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Lecture 4 Images

Lecture 4: Roman Myths and the Roman National Character; Rome's takeover of Italy

Continued from Lect. 3: characteristics and functions of myth (see there)

I. Roman virtues: cf. Livy (in Course Packet, pp. 26 - 31): Horatius, Mucius, Cloelia, Manlius
images 1-7

1.virtus (vir) - military and civil
2. pietas; NOT "piety" but connoting duty, respect, responsibility, obligation; opposite: me-ism
3. industria
4. gravitas
5. constantia
6. severitas
II. The presumed Roman traditionalist: Cato the Elder (234-149 B. C.); Course Packet, pp. 73 - 89

Full name: Marcus Porcius Cato
concentrate on: what makes Cato an exemplar of Roman virtues and values
(e.g., pp. 123-4, 127-8, 133-4 [original page numbers])

A. early life; Fabius Maximus
B. Cato the Censor (184-179 B.C.), pp. 136-140; sumptuary legislation
C. Cato's flexibility; basilica (p. 140; images 8-14) and other episodes (pp. 130, 146-8)
III. The Roman Expansion in Italy

A. Various factors, e.g., no primogeniture; bellum pium et iustum; military tactics:
phalanx (clip from Alexander, 2004) vs. maniple

B. main stages of conquest: Latin League (dissolved in 338 B.C.); 295 B.C.: battle at Sentinum (northern Italy)
against Etruscans and Gauls; 281-272 B.C.: war against Pyrrhus (Pyrrhic victory); images 15-18

C. governing the conquered: divide and rule; ius commercii, ius conubii