Dr. Robert Hebnerhebner

r.hebner@cem.utexas.edu
1 University Station #R7000
Austin, TX. 78712

Function: Director

Biography

Dr. Hebner joined the University of Texas at Austin in 1999.  He is the Director of the Center for Electromechanics.  The Center focuses on the production, conversion, and storage of power and energy.

Prior to joining UT, Dr. Hebner was the acting Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), an agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce.  He also served as Deputy Director of NIST, the Chief Financial Officer of NIST, and the Director of NIST’s Electronics and Electrical Engineering Laboratory.

Dr. Hebner also worked in the Office of Management and Budget, where he helped prepare the technology portions of the Administration’s 1990 budget; at Sandia, where he worked in accelerator design; and at the Advanced Research Projects Agency of the Department of Defense, where he developed programs to stimulate technical advances in semiconductor manufacturing.  He has served on a number of government review teams to assess the management of technical programs in other organizations.  He was the principal investigator and the government’s key witness in a celebrated court case involving an alleged novel approach to the efficient generation of electricity.

Dr. Hebner has had extensive experience in international technology programs, particularly in the areas of modernization of the measurement systems needed to support global trade.  He was responsible for the modernization and operation of the watthour meter calibration service that serves as the reference for all electricity metering in the United States.

Throughout his career, Dr. Hebner has been active in technical activities having received a Ph.D. in physics and having authored or coauthored more than 115 technical papers and reports.  He is a past president of the Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation Society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.  In addition, he has served on numerous technical committees that develop voluntary standards for the electric utility industry.

Current Projects
* Power systems for future electric ships, including power generation, propulsion motors, large pulsed load management, the design and control of the power system that interconnects the sources and loads, and the advanced materials used in these systems. 
* Extraction, from plant materials, of key ingredients in biodiesel and ethanol.

Research Areas/Areas of Interest
* High voltage pulse generators
* Electrical conduction and breakdown
* Superconducting motors
* Hybrid vehicle technology
* High speed generators
* Energy storage
* Advanced low-volume manufacturing

About Me
* Fellow, IEEE, since 1993
* Member, American Physical Society
* Member, American Association for the Advancement of Science
* Member, American Society of Naval Engineers
* Chair, Board of Directors, Center for Transportation and the Environment, 2000-2002
* Chair, 2nd IEEE Electric Ship Technologies Symposium, 2007
* President, IEEE Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation Society, 2004-2006, 1991-1993
* Co-chair, 1st IEEE Electric Ship Technologies Symposium, 2005br /> * Vice President, IEEE Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation Society, 1987-1991
* Member, Review Committee, Engineering Research Foundation, Sandia National Laboratory, 2007
* Member, Fellows Committee of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 1998-2002
* Member, Review Committee for the Space Power Program at Auburn University, 1992-1999br /> * Member, Review Committee, University of Missouri's Nuclear Engineering Program, 1999
* U.S. Department of Commerce Gold Medal, 1997
* Member, Review Committee for the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization's Power Technology Applications, 1991-1992
* Member, Education Committee, IEEE Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation Society, 1982-1991br /> * 1990 Harry Diamond Memorial Award, given annually by IEEE, for outstanding technical contributions to the development of power industry standards
* 1990 Harry Diamond Memorial Award, given annually by IEEE, for outstanding technical contributions to the development of power industry standards
* Member, Review Committee for U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Storage and Conservation, 1986
* U.S. Department of Commerce Silver Medal, 1986
* Member, National Research Council's Committee to Conduct an Assessment on Establishing Underwater Arcs and Flames, 1985Member, National Research Council's Committee to Conduct an Assessment on Establishing Underwater Arcs and Flames, 1985
* Chairman, IEEE Working Group on Liquid Insulation, 1979-1981; Member, 1981-1982
* Technical Advisor, EPRI-sponsored project to measure transients in electrical transmission systems, 1977-1982
* U.S. Department of Commerce Bronze Medal, 1981
* Member, NSF Review Panel for Engineering Research Equipment Grants, 1979
* Member, IEEE Task Force on Varistors and Avalanche Diode Protective Devices, 1977-1978; Task Force Secretary, 1978
* Consultant, Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton University, concerning protection against power line surges, 1977

Education
* Ph.D. Physics, University of Missouri, 1971
* M.S. Physics, University of Missouri, 1969
* B.S. Physics, St. Mary's University, San Antonio, Texas, 1967

Patents Filed as Records of Invention
* Cylindrical super-capacitor using ink jet technology deposition and thermal expansion for consolidation, (with Kent Davey and Richard Thompson), UT Tech ID OTC-5193-DAV, submitted October 2006, pending.

