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Lawrence Sager

  • Alice Jane Drysdale Sheffield Regents Chair



  • Religious Freedom and the Constitution (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007) (with Christopher L. Eisgruber).
  • Justice in Plainclothes: A Theory of American Constitutional Practice (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004).


  • Congress's Authority to Enact the Violence Against Women Act: One More Pass at the Missing Argument, 121 Yale Law Journal Online 629 (2012).
  • Material Rights, Underenforcement, and the Adjudication Thesis, [Symposium: Justice for Hedgehogs: A Conference on Ronald Dworkin's Forthcoming Book], 90 Boston University Law Review 579 (2010).
  • Our Hero, 89 Texas Law Review 9 (2010). View Article
  • Does it Matter What Religion is? [Symposium: The Supreme Court's Hands-Off Approach to Religious Doctrine], 84 Notre Dame Law Review 807 (2009) (with Christopher L. Eisgruber).
  • Chips Off Our Block? A Reply to Berg, Greenawalt, Lupu and Tuttle, 85 Texas Law Review 1273 (2007) (with Christopher L. Eisgruber).
  • Courting Disaster [Symposium: Theories of Taking the Constitution Seriously Outside the Courts], 73 Fordham Law Review 1361 (2005).
  • Cool Federalism and the Life-Cycle of Moral Progress [Symposium: Dual Enforcement of Constitutional Norms], 46 William & Mary Law Review 1385 (2005).
  • The Many As One: Integrity and Group Choice in Paradoxical Cases, 32 Philosophy & Public Affairs 249 (2004) (with L. Kornhauser).
  • The Why of Constitutional Essentials [Symposium: Rawls and the Law], 72 Fordham Law Review 1421 (2004).
  • Comparative Avenues in Constitutional Law: An Introduction [Symposium: Comparative Avenues in Constitutional Law], 82 Texas Law Review 1653 (2004) (with William E. Forbath).
  • Constitutional Justice, 6 New York University Journal of Legislation & Public Policy 11 (2002-2003).
  • Commitment and Constitutionalism [Symposium: Precommitment Theory In Bioethics and Constitutional Law], 81 Texas Law Review 1929 (2003) (with J. Ferejohn).
  • The U.S. Constitution [letter to the editor], Times Literary Supplement, Aug. 9, 2002, at 1.
  • Of Tiers of Scrutiny and Time Travel: A Reply to Dean Sullivan [Symposium: The Brennan Center Jorde Symposium on Constitutional Law], 90 California Law Review 819 (2002).
  • Thin Constitutions and the Good Society [Symposium: The Constitution and the Good Society: The Constitution Outside the Courts and the Pursuit of a Good Society], 69 Fordham Law Review 1989 (2001).
  • A Letter to the Supreme Court Regarding the Missing Argument in Brzonzkala v. Morrison, 75 New York University Law Review 150 (2000).
  • Religious Liberty and the Moral Structure of Constitutional Rights, 6 Legal Theory 253 (2000) (with C. Eisgruber).
  • The Free Exercise of Culture: Doubts and Distinctions, 149 Daedalus 193 (2000).
  • Impeachment and Constitutional Structure, 5 Widener Law Symposium Journal 249 (2000) (with C. Eisgruber).
  • Contemporary Challenges Facing the First Amendment's Religion Clauses [Symposium: Remembering and Advancing the Constitutional Vision of Justice William J. Brennan, Jr.], 43 New York School Law Review 101 (1999) (with Todd Rakoff, Steven Green & Martha Minow). View Article
  • Punishing The President: The Use and Abuse of Impeachment, 1 Punishment & Society 223 (1999) (with C. Eisgruber).
  • Forgetting and Advancing the Religious Liberty Vision of Justice Brennan [Symposium: The Domain of Constitutional Justice], 43 New York University Law Review 101 (1999).
  • Special Exemptions? A Compelling Case Against 'Compelling State Interest'?, 93 Liberty 10 (November/December 1998).
  • Congress As Partner/Congress As Adversary [Symposium: Reviving the Structural Constitution--Symposium on Law and Public Policy-1998], 22 Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy 85 (1998).
  • Klein's First Principle: A Proposed Solution [Symposium: Congress and the Courts: Jurisdiction and Remedies], 86 Georgetown Law Journal 2525 (1998).
  • Protecting Without Favoring Religiously Motivated Conduct, 2 Nexus 103 (1997) (with C. Eisgruber).
  • The Betrayal of Judgment [Symposium: Fidelity in Constitutional Theory], 65 Fordham Law Review 1545 (1997).
  • Congressional Power and Religious Liberty After City of Boerne v. Flores, 1997 Supreme Court Review 79 (with C. Eisgruber).
  • The Dead Hand and Constitutional Amendment [Federalist Society Symposium: Originalism, Democracy and the Constitution], 19 Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy 275 (1996).
  • The Vulnerability of Conscience: the Constitutional Basis for Protecting Religious Liberty, 61 University of Chicago Law Review 1245 (1994) (with C. Eisgruber).
  • Why the Religious Freedom Restoration Act is Unconstitutional, 69 New York University Law Review 437 (1994) (with C. Eisgruber).
  • Justice in Plain Clothes: Reflections on the Thinness of Constitutional Law [Symposium: One Hundred Years of Judicial Review: The Thayer Centennial Symposium], 88 Northwestern University Law Review 410 (1993).
  • The One and the Many: Adjudication in Collegial Courts, 81 California Law Review 1 (1993) (with L. Kornhauser).
  • The Incorrigible Constitution, 65 New York University Law Review 893 (1990).
  • Righting Rights [Symposium: Hegel and Legal Theory], 10 Cardozo Law Review 1311 (1989).
  • You Can Raise the First, Hide Behind the Fourth, and Plead the Fifth. But What on Earth Can You Do With the Ninth Amendment? [Symposium: Interpreting the Ninth Amendment], 64 Chicago-Kent Law Review 239 (1988).
  • Just Lotteries, 27 Social Science Information 483 (1988) (with L. Kornhauser).
  • Unpacking the Court, 96 Yale Law Journal 82 (1986) (with L. Kornhauser).
  • Foreword: State Courts and the Strategic Space Between the Norms and Rules of Constitutional Law [Symposium: The Emergence of State Constitutional Law], 63 Texas Law Review 959 (1985).
  • Some Observations About Race, Sex and Equal Protection, 59 Tulane Law Review 928 (1985).
  • Rights Skepticism and Process-Based Responses, 56 New York Law Review 417 (1981).
  • Foreword: Constitutional Limitations on Congress' Authority to Regulate the Jurisdiction of the Federal Courts, 95 Harvard Law Review 17 (1981).
  • Property Rights and the Constitution, XXII Nomos 376 (1980).
  • Pareto Superiority, Consent, and Justice, 8 Hofstra Law Review 913 (1980).
  • Questions I Wish I Had Never Asked: The Burger Court and Exclusionary Zoning, 11 Southwestern Law Review 509 (1979).
  • Insular Majorities Unabated: Warth v. Seldin and Eastlake v. Forest City Enterprises, 91 Harvard Law Review 1373 (1978).
  • Fair Measure: The Legal Status of Underenforced Constitutional Norms, 91 Harvard Law Review 1212 (1978).
  • The ALI Model Land Development Code, a Critique, 29 Land Use Law & Zoning Digest 7 (1977).
  • Brief for Constitutional Lawyers' Committee on Undeclared War as Amicus Curia, Massachusetts v. Laird, 17 Wayne Law Review 67 (1976),
  • Burnt Bridges: The Retreat of the Federal Judiciary From Land Use Litigation, 27 Land Use Law & Zoning Digest 7 (1976).
  • Exclusionary Zoning: Constitutional Limitations on the Power of Municipalities To Restrict the Use of Land, 1972 Land-Use Controls Annual 153.
  • Tight Little Islands: Exclusionary Zoning, Equal Protection and the Indigent, 21 Stanford Law Review 767 (1969).


