Health Outcomes & Pharmacy Practice


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Allen, JJB, Schnyer RN Hitt, SK. The Efficacy of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Major Depression in Women. Psychological Science 1998; 9, 397-401.

Schnyer RN, Allen JJB. Bridging the Gap in Complementary and Alternative Medicine Research: Manualization as a Means of Promoting Standardization and Flexibility of Treatment in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2002:8(5); 623-634.

Schnyer R.N, Manber R, Fitzcharlers A. Acupuncture Treatment for Depression during Pregnancy: Conceptual Framework and Two Case Reports. Complementary Health Practice Review, 2003:8(1);40-53.

Manber R, Schnyer RN, Allen JJB, Rush J, Blasey C. Acupuncture: A Promising Treatment for Depression During Pregnancy. Journal of Affective Disorders, 2004; 83:89-95.

Schnyer R, Conboy L, Jacobson E, Mc Knight P, Goddard T, Moscatelli F, Legedza A, Kerr C, Kaptchuk T, Wayne P. Development of a Chinese Medicine Assessment Measure: An Interdisciplinary Approach using the Delphi Method. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine.2005; 11(6):1005-1013.

Wayne P, Krebs D, Macklin E, Schnyer R, Kaptchuk T, Parker S, Moxley Scarborough D, McGibbon C, Schaechter J, Stein J, Stason W. Acupuncture for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation in Chronic Stroke: A Randomized Sham-Controlled Study. Arch Phys Med Rehab, 2005; 86:2248-2255.

Kaptchuk, TJ, Statson, WB, Davis RB, Legedza A, Schnyer R, Kerr, C, Stone D, Nam CH, Kirsch I, Goldman, RD. Sham Device Versus Inert Pill: a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Two Placebo Treatments for Arm Pain due to Repetitive Use. BMJ 2006; 332:391-97.

Highfield E, Laufer MR, Schnyer RN, Kerr C, Thomas P, Wayne PM. Adolescent Endometriosis-Related Pelvic Pain Treated with Acupuncture: Two case Reports. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Apr;12(3):317-22.

Huang M, Nir Y, Chen B, Schnyer R, Manber RA randomized controlled pilot study of acupuncture for postmenopausal hot flashes: effect on nocturnal hot flashes and sleep quality. Fertility and Sterility 2006 Sep;86(3):700-10.

Allen JJB, Schnyer RN, Chambers A, Hitt. SK, Moreno F, Manber R. Acupuncture for depression: A randomized controlled trial. J Clin Psychiatry 2006; 67:1665-1673.

McManus CA, Kaptchuk TJ, Schnyer RN, Goldman R, Kerr C, Nguyen , Stason WB. Experiences of Acupuncturists in a Placebo-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial
J Alt Comp Med 2007; Jun;13(5):533-8.

McManus, Schnyer R, Jian K, Ngyuen L, Nam B, Goldman R, Stason WB, Kaptchuk TJ. Sham Acupuncture Devices: Practical Advice for Researchers. Acupuncture in Medicine 2007; Jun;25(1-2):36-40.

Schaechter JD, Connell BD, Stason WB, Kaptchuk TJ, Krebs DE, Macklin EA,
Schnyer RN, Stein J, Scarborough,DM, Parker SW, McGibbon CA, PhD8, Wayne, PM
Correlated Change in Upper Limb Function and Motor Cortex Activation After Verum and Sham Acupuncture in Chronic Stroke Patients. J Alt Comp Med 2007; Jun;13(5):527-32.

Schnyer R, Wayne P, Kaptchuk T, Cheng X, Zhang Z, Stason WB. Standardization of Individualized Treatments in a Randomized Control Trial of Acupuncture for Stroke Rehabilitation. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2006; 12:106-109.

Goldman RH, Stason WB, Park SK, Kim R, Schnyer RN, Davis RB, Legedza AT, Kaptchuk TJ.
Acupuncture for Treatment of Persistent Arm Pain Due to Repetitive Use: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Clin J Pain. 2008 March/April;24(3):211-218

Kaptchuk TJ, Kelley JM, Conboy LA, Davis RB, Kerr CE, Jacobson EE, Kirsch I, Schyner RN,
Nam BY, Nguyen LT, Park M, Rivers AL, McManus C, Kokkotou E, Drossman DA, Goldman P, Lembo AJ. Components of the Placebo Effect: A randomized controlled trial in irritable
bowel syndrome. BMJ. 2008 May 3;336(7651):999-1003.

Schnyer RN, Iuliano D, Kay J, Shields M, Wayne P. Development of protocols for randomized sham-controlled trials of complex treatment interventions: Japanese acupuncture for endometriosis-related pelvic pain. J Altern Complement Med. 2008 Jun;14(5):515-22.

