The University of Texas at Austin   School of Law

Main menu:

Constitutional Law — Art 5. GG (Freedom of Expression, Freedom of the Press, Freedom of Art and Scholarship, Research and Teaching)

Date Citation Note
09.12.2003 BGH VI ZR 373/02 Invasion of privacy by publication of aerial photographs of holiday home with claimant's name justified by press freedom as claimant was well known public figure and had already publicised information about it.
Publication of directions for finding property not justified; action against person supplying information to magazine thus possible.
09.12.2003 BGH VI ZR 38/03 Interrogative sentences (or parts of them), which are not designed to induce an answer with a content which is not yet established, are in fact statements amounting either to value judgements or assertions of fact. Legally, they must be treated as such. A claim for correction is thus successful.
§§ 823, 1004 BGB
15.12.1999 BVerfGE 101, 361 Celebrity photographed with her children in various public places
Extent of protection afforded by privacy
Countervailing arguments for speech
How balance should be struck
Case note
24.03.1998 BVerfGE NJW 1998, 2889 1 BvR 131/96 Use of someone’s name
Freedom of opinion
Personality rights
Case note
§§ 823, 1004 BGB
Art. 1 I, 2 I, 5 I 1 GG
10.10.1995 BVerfGE 93, 266 1 BvR 1476, 1980/91 and 102, 221/93 Soldaten sind Mörder -decision Statement that soldiers are murderers
Is the statement defamatory?
Extent of protection given to speech
§ 185 StGB
Art. 5 GG
13.04.1994 BVerfGE 90, 241 1 BvR 23/94 Auschwitzlüge -decision Freedom of speech
Denial that the holocaust ever took place (fact or opinion?)
Statement worthy of legal protection?
§§ 130, 185, 189, 194 StGB
Art. 5 GG
22.02.1994 BVerfGE 90, 60 1 BvL 30/88 Cable penny -decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Media freedom and the assessment (of the amount) of the broadcasting user fee by interstate compact
11.01.1994 BVerfGE 90, 1 1 BvR 434/87 Historical falsification -decision Academic freedom of speech, research and teaching
Limits of protection
09.10.1991 BVerfGE 85, 23 1 BvR 221/90 Disparaging questions -decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Protection for questions by guarantee of freedom of opinion
Distinction between genuine and rhetorical questions
09.10.1991 BVerfGE 85, 1 1 BvR 1555/88 Critical shareholder -decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Protection for statements expressing evaluations of factual events
Burden of corroboration in the case of disparaging factual assertions
11.06.1991 BVerfGE 84, 203 1 BvR 772/90 Assembly dispersal -decision (Bayer Pharmaceutical case) © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Denial of entry to a public assembly if intention is not participatory but preventive
05.02.1991 BVerfGE 83, 238 1 BvF 1/85, 1/88 6. Rundfunkurteil © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Broadcasting in North Rhine-Westphalia (maintenance and development guarantee for public broadcasting requirements for authorization and operation of private broadcasting
Two-column model for local broadcasting
Composition of boards of overseers
27.11.1990 BVerfGE 83, 130 1 BvR 402/87 Mutzenbacher -decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Freedom of art and restrictions for disseminating publications that morally endanger youths
The selection of members of the restricting agency
26.06.1990 BVerfGE 82, 272 1 BvR 1165/89 Stern/Strauß -decision (coerced democrat case) © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Defamatory representation and the protection of personality
03.04.1990 BVerfGE 82, 1 1 BvR 680, 681/86 Nazi symbols -decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Freedom of art and (the adjudication of) criminal law banning the symbols of unconstitutional organizations
07.03.1990 BVerfGE 81, 298 1 BvR 1215/87 German National Anthem -decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Punishment for disparaging the National Anthem
07.03.1990 BVerfGE 81, 278 1 BvR 266/86 and 913/87 Bundesflagge -decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Punishment for denigrating the National Flag
06.06.1989 BVerfGE 80, 124 1 BvR 727/84 Bundespost -decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Press freedom, government privileges by price reductions, and journalistic competition
Conditions for the permit for a periodical publication in the reduced-price newspaper service of the Bundespost
03.06.1987 BVerfGE 75, 369 1 BvR 313/85 Strauß caricature-decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Caricatures attacking the core of personal honour are not protected by the freedom of art
12.05.1987 BVerfGE 57, 295 1 BvL 89/78 3. Rundfunkurteil (FRAG case) © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Private broadcasting in the Saarland
Statutory regulations ensuring freedom of broadcasting required to be made for the transmission of private broadcasts
Art. 5 GG
