Course Syllabus

Course Description





I Basic Source Materials


Bibliography of Mayan Languages and Linguistics, 1978, Lyle Campell et al., (eds.). PM 396l, B 524, LAC  (excellent bibliography through l976).

            Handbook of Middle American Indians, 1967, 1969, R. Wauchope (series ed.).  Vol 7 (ethnographic sketches of Mayan groups), Volume 5 (linguistic sketches and other useful materials). F 1434, H 3, LAC (ref).

            Supplement to the Handbook of Middle American Indians, (V.R. Bricker (series ed.), Volume 2 (sketches of Cholti and Huastec), Volume 3 (articles on Yucatecan, Tzotzil, Quiche, and Chorti literature).

            Languages of Guatemala, l966, Marvin K. Mayers (Ed.) (contains ethnographic and grammatical sketches of Mayan languages in Guatemala, along with illustrative texts and a 2OO word comparative word list).  PM 3361, M 3, 1966 LAC.

            Estudios de Cultura Maya  published periodically by the Centro de Estudios Mayas, U.N.A.M. de Mexico. (contains many fine articles dealing with all aspects of Mayan cultures.

 G 972.O15, Es 87.

            Journal of Mayan Linguistics, 1978-, PM 3961, A 36, LAC (journal is preceded by 3 separately published earlier attempts at a journal:  l) Marlys McClaran (ed.) l976, Mayan Linguistics (U.C.L.A., Latin American Studies Center) PM 3961, A 44.   2) Nora England (ed.), l978, Papers in Mayan Linguistics (U. Of Missouri, Misc. Pubs. in Anthropology No. 6).    3) Laura Martin (ed.), l979, Papers in Mayan Linguistics.  Columbia, Mo., LucasBrothers Pubs.

            Annual Review of Anthropology. 1985. has overview article and helpful bibliography by Lyle Campbell and Terrence Kaufman, "Mayan Linguistics: Where are We Now?".

            Annual Review of Anthropology. 1995?. has overview article and helpful bibliography on Maya Hieroglyphic Writing by Victoria Bricker.


II  Maya Culture and Civilization: Background Introductions


            Elizabeth P. Benson, l977, The Maya World. (pb)  F l435, B 47, l977 LAC.

            Peter Canby, The Heart of the Sky.

            M.D. Coe, l966, The Maya (pb); revised edition l98O (pb)  G 972.Ol5, C 65m, l966. 

            Freidel, David, Schele, Linda, and Joy Parker. 1993.  Maya Cosmos. (uses ethnographic data to inform studies of Classic Maya worldview)

            Menchú, Rigoberta.  I Rigoberta Menchú.  F1465.2, Q5, M3813, 1984 LAC

            Sharer, Robert (& S.G. Morley, G.W. Brainerd) 1994. The Ancient Maya. (fifth edition) G 972.Ol5, M 827a, l956, l983, 1994. (most comprehensive account, well illustrated)

            Schele, Linda and Mary Ellen Miller 1986. The Blood of Kings. (most           up to date materials on Maya kingship, iconography, and hieroglyphic writing)

            Schele, Linda and David Freidel. 1990.  A Forest of Kings.  (The first real history of the Classic Maya)

            George and Gene Stuart, l977, The Mysterious Maya.  F l435, S 89, LAC

            T. Patrick Culbert, l974, The Lost Civilization: The Story of the Classic Maya.  F L435, C82, LAC

            J.E.S. Thompson, l966, The Rise and Fall of Maya Civilization.

G 972.Ol5, T 374r.

            Carter Wilson, 1965.  Crazy February. G 8l3, W 692 C PCL, LAC & 813, W69l8 C


III  Ethnographic: Mayan Societies Today


CAKCHIQUEL  F. McBryde, l934, "Solola: A Guatemalan Town and Cakchiquel Market Center."  Middle American Research Institute Pub. 5, Tulane U.  G 9l3.728, T 82, no. 5.


CHORTI  C. Wisdom, l94O, The Chorti Indians Of Guatemala.  G 97O.3, W 753c.


HUASTEC  J. Alcorn, l984 Huastec Mayan Ethnobotany. F1221, H8A42, 1984 (LAC), GN 476.43, A42, 1984.


IXIL  B.N. Colby and P. van den Berghe, l969, Ixil Country.  G 3O9.l728l, C 672i.

B.N. Colby and Lore Colby, l981, The Daykeeper.  F1465.2, I95 C64, LAC 


JACALTEC   O. LaFarge and D. Byers, l93l, The Year Bearers People.  G 9l3.728, T 82, no. 3.


KANJOBAL  O. LaFarge, l947, Santa Eulalia.  G 972.8l, L l32s.

Gaspar Pedro González, A Mayan Life. (La Otra Cara) Yaxte' Press


KEKCHI      R. Wilson.  1998.   Maya Resurgence in Guatemala.  


LACANDON    A.M. Tozzer, 19O7, A Comparative Study of the Mayas and the Lacandones (F l435, T699 LAC)

Bruce, Robert  1976.  Lacandon Dream Symbolism.  Mexico.


