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# Article Title
1 Evaluation of a DOL TAACCCT Grant Program: Austin Community College's Health Professions Academy

Evaluation of a DOL TAACCCT Grant Program: Austin Community College's Health Professions Academy

Principal Investigator:

Kelly S. Mikelson, Ph.D.

Sponsor(s):

Austin Community College, Northern Virginia Community College

Project Duration:

February 2014 – September 2015

Description:

A Ray Marshall Center (RMC) research team, led by Dr. Christopher King and Dr. Kelly Mikelson, are conducting an evaluation of the TAACCCT (Trade Adjusmtent Assistance Community College and Career Training) grant to Austin Community College (ACC), a co-grantee with Northern Virginia Community College (NOVA), funded by the U.S. Department of Labor. ACC developed the Heath Professions Academy to deliver individualized, computer-based education to improve the prerequisite completion rate for students pursuing a healthcare career. In addition, about 30% of the ACC students are supported by CapitalIDEA which provides high-touch case management for eligible learners. The RMC evaluation will track the ACC students throught the Health Professions Academy and examine labor market outcomes for students using Unemployment Insurance (UI) wage data. The evaluation will run through September 2015.

Reports Available:

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2 Texas Middle and High School Counselor Demand/Supply

Principal Investigator:

Greg Cumpton, MPA

Sponsor:

Texas Education Grantmaker Advocacy Fund, Austin Community Foundation

Project Duration:

March 2014 - Septmeber 2014

Description:

High school counselors have the potential to play a critical role in promoting students’ high school completion and college readiness. The Texas Legislature has frequently recognized the importance of counselors in delegating important responsibilities to them, most recently in the case of House Bill 5 in regards to counselors’ assisting students in understanding and choosing curricular pathways, graduation plans, and endorsements. However, the legislative cuts to educational appropriations in 2011 appear to have reduced the supply of counselors in the state, possibly preventing the new curricular mandates in HB5 from being fully implemented. Despite the importance of counselors, limited research exists on factors that affect the supply of counselors and the effects of this supply on student outcomes. The purpose of this study is to analyze trends in the supply of counselors and the demand for their services, understood as trends in the student population, and to estimate the effects of counselors on students’ likelihood of finishing high school and enrolling in college. The study will specifically investigate whether students attending schools and districts that eliminated counseling staff as a result of the 2011 budget cuts fared worse than their peers in contexts where the student-to-counselor ratio was relatively maintained.

Reports Available:

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3 Evaluation of the Tulsa Community College Consortium's TAACCCT Efforts

Evaluation of the Tulsa Community College Consortium's TAACCCT Efforts

Principal Investigator:

Christopher T. King, Ph.D.

Co-Principal Investigator: Tara Smith, MPA

Sponsors:

Corporation for a Skilled Workforce

Project Duration:

September 2013 to September 2016

Description:

Ray Marshall Center researchers, led by Dr. Christopher King and Tara Smith, are conducting an evaluation of the TAACCCT (Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training) Advanced Manufacturing Grant to Tulsa Community College (TCC) funded by the U.S. Department of Labor in partnership with researchers at Ann Arbor-based Corporation for a Skilled Workforce.  TCC is strategically aligning workforce, education and training activities to develop sustainable career pathways in advanced manufacturing, aerospace and other industries with national and/or industry-recognized credentials, as well as offering an array of support services.  The evaluation will run through September 2016.
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4 Evaluating Supply and Demand Tools and Methodologies

Evaluating Supply and Demand Tools and Methodologies

Principal Investigator:

Kelly S. Mikelson, Ph.D.

