X

 


p. 646

xa                                             'now, already'

xaaway                                     aawai  [? ax-wai] 'shaguay (a large wild tree with soporific

                                                and medicinal seeds)'

xahr                                          [h-infixed form of ar] 'crotch, inner corner, fork, split part of

                                                the body, large crack or fissure, break in the ground, tear rip'

uxahr, ut uxahr                          'his crotch'

nixahr, ut nixahr                        'my crotch'

xahr ni ap'                                 'crotch between any of the fingers'

xahr e rum                                'crack in the earth (as from an earthquake)'

xahr e tun                                 'crack or fissure in a boulder'

xahr u we'rar uti'                       'corner of the mouth'

xahr u nak' uut                          ahr u na'k' uut    'corner of the eye'

mahr xahr                                 'mo??a ????'

xahr u hom uut uyok                 'crotch between the trees'

xahr u suy                                 ahr u sui  'crotch between the buttocks'

xahr u k'ab te'                           ahr u q'ap' te'  'fork in a limb'

xahr uyok                                 'crotch between the legs'

xahr u ti'                                   'opening caused by the loss of a tooth'

xahr u k'eweerar u ti'                 xahr u k'ewe'rar u ti'   'harelip'

xahr uyak' e chan                      ahr u yaak e an  'fork in a snake's tongue'

xahr makuiir uch'urup' e masa'  'crotch between the horns of a deer'

-xahr                                        [num. class]

xahr                                          ??????????

xahrbir ahrp'ir                         'crotched, forked, a fork'

xahrbir uk'eweerar uti'               'harelipped (his mouth has been split)'

xak, xakchay                            'trout'

xal                                            [syn. for xar]

xan                                           'walk'

xanah                                       'walk; hover around (as a spirit); go abroad (as an apparition

                                                at night)' [cl 3]

inxanah                                     'I walk'

xanah ta ha'                              'walk or wade in water; swim (said of fishes only)' [cf. luhuxi]

xanah maku'                             'go inside (the house)'

inxanah tunar ?????                   'I walk all the way'

xanahn                                      [an-ahan]  'fast walking, trot'

xanahni                                     'hasten, trot along' [cl. 3]

xanab                                       anap' [? ap']  'sandal (caite), poultice, medicinal plaster                (mantilla)'

xanab e k'eweer                       'sandal (made of) leather'

xanab k'eweer                          'leather sandal'


xanab muk'i                              anap'.muq'ui    'yerba de tortilita (herb)'

xanab te'                                   'wooden sandal'

xanar                                        'walk'

inte' nixanar                              'my walk'

ut nixanar                                  'my little (short) walk'

ah xanar                                   'walker; one who walks much'

xanib                                        anip'  'walking stick'

xanbah                                     'walk, trod'  [cl. 3]

 p. 647

xanbeib                                    anp'eip'  [anp'ah-ip']  'path'

uxanbeib e te'                           'treading path of oxen (around a sugar press)'

xanbeibir                                  'trod on, walked on'

xantes                                       'teach to walk, induce to walk'  [cl. 2a]

xantesbir                                   'taught or induced to walk'

xar                                           'a tearing, a ripping, a tear or rip, a fork'

uxarir                                        'its torn place, its rip'

xar ha'                                      'forking stream, stream fork'

xarem                                       'ripped open, torn'

xari                                           'tear, rip open (or apart)'

xarbah                                      'rip itself open, separate itself, fork (as a stream)' [cl. 3]

axarbah irah                              'it forks here'

war axarbah                             'it's ripping open'

xarbiix                                      'ripped open, ????''

xarbir                                       'ripped open, torn'

xaretu                                       aretu   'cavity (???? the loss of a tooth)'

xah                                           ax   'plain (llano), grassy area (sabana), open country, meadow,

