LYNDON B. JOHNSON SCHOOL OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS, THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN
EDITOR Marilyn Duncan
MYRDALS TO HOLD SLICK PROFESSORSHIP
Gunnar Myrdal, world‑renowned Swedish economist and 1974 co‑winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics, and his wife, Alva, sociologist‑diplomat and onetime nominee for the Nobel Peace Prize, will teach at the LBJ School of Public Affairs during the 1978 spring semester. They will be coholders of the Distinguished Visiting Tom Slick Professorship of World Peace. The Slick Professorship, endowed from the estate of the late Tom Slick of San Antonio, promotes research, teaching and public enlightenment on the subject of world peace.
The Myrdals' appointment was approved November 11 by the UT System Board of Regents.
Dr. and Mrs. Myrdal, who shared the Peace Prize of West Germany in 1970, will conduct a weekly graduate‑level seminar on the problems of world peace for LBJ School students and qualified students from other areas of the campus. They also will plan and be major participants in a colloquium on peace to be held at the LBJ School in March.
The Swedish couple are currently in residence at the University of Wisconsin, where he is working in the Institute for Research on Poverty, and she is writing.
The Christian Science Monitor once described the Myrdals as perhaps being the couple "who have contributed the most to the international community in our times."
"As social scientists, political leaders, international educators, commentators on the social scene in various parts of the globe, they are catalysts of change wherever their interests take them," the article reported.
Gunnar Myrdal has been referred to as "a towering figure in the world of economics and social science" and is considered Sweden's leading authority on American affairs.
He is probably best known for his landmark study An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy, which was published in 1944 and which maintained that the racial problem in America was entwined with the democratic functionings of American society.
A prolific author, Dr. Myrdal has written on a variety of subjects ranging from population to world poverty. His later works include the monumental three‑volume Asian Drama: An Inquiry into the Poverty of Nations and The Challenge of World Poverty. He currently is preparing an update of An American Dilemma and while at UT Austin will use the LBJ Library as a resource for his study.
In addition to his scholarly pursuits, the Nobel Laureate is a former member of the Swedish Senate, former Swedish minister of commerce, and former executive secretary (1947‑57) of the United Nations Economic Comission for Europe.
He was long associated with the University of Stockholm, where he founded the Institute for International Economic Studies. He is former chairman of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
The economist holds more than 30 honorary degrees and is a member of such distinguished bodies as the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the British Academy.
Mrs. Myrdal is distinguished in her own right. In addition to her influence as a sociologist‑educator, she has been a Swedish cabinet member, ambassador and member of Parliament.
She was Sweden's ambassador to India, Ceylon, Burma and Nepal from the late 1950s to the early 1960s and has been the cabinet minister of disarmament and of church affairs in Sweden. From 1962 to 1973, she was chief of the Swedish delegation to the disarmament conference in Geneva. During that same period, she was a member of the Swedish delegation to the United Nations General Assembly. She also has served as principal director of the UN's department of social affairs and as director of the department of social sciences for UNESCO.
Mrs. Myrdal has been awarded nine honorary degrees and special honors such as the Wateler Prize of the Hague Academy of International Peace, the 1977 Gold Medal from the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences, and the 1977 Gold Medal "Ceres" from the Food and Agriculture Organization in Rome.
Like her husband, Mrs. Myrdal is the author of more than a dozen books, the most recent being The Game of Disarmament.
(UT News & Information Service)
FULBRIGHT‑LBJ VISITING FELLOWS PROGRAM ANNOUNCED
The Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs has been selected by the U.S. State Department as the locus for a new mid‑career development program for Latin American professionals and managers.
To be initiated for the 1978‑79 academic year, the non‑degree program will be known as the Fulbright‑LBJ Program for Visiting Fellows.
The program is sponsored by the State Department's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs under the authority of the Fulbright‑Hays Act of 1961. Funds will be provided by the State Department and the Latin American agency from which each Fellow comes.