Sponsor:

Texas Workforce Investment Council, Texas Workforce Commission

Project Duration:

March 2014 – July 2014

Description:

A Ray Marshall Center research team, led by Dr. Christopher King and Dr. Kelly Mikelson, are conducting research for the Texas Workforce Investment Council (TWIC) designed to assess currently available workforce supply/demand planning tools in order to help workforce programs and community and technical colleges in Texas to more effectively plan their program offerings. The project objectives are to:
  • Assess the capabilities and availability of supply/demand planning tools used in Texas, with special attention to the ability of these tools to effectively anticipate occupational shortages, enabling community and technical colleges to more effectively plan program offerings to meet the demands for technically skilled graduates in an ever changing Texas labor force.
  • Determine the way in which these tools are being used, and what groups are using them.
  • In consultation with tool users, develop recommendations to improve the practical value of planning tools, whether by making changes to the existing tools or developing new tools.
  • In making recommendations, consider the inclusion of a prospective look at occupational demand and accounting for student mobility within the state.
The project will result in a final report and recommendations to TWIC in July 2014.

Reports Available:

Estimating Labor Demand and Supply in Texas: How Planning Tools and Data are Used

Authors: Kelly S. Mikelson, Matt Giani, Christopher T. King, Amna Khan
Date: July 2014
Publication Type: Final Report, 98pp

 

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5 Gulf Coast IT Pathways Consortium Evaluation

Gulf Coast IT Pathways Consortium Evaluation

Principal Investigator:

Heath J. Prince, Ph.D.

Co-Principal Investigator: Celeste Alexander, Ph.D.

Sponsors:

The Aspen Institute, US Department of Labor

Project Duration:

May 2013 to March 2016

Description:

The Aspen Institute in collaboration with the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin is carrying out a high-quality, non-experimental (comparison cohort) impact analysis and implementation study to provide evidence on the effectiveness of the Gulf Coast IT Pathways Consortium with funding provided by the US Department of Labor's Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training (TAACCCT) Program.  The Consortium, which consists of nine community colleges in Mississippi and Lousiana, is tasked with addressing the challenges facing trade-impacted workers and meeting the high demand for IT workers in their regions. 

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6 Two-Generation Anthology: Ascend

Two-Generation Anthology - Christopher King

Official Project Title: Two Generation Anthology - Ascend


Principal Investigator:

Christopher King


Sponsor:

The Aspen Institute's Ascend Program Innovation Fund

Project Duration:

December 2012 - May 2014

Description:

The Ray Marshall Center has received a grant from the Aspen Institute’s Ascend Program Innovation Fund to edit a volume of writings on strategies for combating inter-generational poverty that can be widely read, cited, and used by other researchers, practitioners, and policymakers.  Ascend Fellows Christopher King, Lindsay Chase-Lansdale and Mario Small will serve as editors for this volume. By documenting various applications of the two-generation approach piloted by Ascend Fellows and relevant measures of success, the anthology will support a wider understanding of and credibility for two-generation anti-poverty strategies. The Aspen Institute plans to publish the volume in Summer 2014.  For more on the Ascend Fellows Program, visit the Program’s website.

Reports Available:

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7 Training for Regional Energy in North Dakota (TREND)

TREND - Heath Prince

Official Project Title: Training for Regional Energy in North Dakota (TREND)


Principal Investigator:

Heath Prince

 

Sponsor:

United States Department of Labor and the Corporation for a Skilled Workforce (CSW)

Project Duration:

February 2013 - January 2016

Description:

Training for Regional Energy in North Dakota (TREND) is a consortium of five community colleges that are collaborating to address labor shortages in the state’s energy sector.  Leaders from these institutions are equipping workers with post-secondary certificates and credentials in order to meet employers’ needs for a skilled workforce, as well as to help ensure that workers can access and succeed in this rapidly expanding sector. To this end, TREND will pursue the following strategies:

1. Develop new and enhanced curricula and credentials to help students find jobs in oil and gas, transportation and building and construction trades in North Dakota;

2. Redesign the program development and delivery systems provided by the colleges to support more flexible and technology-enabled learning; and

3. Offer enhanced student support services and career navigation to increase retention and placement.

The Ray Marshall Center (RMC) has joined with the Corporation for a Skilled Workforce (CSW) as an external program evaluator for this project. In order to determine how TREND is implemented, as well as its outcomes, CSW and RMC have proposed an integrated evaluation approach that includes both an implementation and an impact evaluation. This grant is funded by the Department of Labor and will run through 2016.

