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Sharon A. Brown PhD, RN, FAAN | Joseph H. Blades Centennial Memorial Professor in Nursing

Sharon Brown

Email Sharon Brown

Phone: 512 232-4704
Fax: 512 232-6239

Office: NUR 5.155 (faculty office) | NUR 3.450 (research office)
The University of Texas at Austin, School of Nursing
1710 Red River Street
Austin, TX 78701

Dr. Brown is the Joseph H. Blades Centennial Memorial Professor in Nursing. She has served as the School of Nursing's Associate Dean for Research (2009-2011; 1995-1999) and the University's Associate Vice President for Research (1999-2006). Dr. Brown's work is in the area of health promotion/disease prevention in Mexican Americans with type 2 diabetes. She has had ongoing research since 1992 funded by the National Institutes of Health. Dr. Brown currently is funded for four years by the National Institute of Nursing Research for a meta-analytic study, Meta-analysis of Biobehavioral Determinants of Health Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes.

Dr. Brown's intervention studies have been conducted in Starr County, an impoverished Texas-Mexico border community that holds the record for the highest number of diabetes-related deaths of any county in Texas; the county is the poorest in Texas and one of the poorest in the U.S. This work focused on developing and testing culturally tailored strategies to address the disproportionate burden of diabetes in Mexican Americans. To date, she has received nine research grants to support investigations of the efficacy of these interventions specifically designed for this population. She has conducted five meta-analytic studies to inform the intervention work. The current meta-analytic study is aimed at testing an explanatory diabetes model in order to more clearly identify those factors that are most predictive of positive health outcomes, considering race/ethnicity, age, and gender.

  • Development and testing of culturally tailored diabetes self-management interventions for underserved populations.

Current Funded Projects

  • Principal Investigator, Meta-analysis of Biobehavioral Determinants of Health Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes, R01 [1R01NR011450-01], funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health; $1,293,598 (direct + indirect costs); 2009-2013 (no-cost extension thru July 2014).
  • Co-investigator, Community-Based Diabetes Care for Korean American Immigrants, R18 [DK083936], funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health; Principal Investigator, Miyong Kim, PhD, RN, UT Austin School of Nursing; 03/01/2014 – 06/30/2014, $486,463 [UT Austin transfer grant portion of total project: $3,087,539, 08/20/09 – 06/30/2014].
  • Co-investigator, Resilience-Based Diabetes Self-Management Education Among African Americans, R34 [DK085218], funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health; Principal Investigator, Mary A. Steinhardt, EdD, UT Austin College of Education, Department of Kinesiology and Health Education; $450,000 (direct + indirect costs); 2011-2013 (no-cost extension thru February 2014).
  • Co-Investigator, Enhancing Childrens’ and Parents' Asthma Management, R01 competing continuation [5R01NR007770] funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health; Principal Investigator, Sharon D. Horner, PhD, RN, UT Austin School of Nursing; $1,912,869 (direct + indirect costs); 2008-2013 (no-cost extension thru Nov. 2014).

