Department of Art and Art History Calendar

Art History Lecture Series presents Claudia Calirman

Brazilian Art Under Dictatorship:
Antonio Manuel, Artur Barrio, and Cildo Meireles

Coca-Cola bottles
Cildo Meireles, Inserções em circuitos ideológicos: Projeto Coca-Cola (Insertions into Ideological Circuits: Coca-Cola Project), 1970, Coca-Cola bottles, transfer text on glass. Courtesy of the artist. Photo: Wilton Montenegro

This lecture explores Brazilian visual arts during the critical period between 1968 and 1975, a time considered to be the most repressive years of the military dictatorship that ruled Brazil for two decades. It shows how the visual arts were affected by censorship in Brazil, through the closure of art exhibitions, the confiscation of works considered to be subversive, and the persecution of artists and intellectuals, culminating in 1969 with the major international boycott against the X São Paulo Biennial. In the face of the politically repressive situation, Brazilian artists had to find ways to maneuver around the regime by employing new forms of artistic expression. They turned to their bodies, their land, and their thoughts, both literally and metaphorically, to produce an innovative art that solidified and advanced Brazil’s position in the international artistic arena.

Claudia Calirman

Assistant Professor of Art History
John Jay College of Criminal Justice,
City University of New York

Calirman is an art historian specializing in 20th-century Latin American art who lived in Rio de Janeiro during the period under scrutiny in her new book. She is Assistant Professor of Art History at John Jay College of Criminal Justice of the City University of New York and former visiting scholar at the David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies at Harvard University.