Publications
* C.S. Hearn, M.C. Lewis, S.B. Pratap, R.E. Hebner, F.M. Uriarte, D. Chen, and R.G. Longoria, “Utilization of Optimal Control Law to Size Grid-Level Flywheel Energy Storage,” IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 611-618, July 2013.
* F.M. Uriarte, R.E. Hebner, “Intelligent Microgrids,” in Yearbook of Science & Technology 2013. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2013, pp. 216-220.
* F.M. Uriarte, A.L. Gattozzi, J.D. Herbst, H.B. Estes. T.J. Hotz, A. Kwasinski, R.E. Hebner, “A DC Arc Model for Series Faults in Low Voltage Microgrids,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 2063-2070, December 2012.
* C.M. Beal, A.S. Stillwell, C.W. King, S. Cohen, H. Berberoglu, R.P. Bhattarai, R.L. Connelly, M.E. Webber, R.E. Hebner, “Energy Return on Investment for Algal Biofuel Production Coupled with Wastewater Treatment,” Water Environment Research, Vol. 84, No. 9, pp. 692-710, Sept. 2012.
* C.M. Beal, R.E. Hebner, D. K. Romanovicz, R.L. Connelly, “Progression of Lipid Profile and Cell Structure in a Research-Scale Production Pathway for Algal Biocrude,” Renewable Energy, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960148112003783, July 2012, Vol. 50, pp. 86-93, Feb. 2013.
* C.M. Beal, R.E. Hebner, M.E. Webber, R.S. Ruoff, A. F. Seibert, C.W. King, “Comprehensive Evaluation of Algal Biofuel Production: Experimental and Target Results,” Energies, Vol. 5, No. 6, pp. 1943-1981, June 2012.
* C.M. Beal, R.E. Hebner, M.E. Webber, “Thermodynamic Analysis of Algal Biocrude Production,” Energy, published online http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360544212003787, June 2012, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 925-943, August 2012.
* K.R. Davey, H. E. Jordan, R.J. Rodriguez, R.E. Hebner, “Generator Life and Power Electronics,” Naval Engineers Journal, Vol. 123, No. 4, pp. 31-39, Dec. 2011.
* R.V. Pearsall, R.L. Connelly, M.E. Fountain, C.S. Hearn, M.D. Werst, R.E. Hebner, E.F. Kelley, “Electrically Dewatering Microalgae,” IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul., Vol. 18, No. 5, pp. 1578-1583, Oct. 2011.
* C.M. Beal, R.E. Hebner, M.E. Webber, R.S. Ruoff, A. F. Seibert “The Energy Return on Investment for Algal Biocrude: Results for a Research Production Facility,” Bioenerg. Res., DOI 10.1007/s12155-011-9128-4, published online July 13, 2011.
* B. T. Murphy, R.E. Hebner, E.F. Kelley, “Simulating Mode Transitions during Breakdown in Liquids,” IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul., Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 682-691, June 2011.
* R. Hebner, J. Herbst, A. Gattozzi, “Pulsed Power Loads Support and Efficiency Improvement on Navy Ships,” Naval Engineers Journal, Vol. 122, No. 4, pp. 261, Dec. 2010.
* C.M. Beal, C.H. Smith, M.E. Webber, R.S. Ruoff, R.E. Hebner, “A Framework to Report the Production of Renewable Diesel from Algae,” Bioenergy Research, Springer, Aug. 12, 2010.
* S. Bae, A. Kwasinski, M.M. Flynn, R.E. Hebner, “High-Power Pulse Generator with Flexible Output Pattern,” IEEE Trans. Power Electronics, Vol. 25, No. 7, pp. 1675-1684, July 2010.
* C.M. Beal, M.E. Webber, R.S. Ruoff, R.E. Hebner, “Lipid Analysis of Neochloris oleoabundans by Liquid State NMR,” Wiley InterScience, Feb. 22, 2010, Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol. 106, No. 4, July 2010.
* R.E. Hebner, M. Kim, G.A. Hallock, “Modeling the Growth of Streamers during Liquid Breakdown,” IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul., Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 547-553, April 2008.
* W.F. Schmidt, M. Kim, R.E. Hebner, “Initiation from a Point Anode in a Dielectric Liquid,” IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul., Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 762-763, June 2007.