MAM   M. Oakes, l95l,  The Two Crosses of Todos Santos.  G 972.8l, Oa 4t.


MOCHO    P. Petrich, 1985.  La Alimentacion Mochó: Acto y Palabra.  Centro de Estudios Indigenas, Universidad Autonoma de Chiapas.


MOPAN   J.E.S. Thompson, l93O, Ethnology of the Mayas of Southern and Central British Honduras.  GN 2, F 4, v. l7, no. 2, LAC.


POCOMAM   R.E. Reina, l966,  The Law Of The Saints.  G 97O.3, P 756r.


QUICHE  R. Bunzel, l952, Chichicastenango. G 9l7.28l, B 887c.

R.M. Carmack, l98l, The Quiché Mayas of Utatlán.  F1465.2, Q5 C267, PCL

B. Tedlock, l982, Time and the Highland Maya (2nd Ed.).  F1465.2, Q5 T43, 1982


TOJOLABAL  M. Ruz (ed.)  Los Tojolabales (3 volumes).


TZELTAL  June Nash, l97O, In the Eyes of the Ancestors.  G 3O9.17274, N l74i.

Hermitte, M. Esther  197O.  Poder Sobrenatural y Control Social:  en un Pueblo Maya Contemporaneo.  Ediciones Expeciales, 57.  Mexico:  Instituto Indigenista Interamericano  (Rev. AA 76:92O-1)

Ruz, Mario  1985.  Copanaguastla en un Espejo.  Serie Monografias 1,  Centro de

Estudios Indigenas, Universidad Autonoma de Chiapas.


TZOTZIL   E.Z. Vogt, l969. Zinacantán.  G 97O.497274, v 868zi.

            Kazuyasu, Ochiai  1985.  Cuando Los Santos Vienen Marchando.  Rituales Publicos Intercomunitarios Tzotziles.  Serie Monografias 3, Centro de Estudios Indigenas, Univ. Auton. de Chiapas.


TZUTUJIL  J. Sexton  1981.  Son of Tecun Uman.


YUCATEC  R. Redfield and A. Villa Rojas, l934, Chan Kom: A Maya Village. (also l962 abridged pb. edition).  qF1435.1, C47 R3   or  F1435.1, C47 R3, 1962.

            T. Rugely  2001.  Maya Wars:  Ethnographic Accounts from Nineteenth-Century Yucatan.



IV  Folklore/Oral Literature   


Annals of the Cakchiquels. (Cakchiquel - trans. by Recinos  G 972.81, An 72m, 1967 LAC)

            Sarah Blaffer, l972, The Black Man of Zinacantán (Tzotzil). F 1221, T 9, B 55, LAC.

            Roberto Bruce, 1974, El Libro de chan K'in (Lacandon cosmological folklore). F 1221, L2, C 45, LAC-Z, non-circ.

            Allen Burns 1982, An Epoch of MIracles: Oral Literature of hte Yucatec Maya.  

            The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel. (Yucatec - trans. by Roys qG 972.O15, C 435cE, l967; Edmonson).

            The Book of Chilam Balam of Tizimín (Yucatec - trans. by Makemson, Edmonson)

            Louanna Furbee (-Losee) (ed.), l976, l979, l98O, Mayan Texts I, II, & III. (Nos. l, 3, & 5 of the International Journal of American Linguistics, Native American Texts Series of monographs) PM 3968.8, M 39, LAC.

            Gary Gossen, l974, Chamulas in the World of the Sun. (Tzotzil oral literature). F 1221, T 9, G 677, LAC.

            C.A. Castro, l965, Narraciones Tzeltales de Chiapas.  G 97O.3, kT996C, LAC

            John Fought, 1972, Chorti Texts I.  PM 3661, Z 73, F 6, LAC.

            Charles Andrew Hofling, 1991,  Itzá Maya Texts (has a grammatical overview)

            Eva Hunt, l977, The Transformation of the Hummingbird. (Tzotzil). F 1221, T 9, H 86, LAC.

            Robert Laughlin,  l977,  Of Cabbages and Kings. (Tzotzil folklore).  GN 1,S 54, no. 23, LAC.

            Robert Laughlin, l98O, Of Shoes and Ships and Sealing Wax.  (Tzotzil texts)

            Montejo, Victor, 1991.  The Bird Who Cleans the World: and other Mayan Fables.

            Marvin Mayers, l958, Pocomchí Texts.  497.4, M453p  or  MCFICHE 1983, LAC

            Montejo, Victor, 1991.  The Bird Who Cleans the World: and other Mayan Fables.

            Peñalosa, Fernando, 1995.  Tales and Legend of the Q'anjob'al Maya.  Yaxte' Press.

            Peñalosa, Fernando (ed.) 1992.  Cuentos de Don Pedro Miguel Say.  Yaxte' Press.  (Kanjobal /  Q'anjob'al texts)

            Popol Vuh (Quiche - best translations are by Recinos (GZ, G913.7281, P 814S, 1947), Edmonson (F 1421, T 95, no. 35 LAC) , D. Tedlock, 1985).  Also see F 1465, P 828, 1961, LAC.  G 913.7281, P 814S, 1964, l969. 

