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Pollution prevention (P²) has emerged in the past decade as a central strategy in the U.S. government's efforts to improve environmental quality throughout the country. Based on the assumption that a company may save money and reduce pollution by changing a production process or modifying an input material, the "win-win" concept of pollution prevention has been widely invoked but rarely evaluated. In cooperation with the Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA), the LBJ School of Public Affairs undertook a independent audit of the P² program at the LCRA. Conducted in 1995 and 1996, the study sought to: 1) identify the level of participation of both managers and employees in P² programs; and 2) quantify the volume of pollution prevented, based on actual measurements or estimates of facility air, water, and solids residuals. The first part of the book examines the structure of the LCRA, describes the study, and evaluates the success of the LCRA's P² program. Detailed appendices include the questionnaires used by the LBJ research team as well as tables and figures describing discharge by site, solid waste by site, and air emissions by site.
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