                                                lowlands'

noh xah                                    noh.ax   'wide or extensive plain'

xahan                                       'savannah, open country'

xahnar                                      'maiz de sábana (variety of lowland maize)'

xahb                                         a'hp'  [a'-h-p']   'anything scratched or rubbed'

xahbib                                      a'hp'ip'  'small stick used for scratching the back or ??? ears'

xa'n                                          'palm (generic),  palm frond, feather'

noh xa'n                                    'royal palm'

bitor xa'n                                  'palma de sombrero'

a'an xa'n                                   'fustic (large wild tree)'

xa'n te'                                      'palmiche (tall pacaya-like highland palm)'

xa'b                                          'scratch, rub'

xa'bi                                         'scratch, rub harshly'  [cl. 1]

xa'bi ubah                                 'scratch oneself'

xa'bmah                                    'scratch'  [cl. 3]

xa'bun                                      [corr. of jabón]; 'soap'

xa'bun e tah te'                          'soap made of pine pitch'


xa'bun e chitam                         'soap made of hog fat'

xa'bun e te'                               'any vegetable soap'

kor xa'bun                                qor a'p'un  'shaped soap (ready for use)'

xa'buntar                                  'soap making ????'

 

p. 648

xa'bun te'                                  'palo de jabón, jaboncillo (two wild trees from which soap is

                                                made)'

xa'bunir                                    'soapy, covered with soap'

xa'bunran                                  'get soapy, be soapy' [cl. 3]

xa'bunres                                  'soap anything, wash with soap' [cl. 2a]

uxa'bunres ubuhk                      'she soaps the clothes'

xak                                           a'q'   'bristle, small thorn'

xak ak                                      a'q'.ak   'tezquical (bristly-leaved lowland grass)'

xe                                             'this, that, that which [demons. pron. and adjective]

xeinte'                                       [e-inte']  'another,  another person'

xeenyahr                                   [e-inyahr] 'this time, that time'                                     

xeirah                                       'this [demons. pron.]

xeyaha'                                     'that [demons. pron.]

xehk'                                        [e-h-k']  'a stab, a pricking'

in xehk'ah                                 'I am stabbed'

xehk'ib                                     'pricking spine (used to extract parasitic worms)'

xehr                                          [h-infixed form of er]  'torn thing, strip of, fragment of, side of anything'

uxehr ubah                                'side of one's body'

uxehr uut                                  'side of one's face'

chate' uxehr ubah                      'the two sides of one's body'

noh xehr                                   'right side'

xehr                                          [num. class.]

inxehr e buhk                            '           strip of cloth, ribbon'

inxehr e yotot                            '           side of the house'

inxehr e kohn                            '           side of a stream (bank)'

xeht                                          [sh"e-h-t]  'a slice, a cut portion or section of; num class.'

in xeht u yopor                          in eht uyop'or   'a cut slice of a leaf'

in xeht hun                                'a (one) strip of paper'

xehtib                                       'scissors'

xekar                                        'large flower; flower of the izote'

xek'                                          'sharp spine, thorn, pine needle, sharp point'

uxek' e tahte'                            'pine needle'

xek' tak'in                                 ek' ta'k'in   'spear, dagger'

xek'ch'a'n                                 'velvet bean (picapica)'

 

p. 649

xek'e                                        'stick, stab, pierce, assassinate' [cl. 1]


xek'e unak e chih                      'spur (flank of) a horse'

xek'e uchek                              'stab an image (as by a sorcerer)'

xek'e uche'k                             'pierce or lance one's sore'

xek'en tua' uchamseen               'he stabs me in order to kill me'

xek'em                                     'stuck, pierced'

xek'emar                                  'stabbed place (as on the body)'

xek'er                                       'prick, stab'

xek'er tu uk'ab                          'prick on his hand'

xek'bir                                      'stuck, pierced'

ne'n xek'biren                           'I have been stabbed'

xemem                                     'liver'

xemem k'opot                           'dandelion'

xememir                                   'pertaining to the liver'

k'ahk' xememir                         'liver inflammation'

xep'                                          ep'  'tamale made of maize and beans (shepe)'

takin buur xep'                          'shepe of maize and hard ripe beans'

ch'ok buur xep'                         'shepe of maize and fresh green beans'

ik'buur xep'                               'shepe of black beans'

ut e buur ta e xep'                     'beans in a shepe'

uk'umir e xep'                           uq'u'mir e ep'   'maize dough in a shepe'

p'asp'ir xep'                              'wrapped shepe'

xer                                           'a ripping or tearing, a breaking'

xere                                          'rip or tear open, break, pull in two' [cl. 1]

xerem                                       'broken, torn'

xeremar                                    'tear or rip, a break, broken or torn place'

xerbah                                      erp'ah  'tear, rip or break of itself, snap' [cl. 3]

xerbaar                                     'a tearing, ripping, or breaking'

xerbah                                      erp'ax  'spirit(s) of the dead'

xex                                           'waste matter, used washing water residue, anything used as ??; small fish (said to resemble shrimp)'

xet                                            'cut, slice, thin strip, piece or section of; perch (fish)'