* L.N. Domaschk, A. Ouroua, R.E. Hebner, O.E. Bowlin, and W.B. Colson, “Coordination of large pulsed loads on future electric ships,” 13th Electromagnetic Launch Technology Symposium, Potsdam (Berlin), Germany, May 22-25, 2006, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 43, no. 1, part 2, January 2007, pp. 450-455 (PR 404).
* R.E. Hebner, J.A. Pappas, J.R. Kitzmiller, K.R. Davey, J.D. Herbst, A. Ouroua, and J. H. Beno, “Some benefits of pulsed alternators as electromagnetic gun power supplies in power systems for future electric ships,” Engine as a Weapon II, London, United Kingdom, December 5-6, 2006 (PR 444).
* M. Kim and R.E. Hebner, “Initiation from a point anode in a dielectric liquid,” IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, vol. 13, no. 6, December 2006, pp. 1254-1260 (PR 430).
* R. Hebner, H. El-Kishky, M. Abdel-Salam, and F. Brown, “Higher frequency performance of stress-grading systems for HV large rotating machines,” 2006 Annual Report IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.A., October 15-18, 2006, pp. 218-221 (PR 440).
* H. El-Kishy, R. Hebner, M. Abdel-Salam, and F. Brown, “Minimization of local field enhancement along stress-grading systems of HV large rotating machines,” 2006 Annual Report IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, Kansas City, Missouri, October 15-18, 2006, pp. 214-217 (PR 441).
* M. Kim, R.E. Hebner, and G.A. Hallock “Examination of the influence of streamer growth criteria on morphology,” 2006 annual Report IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, Kansas City, Missouri, October 15-18, 2006, pp. 772-775 (PR 439).
* K.R. Davey and R.E. Hebner, “A new strategy for representation and control of self-contained power systems,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 21, no. 3, July 2006, pp. 1558-1564 (PR 384).
* K.R. Davey and R.E. Hebner, “A new strategy for management and reconfiguration of self-contained power systems,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 21, no. 3, July 2006, pp. 1565-1570 (PR 383).
* R. Hebner, “Kerr effect, electro-optical,” Encyclopedia of Physics, 3rd Edition, Rita G. Lerner and George L. Trigg, eds., Wiley-Vch, New Paltz, NY, U.S.A., December 2005, pp. 1208-1209.
* J.F. Dillon, Jr. and R. Hebner, “Kerr effect, magneto-optical,” Encyclopedia of Physics, 3rd Edition, Rita G. Lerner and George L. Trigg, eds., Wiley-Vch, New Paltz, NY, U.S.A., December 2005, pp. 1209-1212.
* R.E. Hebner, “Electric ship power system - research at The University of Texas at Austin,” IEEE Electric Ship Technologies Symposium (ESTS 2005), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., July 25-27, 2005 (PN 298).
* K.R. Davey and R.E. Hebner, “Reconfiguration: a tool for designing new ships,” IEEE Electric Ship Technologies Symposium (ESTS 2005), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., July 25-27, 2005 (PN 295).
* M. Kim, S.D. Reedy, and R.E. Hebner, “The incipient mode of streamers in a dielectric liquid as a function of electric field,” 15th IEEE International Conference on Dielectric Liquids (ICDL 2005), Coimbra, Portugal, June 26-July 1, 2005 (PR 400).
* D.J. Dorsey, R.E. Hebner, and W.S. Charlton, “Application of prompt gamma activation analysis for the determination of water content in composite materials,” Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, vol. 265, no. 2, February 2005, pp. 315-319 (PR 432).
* K.R. Davey, C. Meek, D. Tucker, B. Shutt, and R.E. Hebner, “Approaches to shipboard power management,” ASNE Reconfiguration and Survivability Symposium 2005 (RS 2005), Jacksonville, Florida, U.S.A., February 16-18, 2005 (PN 293).