            Mary Shaw (ed.), l97l, According to our Ancestors. (S.I.L. texts and translations from ACH, AGU, CAK, CHJ, IXL, JAC, KEK, MOP, PCM, PCH., QUI, TZU, USP).  F 1465.3, F 6, S 48, LAC.

            Brian Stross, l977, Love in the Armpit: Tzeltal Tales.   F 1221, T 8, L 683, PCL

            Brian Stross, 1978, Demons and Monsters: Tzeltal Tales. F 1221, T 8, S 87, LAC

            Paul Townsend, 198O, Ritual Rhetoric From Cotzál (Ixil texts)

            Paul Townsend   l975, Ixil Texts, With Spanish Translation. (S.I.L. microfiche).

            A. Whittaker and V. Warkentin, l965, Chol Texts of the Supernatural.  PM 3649, W 5, LAC.

            R.L. Roys, ed. and trans., 1965, Ritual of the Bacabs. (Yucatec) G 972.O15, R518 TE, LAC

            E.R. Craine and R.C. Reindorp, l979, The Codex Perez and the Book of chilam Balam of Mani. F 1435.3, C14, C62 LAC.

            M. & R. Ulrich, 1986.  Historias de lo Sagrado, Lo Serio, Lo Sensacional, Y lo Sencillo.  (SIL)


V  Mayan Vocabularies


HUA   R. Larsen, l955, Vocabulario Huasteco (S.I.L.)  FILM 8391 LAC

CHC   G. Zimmermann, l955, "Das Cotoque: die Maya-Sprache von

         Chicomucelo." (in Zeitschrift fur Ethnologie l955:59-87) L572.O5,

         Z37 PCL

ITZ  C. Hoffling, 1993, Itzá Maya Texts With a Grammatical Overview.

     O. Schumann, l97l, Descripción Estructural Del Maya Itzá del Peten.

       (U.N.A.M.) PM 3969, S3 LAC      

YUC   C. Alvarez, l98O, Diccionario Etnolingüistico Del Idioma Maya

        Yucateco Colonial.  (U.N.A.M.) (2 volumes; I Mundo Fisico, II

        Aprovechamiento de los Recursos Naturales) PM 3969, A48, LAC

      J. Martinez Hernandez (ed.), l929, Diccionario de Motul.  G 497, C


      J. Pio Perez, l866-77, Diccionario de la Lengua Maya. GZ 497.22O3, P

         415 Z LAC

      O. Michelon (ed.), Diccionario de San Francisco (Yucatán).

      A. Barrera Vasquez et al, l98O, Diccionario Maya Cordemex. LAC ref.

         (rev. IJAL 49:2O8) 497.O5, IN 8, PCL.

      G. Bevington, 1995, Maya For Travelers and Students

LAC   R. Bruce, l978, Lacandón Dream Symbolism, Vol. II (dictionary,


           plus). F 1221, L2, B 78, LAC

MOP   M. & R. Ulrich, l976, Diccionario Bilinguie.

ITZ   C. Hofling, 1997.  Itzá Dictionary

TOJ   C. Mendenhall & J. Supple, l949, "Tojolabal Texts and Dictionary."

        (MCMCA 26 - in LAC. Microfilm collection.

      C. Lenkersdorf, l979, l98l, B'omak'umal Tojol Ab'al-Kastiya 1. Vol 1,

         & 2. Vol 2. (rev. IJAL 49:214) 497.O5, IN 8, PCL

      L. Furbee, l98l, Tojolabal Maya-English dictionary.

TZE   M. Slocum and F. Gerdel, l965, Vocabulario Tzeltal De Bachajón.

        (S.I.L.)  PM 4461, S563, LAC

      C. Robles Uribe, 1966, La Dialectología Tzeltal y El Diccionario

        Compacto.  G 497.4, R 571d

      M. Ruz (ed.) 1986.  Vocabulario de Lengua Tzeltal Segun el Orden de

        Copanabastla.  Fr. Domingo de Ara.  Mexico:  U.N.A.M.

TZO   R. Laughlin, l975, The Great Tzotzil Dictionary of San Lorenzo

        Zinacantán.  qPM 4466, Z5, L 38, LAC

      R. Laughlin, 1987, The Great Tzotzil Dictionry Of Santo Domingo


      A. Hurley de Delgaty y A. Ruiz Sanchez, l978, Diccionario Tzotzil de

         San Andres con Variaciones Dialectales. (S.I.L.).  PM 4466, Z 5,

         H 8, LAC.

CHL   H.W. & E.W. Aulie, l978, Diccionario Ch'ol (S.I.L.) PM 3649,

         Z5A9, LAC

      O. Schumann, 1973, La Lengua Chol de Tila (Chiapas).

CHN   S.M. Knowles  1984,  A Descriptive Grammar of Chontal Maya

             (Appendix V, Lexicon) (Ph.D. Diss. Tulane)  

      O. Smailus, 1975,  El Maya-Chontal de Acalan.  PM3651, S6318, LAC

CHR   C. Wisdom, l949, "Materials on the Chorti Language." (MCMCA 28- in

        LAC microfilm collection) Film, G 8O3, no. 28.