24.03.1987 BVerfGE 74, 297 1 BvR 147, 478/86 5. Rundfunkurteil © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Private broadcasting in Baden-Württemberg
Public broadcasters are not to be excluded from producing regional and local broadcasting programmes or from producing sound and motion picture services on call pending special permission by statute or State character
Art. 5 I 2 GG
04.11.1986 BVerfGE 73, 118 1 BvR 1/84 4. Rundfunkurteil © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Requirements imposed on both private and public broadcasters as to the range of the programme and the ensuring of balanced pluralism
17.07.1984 BVerfGE 67, 213 1 BvR 816/82 Anachronistischer Zug-decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Freedom of art
Evaluating the deformatory character of street theatre
Art. 5 III 1 GG
25.01.1984 BVerfGE 66, 116 1 BvR 272/81 Wallraff/Bild-decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Publication of information stemming from the editorial area of an organ of the press that was acquired by an individual through deception as to his identity and intentions
Art. 5 I GG
22.06.1982 BVerfGE 61, 1 1 BvR 1376/79 CSU-NPD-decision (Wahlkampf case) © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Derogatory utterances about a political party during an election campaign
Art. 5 I GG
13.01.1982 BVerfGE 59, 231 1 BvR 848, 1047/77; 916, 1307/78; 350/79; 475, 902, 965, 1177, 1238 and 1461/80 WDR/Freie Mitarbeiter-decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Effects of freedom of broadcasting to be observed by the labour courts when deciding whether employees of a public broadcaster retained as free-lance employees are to be classified as permanent employees
Social State Principle, Art. 5 I GG
03.06.1980 BVerfGE 54, 208 1 BvR 797/78 Böll-decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Freedom of opinion does not protect inaccurate quotation, nor does it justify representing as a quotation an interpretation reasonable to the average reader or hearer of an ambiguous statement by criticized person, without making it clear that this is an interpretation by the critic
13.05.1980 BVerfGE 54, 129 1 BvR 103/77 Römerberg Speech-decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Admissibility of evaluative statements in the public conflict of opinion (broadcasting commentary)
05.06.1973 BVerfGE 35, 202 1 BvR 536/72 Lebach -decision Documentary about convicted prisoner
Personality rights
§§ 22, 23 KunstUrhG
Art. 1 I, 2 I, 5 I GG
14.02.1973 BVerfGE 34, 269 1 BvR 112/65 Soraya -decision = NJW 1973, 1221 Fictitious interview in paper
Violation of personality rights
Claims for damages
§§ 249, 253, 847 BGB
Art. 1 I, 2 I GG
24.02.1971 BVerfGE 30, 173
1 BvR 435/68
Mephisto-decision
Klaus Mann’s Mephisto-case
Freedom of artistic opinion
Art. 1 I, 2 I, 5 GG
14.10.1969 BVerfGE 27, 104 1 BvR 93/67 Publication seizure-decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Balancing merits between the interests protected by the fundamental right to freedom of information and the penal provisions defending against endangerments of the Constitution
Seizure of publications imported from the GDR
State security and freedom of information
14.10.1969 BVerfGE 27, 88 1 BvR 30/66 Der Demokrat-decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Freedom of information and monitoring of mail brought in from the GDR
Art. 5 I GG
03.10.1969 BVerfGE 27, 71 1 BvR 46/65 Leipziger Volkszeitung-decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Freedom of information as an independent basic right of equal rank with freedom of opinion and freedom of the press
Access to general sources of information; importation of publications from the GDR
Art. 5 I GG
26.02.1969 BVerfGE 25, 256 1 BvR 619/63 Blinkfüer-decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft A call (primarily to be implemented through means of economic power) to boycott a press undertaking as infringement of the fundamental right of press freedom
§ 823 I BGB
Art. 5 I GG
05.08.1966 BVerfGE 20, 162 1 BvR 586/62, 610/63 and 512/64 Spiegel-decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Search of press offices
Freedom of the press
Suspicion of having committed treason
National defense
Art. 5 I GG
28.02.1961 BVerfGE 12, 205 2 BvG 1,2/60 1. Rundfunkurteil (Deutschlandfernsehen case) © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Foundations of the German Television Company (Ltd.) by the Federal Government
Federal system
Limited powers of the Federal Government
Freedom of broadcasting
Art. 5 GG
25.01.1961 BVerfGE 12, 113 1 BvR 9/57 Dr. Schmid/Spiegel-decision © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Justification of replies in the press that correspond to the nature of a press attack and its effect on the formation of public opinion
§§ 185, 193 StGB
Art. 5 I, II GG
15.01.1958 BVerfGE 7, 198
1 BvR 400/51
Lüth-decision
Doctrine of Drittwirkung
Freedom of expression
Possible clash between basic rights and private law
§ 826 BGB
Art. 1 III, 5 I, II GG