Under the program, 10 promising Latin American professionals and managers now at mid‑point in their careers in governmental agencies, education, journalism, business or other areas will be selected to spend nine months at UT Austin pursuing graduate‑level studies in the areas of their interest.
The new program is only the second of its kind that has been formed to enhance the skills of Latin Americans who bear promise of future leadership in their countries. Since 1975, the State Department has sponsored a similar program at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University.
Dean Elspeth Rostow said the LBJ School is honored by its selection to participate in the program. She noted it is "appropriate" for schools of public affairs to offer mid‑career opportunities and expressed pleasure that the LBJ School is "further involving itself in hemispheric relations."
Fulbright‑LBJ Fellows will be assigned faculty advisers from the LBJ School who will guide them in course selection and research efforts not only in the LBJ School but also in other departments of the University.
UT Austin is recognized as being an international center for study and research on Latin America, having one of the world's outstanding Latin American libraries, an active Latin American studies program, and other programs with close ties to Latin America.
In addition to their studies, the Fellows will have an opportunity to participate in a special biweekly series of lectures devoted to the broad theme of interdependence. Aspects of the theme to be explored in the lectures will concern energy, environmental issues, food and nutrition, and population.
Dr. Sidney Weintraub, who holds the Dean Rusk Chair in the LBJ School, will be chairman of a University‑wide committee that will supervise the Visiting Fellows program. He says the Fellows, before beginning their studies next September, will undergo a six‑week orientation program on the UT campus to familiarize themselves with their new environment.
Dr. Weintraub reports that the screening process for selecting the Fellows will be a rigorous one, involving evaluations from a prospective Fellow's agency, Fulbright Commissions or cultural affairs officers in U.S. embassies in Latin American countries, the University of Texas and LBJ School faculty, and the Board of Foreign Scholarships.
Those accepted for the program are expected to have a proficiency in the English language and to meet requirements for admission to the UT Graduate School that are applicable to foreign students, he says.
Dr. Weintraub says the new program at the LBJ School will conform to the main objective of the Fulbright‑Hays Act of 1961, which is designed to increase "mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries by means of educational and cultural exchange."
Serving with him on the committee to oversee the Visiting Fellows program will be Dr. Stanley Ross, scholar of Mexican history; Dr. William Glade, director of the Institute of Latin American Studies; Dr. William H. Cunningham, associate dean of the Graduate School of Business; Dr. David Eaton of the LBJ School; Dr. Joe Neal, director of the International Office; and Dean Rostow (ex‑officio).
(UT News & Information Service)
'ON THE RECORD'
Professor Sidney Weintraub will be conducting a series of seminars and participating in symposia in Japan from December 2 through December 14 under the sponsorship of the State Department and the Federation of Japanese Business Organizations. The theme of these discussions will be U.S.‑Japanese trade relations, the role of exchange rates, and the international adjustment process. Professor Weintraub will be accompanied by the Chief Economist of the Joint Economic Committee of the Congress and a third participant from George Washington University. The symposia will take place in Osaka, Kyoto, Fukuoka, Sapporo, and Tokyo.
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The LBJ School hosted a lunch for Dan Davidson, Austin City Manager, on December 2 in the Dean's conference room. Faculty members and department heads had an opportunity to discuss matters of mutual interest with Mr. Davidson.
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Installation of a new PBX phone system for the School is scheduled for mid‑December. Under the new system, a central switchboard will service the entire School under one number.
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Professor Albert Blum recently testified on a proposed White House Conference on the Arts before a subcommittee of the House Education and Labor Committee chaired by Representative John Brademas.
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Two second‑year LBJ School students, Connie Maneaty and Susan Heitmann, have been nominated by the University of Texas for the Luce Fellowship.
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Professor Jared Hazleton, Associate Dean of the LBJ School, is in the Middle East from November 28‑December 12 as a consultant to the U.S. AID (Agency for International Development). His assignment is to review a number of projects in the Jordan Valley and to develop the parameters for an information system to be used by AID in monitoring the projects.
