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Lecture 6 Images
Updated 9/14/2015

QUIZ #1 on Tuesday; pointers; bring #2 pencils.


Much more detailed and updated PPT on Canvas.

I. Punic War #3: 149-146 B.C.; Scipio the Younger; Cato's posturing: "Carthage must be destroyed."

II. Long-term consequences of the Hannibalic War

A. lack of other foreign challengers
B. from freeholders to latifundia
C. great individuals vs. res publica
the confirmation of the senatorial oligarchy
E. new trends; example: religion

III. The character of Roman religion

A. a different culture; religion unrelated to afterlife & salvation; cf. "civil religion" in America (R. Bellah):
civic values, not sectarian; no separation between church and state

B. the agricultural heritage: numen; do ut des; pax deorum; Lupercalia, Robigalia; images 8-9

C. the family heritage: familia; pater familias; Vesta, Lares (Lararium in the house), Penates; images 10-15

D. Abstractions and Values, e.g. Fides, Pietas, Concordia

E. the state religion: pontifices, pontifex maximus, augurs (cf. Lect. 2: Tomb of the Augurs); image 16

F. the importance of ritual; instauratio

IV. The Olympian gods (Jupiter, Juno, Venus, Mars, et al.); cf. the list in Kamm (pp. 75-76);
images 17-18

V. The appeal of the oriental cults

A. senses; ecstasy; enthusiasmos (e.g. Bacchus, Magna Mater or Cybele); Bacchanalian Decree 186 B.C.
B. intellect
C. moral responsibility
D. The Villa of Mysteries at Pompeii (1st cent. A.D.): a Dionysiac initiation, Ariadne; images 19-31

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