Fall 2010 - 61045 - PA388K - Advanced Topics in Public Policy
Nongovernmental Organizations in Developing Worlds
|Instructor(s):|| Angel, Ronald
|Day & Time:||W 12:00 - 3:00 pm|
|Waitlist Information:||For LBJ Students: UT Waitlist Information|
Topics for these policy seminars have included environmental and natural resources policy, health-service delivery policy, social welfare policy, transportation policy, science and technology policy, international affairs, national security, urban and regional growth policy, and political campaigns.
In recent decades Non-Governmental and Non-Profit organizations (NGOs) have proliferated in all nations of the world. This new organizational form reflects local and international initiatives related to human rights, the environment, sustainable development, health, education and much more. Several attempts have been made to categorize and understand the function of these new and varied organizational forms that exist in the contested and ill-defined economic, political, and social area that lies between the Market and the State and that is often referred to as Civil Society.
Today NGOs, many of which originated as organizations opposed to State excesses or failures, and many of which are faith-based, have assumed significant roles in providing social services to a wide range of people. Since the 1980s international competition, low economic growth rates, and elevated citizen expectations have placed serious strains on the State’s ability to provide retirement, health, educational, and other social services to populations, and especially to the poor and indigenous groups. At the same time migration, growing female labor force participation, and changing family forms have reduced the local community’s ability to cope with the needs of its members. In this new and rapidly changing environment NGOs have become increasingly important organizations though which States sponsor basic social objectives. Many NGOs that began as opponents of the State now find themselves operating as allies of the State.
In addition to the sectors in which they operate NGOs vary tremendously in size, financing, administration, and much more. They range from informal small-scale local grassroots community initiatives to international multi-lateral organizations with large budgets and professionalized staffs. Many of the largest are quasi-governmental in the scale of their operations. This course begins with a review of attempts to define and asses the boundaries of NGO activity and moves to an examination of the role of NGOs in providing social services. We will examine the history of NGOs, their structure and financing, and the nature of the problems these organizational forms are best suited to address. We will examine the consequences of professionalization on organizational structure, performance, and the evaluation of outcomes. The course also e