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Professor Victor Arnold was asked by the Appalachian Regional Commission and John D. Rockefeller, IV, Governor of West Virginia, to speak at a conference October 26‑27 in Charleston on "Structures of Federalism as They Relate to Balanced National Growth." His suggestions were adopted by the conference and will be voted on by the 13 governors of the Appalachian region December 8.
Dr. Arnold is currently assisting in the preparation for the National Conference on Balanced Growth to be held in Washington, D.C. at the end of January, 1978. He is serving as policy liaison between the White House Conference and the Congress, as well as major corporations.
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Elaine Sanchez, clerk‑typist in the Public Affairs Library, gave birth to a 7 lb. 6 oz. baby girl, Luz, on November 20.
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The Annual Christmas Party for LBJ School students, faculty, staff, and alumni will be Friday night, December 16, from 7 to 11 p.m. in the Thompson Conference Center. Ticket information is available in the OACIP (471‑4175).
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The Office of Publications is moving up in the world. The editorial offices are scheduled to relocate to the third floor in December, pending installation of the new School phone system. Marilyn Duncan and Sharon Hanson will move to Rooms 3.322 and 3.323, respectively, rooms previously occupied by the Office of Conferences and Training. OCT Secretary Jean Land is moving down the hall to Room 3.312.
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On November 16‑17, Professor Jared Hazleton attended a meeting in Washington, D.C. on U.S. graduate education, at the invitation of the Office of Education. The purpose of the meeting was to review the Title IX program and the needs for Federal support of graduate education in order to assist the Office of Education in preparing background material for the Commissioner's annual report to Congress. Representatives from 3 2 graduate schools attended the Conference, and Dr. Hazleton represented the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration (NASPAA).
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Staff holidays for all UT employees will be December 26‑January 2. All LBJ School offices, including the Public Affairs Library, will be closed during that period.
LBJ School faculty meets for December evaluations.
Students meet with faculty advisers.
Dec. 21-Jan. 8
Registration for the spring Semester.
Fee bills to be paid.
LBJ School classes begin.
Late registration (Note: late registration now carries a $5 penalty charge).
Fee bills for late registration to be paid.
Deadline for graduating students to pick up degree candidate packet from the Graduate School.
FOLLY LA LA LA...
One night in the recent past, second-year students decked the halls with bows of folly as the rest of the School indulged in the spirits of the occasion.
The Third Annual LBJ School Follies were held November 21 in the Texas Union Ballroom, with a large crowd in attendance.
Highlights of the evening included a powerful sermon on the promised land of career opportunities by the Rev. Chauncey Nealy, a beautifully pathetic rendering of a song from "David Eaton Superstar" by Collette Knisely, an upbeat poem on cosmic debris in a coffeehouse setting by Lawrence Levitz and Mark Sayers, a remarkable mindreading performance by guest guru Chris Dobbs (with David Osborn posing answers), background music by an arm pit orchestra, and legs by J.R. Prestidge,
LIBRARY HOURS ANNOUNCED
The Library is temporarily increasing its hours to provide improved services to students during the period of final examinations. Temporary hours, spanning from December 3 through December 16, 1977 are as follows:
12 p.m.‑ 11 p.m.
8 a.m.‑ 11 p.m.
8 a.m.‑ 11 p.m.
8 a.m.‑ 11 p.m.
8 a.m.‑ 11 p.m.
8 a.m.‑ 5 p.m.
10 a.m.‑ 5 p.m.
The holiday schedule will be the following:
Dec. 24‑Jan. 2
Jan. 3‑Jan. 6
8 a.m.‑ 5 p.m.
Jan. 9‑Jan. 13
8 a.m.‑ 5 p.m.
2 p.m.‑11 p.m.
The Professional Day for the LBJ School alumni is still in the development phase. The Board is soliciting your support and ideas as to what topics should be addressed during the day. We want the agenda to be both pertinent to our own career needs and useful to the LBJ School in planning its curriculum.
Some topics tentatively scheduled to be discussed include these: successful management (or coping with unsuccessful managers); grantsmanship (or organizing bake sales); the private sector (or earning a living wage); and mobility between the different levels of the public sector (or how to avoid concentrating your highly skilled generalism).
