Combustion Emissions modeling and testing of neat biodiesel fuels

CEM researcher Dr. Hsing-Pang Liu presented his paper, “Combustion Emissions Modeling and Testing of Neat Biodiesel Fuels,” coauthored by Shannon Strank, Mike Werst, Robert Hebner, and Jude Osara, at the ASME 2010 4th International Conference on Energy Sustainability (ES2010) in Phoenix, Arizona May 17-22, 2010.

The paper presents emissions modeling and testing of a four-stroke single cylinder diesel engine using pure soybean, cottonseed, and algae biodiesel fuels. A system level engine simulation tool developed by Gamma Technologies, GTPower, was used to perform predictive engine combustion simulations using direct-injection jet modeling technique. Various physical and thermodynamic properties of the biodiesel fuels in both liquid and vapor states are required by the GT-Power combustion simulations, however, many of these fuel properties either do not exist or are not available in published literature. The properties of the individual fatty esters that comprise a biofuel determine the overall fuel properties of the biofuel. In this study, fatty acid profiles of the soybean, cottonseed, and algae methylester biodiesel fuels were identified and used for fuel property calculations. The predicted thermo-physical properties of biodiesels were then provided as fuel property inputs in the biodiesel combustion simulations.

Using the calculated biodiesel fuel properties and an assumed fuel injector sac pressure profile, engine emissions of the conventional diesel and biodiesel fuels were predicted from combustion simulations to investigate emission impacts of the biodiesel fuels. Soybean biodiesel engine emissions, which include NOx, HC, CO and CO2, measured at various engine speeds and loads in actual combustion emissions tests performed in this study, were also compared to those predicted by the combustion simulations.

For more information please contact Shannon Strank.
measured fuel injector

Measured fuel injector sac pressure profiles at engine speed of 2200 rpm under engine loads of 2.5/5/7.5/10 Nm (B100 soybean biosiesel fuel)

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