CHLT  P. Moran, l935, Arte y Diccionario en Lengua Cholti.  The Maya Society, Baltimore.

      O. Schumann, l973, La Lengua Chol, de Tila (Chiapas). (U.N.A.M.) 

CHJ   N. Hopkins, l967, Chuj-Dictionary (m.s.)

      J. Maxwell, 1993, Chuj Dictionary (m.s.)

      M. Felipe Diego.  1998.  Diccionario Chuj  (PLFM)

JAC   C. Day, n.d. Un Diccionario de Jacalteco (ms. U. of Rochester)

      A. F. Méndez Cruz. 1997.  Diccionario Popti'

QUI   M.S. Edmonson, l956, Quiché-English Dictionary. (M.A.R.I. no. 3O)

         F1421, T 95, no. 3O, LAC

      A. Garcia H. & S. Yac Sam & D.H. Pontious, n.d. Diccionario Quiché.

      J. de Leon 19  , Diccionario Quiché-Español  PM 4231, D476, LAC

      Proyecto Lingüistico Francisco Marroquin  1996, Diccionario Del Idioma


      C.N. Teletor, l959, Diccionario Castellano-Quiché y Voces Castellano-

           Pocomam.  G497.4, T236D, LAC

CAK   C. Saenz de Santa Maria, l94O, Diccionario Cakchiquel-Español.

          G 497,  Sa Hed.

      R. Blair et al.  l981, Diccionario Español-Cakchiquel-Ingles PCM

      Déborah Ruyán Canú, Jo Ann Munson L. and Rafael Coyote Tum.  1991.

         Diccionario Cakchiquel Central y Español.  Guatemala: S.I.L. 

      N. Cojti Macario, M. Chacach Cutzal, & M. Armando Cali.  1998. 

         Diccionario Kaqchikel. (PLFM)

PCH   M. Mayers, l956, Vocabulario Pocomchi. (S.I.L.) (microfiche)     

KEK   G. Sedat, l955, Nuevo Diccionario de las Lenguas K'ekchí y Española.

          PM 3913, Z 5, S 37, LAC.    

MAM   F.D. de Reynoso/A. Maria Carreno, l9l6, Vocabulario de la lengua

          Mame.  G 497, R 276v, l9l6.

      J. Maldonado A., J. Ordónez D, and J. Ortiz D., 1986.  Diccionario Mam

      Filiberto Lopez Gabriel and Wes Collins.  1991  Diccionario de Verbos

          Mames U'j Te Pujb'il Yol, Noq Te Ipb'il.  Guatemala: S.I.L.

TEC   T. Kaufman, l969, "Teco-a New Mayan Language."  IJAL 35:154-74.

            497.O5, IN 8, PCL

IXL   T. Kaufman, l974, Ixil dicionary. (computer printout, U.C., Irvine)

      L. Asicona Ramírez, D. Méndez Rivera & R.D. Xinic Bop.  1998. 

           Diccionario Ixil de San Gaspar Chajul.  (PLFM)

MOT   T. Kaufman, l967, Preliminary Mochó Vocabulary  (W.P. no. 5,

                 LBRL - U.Cal. Berkeley.)


VI Mayan Grammars


YUC  A.M. Tozzer, l92l, A Maya Grammar (also a Dover pb., l977)

           G497.4, T669M, LAC.  or PM 3963, T6, 1977, LAC

     R. Blair, l965, Yucatec Maya Noun and Verb Morpho-syntax (l97l Ph.D.

       diss., Indiana U. - also MCMCA lO9) PM 3963, B 563, LAC.     

LAC  R. Bruce, l968, Gramatica Lacandón.  G 497.4, B 83g, l968.

ITZ  O. Schumann G., l97l, Descripción Estructural del Del Maya Itzá Del

          Peten, Guatemala, C.A.  PM 3969, S3, LAC

     Charles Andrew Hofling, 1982. Itzá Maya Morphosyntax From a Discourse

          Perspective. (Ph.D. diss., Washington Univ., 377pp) CHR  J. Fought, l967, Chortí (Mayan): Phonology, Morphophonemics and

          Morphology. (l967 Ph.D. diss., Yale).  Film, G 29O5.

CHL  J.J. Attinasi, l973, Lak T'an: A Grammar of the Chol (Mayan) Word.

              (Ph.D. diss., Chicago).

     V. Warkentin & R. Scott, l98O, Gramatica Ch'ol. (S.I.L.)  PM 3649,


CHN  Susan M. Knowles, 1984,  A Descriptive Grammar of Chontal Maya

             (San Carlos Dialect).  (unpub. doctoral dissertation, Tulane


TZE  T. Kaufman, l97l, Tzeltal Phonology and Morphology. 

