alternative title





Ant. 322M  (31625),   Las 324L  (40850)    TTH  11 - 12:30      BUR 136       Spring 2014         


Brian Stross Office Hours  T TH 12:30-1:30 pm & by appt.   -  Office  SAC  4.124     .


TA Nora Tyeklar Office Hours  T 12:30-2:00  Office SAC 4.116


Final Exam  will be on     - (Monday, May 12, 2:00-5:00 pm )

Global Cultures Flag

This course carries the Global Cultures flag. Global Cultures courses are designed to increase your familiarity with cultural groups outside the United States. You should therefore expect a substantial portion of your grade to come from assignments covering the practices, beliefs, and histories of at least one non-U.S. cultural group, past or present.



Description  -   This course is an upper division introduction to the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica (Mexico, Guatemala and Belize) .  At least 100 separate ethnically diverse groups exist, and are most easily named in terms of the languages that are spoken.  We begin with an overview of the region and its peoples, dealing first with the geography of Mesoamerica, followed by characteristics that define it as a culture areas, prehistory and history of the region,  language and culture overviews, after which comes a focus on individual ethno-linguistic societies and some of the cultural attributes with which each is invested.   These cultural descriptions constituting two thirds of the course begin in the southeast with representative Mayan languages, then reach up to the northwest with Uto-Aztecan language groups, proceeding to representatives of the Oto-Manguean language family, and finally to less easily classified language groups.


Goals - The goals of this course are first to introduce students to the variety of indigenous societies existing in Mesoamerica in order to foster an appreciation for the cultural diversity and human characteristics that they exhibit and represent.  A second goal of the course is to introduce students to some of the methodologies, jargon, presuppositions, and concepts employed in anthropology by students of culture and communication.

Requirements / Exams, Book Report, Attendance


The course grade will be based primarily on a midterm (about 31%) and a final examination (about 62%).   

An example of the format of the midterm exam can be found here.  There will be a short book report, based on a book from the list at this link: book report (due last class day) 

Exams will contain both objective and essay questions (with an edge to the objective). 


The final exam will be longer than the midterm and comprehensive (i.e. it will include material tested on the midterm as well as from the remainder of the semester), and it will count twice as much.  The final exam  will be held at the officially scheduled time and place (Monday, May 14, 9:00-12:00 noon, UTC 4.112).  Click for a sample of the final exam:   SAMPLE FINAL


Another consideration will be class attendance, Attendance is expected, and while there is no penalty for one unexcused absence, further such absences can lower one’s course grade by two and a half percentage points for each instance.  .


You should complete the weekly reading assignments and prepare for exams by going over your notes on both lectures, readings and films. If puzzled by the fact that the lectures and the readings are complementary rather than purely mutually reinforcing or redundant, click here.   This link also explains the rationale for what at first appears to be a large number of books and films, from which the individual is required in the end to read or watch only a few.



TEXT (req)   Carmack, Gasco, Gossen. 2007. The Legacy of Mesoamerica. (2nd ed) 

F 1219 L44 2007 PCL   Reserves    ISBN  0-13-049292-2 (paper)



 Lecture Topics and Reading Assignments 


Week 1      GEOGRAPHY            1/14, 16,

                        climate, fauna, flora, geology, hydrography, physiography

(Mexico map 1,  map 2, map 3, map 4,  map 5)

(Guatemala map 1, map 2, map 3)  (detailed Mexico state maps)

Film on Thursday, The Mayo Tribe – Desert Speaks  *28 *


Reading:  Text CH 1 (1996 ed)  or Introduction (2007 ed) and

flora and fauna page



Week 2      CULTURE AREA    1/21, 23

some shared traits, contiguity  (some music, 2, 3 )

Mesoamerica as a (culture area) .  Kirchhoff, Armillas  

Film on Thursday The Tree of Life (VIDCASS 9978  AVL FAC) 

*30*   Q's )  


Reading:   Text  Ch 3 (1996 or 2007) and C. Hale (1999), Travel Warning…,

Journal of American Folklore 112: 297-315



Week 3      THE PAST            1/28, 1/30

                        Prehistory    (Maya Vessel, Olmec Portal, Isthmian Stela)

(Mark Van Stone’s FAQ)

(earliest inhabitants,  e.i.2 ,  e.i.3-migrations, e.i.4 – migration models)

                        (FAMSI maps of Mesoamerica)

                        History      (seeing the other),   (the colonial caste system).