Reports Available:

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8 Growing Regional Opportunity for the Workforce-Expanding the Border for Lower Skilled Adults (GROW)

WIF/GROW

Principal Investigator:

Heath Prince

Sponsor:

Jobs for the Future, US Department of Labor

Project Duration:

September-December 2012 – January 2016

Description:

Growing Regional Opportunity for the Workforce: Expanding the Border for Lower Skilled Adults (GROW) is a bold and ambitious “Type B” project to transform the workforce development system in a five-WIB region along the Texas-Mexico border. The Border Workforce Alliance (BWA) – a consortium comprised of the Cameron, Lower Rio, Middle Rio, South Texas and Upper Rio Workforce Investment Boards are partnering with regional employers, one-stop operators, community colleges, training providers, and community-based organizations, and with national workforce intermediary Jobs for the Future, to align and strengthen workforce system components to accelerate credential attainment and career entry by lower-skilled adults and meet the skilled workforce needs of key industry sector employers.

Reports Available:

Growing Regional Opportunity for the Workforce: Project G.R.O.W. Taking Root in the Texas-Mexico Border Areas

Authors: Dan O'Shea, Heath J. Prince, Ashweeta Patnaik, Amna Khan, and Greg Cumpton
Date: August 2014
Publication Type: Interim Process Analysis Report, 147pp

 

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9 Local Rule - Integrated Child Support System (ICSS) Evaluation – Daniel G. Schroeder

Integrated Child Support System Evaluation

Principal Investigator:

Daniel G. Schroeder

Sponsor:

Texas Office of the Attorney General, Office of Child Support Enforcement

Partner:

Child and Family Planning Research Partnership

Project Duration:

June 2011 – August 2016

Description:

The Ray Marshall Center is conducting a program evaluation to measure the impacts of the Integrated Child Support System (ICSS) that requires those getting divorced or separated to be referred to the Texas Office of the Attorney General (OAG) for IV-D child support services. Operating under a waiver from the federal Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) in 17 counties, the ICSS changes the default action from opt-in to opt-out in order to increase participation in IV-D services, raise child support compliance, and avoid the accumulation of child support debt.

The evaluation will report on child support compliance over time, including amount of payment and stability of payment as well as enforcement actions taken, cost effectiveness, and reasons parents choose to opt out.

Researchers will conduct the waiver evaluation using a combination of random assignment and comparison site evaluation designs to measure the impacts of the waiver at statewide and county-level operational scales in Texas. The evaluation will use multiple data sets, including OAG administrative records data for determining child support case characteristics, child support obligations, collections, and enforcement actions; Unemployment Insurance (UI) quarterly wage records, U.S. Census data, county level child support data, and other data sources.

Reports Available:

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10 Administrative Data Research and Evaluation (ADARE) Alliance, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Study - Daniel G. Schroeder

Administrative Data Research and Evaluation (ADARE) Alliance, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Study

Principal Investigator:

Daniel G. Schroeder

Sponsor:

U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service

Research Partners:

The Jacob France Institute at the University of Baltimore, University of Chicago, University of Kentucky, Georgia State University, and W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

Project Duration:

April 2010 – April 2015

Description:

The goals of the ADARE-SNAP study will be to analyze the interaction of SNAP caseload and recipient household composition dynamics aligned with receipt of Unemployment Insurance (UI) benefits and participation in UI covered employment, and to demonstrate by state-specific approaches and accomplishments how analyses based on longitudinal files of linked confidential state administrative data files can be replicated in other states, and extended and refined by the partners in the consortium states.

The Ray Marshall Center will link longitudinal files of administrative records - SNAP administrative data, UI benefits data, and State UI wage records – to understand the sequencing of SNAP and UI applications, factors affecting the duration of SNAP and UI benefits, and the extent to which these patterns of outcomes are affected by the recession.