* J.F. Dillon, Jr. and R.E. Hebner, “Kerr Effect, Magneto-Optical,” Encyclopedia of Physics, third edition, R.G. Lerner and G.L. Trigg, eds.  Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH and Col KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2005, volume 1, pp. 1209-1212 (PR 433).
* D.J. Dorsey, R.E. Hebner, and W.S. Charlton, “Non-destructive evaluation of carbon fiber composite reinforcement content,” Journal of Composite Materials, vol. 38, no. 17, December 2004, pp. 1505-1519 (PR 382).
* R.E. Hebner, et al., “An electromagnetic gun power supply as a component of an electric ship power system,” ASNE High Powered Weapon Systems for Electric Ship 2004, Annapolis, Maryland, U.S.A., December 7-9, 2004 (PN 292).
* A.T. Wilder and R.E. Hebner, “Frequency dependence of partial discharge initiation voltages with embedded electrodes,” Proceedings, 26th International Power Modulator Symposium and 2004 High-Voltage Workshop, San Francisco, California, U.S.A., May 23-26, 2004, pp. 27-29 (PN 287).
* K.R. Davey and R.E. Hebner, “Pulsed power electromechanics - permanent magnets versus copper coils,” Proceedings, 26th International Power Modulator Symposium and 2004 High Voltage Workshop, San Francisco, California, U.S.A., May 23-26, 2004 (PN 286), pp. 318-321.
* K.R. Davey and R.E. Hebner, “Reconfiguration of shipboard power systems,” IASME Transactions, vol. 1, no. 2, April 2004, pp. 241-246 (PR 362).
* J.H. Beno, M.M. Flynn, R.J. Hayes, R.E. Hebner, J.R. Jackson, A. Ouroua, M.A. Pichot, E. Schroeder, J.J. Zierer, and D.A. Weeks, “Design and Analysis of a 20 MW Propulsion Power Train,” Proc. 7th Intl. Naval Engineering Conference and Exhibition (INEC), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, March 16-18, 2004, pp. 409-414 (PR 341).
* R.E. Hebner and R.B. Marks, “Government/industry interactions in the global standards system,” The Standards Edge: Dynamic Tension 2004, S. Bolin, ed., Sheridan Books, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A., pp. 103-114 (PR 357).
* K. Davey and R.E. Hebner, “A fundamental look at energy storage focusing primarily on flywheels and superconducting energy storage,” Electric Energy Storage Applications and Technologies EESAT 2003 Conference Abstracts, San Francisco, California, U.S.A., October 27-29, 2003, pp. 17-18 (PN 280).
* A.T. Wilder, R.E. Hebner, and Y. Wang, “Surface finish effects on partial discharge with embedded electrodes,” Annual Report, 2003 IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.A., October 19-22, 2003, pp. 555-558 (PN 275).
* Y. Gao, S.E. Gay, M. Eshasni, R.F. Thelen, and R.E. Hebner, “Flywheel electric motor/generator characterization for hybrid vehicles,” Proceedings, IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2003-Fall), Orlando, Florida, U.S.A., October 6-9, 2003, vol. 6, pp. 3321-3325 (PN 278).
* J.A. Pappas, A.L. Gattozzi, and R.E. Hebner, “Pulsed-duty characterization of turn-off for a population of SCRs and the practical effect of variations on equalization circuit design,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 39, no. 1, January 2003, pp. 432-436 (PR 307).
* R.E. Hebner, “International technical standards -- an overview,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE2002), New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A., November 17-22, 2002 (PR 360).
* R.E. Hebner, “Factors contributing to streamer morphology,” Proceedings, 14th International Conference on Dielectric Liquids, (ICDL 2002), Graz, Austria, July 7-12, 2002, pp. 155-158 (PR 324).
* J.H. Beno, R.C. Thompson, and R.E. Hebner, “Flywheel batteries for vehicles,” Proceedings, 2000 Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Workshop, San Antonio, Texas, U.S.A., June 20-21, 2002, vol. 6, pp. 4014-4018 (PN 271).
* D.J. Dorsey, W.S. Charlton, and R.E. Hebner, “Cold neutron prompt gamma-ray activation analysis for the non-destructive evaluation of composite material elemental constituents,” 4th International Conference on Materials and Mechanics in Design, Nagoya, Japan, June 8, 2002 (PN 270).