Completed Projects

  • Co-investigator, Health Disparities in Mexican American Women with Disabilities, R01 [5R01NR010360-01A1] funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health; Principal Investigator, Tracie C. Harrison; $1,338,165 (direct + indirect costs); 2008-2012 (no-cost extension thru February 2013).
  • Principal Investigator, Meta-analysis of Biobehavioral Determinants of Health Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes: Diversity Supplement, funded by the National Institute for Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health; $107,772; supplement for Lisa L. Sumlin, PhD student, UT Austin School of Nursing; 2010-2012.
  • Co-Investigator, Home-Based Diabetes Symptom Self-Management for Mexican Americans, R21 [DK76705-01A1] funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health; Principal Investigator, Alexandra A. García; $408,593 (direct + indirect costs); 2008-2010.
  • Co-Investigator, Mindful Restaurant Eating: A Community-Based Weight Gain Prevention Intervention, funded by the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center-Dallas, North and Central Texas Clinical and Translational Science Initiative Pilot Grant Award Program; Principal Investigator, Gayle M. Timmerman; $29,517 (total costs); 2009-2010.
  • Principal Investigator, Integrating Education, Group Support, and Case Management for Diabetic Hispanics, translational research planning grant [1R34DK073286-01A1] funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health; $450,000 (direct + indirect costs); 2006-2008 (no-cost extension to 08/2009).
  • Co-investigator, Development of a Resilience and Diabetes Education Participant Workbook, Journal, and Facilitator Manual for African American Adults with Type 2 Diabetes, funded by the Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research in Underserved Populations (CHPR) Small Grants Program, UT Austin School of Nursing NIH-funded center grant; Principal Investigator, Mary A. Steinhardt, PhD; $19,967; 2007-2008.
  • Co-Investigator, Enhancing Children's and Parents' Asthma Management, funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health; Principal Investigator, Sharon D. Horner, PhD; $1,425,860 (direct + indirect costs); 2003-2007 (no-cost extension to 2008).
  • Principal Investigator, Diabetes Education for Mexican Americans: Outreach of the Starr County Border Health Initiative, funded by the Alice Kleberg Reynolds Meyer Foundation; $5,000; 2004-2007.
  • Principal Investigator, Human Subjects Research Protections at UT Austin, funded by the National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health; $200,000, Human Subjects Research Enhancements Program; 2002-2004.
  • Principal Investigator, Education and Group Support for Diabetic Hispanics (competing continuation [5R01DK048160]), funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases and the Office of Research on Minority Health, National Institutes of Health — DK48160; $1,801,606 (direct + indirect costs); 1999-2004.
  • Principal Investigator, Education and Group Support for Diabetic Hispanics: Minority Supplement, funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health; $155,969 (direct + indirect costs); continuing minority supplement for Alexandra A. García, PhD candidate, The University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing; 2002-2004.
  • Core Nursing Faculty, Health Promoting Nursing Intervention: Underserved Women, Institutional National Research Service Award funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health; Principal Investigator, Lorraine O. Walker, EdD; $746,299 (direct + indirect costs); 2000-2005.
  • Principal Investigator and Director, Center for Health Promotion/Disease Prevention Research in Underserved Populations, funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health; $1,566,361 (direct + indirect costs); 1999-2004. (Relinquished PI and Director positions in April 2001 due to University administrative responsibilities)
  • Principal Investigator (& Center Director), Administrative Supplement for Minority Health Initiative, Center for Health Promotion/Disease Prevention Research in Underserved Populations, funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health; $74,500 (direct + indirect costs); 2000-2001.