(Cortés as Quetzalcoatl)

(Columbus) (Columbus2 longer) (NAFTA  NAFTA2) (The Requerimiento)

                        Film on Thursday: Popol Vuh  ( DVD 6990    AVL FAC)

  *60*   Q's ) (free book version of Popol Vuh is at: )

Present  (an example of current indigenous empowerment - Amuzgo)

            Pueblo self-organization for protection in Guerrero


            Reading:  Text CH. 2,4,5,6 (1996 ed)   or  Text CH 1, 4, 5, 7 (2007 ed)




                        (Languages of Mexico, Languages of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala) 

                        Language characteristics, culture characteristics and worldview  

                        Film on Thursday:: Shunka's Story  (Vidcass 6294)  *20*

                        Film on Thursday:: The Lacandon Maya Balché Ritual

(Vidcass 6290)  *40*  Q's )


            Reading:  Text CH. 11, 12 (1996 ed) or  CH 11, 6 (2007 ed)  and  de Landa)

                        (de Landa is at:  )



Week 5      MACRO-MAYAN        2/11, 2/13

                        *Mayan diversification (Chart),   *Mayan writing  (Script)

                        Lacandon, clans and communication.  (hach winik pics) 

1, 2, 3)   (Lacandon and the future - Plan Puebla Panama, Plan Puebla Panama 2013)

                        *Yucatec; relating to nature and supernature: food, ( housing,  Customs

in Spanish, Cancun & PdCarmen)

                        Film on Thursday,: Todos Santos Cuchumatan   

(Mam Maya)  (Vidcass 1269 UGLAVC)  *41*  Q's )


Reading:  McGee (or Perera & Bruce or Redfield & Villa Rojas or McClusky

or Boremanse) (or watch Swidden Horticulture Among the Lacandón Maya

VIDCASS 6291  [Lacandón]

or The Living Maya VIDCASS 4811  (Programs 1-4)  (Yucatec Mayans)



Week 6      MACRO-MAYAN II        2/18, 2/20

                        Huastec, an outlier.  (teenek pictures 1, 2, 3, Teeneks in Tamaleton  -TBA)

(big tamal) (sótano de las golondrinas) (t’iiw bixom voladores in Tamaleton)

                        Quiche and the Popol Vuh.  (Maya Perspectives videos in UGL AV  Library)

                        (Ríos Montt - Guatemala 2013)

                        Film Thursday: Todos Santos: the Survivors

                                                (VIDCASS   22O2 UGLAVC)  *58*   Q's )


            Reading:  Popol Vuh and (Ariel de Vidas  or B. Tedlock  or  Hernandez Castillo

or watch Discovering Dominga in AVL or watch When the Mountains

Tremble (1983  DVD 8185)   (Popol Vuh is at )

                        (Cacao in the Popol Vuh – Michael Grofe)



Week 7      MACRO-MAYAN III        2/25,  2/27

Tzeltal, divination, souls, colors, dreams, reincarnation, numeral classifiers. 

(the biopiracy debate)   (batz'il winik pics 1, 2, 3) (Zapatistas 20 years later)

Film on Thursday:   Appeals to Santiago   (Tenejapa Tzeltal)

                                                VIDCASS  6293 *27*   Q's


            Reading: Vogt (or Gossen, or Nash or Eber or Rosenbaum) (or watch

                        Chac: the Rain God in AVL)



Week 8      MACRO-MAYAN  IV       3/4, 3/6

                        Tzotzil, gossip, insults, and proverbs   *(Slides: Tzeltals and Tzotzils )                

                        Film Thursday:  Sacred Games    (Chamula & Zinacantán Tzotzil)

                                    (VIDCASS 1812  UGLAVC      *75*   Q's )


            Reading:  Wilson or G.P. Gonzalez (A Maya Life)  or G.P. González

Return of the Maya) or watch El Norte or any one of

the Maya Perspectives series in AVL)



(Spring break  3/10-15)  -     good time to start working on the 2 page book report

(due on last day of class) by reading a book from this list: click here. 



