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Dermot Gilley said on Aug. 21, 2014 at 8:23 a.m. Portugal under Salazar, up to the -largely peaceful- revolution in 1974, by law limited education to primary school for most of its population (i.e. four years maximum schooling!). To this day, Portugal seems to suffer from this, as this is a problem that takes about two generations to "iron out" (like when families cannot assist their children with their homework, the first generation in extended schooling will be worse off than those whose parents experienced a similar educational biography). With the staggering amount of students not enrolled even in secondary education Mexico may well find itself in a similar fix as Portugal did.