The tests to determine whether
any dead man is a vampire, or not, are as follows:
1. His household,
his family, and his live stock, and possibly even the live stock
of the whole village, die off rapidly.
2. He comes back in the night
and speaks with the family. He may eat what he finds in dishes
and knock things about, or he may help
with the housework and cut wood. Female vampires also come back to
their children. There was a Hungarian vampire which could not be
kept away, even by the priest and holy water.
3. The priest reads
a service at the grave. If the evil which is occurring does not
cease, it is a bad sign.
4. A hole about the size of a serpent may
be found near the tombstone of the dead man. If so, it is the sign
of a vampire, because vampires
come out of graves by just such holes.
5. Even in the daytime a white
horse will not walk over the grave of a vampire, but stands still
and snorts and neighs.
6. A gander, similarly, will not walk over
the grave of a vampire.
7. On exhuming the corpse, if it is a vampire
it will be found to be:
a) red in the face, even for months and
years after burial,
b) with the face turned downwards,
c) with a foot retracted or
forced into a corner of the grave or coffin.
d) If relations have
died, the mouth will be red with blood. If it has only spoilt
and ruined things at home, and eaten what it
find, the mouth will be covered with maize meal.
—From “The Vampire
in Roumania” by Agnes Murgoci, 1926
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