Week 9      MACRO-AZTEC-TANOAN        3/18, 3/20

                        Tarahumara, long distance runners, (Tarahumara and tourism)

(pillars of the world trailer)

(Rarámuri)  alcohol Tarahumara society   

                        MIDTERM EXAM on Thursday of Week 9; i.e.. 3/22/12) 

(to cover materials of Weeks 1 through 8)  


            Reading:    J. Kennedy or W. Merrill (Raramuri Souls) or watch

                        Voices of the Sierra Tarahumara   52min    (Tarahumaras)  or

                        Teshuinada, semana santa Tarahumara  60  min (Tarahumaras)



Week 10     MACRO-AZTEC-TANOAN  II      3/25, 3/27

Huichol, the peyote quest, yarn painting  (Huichol people) (tunnel to Catorce)

(Real de Catorce) (Mara’akame Canta; huichol musical ej., 2 )

 (Huichol culture 1)

Film on Thursday 3/29To Find Our Life   *63*


              ReadingText CH. 8 (1996 ed) or Text Ch 14 (2007 ed), or  Myerhoff’s

                        Peyote Hunt  or watch  Huichol Sacred Pilgrimage to Wirikuta

                        (VIDCASS 6019 UGLAVC) (or watch Huicholes y Plaguecidas 1

                        & 2 ) 



Week 11     MACRO-AZTEC-TANOAN  III     4/1, 4/3

                        Aztecs; worldview, compadrazgo, cosmology (Quetzalcoatl) (article-wiki)

                        (music) (Children learning Nahuatl,

lecture on Nahuatl in US)

                        Films Thursday 4/5Tepoztlan  (VIDCASS 9580  UGLAVC) *30*;

                        The Tarahumaras   (VIDCASS   4900 UGLAVC)   *30*   Q'sor

                        Nahuatl on the Balsas (*52 min*)


             Reading:  (Berdan or Soustelle  or Bray, or Clendinnen)  (or watch

                        Blood and Flowers – In Search of the Aztecs 48 min  youtube)



Week 12     MACRO-OTO-MANGUEAN  I   4/8, 4/10

                        Mazatec; whistle speech, mushrooms, medicine bundles, shamanism. 

            (Flesh of the Gods trailer, 2)

Films Thursday 4/12:  Sueños Binacionales (Mixtecs, Chatinos) and

To Make the Balance  (Zapotecs) (Vidcass 6292)  *33* 


            Reading:  Text Ch 7, 10, 13 (1996 ed)  or  Text  Ch 8, 9, 13  (2007 ed.) or

                        María Sabina, mujer espíritu (1978)  80 min   (Mazatecs)



Week 13    MACRO-OTO-MANGUEAN  II     4/16, 4/18

                        Zapotec, trade, symbolism, witchcraft, asking for favors,intermediary.

(Zapotec-wiki) (hear Zapotec tones) (zapotec lesson)

                        Film Thursday,  Blossoms of Fire   *75*  Fine Arts Library DVD 7157  Q's )


            ReadingText Ch. 9 (1996 ed) or  Text Ch. 12 (2007 ed)  and (Chiñas, or Selby,

                        or Berg or González or Cohen or Hunn)



Week 14     MACRO-OTO-MANGUEAN   III        4/22, 4/24

                        Huave worldview.   ( song in Huave, song2,

song3 )

Film Thursday  The Tree of Knowledge  *30 *  (Vidcass 6990)  Q's


Reading:  Kearney, (skim first half if available, read second half –

on Blackboard)



Week 15     MACRO-HOKAN      4/29, 5/1

Seri    the singers    (Seri komka’ak nation) (some video, desalinizer)

Chontal of Oaxaca  / Tequistlatec   (Tequisistlan)

Film Thursday : Mayan Voices; American Lives  (Vidcass 4792) 

*58*   Q's)