Reports Available:

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11 Evaluation of Urban Fathers Asset Building Initiative (NCP-IDA) – Daniel G. Schroeder

Evaluation of Urban Fathers Building Assests Initiatve

Principal Investigator:

Daniel G. Schroeder

Sponsor:

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement

Research Partners:

Texas Office of the Attorney General, RAISE Texas, Harris County Precinct One, Baylor College of Medicine’s Young Fathers/Bootstrap project, Covenant Community Capital

Project Duration:

January 2011 – September 2014

Description:

The Urban Fathers Asset Building (UFAB) project is demonstrating an innovative nexus between the child support system, fatherhood programs and Assets for Independence (AFI) grant-funded services. UFAB is a collaborative initiative of the Texas Office of the Attorney General, Baylor College of Medicine’s Teen Health Clinic, and Covenant Community Capital Corporation, the local AFI grantee in Houston. UFAB targets low-income, young fathers—a population notably under-served by financial education services regularly provided under AFI—prior to their need for enforcement of child support orders.

UFAB intends to recruit and enroll up to 200 new or expectant young fathers who reside in the urban core of Houston, Texas, near the time of the births of their children in order to encourage financial literacy and asset building to become more economically self-sufficient. Simultaneously, the demonstration presents the opportunity to provide information about child support laws and enforcement to the young fathers at this early stage of family formation, as well as to personnel of collaborating entities at the community level. The grant also authorizes OAG to build awareness and support for this and other efforts of OAG’s Child Support Division throughout the state, including Child Support for College and the Bring it Back to Texas program. UFAB involves collaboration at the statewide level between the OAG and RAISE Texas, the statewide association of AFI grantees, for the purpose of disseminating child support information, including family stability initiatives to the grantees and their local partners.

The Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources of the LBJ School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin has been contracted by OAG as the project evaluator to conduct process and outcomes analyses of UFAB.

Reports Available:

Urban Fathers Asset Building Project-  Interim Implementation Report

Authors: Daniel G. Schroeder, Dan O'Shea, Amna Khan, and Cynthia Juniper
Date: June 2013

Publication Type: Report. 60 pp.

Urban Fathers Asset Building Project - Evaluation Plan

Authors: Daniel G. Schroeder and Dan O'Shea
Date: May 2011

Publication Type: Report. 23 pp.


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12 Workforce Data Quality Initiative – Christopher T. King and Tara Smith

Workforce Data Quality Initiative

Principal Investigator:

Christopher T. King

Co-Principal Investigator: Tara Smith

Sponsor:

U.S. Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration

Research Partners:

Texas Workforce Commission

Project Duration:

December 2010 – June 2014

Description:

Texas’ Workforce Data Quality Initiative aims to develop a comprehensive system for analysis of workforce and education participation and outcomes. In partnership with the Texas Workforce Commission, the Ray Marshall Center (RMC) is working to build, test, improve and expand data linkages across linked individual-level, longitudinal education and workforce records.

Through this project, researchers will be able to identify and assess postsecondary pathways and transitions between education, employment and other outcomes for students exiting the public school system as well as analyze the performance of the human capital development system in Texas, spanning secondary education through postsecondary education and workforce training and employment. Additional data sources that will be linked into workforce and education records include corrections, Vital Statistics and federal and military employment from the Federal Employment Data Exchange System (FEDES). The project will also identify barriers to linking these data systems and present possible options for addressing these barriers.


Outcomes and data from the Workforce Data Quality Initiative will be used to enhance program improvement, performance management, and research. This will provide researchers and local ISD administrators, as well as state and local policy makers with information that could ultimately be used to improve young adult connections with the workforce system and help students and parents identify career pathways to high-wage employment.

Reports Available:

Workforce Data Quality Initiative Research Brief 7

This publication is the seventh in a series of briefs from research conducted as part of the Texas Workforce Data Quality Initiative. This research brief describes postsecondary education and employment outcomes for 2008 and 2009 Central Texas high school graduates.