  • Co-Investigator, Overweight Status After Childbirth, funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health; $1,753,514 (direct + indirect costs); Lorraine Walker, PhD, Principal Investigator; 1999-2004.
  • Sponsor, National Research Service Award, Alexandra A. García, PhD candidate, The University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing; Self-Care Health Practices of Mexican Americans with Type 2 Diabetes, funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research, NIH; $17,289; 1998-2000.
  • Principal Investigator, Readiness for a Diabetes Self-Management Program for Mexican Americans: A Community Assessment in Hidalgo County, funded by The University of Texas Research Grant Program; $4,995; 1998-1999.
  • Principal Investigator, Education and Group Support for Diabetic Hispanics: Minority Supplement, funded by the National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases,
  • National Institutes of Health; $84,630 (direct + indirect costs); minority supplement for Alexandra García, PhD candidate, The University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing; 1996-1998.
  • Principal Investigator, Education and Group Support for Diabetic Hispanics: Family Benefits, funded by the Special Research Grants Program, The University of Texas at Austin; $500; 1996-1996.
  • Principal Investigator, Education and Group Support for Diabetic Hispanics, funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases and the Office of Research on Minority Health, National Institutes of Health — DK48160; $1,000,175 (direct + indirect costs); 1994-1998.
  • Principal Investigator, Diabetes Patient Education in a Rural Hispanic Community, research planning grant, reviewed by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, funded by the National Center for Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health — 1R21NR03196; $36,114 (direct + indirect costs); 1992-1993 (approved for unfunded extension through April 1994); (ranked 2nd out of 42 proposals submitted).
  • Principal Investigator, Weight Loss Promotion in Type II Diabetes, Academic Research Enhancement Award (AREA), funded by the National Center for Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health — 1R15NR02773; $88,676 (direct + indirect costs); 1992-1994; priority score 119.
  • Principal Investigator, A Meta-Analysis of Process of Care, Clinical Outcomes, and Cost Effectiveness of Nurses in Primary Care Roles: Nurse Practitioners and Nurse-Midwives, funded by the American Nurses Association; $58,948 (direct + indirect costs); 1991-1992.
  • Principal Investigator, A Review of Research Literature on Effectiveness of Nurses in Primary Care Roles: Nurse Practitioners and Nurse-Midwives, funded by the American Nurses Association; $15,000 (direct + indirect costs); January 1991 — December 1991.  
  • Principal Investigator, Diabetes Education in a Mexican-American Population: Pilot Testing of Research-Based Videotapes, funded by University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Valley/Border Health Services Project, State of Texas; $102,310 (direct costs only); 1989-1993.
  • Principal Investigator, A Meta-Analysis of Studies on Outcomes of Diabetes Patient Education, funded by the Diabetes Research and Education Foundation; $20,000 (direct costs); 1988-89.
  • Principal Investigator, An Assessment of the Learning Needs of Diabetic Adults, funded by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Nursing Intramural Small Grants Program; $1,700 (direct costs only); 1988-1989.
  • Doctoral dissertation (1987). The Effects of Educational Interventions on Knowledge, Self-Care Behaviors, and Metabolic Control in Diabetic Adults: A Meta-Analysis of Findings, The  University of Texas at Austin, funded by the American Nurses Foundation, American Nurses Association; $1,320 (direct costs only); 1986-1987.
  • Principal Investigator, Nurse Traineeship Grant, Bureau of Health Professions, Department of Health and Human Services; 1988-1989 — $88,500; 1987-1988 — $71,790.
  • Master's Thesis (1980). An Assessment of the Knowledge Base of the Adult Insulin-Dependent Diabetic, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City KS.