                                           BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY  -  For Midterm 

Achiote, Ahuehuete, Amaranth, Anona, Atitlan, Atlatl, Atole (or Atol), Balché, Rio Balsas, Bark-cloth, Benito Juarez, Black Zapote, Bor, Bolim, Brocket Deer, Cargo System, Caribal, Ceiba, Cenote, Censer, Chac, Chapala, Chayote, Chiapas, Chicha, Chichen Itzá, Chilam Balam, Cabracan, Co-Essence, Comal, Copal, Chinampa, Diego de Landa, Divination, Eagle Dance, Ejido, Guanabana, Guava, Gucumatz, Hachakyum, Hero Twins, Hetzmek' (or Placing-Astride-the-Hip), Huastec, Hunahpu (or One Hunter), HunBatz', Hun Chouen, Ihk’al, Indigo, Kayum (or K’ayum), Kin (or K’in), Kisin (or Quisin), Lacandón, Ladino, La Venta, Lerma-Santiago, Lints’i', Macro-Oto-Manguean, Maguey, Malinche, Mam, Manioc, Masa, Metate, Mexica, Monkey Twins, Monte Albán, Motagua River, "Mother of Hand", Muxi’-maam (or Mushi-mam), Nagual (or Nahual), Nahuatl, Olmec, Onen, Orizaba, Palenque, Panuco, Papaloapan, Peccary, Peñon Woman, Petate, Peten, Pinole (or Pinol), Popocatepetl, Popol Vuh, Porfirio Díaz, Pozole (or Pozol), Pulque,  Quiche, Ramón Nuts, Subín, Tamal (or Tamale), Teenek, Temazcal, Tenochtitlan, Teotihuacan, Tepexpan Man, Tlaloc, Tohil, Toltecs, Totonac, Tonal, Treemoss, Trivet, Tzeltal, Tzotzil, Usumacinta, Veracruz, Voladores, Vucub Caquix (or 7 Macaw), Xbalanque (or Jaguar-Deer), Xibalba, Xmucane, Xoloitzcuintli, Xquic, Xtabay, Yucatec, Zacahuil, Zapote, Zinacantan, Zipacna.



                                         IDENTIFY - For Final   (include above words as well)

Aire (or Aigre), Amate-Fig, Antojo, Aztec, Cabecera, Chaneque, Chatino, Chinantec, Chipil, Cipactli, Coa, Coatlicue, Compadrazgo, Cocijo, Condoy (or Kondoy), Coral Bean, Deer-Maize-Peyote Complex, Divination, Dutuburi, Espanto, Esquiate, Guelaguetza, Gozona, Go-between, Horizontal Loom, Hot & Cold Classification, Hauve/Wabi, Huehuete, Huichol, Huitzilopochtli, Indigenismo, La Llorona,  Mara'akame, Matlacigua,  Mazatec, Mexica, Michael Kearney, W.J. McGee, Medicine Bundle, Mexica, Mictlantecuhtli, Mije (or Mixe), Mixtec, Muina, Nanahuatl, Nixtamal, Norawa, Oaxaca, Oaxaca Chontal, Peyote, Pingo, Pochteca, Popoluca, Quetzalcoatl, Rain Dwarf, Seri, Shaman, Slash & Burn / Swidden, Structural Replication in Zinacantan, Susto, Tarahumara, Tarascan, Tecciztecatl, Tehuana, Tejate, Tepache, Tepoztlan, Tequistlatec, Tesgüinada,  Tezcatlipoca, Tlaloc, Tlazolteotl, Toloache, Whistle Speech, Wirikuta, Xolotl, Yacatecuhtli, Zapotec, Zoque. 



* Below, a fuller identification of the books referred to in the weekly reading assignments.  Doing the weekly reading assignments that are on the syllabus, by the end of the course you will have read at least 4 of the books on the following list.