Workforce Data Quality Initiative Research Brief 6

This publication is the sixth in a series of briefs from research conducted as part of the Texas Workforce Data Quality Initiative. This research brief uses Texas data to analyze factors that influence the time it takes for college students to earn a postsecondary degree.

Workforce Data Quality Initiative Research Brief 5

This publication is the fifth in a series of briefs from research conducted as part of the Texas Workforce Data Quality Initiative. This research brief explores the effect of federal work‐study, a need‐based financial aid program, on educational outcomes for individuals at two‐year colleges in Texas.

Workforce Data Quality Initiative Research Brief 4

This publication is the fourth in a series of briefs from research conducted as part of the Texas Workforce Data Quality Initiative. This research brief uses Texas data to improve understanding of the effects of implementing high school exit exams on individual outcomes.

Workforce Data Quality Initiative Research Brief 3

This publication is the third in a series of briefs from research conducted as part of the Texas Workforce Data Quality Initiative. This brief provides highlights of the April 2013 Central Texas FERPA Conference.

Workforce Data Quality Initiative Research Brief 2

This publication is the second in a series of briefs from research conducted as part of the Texas Workforce Data Quality Initiative. This brief examines postsecondary education outcomes for 2008 and 2009 high school graduates in Central Texas through December 2011.

Workforce Data Quality Initiative Research Brief 1

This publication is the first in a series of briefs from research conducted as part of the Texas Workforce Data Quality Initiative. This brief examines postsecondary education outcomes for 2008 and 2009 high school graduates in Central Texas through December 2011.

The Texas WDQI Project

This presentation was prepared for the 2012 State Longitudinal Data Systems - Workforce Data Quality Initiative scheduled for October 29-31 in Washington, DC. The presentation highlights the Texas WDQI project and details postsecondary outcomes for 2008 and 2009 Central Texas high school graduates. Despite the conference being cancelled due to Hurricane Sandy, the presentation was distributed to all WDQI grantees.

TAKS-ing Students? Evaluating Exit Exam E ects on Long-Term Student Outcomes in Texas

The Effects of Institutional Inputs on Time to Degree for Traditional and Nontraditional College Students

Work-study Financial Aid and Student Outcomes: Evidence from Community Colleges in Texas

 

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13 Dual-Generation Strategy Initiative - Christopher T. King

Dual-Generation Strategy Initiative

Principal Investigator:

Christopher T. King

Sponsor:

Foundation for Child Development

Project Duration:

April 2011 – December 2015

Description:

In partnership with the Foundation for Child Development, the Ray Marshall Center is implementing a Dual-Generation Strategy Initiative. This project seeks to create and promote the field of “dual-generation” strategies, those in which children simultaneously participate in high-quality early and primary education (PreK-3rd) while their parents participate in leading-edge workforce development and education programs ultimately leading to long-term learning and economic success for low-skilled, low-income families in the United States.

The goals of the project are to improve the understanding of dual-generation strategies among policymakers, researchers, and funders, as well as, foster the implementation of dual-generation strategies at the federal and state levels.

The project potentially has four (4) phases, the first two of which FCD is funding through the Center:

  • Phase I: Getting Ready &Convening (April - February 2012) will provide necessary groundwork for the initiative, develop the conceptual framework for dual-generation strategies, and convene policymakers, researchers, and funders to set the stage for moving forward.
  • Phase II: Implementation Planning (February 2012 - May 2013) will engage in detailed planning for a policy initiative and a pilot demonstration of dual-generation program strategies.
  • Phase III: Pilot Implementation (April 2013 - August 2015) will provide policy support to states/sites promoting dual-generation policies and technical assistance to support pilot project implementation for a multi-site demonstration of dual generation strategies overall period of more than three years.
  • Phase IV: Research Agenda & Evaluation (April 2011 - August 2015), occurring simultaneously with the other three phases, will have a research team craft a multi-year dual-generation research agenda and develop an initial evaluation design for the planned multi-site pilot demonstration.