-xet                                          [num. class]

xete                                          'cut, slice, slice off' [cl. 1]

 

p. 650

xe'                                            'vomiting, disgorging, richness, fertility, yield, produce'

uxe' e yark'ir                             'honey ("bee's vomit")'

teke e xe'                                 'accompanied with vomiting'

mak xe'                                    'honeycomb'

xe'                                            [? e'-e]  'yield, produce, empty, throw out, disgorge' [cl. 2]

xuubah                                     [e' up'ah]  'vomit, purge the body'

u xuubah                                   'he vomits'

inxe' nibah                                'I vomit'


xe' e chab                                 e e ap'  'to produce honey (as bees)'

u xuukur                                   u uuq'ur   'he has an orgasm ("he disgorges his penis")'

xe'ik'ar                                     e'ikar  'expulsion of aigre (from the body), any purgative                 remedy, higuerilla (castor-oil plant)'

xe'mokar                                  'vomiting sickness'

xe'muhk                                    'shara (bird)'  [[uncertain transcription of bird name]]

xe'burer                                    '???? bean'

xe'kur                                       e'.qur   'orgasm, semen'

xe'ukur                                     'orgasm, semen'

xe'rum                                      'upper soil, loam, fertile ground'

xe'te't                                       'bejuquillo (cul. woody vine)'

xe'ch'ich'                                   'blood vomiting'

xe'ch'ich'er                                'vomit with blood'

xe'ch'ich'ir                                 'bloody vomit'

xe'en                                        'vomiting, yielding, producing'

xe'er                                         'disgorging, vomit'

xe'er ukur                                 e'er uq'ur   'one's orgasm'

xe'erir                                       'vomiter, disgorger, snail'

xe'eron                                     'fruit, produce, yield of the soil'

xe'eh                                        'vomit, anything disgorged, yield'

xe'eh unak                                'stomach vomit'

xe'eh e yark'ir                           'honey'

xe'eh ukur                                 e'eh uqur         'semen'

xe'eh e wakax                           'cow's end'

xe'eh rum                                  'upper soil'

xe'eh tzem                                'phlegm of the chest'

xe'eh tzemir                              'phlegm of the chest'

xe'hx, xe'hxar                            [h-infixed form of e']  'anything discarded, waste part (of fruit

                                                or plants), maize shucks'

uxe'hxar inar                             'maize shucks'

xe'k                                          'irritation (as on the skin), rash'

xe'k umen e k'in                        'rash from the sun'

inxe'k                                       'irritation causing rash'

xe'kir                                        'irritation, irritating' p. 651

xe'kran                                     'irritate, be irritated, rash' [cl. 3]

xe'kres                                     'cause irritation or rash' [cl. 2a]

xe'x                                          'maize shucks, tassel'

takin xe'x                                  'dry shucks'

yaxyax xe'x                               'green shucks'

xe'xe                                        'shuck maize' [cl. 1]

xiah                                          [syn. for xah]

xiab                                          [? ih-ap']   'scratching or scraping instrument, hair comb;

pointed or spiny crest (of bird or animal), ridge'


uxiab e mut                               'crest of bird'

uxiab e huh                               'crest of iguana'

xih                                            'a scratching, a scraping'

inte xih takaante' t'ix                  'a scratch (made) with a spine'  [cl. 2a]

xihba u tzutz

xihba u hor                               'scratch the head (with an instrument), comb the hair'

xihbe e k'ahk'                           'strike a match, strike fire (from a flint)'

xihba e k'ahk'                           'strike a match, strike fire (from a flint)'

xihba inte' chih                          'curry a mule'

xihbanib                                    'hair comb, curry comb'

xih babir                                   'scratched, scrape'

xihbabir u tzutz                          'one's hair combed'

xihbayah                                   'scratching, scraping'

xihx                                          [from i]  'pried off part of anything'

in te' xihx e harar                       'strip of carrizo bark (used in weaving)'

in te' xihx e xa'n                        'strip off palm frond (used in weaving)'

xihxib                                       'bone knife (used for stripping off carrizo bark)'

xihch'                                        [from ich']  'line, row, long pile of anything'