Journal Articles

  • Steinhardt, M.A., Dubois, S.K., Brown, S.A., Harrison, L., Faulk, K.E., Park, W., & Lehrer, H.M. (in press, 2014). Positivity and indicators of health among African Americans with diabetes. American Journal of Health Behavior.
  • Brown, S.A., Becker, B.J., García, A.A., & Brown, A., & Ramírez, G. (in press, 2014). Model-driven meta-analysis for informing health care: A diabetes meta-analysis as an exemplar. Western Journal of Nursing Research.
  • Sumlin, L.L., Garcia, T.J., Brown, S.A., Winter, M., García, A.A., Brown, A., & Cuevas, H.E. (2014). Effects of depression on adherence to diet and physical activity in type 2 diabetes: A review of the evidence. The Diabetes Educator. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/0145721714538925.
  • Brown, S.A., & Hanis, C.L. (2014). Lessons learned from 20 years of diabetes self-management research with Mexican Americans in Starr County, Texas. The Diabetes Educator, 40, 476-87. doi: 10.1177/0145721714531336.
  • Brown, S.A., Kouzekanani, K., García, A.A., Orlander, P.R., & Hanis, C.L. (2013). Diabetes self-management and leptin in Mexican Americans with type 2 diabetes: The Starr County Border Health Initiative. The Diabetes Educator, 39, 815-822. doi:10.1177/0145721713505153.
  • Brown, S.A., Martin, E.E., Garcia, T.J., Winter, M.A., García, A.A., Brown, A., Cuevas, H.E., & Sumlin, L.L. (2013). Managing complex research datasets using electronic tools: A meta-analysis exemplar. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 31, 257-265. doi:10.1097/NXN.0b013e318295e69c.
  • Hammer, J.A., Jones, T.L., & Brown, S.A. (2012). Rapid response teams and failure to rescue: One community’s experience. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 27, 352-358.
  • Horner, S.D., Walker, V.G., & Brown, S.A. (2012). Is rural school-aged children’s quality of life affected by their responses to asthma? Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 27, 491-499.
  • Garcia, T.J., & Brown, S.A. (2011). Diabetes management in the nursing home: a systematic review of the literature. The Diabetes Educator, 37, 167-187.
  • Brown, S.A., García, Alexandra A., Winter, M., Kouzekanani, K., Brown, A., & Hanis, C.L. (2011). Integrating education, group support and case management for diabetic Hispanics: The Starr County Border Health Initiative. Ethnicity & Disease, 21, 20-26.
  • Wang, Y.L., Brown, S.A., & Horner, S.D. (2010). The school-based lived experiences of adolescents with type 1 diabetes: A preliminary study. Journal of Nursing Research, 18, 258-65.
  • Benavides-Vaello, S., & Brown, S.A. (2010). Evaluating guiding questions for an ethnographic study of Mexican American women with diabetes. Hispanic Health Care International, 8, 77-84(8).
  • Steinhardt, M.A., Mamerow, M.M., Brown, S.A., & Jolly, C.A. (2009). A resilience intervention in African American adults with type 2 diabetes: A pilot study of efficacy. The Diabetes Educator, 35, 274-284.
  • Conn, V.S., Hafdahl, A.R., Brown, S.A., & Brown, L.M. (2008). Meta-analysis of patient education interventions to increase physical activity among chronically ill adults. Patient Education and Counseling, 70, 157-172.
  • Brown, S.A., Blozis, S.A., Kouzekanani, K., García, A.A., Winchell, M., & Hanis, C.L. (2007). Health beliefs of Mexican Americans with type 2 diabetes: The Starr County Border Health Initiative. The Diabetes Educator, 33, 300-308.
  • Conn, V., Hafdahl, A., Mehr, D., LeMaster, J., Brown, S., & Nielsen, P. (2007). Metabolic effects of interventions to increase exercise among adults with type 2 diabetes. Diabetologia, 50, 913-921.
  • Nielsen, P.J., Hafdahl, A.R., Conn, V.S., LeMaster, J.W., & Brown, S.A. (2006). Meta-analysis of the effect of exercise interventions on fitness outcomes among adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 74, 111-120.
  • Brown, S.A., Blozis, S.A., Kouzekanani, K., Garcia, A.A., Winchell, M., & Hanis, C.L. (2005). Dosage effects of diabetes self-management education for Mexican Americans: The Starr County Border Health Initiative. Diabetes Care, 28, 527-532.
  • Benavides-Vaello, S., Garcia, A.A.,Brown, S.A., & Winchell, M. (2004). Using focus groups to plan and evaluate diabetes self-management interventions for Mexican Americans. The Diabetes Educator, 30, 238, 242, 244, 247-250, 252, 254, 256.