The Foundation for Child Development (FCD) is a national private philanthropy in New York City dedicated to promoting a new beginning for American education from PreKindergarten through Third Grade (PreK-3rd). PreK-3rd Grade Education is a seamless learning continuum, connecting high-quality PreK programs with high-quality elementary schools, to create a well-aligned primary education for all our nation's children. The Foundation promotes the well-being of children, and believes that families, schools, nonprofit organizations, businesses, and governments at all levels share complementary responsibilities in the critical task of raising new generations.

Reports Available:

Promoting Two-Generation Strategies; A Getting-Started Guide for State and Local Policy Makers

Author: Christopher King, Rheagan Coffey, Tara Smith
Date: November 2013
Publication Type: Paper (28 pp)

Dual-Generation Strategy Initiative Research Brief

Author: Tara Smith
Date: February 2012
Publication Type: Research Brief (PDF, 4pp.)

Investing in Children and Parents: Fostering Dual-Generation Strategies in the United States

Author:
Christopher T. King, Tara Smith, Robert C. Glover
Date: November 2011 
Publication Type: Paper. 34pp. (Prepared for the 2011 APPAM Fall Research Conference in Washington, D.C.)

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The project potentially has four (4) phases, the first two of which FCD is funding through the Center:

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14 Creating a Sectoral Workforce Development Strategy for Tulsa – Christopher T. King
Creating a Sectoral Workforce Development Strategy for Tulsa
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King and Tara Smith
Sponsor: George Kaiser Family Foundation, W. K. Kellogg FoundationU.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Administration for Children and Families
Research Partners: Community Action Program of Tulsa County, Harvard University’s Center on the Developing Child and Graduate School of Education, Tulsa Educare, University of Oklahoma-Tulsa’s School of Community Medicine ,Northwestern University's Institute of Policy Research, Columbia University
Project Duration: July 2008 – September 2015
Description: In collaboration with a multi-disciplinary team of partners, the Ray Marshall Center (RMC) is developing and implementing a sectoral workforce development strategy for low-skilled, low-income parents of children served by early childhood programs in Tulsa, Oklahoma. There is emerging evidence that children whose parents hold stable jobs with progressively rising incomes exhibit better academic and behavioral outcomes. RMC and its partners have undertaken a dual-generation approach to poverty reduction that strengthens the investment in early childhood development by equipping Head Start parents with workforce training and gainful employment opportunities. This approach employs a more holistic model than traditional workforce development programs, as it also includes employee counseling and other support services to help parents complete training and adult basic education, retain their jobs, advance in their careers, and become economically self-sufficient. The goal is to develop a sustainable sectoral strategy that can be replicated beyond Tulsa to other communities across the nation.

In the first phase of the project (2008-2009), RMC designed a sectoral job development strategy focused on industries featuring jobs that pay well and provide much-needed employee benefits (e.g., health insurance, annual and sick leave) as well as career advancement opportunities. In April 2009, Community Action Program of Tulsa County launched the pilot, CareerAdvance, at two Head Start sites in Tulsa involving 15 parents. The components of the  CareerAdvance are 1) GED and college readiness instruction, as needed; 2) skills training in the healthcare sector progressing from Certified Nursing Aide to Licensed Practical Nurse to Registered Nurse; 3) weekly peer support meetings addressing a flexible set of topics (e.g., life skills, work readiness, family finances); 4) conditional cash incentives (up to $3,000 a year) for participants meeting specified benchmarks to reinforce continued participation and help offset foregone earnings; and 5) workforce intermediation between healthcare employers and training institutions provided through Workforce Tulsa. The report on the project’s first year of operation is available at the link below.

In partnership with Harvard University and the University of Oklahoma – Tulsa School of Medicine, a second pilot site was opened in July 2009 at a Tulsa Educare Center. The second pilot, EduCareers, includes all components described above as well as enhanced mental health services for participating households, curriculum enhancements for the children, parent engagement training, and a medical home.