* A.L. Gattozzi and R.E. Hebner, “Inconsistencies in electric motor certification requirements,” 6th IASTED International Multi-Conference on Power and Energy Systems (PES 2002), Marina Del Rey, California, U.S.A., May 13-15, 2002 (PR 322). * R.E. Hebner, J.H. Beno, and W.A. Walls, “Flywheel batteries come around again,” IEEE Spectrum, vol. 39, no. 4, April 2002, pp. 46-51 (PR 328).
* R.E. Hebner, J.H. Beno, and J.D. Herbst, “Composite flywheels for energy storage - design considerations,” Electrical Energy Storage - Applications and Technology, San Francisco, California, U.S.A., April 2002 (PN 263).
* E. Meintanis, R.D. Bengtson, and R.E. Hebner, “Power systems study for two variable specific impulse magnetoplasma rocket applications,” Space 2002:  8th International Conference and Exposition on Engineering, Construction, Operations, and Business in Space, March 2002 (PR 319).
* R.E. Hebner, “NIST and the CEIDP - working together to advance technology,” 2001 Annual Report, Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, IEEE Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation Society, 2001, pp. 261-264 (PN 259).
* K. Pandy, D.J. Dorsey, W.S. Charleton, and R.E. Hebner, “Reproducibility experiments and optimization of the neutron and gamma-ray shielding for the UT PGAA system,” Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, vol. 85, 2001, pp. 437-438 (PN 269).
* R.B. Marks and R.E. Hebner, “Government activity to increase benefits from the global standards system,” Proceedings, 2nd IEEE Conference on Standardization and Innovation in Information Technology, Boulder, Colorado, U.S.A., October 3-6, 2001, pp. 183-190 (PR 316/320).
* Y. Ichiyama, H. Asahi, R.S. Hudson, R.W. Carnes, and R.E. Hebner, “Toughness improvement of resistance-butt welded joints in steel,” 54th Assembly of the International Institute of Welding, July 8-14, 2001 (PN 260).
* R.E. Hebner and T.A. Aanstoos, “Energy storage for sustainable systems; a white paper on the benefits and challenges of kinetic energy storage,” National Science Foundation Workshop on Sustainable Energy, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A., November 28-December 1, 2000 (PN 252).
* Y. Ichiyama, H. Asahi, R.S. Hudson, R.W. Carnes, and R. Hebner, “Homopolar pulse welding of martensitic stainless steel linepipe,” 3rd International Conference on Pipeline Technology Conference, Brugge, Belgium, May 22-24, 2000 (PN 248).
* R.E. Hebner, “Meeting the challenge to keep electrical measurements consistent globally,” Digest, 2000 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, May 14-19, 2000, pp. 337-338 (PN 247).
* R. E. Hebner, “Standards and Trade – Who Really Cares,” Technology, Standards, and the Standardization Process – Their Impact on Innovation and International Competitiveness, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, U.S.A., 1999, pp. 4-16.
* R.E. Hebner, “Technology Will Keep Us Competitive,” Laser Focus World, 1998, pp. 71-73.
* R.E. Hebner, “Converting Technology to Commerce,” Laser Focus World, 1998, pp. 67-68.
* P.J. McKenny, E.O. Forster, E.F. Kelley, and R.E. Hebner, “Effect of pressure on the development of prebreakdown streamers – collapse and reversal,” Annual Report of the Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP), Ottawa, Canada, October 17-20, 1988, IEEE Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation Society, pp. 263-268.
* E.F. Kelley, M. Nehmadi, R.E. Hebner, M.O. Pace, A.L. Wintenberg, T.V. Blalock, and J.V. Foust, “Measurement of partial discharges in hexane under dc voltage,” Annual Report of the Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP), Ottawa, Canada, October 16-20, 1988, pp. 394-402.