     Diaz Olivares, Jorge  198O.  Manual del Tseltal.  Univ. Auton. de Chiapas.

         Tuxtla Gutierrez. (338 pp. Mimiographed)

TZO  M. Cowan, l969, Tzotzil Grammar. (S.I.L.).  G 498, C 838t

     H. Sarles, l966, A Descriptive Grammar of the Tzotzil Language. (l966

        Ph.D. diss., U. of Chicago) PM, 4466, S 275, LAC.

     J. Aissen, 1987, Tzotzil Clause Structure..  Reidel Publishers.

     J. Haviland, 1981.  El Tzotzil de San Lorenzo Zinacantán.  Centro de

        Estudios Mayas. U.N.A.M. Mexico.

TOJ  L. Furbee-Losee, l976, The Correct Language, Tojolabal.  PM 36OL, F

         8, L976, LAC.

     Mary Jill Brody, 1982. Discourse Processes of Highlighting in Tojolabal

          Maya Morphosyntax (Mexico). (Ph.D. diss., Washington U. 317 pp)

CHJ  N.A. Hopkins, l967, The Chuj Language (Ph.D. diss., Chicago). 

     Laura Ellen Martin, 1977.  Positional Roots in Kanjobal (Mayan). (PhD.

       diss., U. of Florida, 464pp)

JAC  C. Day, l973, The Jacaltec Language.  PM 3889, D 3, LAC.

     C. Craig, l977, The Structure of Jacaltec. PM 3889, C 7, LAC. 

     Margaret J. Dickeman Datz, 198O. Jacaltec Syntactic Structures and

        The Demands of Discourse. (Ph.D. diss. U. of Colorado at Boulder

        470 + pp)

QUI  James L. Mondloch, l978, Basic Quiché Grammar. (IMS-SUNY Albany,

           2).  PM 4231, M 66, LAC.

     Mondloch, James Lorin  198O.  Voice in Quiché-Maya.  (Ph.D.

         diss. S.U.N.Y., Albany, 359pp)

SAC  John W. DuBois, 1981.  The Sacapultec Language. (PhD. diss.,U.C.

       Berkeley, 315 pp)

TZU  Jon Philip Dayley, l985, Tzutujil Grammar. UCPL Vol. 107  PM

       4471, D39, 1985, PCL.

KEK  S. Pinkerton (ed.), l976, Studies in K'ekchi.  (PH.D. DISS., U.T.


     R. Freeze, l97O, Case in a Grammar of K'ekchi. (Ph.D. diss., U.T.

        Austin)  TC 197O, F879, PCL Reserves.

     E. Haeserijn V., l966, Ensayo de la Gramatica del K'ekch'i'.  G 497.4,

        H ll9e.

     A. Berinstein, 1985.  Evidence for Multiattachment in K'ekchi Mayan..

        Garland Publishers.

     J. Alberto Tzul & A Tzimaj Cacao. 1997.  Gramatica del Idioma Q'eqchi'


PCM  J.F. Santos Nicolas, A de J. Cervantes Lopez, M. M. Gomez, & J. G

      Benito P. 1997.  Gramatica Del Idioma Poqomam. (PLFM)

MAM  N. England l983, A Grammar of Mam, A Mayan Language. (based

         on her diss. which is in Film, l4.384, LAC)

IXL  Glenn Thompson Ayres, 198O.  Un Bosquejo Gramatical del Idioma

         Ixil.  (Ph.D. diss, U.C. Berkeley)



VII Mayan Reconstructions


            Fisher, William, 1973.Towards The Reconstruction of Proto-Yucatec. (Ph.D. diss., Chicago (l973) FILM 8465, LAC)

            T. Kaufman, l964, "Materiales linguisticos para el estudio de las relaciones internas y externas de la familia de idiomas mayanos." (pp. 8l-l36) in E. Vogt and A. Ruz (eds.), l964, Desarrollo Cultural De Los Mayas.  G 972.O15, C76

            T. Kaufman, l969, "Teco--a new Mayan language."  IJAL 35:l54-l74.    497.O5, IN 8, PCL  

            T.C. Smith Stark, l976, "Some hypotheses on syntactic and morphological aspects of Proto-Mayan." in M. McClaran (ed.)  Mayan Linguistics I.  PM 3961, A319, V 1, LAC.

            J.A. Fox, l978, Proto-Mayan Accent, Morpheme Structure Conditions and Velar Innovations.. (Ph.D. diss., Chicago).

            J.S. Robertson, l977, "A phonological reconstruction of the ergative third-person singular pronoun in common Mayan."  IJAL 43:2O1-lO.   497.O5  IN 8, PCL

            J.S. Robertson, 1986.  "A reconstruction and evolutionary statement of the Mayan numerals from twenty to four hundred."  IJAL 52:227-241.

            L. Campbell, l977, Quichean Linguistic Prehistory.  PM 4232, C 35, LAC

            T. Kaufman, l972, El Proto-Tzeltal-Tzotzil: Fonología Comparada y Diccionario Reconstruido (CdeEM Cuaderno 5, UNAM, Mexico).  PM 4461, K 297, LAC.