The CareerAdvance project has now been expanded to 2015 with support from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families. RMC and partners at Northwestern and Columbia University have been engaged to provide ongoing on data collection, implementation and outcomes analysis of project participants.
Reports Available:

CareerAdvance® Implementation Study Findings Through July 2013

University of Texas Authors: Tara Carter Smith, Christopher T. King, Kristen Christensen. Xueshu Chen
Date:
October 2013
Publication Type: Report. 48 pp.

The Evolution of the CareerAdvance® Program in Tulsa, Oklahoma
Authors
: Tara C. Smith, Rachel V. Douglas and Robert W. Glover
Date: October 2012 
Publication Type: Repor
t. 59pp.

Expanding the CareerAdvance® Program in Tulsa, Oklahoma
Authors
: Robert W. Glover; Christopher T. King, and Tara Carter Smith
Date: January 2012
Publication Type: Repor
t. 58pp.

Challenges, Promising Programs, and Effective Practices in Adult and Developmental Education

Authors
: Rheagan D. Coffey and Tara Carter Smith
Date: February 2011
Publication Type: Repor
t

CareerAdvance® Implementation Report
Authors: Robert W. Glover, Tara Carter Smith, Christopher T. King, and Rheagan Coffey.
Date:
August 2010
Publication Type: Report. 35 pp.

CareerAdvance® Pilot Project
University of Texas Authors: Christopher T. King, Robert W. Glover, Tara Carter Smith, and Rheagan Coffey, and Brian Levy.
Harvard University Authors: Hiro Yoshikawa and William Beardslee.
Community Action Program of Tulsa County: Micah Kordsmeier
Date:
August 2009
Publication Type: Report. 99 pp.

 

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15 An Evaluation of Workforce Development Services in Travis County

An Evaluation of Workforce Development Services in Travis County

Principal Investigator:

Tara C. Smith

Sponsor:

Travis County, Texas

Project Duration:

January 2006 - September 2014

Description:

Travis County makes numerous investments in workforce development activities each year. In order to understand the impact of these investments, the County has asked the Ray Marshall Center at the University of Texas to conduct an evaluation of the workforce development services it funds.

Evaluation Components

The evaluation is organized into two areas of focus: (1) workforce demonstration projects, and (2) other workforce development services. These are described in detail below.

Evaluation of Workforce Demonstration Projects

The Rapid Employment Model (REM) demonstration project initiated by Travis County is a collaborative effort of the County and Workforce Solutions – Capital Area Workforce Board and area workforce service providers to decrease the amount of time an individual is out of work by connecting individuals with short-term (less than 6 weeks) training.

The Gainful Employment Model (GEM) demonstration project is also a collaborative effort of the County and Workforce Solutions – Capital Area Workforce Board.  GEM provides access to longer-term (up to 9 months) workforce training.

The evaluation of these workforce demonstration projects includes an outcomes evaluation and exploratory impacts analysis based on a quasi-experimental research design.

The ongoing outcomes evaluation documents the results of the demonstration projects, including the number of clients served; number completing training; number placed in employment; wages earned; and other outputs/outcomes that can be determined largely through linked administrative data. Data for this portion of the evaluation comes from the administrative databases maintained by each provider; The Workforce Information System of Texas (TWIST); Unemployment Insurance (UI) wage records; and other sources, such as TANF and Food Stamp Employment and Training program records.

We use a quasi-experimental design to match REM and GEM participants with similar individuals receiving other workforce services available in the region. Differences in outcomes for participants and comparison group members are analyzed to determine the impact of each demonstration project.

Key evaluation questions include:

  • How effective is the demonstration project, as measured by reduced time unemployed, reduced unemployment insurance payments, employment retention and increased earnings?
  • How do key participant outcomes compare to those for similar, nonparticipating individuals?
  • Which skills training programs are most effective for graduates and why?
  • What changes can be made to services/treatments to improve outcomes for participants?