  • Unthinking Religious Liberty, 74 Texas Law Review 577 (1996) (reviewing Securing Religious Liberty: Principles for Judicial Interpretation of the Religion Clauses, by Jesse H. Choper; and Foreordained Failure: The Quest for a Constitutional Principle of Religious Freedom, by Steven D. Smith) (with C. Eisgruber).
  • Memoirs of a General in the Inglorious Revolution, 90 Michigan Law Review 1203 (1992) (reviewing Order and Law: Aging the Regan Revolution: A First-Hand Account, by Charles Fried).
  • Back to Bork, New York Review of Books, Oct. 25, 1990, at 16.
  • What's a Nice Court Like You Doing In a Democracy Like This?, 36 Stanford Law Review 1087 (1984) (reviewing The Constitution, the Courts, and Human Rights: An Inquiry into the Legitimacy of Constitutional Policymaking by the Judiciary, by Michael J. Perry).
  • The Shortcut to Outlaw Abortion, New York Review of Books, June 25, 1981, at 11.
  • Constitutional Triage, 81 Columbia Law Review 707 (1981) (reviewing Judicial Review and the National Political Process, by Jesse H. Choper).


  • The Moral Economy of Religious Freedom, in Law and Religion in Theoretical and Historical Context 16 (Peter Cane, Carolyn Evans & ZoĆ« Robinson eds.; Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008).
  • Civil Liberties in the Dragons' Domain: Negotiating the Blurred Boundary between Domestic Law and Foreign Affairs after 9/11 in September 11 in History: A Watershed Moment? 163 (Mary Dudziak, ed.; Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2003) (with C. Eisgruber).
  • Free Exercise of Culture: Some Doubts and Distinctions in Engaging Cultural Differences: The Multicultural Challenge in Liberal Democracies 165 (R. Schweder, H.Markus, & M.Minnow, eds.; New York: The Russell Sage Foundation, 2002) (modification of prior essay in Daedalus).
  • The Birth Logic of a Democratic Constitution in Constitutional Culture and Democratic Rule 110 (J. Ferejohn, J. Rakove & J. Riley, eds.; New York, NY: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2001).
  • Equal Regard in Law and Religion: A Critical Anthology 200 (S. Feldman, ed.; New York: New York Univ. Press, 2001) (with C. Eisgruber).
  • The Domain of Constitutional Justice in Constitutionalism: Philosophical Foundations 235 (L. Alexander, ed.; New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1998).
  • Good Constitutions and Bad Choices in Constitutional Stupidities and Constitutional Tragedies 147 (W. Eskridge & S. Levinson, eds.; New York: New York Univ. Press, 1998) (with C. Eisgruber).
  • The Sources and Limits of Legal Authority in Fundamentals of American Law 27 (Alan B. Morrison, ed.; New York: Oxford University Press, 1996).
  • Federal Jurisdiction and Congressional Power in Encyclopedia of the American Constitution (1991-92 supp.) (Leonard W. Levy, ed.; New York: Macmillan Pub. Co., 1992).
  • Troubled Waters: Litigation in the Federal Courts Against Exclusionary Land Use Restraints in Exclusionary Land Use Litigation: Policy and Strategies For the Future 20 (Washington, D.C.: National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing, 1975).

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Lawrence Sager

Work (512) 232-1322

Fax (512) 471-6988

Office: JON 6.219
The University of Texas at Austin
727 E Dean Keeton Street
Austin, TX 78705

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Rebecca M. Kutz-Marks
(512) 232-1355

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