Duncan B, Andrews J, McDonough-Means S, Worden K, Schnyer R, Meaney FJ. The effectiveness of osteopathic manipulation in the cranial field and myofascial release or acupuncture as complementary treatments for children with spastic cerebral palsy: A pilot study. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2008 Oct;108(10):559-70.

Dennehy E, Schnyer R, Bernstein I, Gonzalez R,Shivakumar G, Kelly D, Manners D, Snow D,
Sureddi S, Suppes T. The Safety, Acceptability, and Effectiveness of Acupuncture as an Adjunctive Treatment for Bipolar Disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, accepted, November, 2008.

Reviews, chapters and editorials

Allen, J.J.B., Schnyer, R The Role of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Major Depression.  E.A. Blechman, and K. Brownell (Eds.), Behavioral Medicine for Women: A Comprehensive Handbook. 1998:764-769. New York: Guilford Press

Schnyer, R Depression in Women: Acupuncture as a Treatment. The Women's Studies Encyclopedia. 2001. Routledge International.

Schnyer, RN. Allen JJB. Depression and Mental Illness. C. M. Cassidy (Ed.), Contemporary Practice of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, 2002. Churchill Livingston. 

Schnyer, R., Birch S and H. MacPherson, Acupuncture practice as the foundation for clinical evaluation, in Acupuncture Research: Strategies for Building an Evidence Base, H. MacPherson, Editor. 2007 Elsevier: London.

Paterson C, Schnyer RN. Measuring patient-centred outcomes. MacPherson H, Hammershlag, Lewith G, Schnyer R (Eds.) Acupuncture Research: Strategies for Building an Evidence Base. 2007. London, Elsevier.

White P, Linde K, Schnyer RN. Investigating the components of acupuncture treatment. MacPherson H, Hammershlag, Lewith G, Schnyer R (Eds.) Acupuncture Research: Strategies for Building an Evidence Base. 2007 London, Elsevier.

Yeung, A, Schnyer R,  Ma, Y, Mischoulon, D. Acupuncture for the Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders, Natural Medications for Psychiatric Disorders, Second Edition, Mischoulon, D and Rosenbaum, Eds. (Under review)


Schnyer, R, Flaws, Bob. Curing Depression with Chinese Medicine. A lay person's guide. Boulder, Colorado. Blue Poppy Press; 1998.

Schnyer R , Allen J. B., Hitt, S.K., Manber R. Acupuncture in the Treatment of Major Depression: A Manual for Research and Practice. London. Churchill Livingston; 2001.

MacPherson H, Hammershlag, Lewith G, Schnyer R (Eds.) Acupuncture Research: Strategies for Building an Evidence Base. London, Elsevier; 2007.

Conference papers

Schnyer, R, Allen J. B., Manber R. & Hitt, S.K., Evaluating Inter-Rater Reliability of the Assessment of Major Depression from the Perspective of Chinese medicine: Rationale, Challenges and Preliminary Conclusions. Altern Ther 2001; 7: 110

Schnyer R, Allen JJB .Bridging the Gap in Acupuncture Research: Standardization vs. Flexibility of Treatment. Altern Ther 2001; 7:S29

Langevin HM, Hammerschlag R, Lao L, Napadow V, Schnyer R, Sherman KJ.      Controversies in acupuncture research: selection of controls and outcome measures in acupuncture clinical trials. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Dec;12(10):943-53.


Schnyer R, Wayne P, Kaptchuk T, Cheng X, Zhang Z, Stason WB. Standardization of Individualized Treatments in a Randomized Control Trial of Acupuncture for Stroke Rehabilitation. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2006; 12:106-109.

Schnyer R, Chambers, A, Hitt S, Moreno,F, Manber, R, Allen, JJB. Acupuncture for Major Depressive Disorder: Unconvincing Evidence for Efficacy in One Trial Highlights the Challenge of Research Designs. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry; 2007, Oct 68:10;1617.

Schnyer, R and Hammerschlag R. Acupuncture Research: Colonization or Interdependence? J Altern Complement Med. 2008 Jul;14(6):617

More information about Dr. Schnyer
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Last Reviewed: January 20, 2009

Division Information

Mailing Address:
Pharmacy Practice
The University of Texas
at Austin
2409 University Ave.
Stop A1900
Austin, TX, USA

Email Address: pharmacy


Young Cited for Regents Teaching Honor

Dr. Veronica Young is the recipient of a 2014 Regents' Outstanding Teaching Award from The University of Texas at Austin.
>Read more about this honor.

Barner Cited for Top Teaching Award

Dr. Jamie Barner was named as the recipient of the Educator of the Year at the first College of Pharmacy Teaching Awards Ceremony and Reception.
>Read more about this honor.

Brown Named APhA Fellow

Dr. Carolyn Brown, professor of health outcomes and pharmacy practice, has been named an APhA fellow.
>Read more about this honor.

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