Citation: F.M. Uriarte, R.E. Hebner, “Intelligent Microgrids,” in Yearbook of Science & Technology 2013. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2013, pp. 216-220.
Microgrids are of growing technical significance. They are electrically and geographically small electric power systems capable of operating connected to or islanded from a larger terrestrial grid. Electrically small refers to the amount of installed generation capacity and its voltage level. Geographically small refers to the spatial dimensions of the microgrid, which can range from a personal office to an entire residential community. Modern microgrids include a variety of power sources, renewable sources, and energy storage systems.