*A. Ariel de Vidas.  Thunder Doesn't Live Here Anymore

*F. Berdan, The Aztecs of Central Mexico (pb) F1219.73 B47 PCL    

*R.L. Berg, Jr., Shwan: A Highland Zapotec Woman  F1221 Z3 B47  PCL

 *D. Boremanse, Hach Winik, the Lacandon Maya of Southern Mexico.   F 1221 L2 B67 1998 BLAC

  W. Bray     Everyday Life of the Aztecs 

*B. Chiñas,  The Isthmus Zapotec:  Women's Roles in Cultural Context.  F1221.23  Z462 PCL  

  J. Cohen,  Cooperation and Community:  Economy and Society in Oaxaca  

*I. Clendinnen, Aztecs: An Interpretation  (pb)   F 1219.76 S64 C44 1991 PCL Reserves

*C. Eber,  Women & Alcohol in a Highland Maya Town.  F 1221 T9 E24 1995 BLAC

*Gaspar Pedro González, A Mayan Life. (La Otra Cara) Yaxte' Press  PM 3912 Z77 G6618 1996 BLAC

*Gaspar Pedro González  Return of the Maya (El Retorno de las Mayas)  Yaxté Books

   R. González,  Zapotec Science: Farming and Food in the Northern Sierra of Oaxaca. (pb)

*G. Gossen, Chamulas in the World of the Sun (pb) F1221 T9 G677 PCL 

  R. A. Hernández Castillo, Histories and Stories from Chiapas:  Border Identities in Southern

            Mexico.  (pb)

E.S. Hunn,.  A Zapotec Naural History.  (Zapotec)

 M. Kearney, The Winds of Ixtepeji.  F1221 Z3 K42 PCL

*J. Kennedy, Tarahumara of the Sierra Madre. (pb) F1221 T25 K47 1978 PCL

*D. de Landa, Yucatan Before and After the Conquest. (pb)  G 7, 972.Ol5,

        M 451 M, no. 2O ; F1376 L24613 1978  PCL  

*O. Lewis,  Tepoztlán (pb)  G917.249 L587T   PCL 

 L J. McClusky,  Here Our Culture is Hard:  Stories of Domestic Violence From a Mayan

Community in Belize.  (pb) [Mopan]

R. J. McGee, Life, Ritual and Religion Among the Lacandón Maya.  F 1221 L2 M4 1990 PCL Reserves

R. J.  McGee,  Watching Lacandon Maya Lives

*B. Myerhoff, Peyote Hunt (pb) F1221  H9 M9  PCL

*V. Perera and R.D. Bruce, The Last Lords of Palenque.  F1221 L2 P47 1982 PCL Reserves

*J. Nash, In The Eyes of the Ancestors (pb) F1219.3 S6 N3 UGL 

*R. Redfield & A. Villa Rojas, Chan Kom (pb)  F1435.1 C47 R3 1962 PCL

*B. Rosenbaum, With Our Heads Bowed.   HQ 1465 C52 R6 1993 PCL Stacks

*H. Selby. Zapotec Deviance. F1221 Z3 S44 LAC          

*J. Soustelle, Daily Life of the Aztecs.  (pb) F1219 S723 1970 PCL    

*D. Tedlock,  Popol Vuh.  (pb) F1465  P813 1985  UGL, LAC,    F 1465 P813 1996 PCL Stacks

*E. Vogt, The Zinacantecos of Mexico. G 97O,49274, V 868 Zin PCL, LAC

*C. Wilson, Crazy February. (pb) G 8l3, W 692 C PCL, LAC & 813, W69l8C


Videos at Audio Visual Library  (can be used for assignment)

El Norte  141min  DVD 4445        (Highland Mayans – Guatemalan Migrants)

Chac:  The Rain God  DVD 1950  (Tzeltal Mayans)

Letters from the other side   73 min   DVD 5427   (Migrants from Mexico)

Discovering Dominga  57  VIDCASS  10578    (Highland Mayans –  GuatemalanMigrant)

Swidden Horticulture Among the Lacandón Maya     29min   VIDCASS 6291  (Lacandón)

The Living Maya    232min   VIDCASS 4811  (Programs 1-4)  (Yucatec Mayans)

Daughters of Ixchel   29min   VIDCASS 7721   (Highland Mayans - Guatemala)

Maya Perspectives Series     (Vidcass 8245, Volumes 1-16)

Huichol Sacred Pilgrimage to Wirikuta  29 min (VIDCASS 6019 UGLAVC)