* E.F. Kelley, R.E. Hebner, W.E. Anderson, J.A. Lechner, and J.L. Blue, “The effect of an oil-paper interface parallel to an electric field on the breakdown voltage at elevated temperatures,” IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. 23, no. 2, April 1988, pp. 249-259.
* R.E. Hebner, “Measurement of Electrical breakdown in liquids,” Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on the Liquid State and Its Electrical Properties, July 5-17, 1987, Sintra Portugal, Plenum Pub. Corp., New York City, NY, U.S.A., 1988, pp. 519-537.
* E.F. Kelley, N. Nehmadi, R.E. Hebner, P.J. McKenny, and E.O Forster, “Simultaneous measurement of light emission current pulses and growth of pre-breakdown streamers in hexane,” Proceedings 1987 Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP), National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland, U.S.A., October 19-22, 1987, published by IEEE as 1987 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation, pp. 132-137, October 1987.
* G.J. FitzPatrick, E.O. Forster, R.E. Hebner, and E.F. Kelley, “Prebreakdown cathode processes in liquid hydrocarbons,” IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. EI-22, no. 4, August 1987, pp. 453-458.
* R.E. Hebner, E.F. Kelley, G.J. FitzPatrick, and E.O. Forster, “The effect of pressure on streamer inception and propagation in liquid hydrocarbons,” Proceedings 9th International Conference on Conduction and Breakdown in Dielectric Liquids, Salford, England, July 27-31, 1987.
* E.F. Kelley and R.E. Hebner, “Electro-Optic field measurement at a needle tip and streamer initiation in nitrobenzene,” Proceedings 1986 Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP), Claymont, Delaware, U.S.A., November 2-6, 1986, published by IEEE as 1986 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP), pp. 272-277, October 1986.
* R.E. Hebner, “High-speed data systems for pulsed power application,” Proceedings 5th IEEE Pulsed Power Conference, Arlington, Virginia, U.S.A., pp. 168-171, May 1986.
* E.F. Kelley, R.E. Hebner, G.J. FitzPatrick, and E.O. Forster, “The effect of pressure on streamer initiation in n-hexane,” Proceedings IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation, IEEE publication, May 1986, pp. 66-68.
* R.E. Hebner, “Electro-optical measurement techniques,” NATO Advanced Study Institute on Fast Electrical and Optical Diagnostic Principles and Techniques, Plenum Pub. Corp., New York, NY, U.S.A., May 1986, pp. 5-25.
* G.J. FitzPatrick, E.O. Forster, E. F. Kelley, and R. E. Hebner, “Streamer initiation in liquid hydrocarbons,” 1985 Annual Report – Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP),” Amherst, New York, U.S.A., October 20-24, 1985, IEEE publication, pp. 27-32, October 1985.
* R.E. Hebner, E.F. Kelley, E. Forster, and G. FitzPatrick, “Observation of prebreakdown and breakdown phenomena in liquid hydrocarbons II.  non-uniform field conditions,” IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. EI-20, no. 2, April 1985, pp. 281-292.
* R.E. Hebner, E.F. Kelley, E.O. Forster, and G.J. FitzPatrick, “Observation and pre-breakdown phenomena in liquid hydrocarbons in non-uniform conditions,” Conference Record of the 8th IEEE International Conference on Conduction and Breakdown Dielectric Liquids, December 1984.
* E.F. Kelley and R.E. Hebner, “Measurement of the electric field in the vicinity of an oil-pressboard interface parallel to the field,” IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. EI-19, no. 6, December 1984, pp. 519-523.
* G.J. FitzPatrick, E.O. Forster, R.E. Hebner, and E.F. Kelley, “Streamer initiation in liquid hydrocarbons under divergent field conditions,” Annual Report 1984 Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP), Wilmington, Delaware, October 21-25, 1984, U.S.A., pp. 291-296.