-xihch'                                      [num. class]

cha- xihch' e te'                         'two piles of wood'

xim                                           'beetle (generic)'

kurkur xim                                qurqur xim    'a large beetle'

xinich                                        'ant (generic)'

bik'it xinich                               'a tiny red ant'

saksak xinich                            'a  ??? ant'

xinich te'                                   'hormigo, hormiguillo (lowland timber tree)'

xinte'                                        'shinte (wild L. tree resembling the sheep-fruit)'

xip                                            'a tick (shipe)'

xib                                            ip'   [not certain, probably 'male']

 

p. 652

xir                                            'wild, untamed, fierce, uninitiated, non-domestic'

xir chi                                       [? ir.chi']  'myrtle (wild forest shrub)'

xir chi witzir                              'guayabita, guayabita montesina (wild shrub)'

xir un                                        'aguacate del monte (wild tree)'

xirin                                          'braveness, fierceness'

xirkoht                                      'slope, downgrade, sloping'

xirkoht rum                               'sloping land (area or spot too ??? for cultivation)'

xirkoht chor                              'sloping milpa'

xix                                            'a splitting or cracking open, anything cracked, maize meal

                                                (ground dry)'

uxixir e pohp                             'pried open place on a sedge stack'

xix e nar                                   'ground meal of maize'

xixi                                           'wedge or pry open, split, split off, crack'  [cl. 1]


xixi inte' ut e pohp                     'pry off sedge bark'

xixbah                                      'split itself, split off'  [cl. 3]

axixbah uk'ab te'                       'the branch (of the tree) splits off'

xiximay iimai                          'evil spirit said to devour ihp'en, spirit of maize; scarecrow'

xiximo                                      'chichimora (lowland South American vine)'

xich'                                         'row, pile, stack'

xich'i                                         'lay out side by side (as maguey fiber or sedge bark to bleach),

                                                place in separate piles' [ch. 1]

k'ani in xich'i ni sukchih             q'ani in ich'i ni sukchix    'I wish to lay out my maguey fiber (to bleach)'

xich'i e pohp                             'lay out sedge stalks (to bleach)'

xich'bir                                     'laid out, piled'

ni sukchih xich'bir                      ni sukchix ich'p'ir   'my maguey fiber has been laid out  (to bleach)'

xohii                                         [from xoi]  'anything curved or bent; circle, oval'

xoht                                          [from ot]  'chip, small part cut out

-xoht                                        [num. clas.]

in xoht te'                                  'a (one) chip of wood'

xoht'                                         [from ot'] 'check, stoppage'

xoht'ah                                     'be checked or detained (pa??)'

xoy                                           xoi  'anything round or circular; curve, stye'

xoy u na'k'u ut                          'stye on the eye'

 

p. 653

xoybir                                       oip'ir    'bent, curved, made circular, anything curved, finger ring'

xoybir te'                                  'wooden arc (upon which candles are made)'

xoyem oiyem                          'rounded, circular'

xoyi                                          'form or bend into a curve or circle' [cl.1]

xoyi e yawal                             'wrap a cloth pad (around one's head as an olla rest)'

xoyor                                       oyor    'bent or curved, bend, circle'

xoyro                                       oiyro  [oiyor-o]  'bend or curve in a circle' [cl.2]

xot                                           'chip, hack, flake, chipping, flaking'

xoti                                           'chip, hack, flake' [cl.1]

xot'                                           'prevention, prohibition, obstruction, a stopping'

xot'i                                          'prevent, prohibit, stop' [cl.1]

u xot'ie n?                                 'he prevents me, he obstructs or hinders me'

u xot'i in patnah                         'he prevents me from working'

u xot'a awe'                              [ot'-i a-we']  'I prevent him from eating'

xot'uut                                      (ot'i uhut)  'prevent from passing, stop or detain, stand in

