated 9/2/2015

Lecture 3: Early Rome: myth, history and archaeology

Much fuller version on Canvas, as usual

I. Romulus, Remus, and Rome

A. Basic issues: no historical records; the invention of traditions and founders, tasks of a founder; dual Roman origin Aeneas/Romulus (Kamm, pp. 2-11)
B. Highlights of Plutarch's Romulus (Course Packet, pp. 1-8), with Wiseman's comments, pp. 11-18
C. Recap: Amulius, Numitor, Rhea Silvia, Mars; archetypes and the heroic pattern; Oedipus, Moses, Cain and Abel
D. Rome: geography and archaeology of the 8th cent.; the arrival of the Latins; Rome before Romulus: Via Salaria, Tiber Island
= "seven hills"
E. Romulus the warrior king as the first stage: Sabines, Vestals, the Senate
F. the second and priest king: Numa

II. The Etruscan kings

c. 575 B.C.; Servius Tullius, Tarquin the Proud and his son Sextus (see Livy in Course Packet, pp. 21-25); Greek presence, e.g.
earliest Roman temple with Hercules and Athena ;
Jupiter Temple on Capitoline; various fora

III. History and fiction

Brutus, Lucretia, and the libera res publica (=republic) in 509 B.C.; Kamm 18-21; Livy in CP 23-27

7th inning stretch: The Trojan Horse in Australia (

IV. A final take on myth

Some functions:

historical kernel (e.g. Troy); transmission of shared values (cf. corporate cultures); and basically:

1. narrative and entertaining
2. validating; aetiological
3. speculative, explanatory

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