When the Mountains Tremble  103 min (DVD 8185)  (Genocide of Mayans)


Videos NOT at Audio Visual Library   (can be used for assignment)

Voices of the Sierra Tarahumara   52min    (Tarahumaras)

Chenalhó, Heart of the Highlands   52 min   (Tzotzils)

De Nadie   (Migrants from Mexico)   

La Tragedia de Macario  (Migrants from Mexico)  

Haunted Land   74 minutes   (Highland Guatemalan Mayans – genocide)

Teshuinada, semana santa Tarahumara  60 min (Tarahumaras – Nicolás Echevarría)

María Sabina, mujer espíritu (1978)  80 min   (Mazatecs – Nicolás Echevarría) (on YouTube)

Hikure-Tame   (1982)  (Huichols  - Nicolás Echevarría)

Sentinels of the Earth: Conversations With the Sierra Popoluca   part 1    52 min 

Part 2       54 min (Sierra Popolucas - Judith Gleason)

The Unholy Tarahumara    60 min  (Kathryn Ferguson)

Soothsayers, Cigars, and San Simón   58 min  (urban Mayans in Guatemala)

Mother's Day in Cuetzalan: Panchita the Weaver    59 min  (  Judith Gleason -  Nahuatl Speakers)

The Lacandon Maya    47 min   (Hilary Pryor  - Lacandónes)

The Day of the Dead   30 min   (Calavera Productions – Purépecha & Mestizo)  Filmmakers Library

Chiapas: Prayers for the Weavers  35 min.  (Judith Gleason – Tzotzil, Tzeltal Mayans)

Children of Zapata  24 min (Canadian Broadcasting Corp – Tzotzil, Tzeltal Mayans)

A Place Called Chiapas      92 min

Granito  103 min   (Pamela Yates)  [not yet available] (Genocide of Mayans)

Zapatista    56 min

Nowhere Else to Live  52 min. (Alan Handel Productions – Mestizo)

Flowers for Guadalupe   57 min  (Judith Gleason & Elisa Mereghetti – Mestizo)

Barriers of Solitude   52 min  (Patricia Guzman – Mestizo)

The Walls of Taniperla  52 min  ( Dominique Bergen for KTBF)

Blood and Flowers - In Search of the Aztecs   (BBC)  youtube

Tarahumara: Pillars of the World  60m

Mixes – ayuk: yikyuj ja ayuk jaaky

Sierra Mixes – ayuk de Ayutla 

Tequistlatecs – Tequisistlan  


As an aid to study, can print out this Mexico map and locate each indigenous society

spoken of in the lectures on it, at least putting it in the correct state.   It would also be helpful to locate

some of the rivers, lakes, towns, and archaeological sites, as well as volcanoes and islands.  

Here is a list you might make use of for both the indigenous groups and the other features.


If you want to explore a topic in more depth, or make up for a missed class, e-mail me for a list of

of supplementary readings pertaining to a given week.



  R.M. Carmack (ed.) Harvest of Violence. (pb) F1435.3  P7 H37 1988 LAC

  J. Harbury, Bridge of Courage. (pb)

  B. Tedlock, Time and the Highland Maya (pb)  F 1465.2 Q5 T43 1992 PCL Reserves

  S. Whiteford and Whiteford, Crossing Currents.

  K. Warren, Indigenous Movements and Their Critics: Pan Maya Activism in Guatemala.



There are many internet sites with information relevant to this course.


The complete Chilam Balam of Chumayel by R. Roys


The Archive of Indigenous Languages of Latin America (AILLA)

has downloadable narratives in various Mesoamerican languages,

and other Latin American Indigenous languages.


Streaming radio from some Indigenous Mexican stations   


America Indigena   Various downloadable documents on pre-Columbian Mesoamerica


Various links to Ancient Maya topics  (thanks Kara)


Images of Mexican Art and History   More Images


Mayan Calendar  (I. Van Laningham)       Maya Software  


2012   All you wanted to  know, and perhaps a bit more, about 2012 and the end of an era (Mark Van Stone)


Film Trailer 2012 La Palabra Maya     the website w/ trailer


Former Aztlan site      with some excellent article links


Ventana a mi comunidad  maiz 6  this is one of a series of you tube presentations

                        About indigenous life in Mexico.