            Stross, B.  l973, Reconstructed humor in a Tzeltal ritual formula,  International Journal of American Linguistics,  39:32-4l (497.O5, IN 8, PCL); 

            Stross, B. Oppositional pairing in Mesoamerican divinatory day names. Anthropological Linguistics 25:273 (4O5, AN 89, PCL); 

            M. Swadesh, l96O, "Interrelaciones de las lenguas Mayas."  Anales del INAH l3:23l-67.  qF 1219, M 6O5,  LAC  Z  non circ.    

            T. Kaufman, l976,  "Archaeological and linguistic correlations in Mayaland and associated areas of Mesoamerica."  World Archaeology. 8(l):lOl-ll.  (PCL) 913.O5, W 893. 

            L. Campbell and T. Kaufman, l976, "A linguistic look at the Olmecs."  American Antiquity.  4l(l):8O-89. (PCL)  E 51, A 51.  

            T. Kaufman, l98O, "Pre-Columbian borrowing involving Huastec." in K. Klar et al (eds.), American Indian and Indoeuropean Studies: Papers in Honor of Madison S. Beeler.

            C. Brown and S. Witkowski, l979, "Aspects of the phonological history of Mayan-Zoquean.  IJAL 45:34-47. (this and the following 3 articles should be read together).  (UGL microfilm),   497.O5,  IN 8, PCL

            S. Witkowski and C. Brown, l98l, "Mesoamerican historical linguistics and distant genetic relationship.  American Anthropologist. 83:9O5-9ll.  (PCL) 572.O5, AM 35. 

            L. Campbell and T. Kaufman, l98O, "On Mesoamerican linguistics."  AA 82:85O-857.

            L. Campbell and T. Kaufman, l983, "Mesoamerican historical linguistics and distant genetic relationship: getting it straight."  AA 85:362-372.

            T.S. Kaufman and W.M. Norman  "An outline of proto-Cholan phonology, morphology, and vocabulary."  in Justeson and Campbell (eds.), Phoneticism in Maya Hieroglyphic Writing.


VIII  Maya Hieroglyphic Writing  


            V. R. Bricker, 1986, A Grammar of Mayan Hieroglyphs.

            M.D. Coe  1999   Breaking the Maya Code

            M.D. Coe and M. Van Stone  2001.  Reading the Maya Glyphs

            D. Freidel, L. Schele, and J. Parker.  1993.  Maya Cosmos.

            S. Houston,  O. Chinchilla M., and D Stuart (eds.)  2002.   The Decipherment of Ancient Maya Writing.

            J. Justeson, W.M. Norman, L. Campbell, T. Kaufman  1985.  The

Foreign Impact on Lowland Mayan Language and Script.  F 1421, T95,No. 53, LAC

            J. Justeson and L. Campbell  1984.  Phoneticism in Mayan Hieroglyphic Writing.

            D. Kelley, l976, Deciphering the Maya Script. qF l435.3, P 6, K 44, LAC. (dated but still useful, and well illustrated)

            B. MacLeod, 1986,  An Epigrapher's Annotated Index to Cholan and Yucatecan Verb Morphology..

            S. Martin and N. Grube  2000  Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens.  

            M.G. Robertson, ed., l974, Primera Mesa Redonda de Palenque.  (This and subsequent Mesa Redonda proceedings are very important for Maya glyph studies).   F 1435, P2 M43, 1973, LAC

            L. Schele, l982, Maya Glyphs: The Verbs.   F 1435.3, P6 S27, LAC (or UGL)

            L. Schele, l983, Notebook for the Maya Hieroglyphic Writing Workshop at Texas.  F 1435.3, P6 N673 '78-'86 LAC Z

            L. Schele and M.E. Miller, 1986.  The Blood of Kings.

            L. Schele and D. Freidel, 1990.  A Forest of Kings.  

            L. Schele and Peter Matthews, 1998.  The Code of Kings

            J.E.S. Thompson, l97l, Maya Hieroglyphic Writing. (3rd ed.) F 1435.3, P 6, T 48, l97l, LAC.   (dated, but still useful)

            J.E.S. Thompson, l962, A Catalog of Maya Hieroglyphs..  G 497.4, T 374c.


IX  Some Useful Books on Mayans


            R.E.W. Adams, 1977,  The Origins of Maya Civilization. F 1435, O75, LAC

            B. Berlin, l968, Tzeltal Numeral Classifiers.  PM 4461, B 4, l968.

            B. Berlin, D. Breedlove, & P. Raven, l974, Principles of Tzeltal Plant Classification. F 1221, T 8, B 47, LAC.

            V.R. Bricker, 1973, Ritual Humor in Highland Chiapas.  F 1221, T 9, B 74, LAC.

