U

 


p. 742

uha'ir  [u.heir]                           'its sap, its juice, its excretion' [see ha']

ukusum tafetán                          [kusum ; fungus]  'tafetán (a fungus)'

uk'opot ik'ar                             [k'opot ; weed; ikar ; wind]  'ginger (small cul. H. herb                                                                     with aromatic roots used only medicinally)'

uk'abte'                                    [k'ab ; sap ; te' : tree]  'sap of a tree'

uk'opot t'ur                               'yerba de conejo, nancillo (wild shrub-like herb)'

u k'opot chan                            'algalia (cul. lowland coarse herb)'

uk'opot chikin                           'lavender (alhucema)'

uk'opot chich                            [chich : vein, gristle]  'flor de San Andres (wild L. herb)'

uk'opot chih                              'yerba de caballo (wild clump grass used for forage)'

uk'opot ch'o'k                           'yerba del ratón (a wild herb)'

uk'opot useh                             'yerba de zope (a useless weed)'

ulauh ik'ar                                 [lauj, large leaf ; ikar : wind]  'lantín, llantín (wild H. herb)'

ulum t'a'                                    'produce, yield of the soil'

umak xe', mak xe'                     'honeycomb'

u makar k'opot                         'virgin-bud (wild herb)'

u mach' te'                                'moss or fungus (found in damp places)'

umach' tun                                'moss found on stones'

u ma'x ah k'ab                          'a nocturnal monkey'

umen                                        'because, because of, as a result of'

umen e wi'inar                           'because of hunger'

umen e sisar                              'because of the cold'

ma'achi war impatnah umen e haha'ar    'I am not working because of the rain'

umo'r chih                                 [mo'r  : mozote; ch'ij ; horse]  'mozote de caballo (wild shrub)'

uneh masakwa'                         'masacuata (a wild woody vine)'

uneh masa'                                'cola de venado tall wild grass with tassel)'

uneh mikatz'ah                          u.nej.mikac'aj   'cola de quetzal (wild highland shrub-like fern)'

uneh mut                                   'cola de pava (a semi-cultivated highland herb)'

uneh sinam                                'cola de alacrán, yerba de alacrán (a wild highland coarse herb)'

 

p743

uneh churur                               'curarina, cola de tigre (semi-cultivated woody vine, made into

a remedy for snake bites)'

uneh ch'eh                                'cola de caballo (a horsetail)'

uneh huh                                   'cola de iguana (a wild coarse herb)'

unichir campana                        'flor de campana (wild plant)'

unichir chino                             'china-flower shrub'


unichr mayo                              'flor de mayo (wild tree with white flowers)'

unicher mulata                           'mulata (a small plant)'

unicher tun                                'flor de piedra (wild herb)'

uni? bak                                   'bone point or end ("its bone point")'

uni' si'                                       'unburnt portion of firewood (protruding from fireplace or kiln)'

uni' tak'in                                  u.ni.ta'k'in  'iron point or tip ("its iron point")'

uni' te'                                       'wooden point or end ("its wooden point")'

ukoror hor                                uqoror  'citron melon (type of watermelon)'

ukoror kar                                'cabbage'

uk'anar ku'm                             u.q'anar.qu'm  'yemas de huevo (cul. tree yielding a large round fruit)'

uk'anar tun                                'nutmeg (imported only)'

uk'ab ha'                                   'branch of stream'

uk'ab mi's                                 'cat's claw (wild spiny herb; uña de gato)'

uk'ab te'                                   'branch of a tree'

uk'ab tun                                  'drumstick'

uk'ab cha'                                 'handstone of metate (mano)'

uk'ab choh                                u.q'ap'.ch'oj   'mano de león (wild tree with white wood)'

uk'uhtz' ch'o'k                           [q'uhc' : tobacco; ch'o'k ; rat]  'tabacco del ratón (wild L. shrub)'

u sak'ir tun                                piña de piedra (wild L. shrub resembling the cul. pineapple)'

uxahr ha', uxahr kohn                'fork in a stream'

uxahr te'                                   'crotch or fork in a tree'

uxiab ma'x                                'peine de mico (wild woody vine)'

uxo'ch ahk'ab                           u.xo'ch.ahk'ap'  'screech owl'

utata' ak'ach                             'rooster'

utata' mi's                                 'tomcat'

utata' chitam                             'boar'