Ventana a mi Comunidad / Nahuas Huasteca y Tenek El Zacahuil 


Ventana a mi Comunidad / Nahuas Huasteca y Tenek - Música 


Ventana a mi Comunidad - Nahuas de Morelos / Nahuatl


Ventana a mi Comunidad / Triquis - Temazcal desarmable


Ventana a mi Comunidad / Chocholtecos, baño en el temazcal


Ventana a mi Comunidad / Mazahuas, cosechando y saboreando


Historical timeline for Mexico    not all the links are equally

useful or accurate, but useful overall


Webpage for Guatemalan history    to 1970 


News of indigenous activities and rights are prominent

among the interests of the Mexico Solidarity Network


Chiapas Independent Media Center     news of indigenous and

other activities in Chiapas and elsewhere in Mexico 


Independent Media Network, Mexico    as its name indicates, a

network of independent media, for news that is relatively

independent of government and (other) corporate interests  


Chiapas 95     The list-serve (and its relatives and descendants)

documenting news and debate regarding indigenous

and other grassroots action in Mexico. 








Internet sites also host some important journals relating to

indigenous Mesoamericans:




(Audiovisual Library   495-4467)





The following information comes from official UT policies

Please, read carefully

Academic Integrity

Each student in this course is expected to abide by the University Code of Academic Integrity. No plagiarized work will be accepted. Sources consulted from books, journals, or web pages should be acknowledged. Any work submitted by a student in this course for academic credit will be the student's own work. Papers bought online or otherwise plagiarized will receive a zero.

You are encouraged to study together and to discuss concepts covered in lecture and sessions. However, this permissible cooperation should never involve one student having possession of a copy of all or part of work done by someone else, in the form of an e mail, an e-mail attachment file, a diskette, or a hard copy. 

Should copying occur, both the student who copied work from another student and the student who gave material to be copied will both automatically receive a zero for the assignment. Penalty for violation of this Code can also be extended to include failure of the course and University disciplinary action. [During examinations, you must do your own work. Talking or discussion, comparing notes, and copying from others are not permitted during examinations. Any such behavior will result in failure of the exam, and may lead to failure of the course and University disciplinary action.]

Accommodations for students with disabilities

In compliance with the UT Austin policy and equal access laws, I am available to discuss appropriate academic accommodations that may be required for student with disabilities. Requests for academic accommodations are to be made during the first three weeks of the semester, except for unusual circumstances, so arrangements can be made. Students who require special accommodations need to get a letter that documents the disability from the Services for Students with Disabilities area of the Office of the Dean of Students (471-6259- voice or 471-4641 – TTY for users who are deaf or hard of hearing).  This letter should be presented to the instructor in each course at the beginning of the semester and accommodations needed should be discussed at that time.  Five business days before an exam the student should remind the instructor of any testing accommodations that will be needed. See Web site below for more information:

University Electronic Mail Notification Policy

(Use of E-mail for Official Correspondence to Students)

All students should become familiar with the University's official e-mail student notification policy.  It is the student's responsibility to keep the University informed as to changes in e-mail address.  It is recommended that e-mail be checked daily, but at a minimum, twice per week. The complete text of this policy and instructions for updating your e-mail address are available at

In this course e-mail will be used to communicate with students. You are responsible for checking your e-mail regularly for class announcements. 

The University of Texas Honor Code

The core values of The University of Texas at Austin are learning, discovery, freedom, leadership, individual opportunity, and responsibility. Each member of the University is expected to uphold these values through integrity, honesty, trust, fairness, and respect toward peers and community.

Religious Holidays

It is the policy of The University of Texas at Austin that you must notify each of your instructors at least fourteen days prior to the classes scheduled on dates you will be absent to observe a religious holy day. If you miss an examination, work assignment, or other project due to the observance of a religious holyday you will be given an opportunity to complete the work missed within a reasonable time after the absence. 

The instructor reserves the right to amend this syllabus







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