You are welcomed and encouraged to join in the planning of this Professional Day. Feel free to contact Nancy Davis (477‑6511) or any member of the alumni board with your suggestions. Also let us know of your willingness to be on a panel discussing one of the above‑mentioned topics.
Thanks go to the approximately 50 persons who have made a financial contribution to the LBJ School Alumni Association. These persons will be receiving their complimetary copies of the Alumni Directory in December and will be kept informed about special events at the LBJ School to which alumni are invited.
If you have not already made a financial contribution to the Association, please do so and a copy of the Directory will be forwarded to you. Your personal and financial support is appreciated and is needed to make the Association viable.
The alumni board would like to express its gratitude to Greta Rymal for coordinating the publication of the Alumni Directory and to Nancy Davis for playing the lead role in planning the Professional Day. Also we extend our best wishes to Jan Younglove, Bob Farley, and Sarah Smith, all of whom were recently married.
Christmas Party—All alumni are invited to Dave West's home, 3304 Whiteway, (off Shoal Creek about three blocks south of Anderson Lane) on December 15 about 7 p.m. for an informal potluck dinner. Please call us if you need more information.
"Brown Bags"—The alumni board in cooperation with several alumni is planning to invite some of the senatorial and gubernatorial candidates to discuss their ideas with us. A schedule will be developed soon.
KISSINGER SPEAKS HERE
Former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger visited the LBJ School November 7, meeting informally with School faculty, staff and students before offering a public speech in the LBJ Auditorium. Dr. Kissinger came to Austin as part of the Distinguished Lecturer Series of the LBJ School and LBJ Library and the Distinguished Lecture Series of the Texas Union Ideas & Issues Committee. This public speech on past and present foreign policy outlined the United States' overall world position, noting that "we cannot dominate the world, nor can we escape from it" and so we must maintain a proper balance between "strength and the restraint of strength." He emphasized the complexities and ambiguities in today's foreign policy, stemming from the advent of nuclear power, the emergence of developing nations, the shifts in public attitudes, and the economic bases of foreign relations.
In the question‑and‑answer period following the speech, Dr. Kissinger observed that the kind of domestic debate the country has witnessed recently "is not helpful to the democratic process."
"Those who have insisted on ascribing the vilest possible motives to a succession of Presidents and other high officials should ask themselves what they have done to the democratic process," he said.
Also during the question‑and ‑answer session he expressed the opinion that former CIA director Richard Helms is a "great patriot" who in giving evasive answers in open session before Congressional committees in 1973 concerning the CIA's role in Chile "acted correctly in light of circumstances that then existed." Regarding the Panama Canal treaty, he said "when four American Presidents of two different parties and their Secretaries of State have conducted a negotiation, this creates a strong presumption there must be very strong reasons for doing it." One of those reasons, he noted, is that the 1903 treaty "is not considered by the nations of the Western Hemisphere as a treaty that they can support.... For us to insist on it would be to rest our claims in Panama, as far as they are concerned, on force...and it would create the most massive problems in our relations in the Western Hemisphere."
Dr. Kissinger is currently Professor of Diplomacy at the School of Foreign Services and Counselor to the Center for Strategic and International Studies at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. He also serves as special consultant for World Affairs for NBC.
TAX ASSESSOR INSTITUTE HELD HERE
The Nineteenth Institute for Tax Assessors, sponsored by the LBJ School's Office of Conferences and Training, was held in the Thompson Conference Center December 4‑6. The opening general session on December 5 featured an address on the future of the property tax by F. John Shannon, Assistant Director of the Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, Washington, D.C.
Other speakers included David M. Kendall, First Assistant Attorney General, State of Texas, who spoke on the impact of Texas open meetings and records laws on property tax administration; Jim W. Weatherby, Chairman of the School Tax Assessment Practices Board, on the responsibilities and programs of the Board; and Steve Bickerstaff, Head of the County and State Affairs Division of the Texas Attorney General's Office, on recent legislation affecting property taxation in Texas.