 

p. 744

utata' chumpi'                            'male turkey'

utata' chih                                 'horse'

utata' tz'i'                                  'male dog'

utata' wakax                             'bull'

ute' cataranta                            'jacaranda, cataranta (large cul. tree with bright red flowers)'

ute' china                                  'palo china (small wild tree resembling the china-flower shrub)'

ute' cuasia                                 'quassia (wild west-indian tree, the wood and bark of which are imported from Honduras and Mexico and used medicinally)'

ute' manzana                             'rose-apple (large cul. h. fruit tree; manzana rosa)'


ute' ch'ich'                                 'cinco negritos (a wild L. shrub)'

uti' k'opot                                 'mountain pass, pass or way thru a forest'

uti' chihr                                    'open end of a netted bag'

utun ch'a'n                                [u-tun-ch'aan]   'at a corral (H. vine found in rocky areas)'

utu' ak'ach                                'hen'

utu' t'isim                                  'madre sompopo (large red-winged insect, resembling the sompopo, sompopón (insect)'

utu' chay                                   'eel ("mother of fish")'

utu' chitam                                'sow'

utu' chumpi'                              'turkey hen'

utu' tz'i'                                     'bitch'

ut'ex masa'                                'zarza de venado (wild H. spiny vine)'

uchabi'te'                                  [chap'i' : wax]  'copalillo (small wild l. tree resembling the copal)'

uchik' tun cha'                           'handstone for metate (mano)'

uch'ur ha'                                  u.chur.ha'   'spirit of water and streams'

uch'ur i's                                   u.chur.i's  'spirit of sweet potato'

uch'ur kakaw                            u.chur.kakau'  'spirit of cacao'

uch'ur bu'ur                               u.chur.p'uur   'spirit of beans'

uch'ur te'                                   u.chur.te'  'spirit of trees and plants'

uch'ur chor                               u.chur.chor 'guardian spirit of milpas'

uch'ur witzir                              u.chur.wicir   'guardian spirit(s) of  mountains'            

uch'u' kor ha'                            [chu' : ;milk]  'palo amarillo (wild H. tree resembling the suelda consullada)'

utzutz ma'x                                'palo de mico (wild climbing vine)'

 

p. 745

utzutz ma'x ak                           'zacate pelo de mico (wild grass said to resemble a monkey's hair'

utzutz viejo                               'barba de viejo (wild woody vine)'

u-hahr am [u.hahr.am]               'spider web'

u wich' sutz'                              u.wich.suc'   'ala de murcielago (wild L. vine with leaves of

the shape of a bat's wing)'

u wi'ir ch'o'k                             'radish'

u woy te'                                  [u-w-oi-te'] 'its corner post (as of a house or sugar press)'

uyak t'ur                                   [ak : grass; t'ur : rabbit]  'zacate mesmeti?? (G. grass)'

uyak chih  [ch'ij ; horse]            u.yak.ch'ij  'zacate de caballo, yerba de caballo (tough wild grass)'

uyar masa'                                'fawn, young buck'

uyar mi's                                   'kitten'

uyarar sa'                                  'chilate (a maize gruel)'

k'u'm uyarar sa'                         'thick chilate'


uyak' ich                                   [a'k : tongue; i'ch : chilli]  u.ya'k.i'ch   'chile lengua de gallina (variety of cul. chilli)'

uyak' masa'                               [masa' : deer]    'lengua de venado (wild H. tree)'

uya'k wakax                             'lengua de vaca (lowland cactus with thick leaves)'

uyeh te'                                     'palo de muela (wild L. shrub)'

uyeh tz'i' ich                              u.yej.ci'.i'ch   'chile diente de perro, chile picante (l. cultivated chilli, the most piquant of all)'

uyok ak'ach                              [ok : leg; aq'ach : chicken]   'pata de pollo (wild herb)'

uyok haha' mut                         [ok : leg; haha' mut 'dove']  'pie de paloma (semi-cul. L. shrub)'

uyok sitz'                                  [ok : leg; sic' : boy]  'pie de niño (semi-cul. L. shrub with red flowers)'

uyok te'                                    'upright pole or stick'

uyopor apio                              u.yop'or.apio   'parsley'

uyopor ha'                                'lechuguilla (wild aquatic lily-like herb); possibly any water lily'

uyopor ik'ar                              u.yop'or.ikar   'hoja del aire, or air-plant (semi-cul. weed with

large leaves)'

uyopor kar                               'mustard'

uyopor k'ewe'r                         'hoja de cuero (small wild herb)'

uyopor masa'                            'hoja del cierbo (small herbaceous plant)'

uyopor queso                           'hoja de queso, palo de queso (wild H. tree)'

