Peru consists of three diverse geographical regions: the western coastal plain with dry deserts, the rugged Sierra Highlands located in the center with temperate to frigid climate and the eastern lowland jungle of the Amazon Basin.
The village of San Antonio is located within the Amazon Basin region. This region is considered to be one of the most bio-diverse areas in the world with lush rainforests, vast rivers and numerous plant and wildlife species. Within this region, the Marañón and Ucayali rivers flow together to provide an important source to the Amazon River. Most of the cities and villages are very small and few people live within this region.
Iquitos, the world's most inland port, is the capital of the Department of Loreto. With a population of 400,000, it is the only relatively large city located in the rainforests of the Amazon lowland area. It is almost completely surrounded by the Nanay, Itaya and Amazon rivers and Lake Morona. No roads go outside of the city so it can only be reached by air or river. It is often headquarters for those venturing upon a jungle excursion into the Amazon.
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