* R.E. Hebner, “The measurements of high current and voltage pulses,” Pulsed Power Lecture Series, Lecture No. 35, 45 , Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, July 1984.
* R.E. Hebner, E. Kelley, E.O. Forster, and G.J. FitzPatrick, “Observation of prebreakdown and breakdown phenomena in liquid hydrocarbons II. Non-uniform field conditions, “Proceedings IEEE International Conference on Electrical Insulation Pavia, Italy, July 24-27, 1984.
* R.E. Hebner and E.F. Kelley, “Electro-optic electric-field measurements near oil-pressboard interfaces,” Conference Record of 1984 IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation, June 11-13, 1984, pp. 311-314.
* R.E. Hebner, E.F. Kelley, G.J. FitzPatrick, and E.O. Forster, “The effect of aromatic impurities on the positive streamer growth in Marcol 70,” Conference Record of 1984 IEEE Intl. Symposium on Electrical Insulation, June 11-13, 1984, pp. 284-287.
* E.F. Kelley and R.E. Hebner, “Electro-optic measurement of the electric field distribution in transformer oil, IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems,” vol. PAS-102, no. 7, July 1983, pp. 2092-2097.
* R.H. McKnight and R.E. Hebner, Editors, Proceedings Workshop on Electrical Measurements in Pulsed Power Systems, National Bureau of Standards (U.S.), NBS Special Publication 628, 1982.
* M. Zahn, E.O. Forster, E.F. Kelley, and R.E. Hebner, “Hydrodynamic shock wave propagation after electrical breakdown,” Journal of Electrostatics, vol. 12, 1982, pp. 535-536 (PR 446).
* R.E. Hebner, E.F. Kelley, E.O. Forster, and G.J. FitzPatrick, “Observation of prebreakdown and breakdown phenomena in liquid hydrocarbons,” Journal of Electrostatics, vol. 12, 1982, pp. 265-283.
* R.E. Hebner, “Experimental comparison of step-response and ramp-response measurements of freestanding dividers,” Proceedings Workshop on Measurement of Electrical Quantities in Pulse Power Systems National Bureau of Standards (U.S.), NBS Special Publication 628, 1982.
* R.E. Hebner, “Kerr effect, electro-optical,” in Encyclopedia of Physics, R.G. Lerner and G.L. Trigg, Ed., Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc. Reading, Massachusetts, U.S.A., 1981, pp. 483-484.
* M. Zahn, E.O. Forster, E.F. Kelley, and R.E. Hebner, “Hydrodynamic shock wave propagation after electrical breakdown,” 7th International Conference on Conduction and Breakdown in Dielectric Liquids, Berlin, West Germany, 1981, pp. 398-403.
* R.E. Hebner, E.F. Kelley, E.O. Forster, and G.J. FitzPatrick, “Observations of prebreakdown and breakdown phenomena in liquid hydrocarbons,” 7th International Conference on Conduction and Breakdown in Dielectric Liquids, Berlin, West Germany, 1981, pp. 177-181.
* R.E. Hebner, E.F. Kelley, E.O. Forster, and G.J. FitzPatrick, “Observations of prebreakdown and breakdown phenomena in liquid hydrocarbons II.  Point-plane geometry,” 1981 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP), 1981, pp. 377-389.
* E.F. Kelley and R.E. Hebner, “Electrical breakdown in composite insulating systems: liquid-solid interface parallel to the field,” IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. EI-16, no. 4, August 1981, pp. 297-303.
* E.F. Kelley and R.E. Hebner, “Prebreakdown phenomena between sphere-sphere electrodes in transformer oil,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 38, no. 4, February 15, 1981, pp. 231-233.
* E.F. Kelley and R.E. Hebner, “The electric field distribution associated with prebreakdown phenomena in nitrobenzene,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 52, no. 1, January 1981, pp. 191-195.
* R. E. Hebner and M. Misakian, “Temperature dependence of the electro-optic Kerr coefficient of nitrobenzene,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 50, no. 9, September 1979, pp. 6016-6017.