 

p. 746

uyopor                                   'tea (imported as leaves and used medicinally; té de Castilla)'

uyopor chan                             'pepper grass (wild L. mustard-like herb;  mastuerzo)'

uyopor tzem                             'jate, hoja de jate (wild. H. shrub)'

uyopor ha'pa'                            'hoja de Santa Maria (a shrub)'

uh                                             'good, sacred, moral'

uh ha'a                                      'sacred water (from church or sacred spring)'

uhran                                        'be moral or sacred' [cl.3]

uhres                                        'make moral or good, sacralize' [cl.2a]

u-huy                                        uhui  'sigh, snort'

uhuy yar                                   'sigh, heavy breathing'

uhuy yih                                    'expel the breath forcefully, sigh, snort' [cl.3]

un h-y-i [in-uhui-y-i]                 'I sigh, I snort'

uhuy-y-i e ixik                           'the woman sighed'

uhut [?uh-hut]                           'good man, good person (term used by sorcerers in reference

to their victims)'

uhutz'                                        'odor, scent'

uhutz'i                                       'smell a thing, sniff at' [cl.2]

uhutz'i ui we'e                           'sniff one's food'


uhutz'i e ik'ar                             'sniff the wind'

uhutz'i inte' u nichir                    'sniff one of its flowers'

uhutz'un                                    'odorous, be odorous' [cl.3]

ohutz'un [a-uhutz'-un]                ohic'un  'it is odorous'

uhutz'un hor                              'melocotón, melón de olor (cul. H. vine with large red ???? fruit)'

uhutz'un k'opot                         'balm (old-world mint herb' Sp. toronjil)'

uhutz'un ch'la'an                        'honeysuckle'

uhutz'ner                                   'odor, scent, any aromatic plant or fruit'

uy uhutz'ner                              'yerbabuena, yerbabuena corriente (cul. mint used medicinally or

as a food seasoning)'

uyuhutz'ner e we'er                   'smell of meat'

uyuhutz'ner u nichir                    'odor of a flower'

ik'ar taku'uy uhutz'ner                'wind with odor'

uhutz'unran                               'give off odor, be odorous' [cl.3]

uhutz'unres                                'make odorous, scent' [cl.2a]

uhtz'ub                                      'copal wax, any kind of incense'

posbir uhtz'ub                           'copal wrapped in packages (and ready for sale)'

uhutz'ub k'opot                         'incienso de monte (semi-cul. shrub somewhat resembling the

copal tree)'

 

p. 747

uhutz'ub te'                               'copal, copal de santo, palo de santo (wild L. tree having many

uses, but especially valuable for its gum)'

uhutz'ib witzir                            'tecomajaca (wild tree resembling the copal)'

uhutz'uh                                    'anything odorous, odorous flower'

uk                                            'grass, hay, forage (not often used)'

ukmixan                                    (syn for  akmiyan)'

un                                             'pear [gen.], avocado (cul. fruit tree; Sp. aguacate)'

un ma'x                                     'aguacate de mico (wild H. tree yielding an avocado-like fruit)'

un witzir                                    'aguacate del monte, aguacate cimarrón (wild avocado-like tree)'

unen                                         'son (of male speaker)'

u'unen                                       'one's sons'

upih  [? yupih]                           'be able, be possible [imp. verb used in 3rd pers. sing.]

uyupih                                      'it may be, possibly, probably'

uyupih impatnah                        'I can work, I may work'

ina'achi'ix uyupa'axin                 [uyupih a-ixin]  'he couldn't go'

uyupika iahanih                         'can you run'

uban                                         'and, also'

ayan e bu'ur uban                      'there are beans also'


neen uban                                 'I also'

ubayay                                     'velvet-leaf (wild native vine with pulpy red fruit; Sp. alcotán)'

ub                                            'hearing, ability to hear'

uyubir                                       'his (faculty of) hearing'

ubi                                            'hear, hear about, overhear, understand or comprehend' [cl.2]

u'um bi [in-up'-i]                       'I understand'

ubi tua'                                     'know about'

ubi xe war a'arenah                   'hear what is being said (gossiped)'