Several in‑depth workshops were held concurrently on December 5. Workshop topics and their leaders included "Making and Using Market/Assessed Value Ratio Studies" by Alan E. Barnes, research associate of the Texas Research League; "Appraisal of Rental Properties Converted to Townhouses and Condominiums" by Bill Burnette, Travis County tax assessor‑collector; "Personal Property Tax Delinquency: Legal Procedures for Summary Seizure and Sale" by Jim Blair, Amarillo attorney; "Automatic Data‑Processing Applications in Property Tax Administration" by Rex P. Stallings, Austin accountant, and "Effective Organization and Management of the Smaller Tax Office" by W.J. Dodd, Huntsville Independent School District tax assessor.
The Institute is designed as an in‑service training course for Texas tax assessors and their personnel in all units of local government.
RECRUITMENT NEWS FROM ELIZABETH HALL
Students, faculty, staff, and alumni are involved in broadening the awareness of the LBJ School in colleges and universities in Texas and outside the State.
A new brochure, a description of the current policy research projects and topical seminars, and a list of jobs currently held by graduates of the School make up the information packets being distributed on various campuses and through academic departments on this campus. The School continues to attract well‑qualified applicants, and is especially concerned with increasing minority and women enrollments.
The alumni have been asked to assist in this effort by visiting colleges in their areas or writing letters. Thanks are in order to Kris Kauser and Harlan Cooper in California, Cloteal Davis in Washington, Jan McCostin in Fort Worth, and Reed Greene in Boston, for visiting universities in their areas. Others have expressed interest by requesting information packets.
A number of LBJ students also deserve thanks. John Hall represented the School at Graduate School Information Day at Atlanta Circle in Atlanta, Georgia; Manuel Rios and Frank Garza, at Texas A&I, University of Houston, and Rice; Rhonda Belt at SMU; and Albert Hawkins at the Graduate School Day at Bishop. Manuel Rios, Frank Garza, Cris Guzman, and Mima Orozo participated in the Chicanos in Public Affairs Seminar at the University of Texas. During the months of December and January visits are scheduled to other campuses, including Huston‑Tillotson, Prairie View A&M, Texas Southern University, Baylor, North Texas State University, Texas Women's University, Texas A&M, Trinity University in San Antonio, and the University of Texas at San Antonio.
LBJ School faculty have also offered their cooperation in the recruitment effort by writing letters and visiting other campuses whenever possible.
Faculty, students, or alumni who wish to participate should contact Liz Hall.
GALBRAITH SPEAKS AT BROWN BAG
Dr. John Kenneth Galbraith, nationally known economist, was featured at a brown bag luncheon on November 29.
Dr. Galbraith had addressed the University the evening before under the sponsorship of the Texas Union, and at the invitation of Dean Elspeth Rostow, met informally with LBJ School students and faculty before returning to Massachusetts.
The topic of his brown bag discussion was the relationship between the study of economics and the prevailing economic conditions. Dr. Galbraith briefly described this relationship over the past forty years, from the 1930s (an "out‑of‑phase" period) through the "golden years of economics" (in which both the economy and the economists were healthy), up to the present (another out‑of‑phase period, some say).
Dr. Galbraith said the central economic problem today—the persistence and seriousness of inflation combined with the persistence and seriousness of unemployment—is posing problems for economists because they insist on looking to obsolete formulas for solutions rather than creating formulas based on the evolving economic situation. His own solution to inflation/unemployment spiral involves reaching an agreement with major corporations on a fair wage/price structure within a tight framework, and supplementing that agreement with policies regulating civil service pay, a consistent agricultural price policy, and income tax adjustments for the self‑employed.
Dr. Galbraith, who formerly taught economics at Harvard, is widely known for his work in public office, his position as Ambassador to India under President John F. Kennedy, his work in the Democratic Party, as well as for his work as a scholar and author. He wrote, filmed, and narrated "The Age of Uncertainty," now being seen on Public Broadcasting Service television stations.
