The University of Texas at Austin   School of Law

Housing Costs, Zoning, and Access to High-Scoring Schools

The Brookings Institute has published a report detailing the links between housing costs, zoning, and access to high-scoring schools. The analysis of national and metropolitan data on public school populations and state standardized test scores reveals that, on average, low-income students attend schools that score significantly lower on state exams than schools attended by middle/high-income students. But eliminating exclusionary zoning in metro areas can lower this school test-score gap by an estimated 4 to 7 percentiles — a significant share of the observed gap between schools serving the average low-income and middle/higher-income student.

Access full report here.