            P. Brown  1979.  Language, Interaction, and Sex Roles in a Mayan Community: A Study of Politeness and the Position of Women.  (unpub. Ph.D.

dissertation, U.C. Berkeley) (treats the Tenejapa Tzeltal)

            Dienhart, John M.  1989.  The Mayan Languges: a Comparative Vocabulary. (3 Volumes).  Odense: Odense University Press.  ((See his website database and

annotated bibliography))

            M.S. Edmonson (ed.), l973, Meaning in Mayan Languages. PM 3969, M 4, l973, LAC.

            N.C. England. 1992.  Autonomía De Los Idiomas Mayas: Historia e Identidad. (Editorial Cholsamaj)

            N.C England (ed.) 1993.  Los Idiomas Mayas de Guatemala. (Editorial Cholsamaj)

            E.F. Fischer and R. McKenna Brown (eds.)  1996.  Maya Cultural Acivism in Guatemala.  U.T. Press

            Susan Garzon, R. McKenna Brown, Julia Becker Richards, and Wuqu' Ajpub' (eds.) 1998.  The Life of the Kaqchikel Lanaguage:  Maintenance, Shift and Revitalization.  U.T. Press.

            E.S. Hunn, l977, Tzeltal Folk Zoology.  F 1221, T 8, H 86, LAC.

            Friar Diego de Landa, (Gates' ed. & trans.), l978, Yucatan Before and After the Conquest. (dover pb.)(not as detailed as the Tozzer volume).  F 1376, L24613, 1978, LAC

            M. López Raquec. 1989.  Acerca de los Idiomas Mayas de Guatemala.  (PLFM).

            H.L. Neuenswander & D.E. Arnold (eds.), l977,  Cognitive Studies of Southern Mesoamerica. (S.I.L.).

            John S. Robertson, 198O,  The Structure of Pronoun Incorporation in the Mayan Verb complex.  Garland Publishing Co.

            John S. Robertson, 1992.  The History of Tense/Aspect/Mood/Voice in the Mayan Verbal complex.  U.T. Press.

            R.L. Roys, l93l,  The Ethnobotany of the Maya. (ISHI reprint, l976S).  G 9l3.728, T 82, no. 2.

            Tedlock, Dennis.  1993.  Breath on the Mirror: Mythic Voices & Visions of the Living Maya.  (Harper Collins Paperback, edition  1994)

            J.E.S. Thompson, l97O, Maya History and Religion. G 972.Ol5, T 374 may.

            A.M. Tozzer (ed.), l94l, Landa's Relación de las Cosas de Yucatan.(vital early colonial report on the Yucatecs, includes a glyphic syllabary. G 972.64, L 23r, l94l.



X   Articles (Comparative)


Brown, Penelope  1983.  (Review)  Louanna Furbee (ed.), Mayan Texts I, II, and III.  IJAl49:337-34O.

Campbell, Lyle and Terrence Kaufman  1986.  "Mesoamerica as a linguistic area."  Language 62:53O-57O. 

DuBois, John W.  1985.  Incipient semanticization of possessive ablaut in Mayan.  IJAL 51:396-397.

Hopkins, Nicholas A.  1977.  Historical and sociocultural aspects of the distribution of linguistic variants in highland Chiapas, Mexico.  IN  Blount and Sanches (eds.)  Sociocultural Dimensions of Langage Change.  Academic Press. (P4O, S55, PCL)

Justeson, John S.  1985.  Hieroglyphic evidence for Lowland Mayan linguistic history.  IJAL 51:469-471.

Maxwell, Judith M.  1985.  Subclassification of illness and pain among speakers of two Mayan langages:  Cakchiquel and Yucatec Maya.  IJAL  51:499-5O1.

Robertson, John  S.  1975.  A syntactic example of Kurlyowicz's fourth law of analogy in Mayan.  IJAL  41:14O-47

Robertson, John  S, 1982.  The history of the absolutive second-person pronoun form Common Mayan to Modern Tzotzil.  IJAL  48:421-435.

Robertson, John  S,  1984a   From symbol to icon:  the evolution fo the pronominal system from Common Mayan to Modern Yucatecan.  Language  59:529-54O.

Robertson, John  S,  1984b  An oppositional explanation of the shift from the Common Mayan to the Modern Chiapan pronouns.  Quaderni de Semantica  4:193-2O6.

Robertson, John  S,  1985.  A re-reconstruction of the ergative 1sg for Common Tzeltal-Tzotzil based on Colonial documents.  IJAL  51:555-58.

Robertson, John  S, 1986.  A reconstruction and evolutionary statement of the Mayan numerals from twenty to four hundred.  IJAL  52:227-241.

Swadesh, Mauricio.  Interrelaciones de las lenguas Mayanses.  Anales del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, México.  13:231-267. (qF 1219, M 6O5 Z, LAC))



XI  Unpublished Dissertations on Mayan Languages


            Hires, Marla Korlin  1981.  The Chilam Balam of Chan Kan (Transcription and Annotated Translation).  (unpub. doctoral diss., Tulane Univ., 372 pp.)

            Pye, Clifton Lowel  198O.  The Acquisition of Grammatical Morphemes in Quiché Mayan.  (unpub. doctoral diss., U of Pittsburgh, 343 pp.)