* R.E. Hebner and S. Annestrand, “Evaluation of calibration techniques for multimegavolt impulses dividers,” 3rd Intl. Symposium on High Voltage Engineering, Milan, Italy, 1979, vol. 42, no.18, pp. 1-4.
* E.F. Kelley and R.E. Hebner, “Time evolution of the electric field associated with prebreakdown phenomena in liquids,” 1979 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation (CEIDP) Phenomena, Washington, D.C., U.S.A., pp. 203-211, National Academy of Sciences.
* E.F. Kelley and R.E. Hebner, “Measurement of prebreakdown electric fields in liquid insulants,” 1978 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP), Washington, D.C., pp. 206-212, National Academy of Sciences.
* R.E. Hebner, R.A. Malewski, and E.C. Cassidy, “Optical methods of electrical measurement at high voltage levels,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 65, no. 11, November 1977, pp. 1524-1548.
* M. Misakian and R. E. Hebner, “Kerr coefficients of polychlorinated biphenyls and chlorinated naphthalene,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 47, no. 9, September 1976, pp. 4052-4055.
* R.E. Hebner and S.R. Booker, “A portable Kerr system for the measurement of high voltage pulses,” Proceedings 1975 IEEE Southeast, pp. 3A-l-1 through 3A-5-1.
* R. E. Hebner, E. C. Cassidy, and J. E. Jones, “Improved techniques for the measurement of high-voltage impulses using the electro-optic Kerr effect,” IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. IM-24, no. 4, December 1975, pp. 361-366.
* K.J. Nygaard, R.E. Hebner, J.D. Jones, and R.J. Corbin, “Photoionization of the 62P3/2,1/2 fine-structure levels in cesium,” Physical Review A, vol. 12, no. 4, October 1975, pp. 1440-1447.
* E.C. Cassidy, R.E. Hebner, M. Zahn, and R.J. Sojka, “Kerr-effect studies of an insulating liquid under varied high-voltage conditions,” IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. EI-9, no. 2, June 1974, p. 43-56.
* R.E. Hebner, E.C. Cassidy, M. Zahn, and R. Sojka, “Electric field distributions and space charge behavior in nitrobenzene under low frequency alternating voltage,” 1973 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP), Washington, D.C., U.S.A., pp. 112-119, National Academy of Sciences.
* R.E. Hebner, J.D. Jones, and K.J. Nygaard, “GaAs laser experiments for the undergraduate laboratory,” The American Journal of Physics, vol. 41, no. 2, February 1973, pp. 217-221.
* E.C. Cassidy and R.E. Hebner, “Experimental study of the behavior of nitrobenzene under varied high voltage conditions,”1972 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP), Washington, D.C., U.S.A., pp. 37-44, National Academy of Sciences.
* R.E. Hebner and E.C. Cassidy, “Measurement of 60 Hz voltages using the Kerr effect,” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 43, no. 12, December 1972, pp. 1839-1841.
* Y.B. Hahn, R.E. Hebner, D.R. Kastelein, and K.J. Nygaard, “Channeltron gain in magnetic fields,” The Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 43, no 4, April 1972, pp. 695-696.
* R.E. Hebner and K.J. Nygaard, “A new method for studying model behavior and temperature tuning of pulsed room-temperature GaAs lasers,” Physica, vol. 58, 1972, p. 225.
* R.E. Hebner and K.J. Nygaard, “Selective depopulation of the 62S½ (F=3) level in cesium,” Journal of the Optical Society of America, vol. 61, no. 11, 1971, pp. 1455-1459.
* K.J. Nygaard and R.E. Hebner, “Two-step photoionization in cesium vapors,” Thermionic Conversion Specialist Conference, San Diego, California, U.S.A., October 4-6, 1971, IEEE Conference Record, pp. 288-291.
* K.J. Nygaard and R.E. Hebner, “Photo-excitation and ionization rates in cesium,” IEEE Thermionic Energy Conversion Specialist Meeting, October 26-29, 1970, pp. 325-326.

 
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