                                                the way of, delay, obstruct' [cl.1]

in xot'uut e chih                         in ot'uut e ch'ix  'I stop the (runaway) horse'


u xot'i ni ut im-patnah                'He stops me from working, he stops me in my work'

xot'uut                                      'stop! (plu)

xoh                                           ox   'hanging soot, hanging moss, anything which hangs in shreds'

xoh tor e ch'uhuben                   ox tor e chuhup'en   'soot over a fireplace'

xoh chebir umen e k'ahk'           'soot made by the fire'

xohir                                         'sooty, covered with soot'

xoh ran                                     'become sooty, become mossy, covered with moss' [cl. 3]

xohres                                      'rub soot on (as in a flesh cut)' [cl. 2a]

xoyo'                                        [? oi-o']  'spotted'

xoyo'uyutir                                'any spotted fruit'

xoyo' uyop'or                           'spotted leaves'

xoyo' nar                                  'any spotted maize'

xoyo' buur                                'any spotted beans'

xoyo'or                                     'spot, spotted'

xoyo'oran                                 'become spotted' [cl.3]

 

p. 654

xoyo'ores                                 'spot a thing, cause a spot'  [cl. 2a]

xoyo'bir                                    'spotted, made spotted'

xo'                                            'flap, hanging appendage, gill of fish, sheath'

uxo' e chay                               'gill of fish'

uxo' e chih                                uo' e ch'ix   'sheath of horse's penis'

xo'or                                        'end of an object, cut length of'

xo'or e te'                                 'end of a stick; small stick cut from larger one'

xo'or e si'                                  'unburnt ends of firewood (protruding from a fireplace)'

xo'or e te'                                 'load of (cut) firewood'

xo'orob e te'                             'load or bundle of firewood'

xo'or ha'                                   'mouth of a stream'

xo'or kohn                                'mouth of a stream'

xo'or te'                                    'staff, walking stick'

xo'oror                                     'end, topmost'

xo'oror u k'abte'                       'top branch of a tree'

xo'oror u wiir                            'end root'

xo'oror ha'                                'mouth of a stream, point at which a stream enters another'

xo'oror kohn                             'mouth of a stream, point at which a stream enters another'

xo'oroh                                     'head, end, summit, inflorescence'

xo'oroh nar                               'maize tepezinte (variety of maize)'

xoch'                                        o'ch   'owl [generic, but not including hoot owls]'

uxoch' ahk'ab                           uo'ch ahk'ap'   'screech owl (lechuza de noche)'

burem xoch'                              p'urem o'ch   'black owl'

xu                                             'small fleshy herbaceous plant [gen.]'

xuhy                                         uhi  [h-infixed form of ui]  'anything bored or perforated'


xuhyib                                      uhyip'  'punch, drill (used for making holes), peg (used to

                                                hold a framework, as a ?orm, together)'

xuhr                                          [from ur]  'slice, cut length of'

-xuhr                                        [num. class.]

un xuhr si'                                 'one cut length of firewood'

xuhrib                                       'slicing knife'

xuhrib e we'er                           'meat knife'

k'ab xuhrib                               q'ap' uhrip'   'scissors'

xuhrib tak'in                              uhrip' ta'k'in   'iron knife'

xuht'                                         [from ut']  'strip, fragment, remnant, tatter'

-xuht'                                        [num. class.]

cha-xuht' buhk                          'two remnants of cloth'

 

 

 p. 655

xuhch'                                       'stealing, thievery, theft'

ah xuhch'                                  'thief'

in te' xuhch' e nar                      'a theft of maize'

umen u xuhch'ir                         'because of his stealing'

xuhch'i                                      'steal, pilfer' [cl.2]

e ehmach uxuhch'i ka nar          'the raccoon steals our maize'

xuhch'mal                                 'steal' [cl.3]

a x? axanah axuhchk'mah          'It goes about stealing (said of an animal pest)'

maachi in xuhch'mah                 'I do not steal (from my neighbors)'

xuhch'maar                               'thieving, habitual stealing or pilfering'

ah xuhch'maar                           'thief, pilfering animal'

xuhch'bir                                   'stolen'

xuhch'ur                                    'thieving'

xuhch'ur mut                             'thieving bird'

xuy                                           ui   'hole, perforation, hole-cutting'

u xuy                                        'its hole'

xuy ruch                                   'sieve making'

ah xuyruch                                'sieve maker'

xuybir                                       'perforated'

xuyru                                        [uiyur-u]  'perforate with many holes, perforated all over' [cl.2]