  • Garcia, A.A.,Brown, S.A., Winchell, M., & Hanis, C.L. (2003). Using the Behavioral Checklist to document diabetes self-management behaviors in the Starr County Diabetes Education Study. The Diabetes Educator, 29, 758-766.
  • Brown, S.A., Upchurch, S.L., & Acton, G.J. (2003). A framework for developing a valid and reliable coding scheme for meta-analysis. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 25, 205-222.
  • Brown, S.A., Garcia, A.A., & Winchell, M. (2002). Reaching underserved populations and cultural competence in diabetes education. Current Diabetes Reports, 2,166-176. (invited paper)
  • Brown, S.A., Becker, H.A., Garcia, A.A., Barton, S.A., & Hanis, C.L. (2002). Measuring health beliefs in Spanish-speaking Mexican Americans with type 2 diabetes: Adapting an existing instrument. Research in Nursing & Health, 25, 145-158.
  • Brown, S.A., Garcia, A.A., Kouzekanani, K., & Hanis, C.L. (2002). Culturally competent diabetes self-management education for Mexican Americans: The Starr County Border Health Initiative. Diabetes Care, 25(2), 259-268.
  • Garcia, A.A., Villagomez, E.T., Brown, S.A., Kouzekanani, K., & Hanis, C.L. (2001). The Starr County diabetes education study: Development and testing of a Spanish-language diabetes knowledge questionnaire. Diabetes Care, 24(1), 16-21. [Erratum published in Diabetes Care, 24(5), 972.]
  • Brown, S.A., Harrist, R.B., Villagomez, E.T., Segura, M., Barton, S.A., & Hanis, C.L. (2000). Gender and treatment differences in knowledge, health beliefs, and metabolic control in Mexican Americans with Type 2 diabetes. The Diabetes Educator, 26(3), 425-438.
  • Brown, S.A. (1999).Interventions to promote diabetes self-management: State of the Science. The Diabetes Educator, 25(6), 52-61. (invited paper)
  • Upchurch, S., Anding, R., & Brown, S.A. (1999). Promoting weight loss in persons with type 2 diabetes: What do we know about the most effective dietary approaches? Practical Diabetology, 18(3), 22-28.
  • Brown, S.A., & Hanis, C.L. (1999). Culturally competent diabetes education for Mexican Americans: The Starr County Study. The Diabetes Educator, 25(2), 226-236.
  • Brown, S.A. (1998). Diabetes interventions for minority populations: "We're really not that different, you and I." Diabetes Spectrum, 11(3), 145-149. (invited paper)
  • Brown, S.A., Upchurch, S., Garcia, A., Barton, S.A., & Hanis, C. (1998). Symptom-related self-care of Mexican Americans with NIDDM: Preliminary findings of the Starr County Diabetes Education Study. The Diabetes Educator, 24(3), 331-339.
  • Brown, S.A., Upchurch, S., Anding, R., Winter, M., & Ram’rez, G. (1996). Promoting weight loss in type II diabetes. Diabetes Care, 19(6), 613-624.
  • Quackenbush, P.A., & Brown, S.A. (1996). The influence of demographic and treatment variables on health beliefs of diabetic adults. The Diabetes Educator, 22(3), 231-236.
  • Brown, S.A., Cohen, S.M., Kaeser, L., Levine, C.D., Littleton, L.Y., Meininger, J.C., Otto, D.A., & Rickman, K.J. (1995). Nursing perspective of Boyer's Scholarship Paradigm. Nurse Educator, 20(5), 26-30.
  • Brown, S.A., & Grimes, D.E. (1995). A meta-analysis of nurse practitioners and nurse midwives in primary care. Nursing Research, 44(6), 332-339.
  • Brown, S.A., & Hanis, C.L. (1995). A community-based, culturally-sensitive education and group support intervention for Mexican-Americans with NIDDM: A pilot study of efficacy. The Diabetes Educator, 21(3), 203-210.

Commentaries and Editorials

  • Brown, S.A. (1998). Commentary on "Injecting insulin through clothing was safe and convenient." Evidence-Based Nursing, 1(1), 12. Comment on: Fleming, D.R., Jacober, S.J., Vandenberg, M.A., et al. (1997). The safety of injecting insulin through clothing. Diabetes Care, 20, 244-247.

Books/Book Chapters

  • Brown, S.A. (2007). Cultural myths and other fables about promoting health in Mexican Americans: Lessons learned from Starr County border health intervention research. In J. Angel & K. Whitfield (Eds.), The Health of Aging Hispanics: The Mexican-Origin Population. New York, NY: Springer Publishing. (invited chapter)