PRESIDENCY AND CONGRESS EXAMINED AT CONFERENCE
The complex relationship between the Congress and the Presidency—its changes over the past thirty years and its prospects for the future—was examined in a conference held in the LBJ Library November 15‑17.
The symposium, entitled "Congress and the Presidency: A Shifting Balance of Power," was sponsored by the LBJ Library and the LBJ School, in cooperation with the UT Department of Government.
Participants represented a wide range of experience and viewpoints related to one or both branches in question. The conference was divided into seven broad areas of discussion, designed to place the issues in a historical framework and at the same time stimulate debate on their fundamental aspects. Broad topics included "The Imperial Presidency and the Resurgent Congress—Myth or Reality?," "Points of Conflict Between the Congress and the President," "Johnson and Rayburn: The 1950s, an Era of Congressional Government," "An Era of Presidential Government: The 1960s," "Reorganization of Congress and the Executive," "The Presidency, the Congress, and the Press," and "Conflict and a Search for a New Balance: The 1970s." In all but the final session, papers given by specialists on the topic in question provided the springboards for panel discussion.
Participants representing the Congressional viewpoint in various session included ex‑House Speaker Carl Albert, Senator John Tower, Congressman J.J. (Jake) Pickle, Rep. Lindy Boggs, ex-Senator Margaret Chase Smith, and Congressman Henry B. Gonzales. Opinions varied according to political orientation and affiliation, administrations served under, and length of service in Congress, but in general this group emphasized the complexity of the Congressional/Executive relationship and the essential differences between the two branches. The importance of personality and style in the accumulation and wielding of Congressional power was illustrated by the speakers and panelists addressing themselves to the Johnson/Rayburn phenomenon in the 1950s. These included D.B. Hardeman, special assistant to and biographer of Rayburn, and Ralph Huitt, special assistant to Johnson as Senate majority leader. Personality was also identified as a strong contributing factor in the Presidential ascendency in the 1960s. Emphasizing this viewpoint were Barefoot Sanders, legislative counsel to President Johnson; former HEW Secretary Wilbur Cohen; and Johnson assistant Horace Busby. Journalists and news correspondents—including Bill Moyers (CBS), Tom Wicker (New York Times), Bonnie Angelo (Time), and Sid Davis (NBC)—added to this point the importance of the Presidential "image" and public opinion in the determination of power and influence. It was also noted by a number of panelists that the historical flow of events counterbalances the personal and public factors affecting the Presidency.
Academic participants—primarily political scientists, historians, and economists—expressed a wide range of opinions on the issues. From this group came the imagery which characterized the mood and movement of the symposium. The Congressional/Executive relationship was variously labeled as a see‑saw, a pendulum, an ebbing and flowing tide, a spiral, a cycle, a game of football, and a game of cards. The non‑elected bureaucracy was described as a "large gooey mass."
Participating scholars included David R. Mayhew (Yale), Sam Levitan (George Washington), Thomas Cronin (Delaware), David E. Price (Duke), Gary Wills (Johns Hopkins), and Richard E. Newstadt (Harvard), among others. Participating UT faculty included William S. Livingston (Government), Robert A. Divine (History), W.W. Rostow (Economics), Clarence G. Lasby (History), Bruce Miroff (Government), and Elspeth Rostow, Emmette S. Redford, and Richard Schott from the LBJ School.
Some of the conclusions which emerged from a conference characterized by wide differences in opinion and perspective were these:
. a strong Executive and a strong Congress are not mutually exclusive, and a balance is both possible and desirable;
. the Congressional supremacy which existed under Johnson and Rayburn in the 1950s was a product of history, personalities, and the prevailing Congressional structure, and could not exist today;
. the concept of power is too complex to define in simple terms, and its sources, uses, and potentials are as changeable as time itself.
Proceedings from the conference are being edited by LBJ Professor Richard Schott and UT Government Professor Lawrence Dodd, with publication tentatively scheduled for next summer.
THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN
LYNDON B. JOHNSON SCHOOL OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS
Drawer Y, University Station
AUSTIN, TEXAS 78712