xuyem                                      uiyem   'perforated, having a hole'

xuyi                                          uiyi   'bore or cut a hole, perforate' [cl. 1]

xuyi e tumin                              'perforate a coin (to be used as a pendant)'

xuyi e sakir                               'perforate a white seed (to be made into a necklace)'

xuyur                                        uiyur   'perforated, filled with holes, sieve, strainer'

xuyurbir                                    'having been perforated'

xuyurbir ruch                            'perforated gourd strainer'

xukur                                        'river'


e xukur                                     'Jocotán, río Jocotan'

noh xukur                                 'long or important river'

xuk'                                          'fermentation, strong taste or odor, scent'

uxuk'ir e chicha'                        'the fermentation of chicha'

inxuk'                                       'fermented, in fermentation'

xuk'ir                                        'fermented, of strong taste or odor'

 

p. 656

xuk'ran                                     'ferment'  [cl.3]

war axuk'ran                             'it is fermenting'

xuk'res                                     'make ferment, lay aside for fermenting'  [cl. 2a]

xuk'xuk''                                   'fermented'

xum te'                                     'azulejo (bluebird)'

xur                                           'a cut or slash, cutting, knife'

e xur umuhk                              'the cutting of the umbilical cord'

inte' xur tor uk'ab                      'a cut on one's hand'

ah xur mut                                'a bird with sharp edged bill'

ah xur nuk                                'quebrantahueso (a bird)'

xur ak                                       'hay cutting, grass cutting'

ah xur ak                                  'hay seller (in the market)'

xur ha'                                      'ford over a stream'

xur si'                                       'firewood cutting'

ah xur si'                                   'firewood seller (in the market)'

xurem                                       'cut, cut off, slashed'

xurem u k'ab                             'one armed'

xurem u yok                             'one-legged, one's leg amputated'

xurem uut uya'                          'one-legged, one's leg amputated'

xurem u ut uk'ab                       'one handed'

xurem u ku'm                            urem u qu'm   'castrated'

xuremar                                    'cut, scar, mark (resulting from a cut)'

xuri                                           'cut open, divide, lay open with a knife, trim' [cl. 1]

xuri e si'                                    'cut firewood (from the forest)'

xuri e muhk                               'cut the umbilical cord'

xuri tamuuy arkir e machit         'cut with inner side of machete'  (arkir : Sp. arce plus -ir)

xuri u pat u kur                         uri u pa't u qur   'circumcise'

xuri u nuk'                                 uri u nuk    'decapitate'

xurbir                                       'cut, gash, scar, slashed, divided, cut off'

xurbir u patox                           'cloven hoofed'

xurbir u ku'm                            urp'ir u qu'm   'castrated'

xurbir sik'ab                              urp'ir sik'ap   'cut sugar cane (ready for the press)'

xurbir u tzutz                             'cut hair, one's cut hair (European style)'

xurbir u muhk                           'Its umbilical cord cut'

xurum                                       'cutter, slasher'


xux                                           'wasp, hornet (generic), hornet's nest'

k'ank'an xux                             q'anq'an u   'yellow-jacket'

xuxoh                                       'make a whistling noise, zing (as a bullet)'  [cl.3]

xuxbah                                     [uup'-ah]  'whistle, buzz, sing (as birds)' [cl.3]

maach a axuxbah                      maa tc a a u p'ah  'It (bird) doesn't sing'

 

p. 657

xuxbar                                      up'ar   'whistling, buzzing, singing'

xuxbar mut                               'singing bird'

xuxbar yark'ir                           up'ar yarq'ir   'buzzing insect'

xuxub                                       'whistle, whistling'

ah xuxub                                   'whistler'

ut ni xuxub                                'my whistle'

xuxub mut                                 'any songbird'

xut'                                           'tear, rip

xut'i                                          'tear or rip off, rip into strips' [cl.1]

xut'i e buhk haaxto uchuyi         ut'i e p'uhk xaato uchuyi  'rip cloth before sewing (it)'

no'n mereron ka xut'i                 'we can't tear it'

xut'bah                                     'rip itself'  [cl. 3]

xu'r                                           'toy flute (made of clay)'

xu'r k'opot                                'clarincillo (wild herb)'

xu'x                                          'honeycomb, honeycombed; mud structure of tree ants'

 


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12/09/2000