ne'n u'umbi war achenah           'I hear what is being done'

ubia'ar  [up'-i-ar]                      'hearing, being heard'

inubia'ar                                    'able to hear'

ubi'                                           'a small worm (generic, commonly called gusano in Spanish)'

ubi' unak'                                  'small stomach worm'

ubi' uni'                                     'nasal worms (the eggs of which, said to be sent by sorcery, are

laid in the nasal passages by a fly)'

ubi' usuy unak'                          'small intestinal worms'

ubi' k'opot                                'wild sweet basil (a wild L. aromatic herb; albahaca silvestre)'

ubi' nakir                                  'small stomach worm'

ubi' sarar                                  'a tiny worm (tiña) [tinea]'

ubi' taka                                   'wormy ("worms-having")'

uyuir ubi' taka                           'its wormy fruit'

 

p. 748

ubi' tar                                      'wormy, worm-eaten ("worms in it")'

ubi' ta'                                      'maggot'

ubi' te'                                      'suquinay (wild L. shrub with red and white flowers)'

ubi' ch'a'k                                 'nigua (a common parasitic worm, the egg of which is laid in the soles of the feet and under the nails by a fly; it is stultified by

tobacco spittle before being squeezed out'

ubi'ir                                         'wormy'

ubi'ran                                      'be wormy, wormy' [cl.3]

ubi'res                                      'cause worms' [cl.2a]

ubi'yan                                      'having worms'

uk'                                            uq'    'sadness, mourning, weeping'

uk'er                                         'sadness, crying, mournfulness'

ah uk'er                                    'weeper, mourner'

uk'ih                                         'weep, mourn' [cl.3], sad (Sp. triste)'

war u'unk'ih                              'I am sad, I am weeping, sad'

lok'oyen war u'unk'ih                lo'k'oyen war uunq'ih   'I left weeping'

yopah takaren u'uk'ih                yo'pah ta karen uuq'ih  'He came to me sadly'


axanah war u'uk'ih                    'he goes around very sad'

tzo'oyk'ih                                  [che a-uq'ih]   tzooiq'ih   'make cry, sadder'

uk'un                                        'sad, sadly'

ne'n uk'unen                              'I am sad'

ur                                             'an explaining'

urtah                                         'see, understand' [cl.3]

urtes                                         'point out, show, explain, prove' [cl.2a]

ure' chan                                   [u-re' corrup. of rey]  'snake called timbo'

ure' usih                                    ure'.usij   'synonym for saksak usih'

uri                                            'place on, put' [cl.1]

ure'e we'r te'e te'                       '??????? meat onto the spit'

ure'e lukum te'e tak'in                uree lukum tee ta'kin  'put a worm on a fishhook'

ure'e we'r e'e ch'an                   'string meat on a rope (to dry)'

uru, uruh                                   uru, uruj  'aurora (bird; syn. for mi's mut)'

us, user                                     'wish, desire, liking for'

usbir, userbir                             'desired, longed for'

usat                                          'good, suitable, proper, pure, improved'

usir                                           'good, suitable'

usirar                                        'favor, good deed'

usre                                          'wish for, like, prefer' [cl.2a]

u'unsre  [in-user-e]                    'I desire, I prefer'

u'unsre e ch'um tu'ut e is            'I prefer pumpkins to sweet potatoes'

 

p. 749

ustah                                        'be good or proper, be arranged or set in order' [cl.3]

ustah ubah                                'improve itself, exceed, stand out above others'

ustabir                                      'made good, improved'

ustes                                         'improve or better a thing, repair or adjust, arrange, make suitable, relieve' [cl.2a]

ustes e ha'                                 'purify water'

ustes e sisar uhor                      'improve a head cold'

ustes uk'ux baker                      'relieve one's rheumatism'

ustes uyabich                            ustes uya'p.ich  'clear up one's urine'

usih                                          usij   'vulture, carrion bird' (generic zope)'

saksak usih                               'a whitish vulture'

usih ich                                     'chile de zope (a cul. chilli)'

usih te'                                      'cincho (large wild native tree with tough flexible inner bark)'

ux                                             'three (followed by appropriate numeral classifier), third'

uxi', ux k'ini'                              'three days ago'

ux habi'                                     'three years ago'

ux k'ohr                                    'three'

ux te'                                        'three'


uxte' winikob                            'three men'

uxte' k'in                                   'three days'