            Trechsel, Frank Rinard  1981.  A Categorial Treatment of Quichean (Mayan) Ergativity. (unpub. doctoral diss., Univ. of Texas, Austin, 2O3 pp.)

            Walter, Stephen Leslie  198O.  Application of a Cognitive Model of Linguistic Structure To the Analysis of Selected Problems in Tzeltal (Mayan) Grammar. (unpub. doctoral diss., Univ. of Texas, Arlington, 336 pp.)



                                            ARTICLES ON MAYAN LANGUAGES



Peñalosa, Fernando  1987.  Major syntactic structures of Acatec (Dialect of San Miguel Acatán).  IJAL  53:281-31O.



Knowles-Berry, Susan M.  1987  Negation in Chontal Mayan.  IJAL 53:327-347.

Keller, K.  l955,  The Chontal (Mayan) numeral system,  IJAL 2l:258-275 (497.O5, IN 8, PCL)



Kaufman, Terrence 198O.  Pre-Columbian borrowing involving Huastec.  American Indian and Indoeuropean Studies in Honor of Madison Beeler, ed.  K. Klar, M. Langdon, and S. Silver, pp. 1O1-12.  Trends in Linguistics, Studies and Monographs, no. 16.  The Hague:  Mouton.

Kaufman, Terrence.  1985.  Aspects of Huastec dialectology and historical phonology.  IJAL  51:473-476.



Breitborde, Lawrence B.  1975.  Communicating insults and compliments in Jacaltec.  AL  17:381-4O3.

Craig, Colette G.  1976.  Properties of basic and derived subjects in Jacaltec.  IN C. Li (ed.) Subject and Topic.  pp.  

Kaufman, Terrence  1975.  Review of Day, The Jacaltec Language.  AA 77:123-4.



de Cormier, Christopher. 19  .  Kekchi particle CAQ:  relations in time and space.

Freeze, Ray A.  1976.  Possession in K'ekchi' (Maya).  IN DiPietro and Blansit (eds.) The Third Lacus Forum, pp. 6O-76.

Freeze, Ray A. 19  .   Whence the future in K'ekchi'(Maya).



England, Nora  1976.  The development of the Mam person system.   IJAL 42:259-261.

England, Nora 197 .   Space as a Mam grammatical theme.

Robertson, John S.  1987.  The origins of the Mamean pronominals:  A Mayan / Indo-European typological comparison.  IJAL  53:74-85.



Earle, Duncan M.  1986.  The metaphor of the day in Quiché:  notes on the nature of everyday life.  in G.H. Gossen (ed.) Symbol and Meaning Beyond the Closed Community.

DuBois, J.  19  . The discourse basis of ergativity.  Language

Tedlock, Barbara, 19  Quiché Maya dream interpretation.



Brody, Jill  1986.  Repetition as a rhetorical and conversational device in Tojolabal (Mayan).  IJAL  52:255-274.



Berlin, Brent Categories of eating in Tzeltal and Navajo", IJAL 33:1-6.

Berlin, B. 1963, "A possible paradigmatic structure for Tzeltal pronominals," AL 5:1-5  (4O5 AN 89, PCL); 

Berlin, B.  & A.K. Romney, l964, "Descriptive semantics of Tzeltal numeral classifiers,"  AA 66(2), part 2:79-98 (572.O5, AM 35 NS, PCL;

Brown, Penelope.  1998. How and why are women more polite: some evidence from a Mayan community. in J. Coates (ed.) Language and Gender (pp. 81-100)



Gossen, Gary 197 . Temporal and spatial equivalents in Chamula ritual symbolism.

Gossen, Gary. 197 .  To speak with a heated heart.



Hanks, W.F.  1984. "Sanctification, structure, and experience in a Yucatec ritual event." (Journal of American Folklore 97(384):131-166.

Hanks, William F.  1985  The proportionality of shifters in Yucatec.  IJAL 51:43O-432. 

Nida, E. & M. Romero Castillo, l95O, "The pronominal series in Maya (Yucatec),"  IJAL l6:l93-l97. (497.O5, IN 8, PCL).

B. Stross, "The Language of Zuyua" Amer. Ethnol. 1O:15O-164 (GN 1, A53, PCL);





Cakchiquel        Word Order and Markedness in Kaqchikel       downloadable rtf file




Lacandón    Hach Winik Home Page     not much on language, however



Mam         Todos Santos       not much on language, some on learning Mam   



Tzeltal       Tzeltal References      from Stuart's World


                        Joshua Smith's Grammar of Tzeltal      from Stuart's World    English translation



                        Michelle Day's Tzeltal Page    


                        Tzeltal and Tzotzil of Pantelhó       by Pete Brown



Tzotzil       Sk'op Sotz'leb :  the Tzotzil of Zinacantán  - online grammar  (estéban & srobinson)



Summer Institute of Linguistics   some publications can be acquired by writing:

(Distribution Department, ILV M-191, PO Box 02-5345, Miami, FL  33102-5345)

SIL Bibliography, Search






Anthropology 389   Mayan Languages