u'ux te' k'in                               'her three days (of menstruation, said to be a dangerous period for only three days)'

ux te'nyahr                                'three times'

uxyahr                                      'third time or occasion'

uxih, ux k'inih                            'three days hence'

ut                                             'eye, any small opening or passage, opening of body, piece or bit

of, little thing, any round fruit (especially seed, nut or berry); a

little, slightly [particularizer and diminutivizer]'

u'ut                                           uut   'one's eye, one's rectum (polite term), its seed'

ut e otot                                    'doorway'

ut e chor                                   'entrance to a milpa'

ut e ku'm                                  ut e qu'm  'cooked unground maize (nixtamal)'

ut unak'                                    ut unak  'one's navel'

ut uni'                                       'one's nostril'

ut ukur                                      'opening of one's penis'

ut usuy, ut uta'                           'one's rectum'

ut uk'ab                                    'one's hand (as distinguished from the entire arm)'

ut uyok                                     'one's food (as distinguished from the entire leg)'

muhr ut                                     'supraorbital ridge(s)'

ut ak'ar                                     'piece of charcoal'

ut ha'                                        'spring of water'

ut ik'ar                                      ut ikar   'light wind, breeze'

 

p. 750

ut ixim                                      'seed maize, shelled maize'

ut k'in  [k'in ; day]                     'sky'

ut masa'                                    'ojo de venado (wild climbing vine)'

ut nak'                                      ut.nak  'navel'

ut k'uhtz                                    ut.q'uhc'  'tobacco seed(s)'

pus ut k'uhtz                             'tobacco sowing'

ut k'ux                                      'a pain, small pain, twinge'

ut rum                                       'piece of land, plot, patch'

ut suy                                       ut.suih     'rectum'

ut chabi'                                    'piece of wax, candle'

ut chl'en                                    'small crack or dent'

inte' ut ch'en te'e tz'ihk               inte' ut.ch'en tee c'ihk'  'a crack in a piece of pottery'

ut ch'ich'                                   'clot of blood, bit of blood'

ut tzutz                                      'tiny hair'

ut witzir                                    'a hill, slight ascent'

utir                                           'pertaining to the eye or any small opening'

mak utir                                    'lack of eye water, "dryness" of the eyes'


uch'                                          uch  'drink, drinking'

uch' e ha'                                  uch e ha'  'drink of water'

inte' uch' e chicha'                     'drink of chicha'

uch'er                                       'a drink, drinks'

uch'i                                         'drink, suck, take a remedy' [cl.2]

ha' tua' uyuch'i                          'drinking water ("water to drink")'

uch'in                                        'drink'

uchin e chicha'                          'drink of chicha'

uch'nib                                      'water dipper'

uyuch'nib e ha'                          'water duct (concave piñuela leaves used to

                                                conduct water from a spring to a nearby trail for travelers to drink'

uch'bir                                      'drunk'

uch'bir tzihtzih                           'drunk raw or unboiled (as a remedy)'

uch'bir in k'ihn                           'drunk hot'

uch'tah                                      'take a drink, accept drink' [cl.3]

uch'tes                                      'offer a drink to' [cl.2a]

uchum                                      uchum  'ringdove (paloma toréa?)'

uch'                                          'louse, any sucking insect'

uch' uhor                                  'louse on one's head'

uch' ubah                                  'louse on the body'

uch' ubuhk                                'louse in one's clothes'

bohb uch'                                 'a nocturnal bird'

uch' ha                                      uch' ha'  'mosquito (sancudo, mosquito sancudo)'

 

p. 751

uch' horor                                 'head louse'

uch' buhkir                                'clothes louse'

uch' te'                                      'gumbo-limbo (semi-cul. native tree with sweet olive-like fruit;

Sp. aceituna)'

uch'yan                                     'lousy'

utz, user                                    'wish, desire'

utzat                                         'desirous, good'

utzerbir                                     'desired, wished for'

utzi                                           'wish for, adore, worship' [cl.2]

uuyutzi inte'e ixik tama uyotot    'he desires a woman (wife) in his house'

u'untzi                                       'I adore (something)'    

utztah                                       'be good or desirable' [cl.3]

ustes                                         'make good, order or arrange anything, improve' [cl. 2a]

uh                                             uj  'moon [apparently not often ....]

u's                                            'small fly [generic]'

bik'it u's                                    'a tiny fly'

 


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03/25/2000