Evaluation of Local Workforce Development Services

The evaluation also examines the impact of the County’s investments in local workforce development services, including: services to youth, ex-offenders, and other disadvantaged County residents. The evaluation of these workforce development programs includes both outcomes and impacts analyses, similar to those described above.  Programs participating in this portion of the evaluation include: Austin Academy, American Youthworks, Austin Area Urban League, Goodwill, Skillpoint Alliance’s Construction Gateway program, and Capital IDEA.

Evaluation of Emergency Assistance Services

As part of the extension agreement for 2013, RMC is contracted to begin evaluating emergency assistance services.

 

Reports Available

An Evaluation of Local Investments in Workforce Development: 2013 Update

Authors:Tara C. Smith, Kristen Kristensen, Daniel G. Schroeder
Date: December 2013

Publication Type:
Report 50pp

The Local Investment in Workforce Development Evaluation: Travis County-Funded 2009/2010 Participant Plus, Longer-Term Outcomes for Capital IDEA
Authors: Tara C. Smith, Kristin Christensen, Daniel G. Schroeder, Christopher T. King
Date: December 2012
Publication Type: Report. 34pp

Local Investments in Workforce Development: 2012 Evaluation Update
Authors
: Tara C. Smith, Christopher T. King, Daniel G. Schroeder
Date: January 2012
Publication Type: Report. 32pp.

Evaluation of Local Workforce Demonstration Projects – Travis County’s REM and GEM Projects
Authors
: Tara C. Smith, Christopher T. King, Daniel G. Schroeder
Date: January 2012
Publication Type: Report. 14pp.

Exploratory ReturnonInvestment Analysis of Local Workforce Investments
Researchers: Tara C. Smith, Christopher T. King
Date: August 2011
Publication Type: Evaluation Report. 24pp.
(Research Brief available at this link.)

Local Investments in Workforce Development: 2011 Evaluation Update
Authors
: Tara C. Smith, Christopher T. King, Daniel G. Schroeder
Date: April 2011
Publication Type: Evaluation Report

Rapid Employment Model Evaluation -  2011 Update
Authors: Tara C. Smith, Christopher T. King, Daniel G. Schroeder
Date: April 2011
Publication Type: Evaluation Report

Local Investments in Workforce Development: Evaluation Update #2
Authors:
Tara C. Smith, Christopher T. King, Daniel G. Schroeder
Date: January 2010
Publication Type: Evaluation Report

Rapid Employment Model Evaluation: Update #2
Authors:
Tara C. Smith, Christopher T. King, Daniel G. Schroeder
Date: January 2010
Publication Type: Evaluation Report

Evaluating Local Workforce Investments: Results for Short- and Long-Term Training in Austin (TX)

Authors: Christopher T. King, Tara C. Smith, Daniel G. Schroeder
Date:
November 2009
Publication Type:
Report (prepared for 2009 APPAM Research Conference)

Local Investments in Workforce Development: Evaluation Update
Authors: Tara C. Smith, Christopher T. King, Daniel G. Schroeder
Date: December 2008
Publication Type: Evaluation Report

Rapid Employment Model Evaluation: Update
Authors: Tara C. Smith, Christopher T. King, Daniel G. Schroeder
Date: December 2008
Publication Type: Evaluation Report

Local Investments in Workforce Development: Initial Evaluation Findings
Authors:
Tara C. Smith, Christopher T. King
Date: December 2007
Publication Type: Evaluation Report

Rapid Employment Model Evaluation: Initial Findings
Authors: Tara C. Smith, Christopher T. King
Date: December 2007
Publication Type: Evaluation Report

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16 Central Texas Student Futures Project - Christopher T. King

Central Texas Student Futures Project
(formerly known as Creating a Central Texas High School Graduate Data Center)

Principal Investigator:

Christopher T. King and Greg Cumpton

Sponsors:

Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce, TG, Texas Education Agency, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Previous Partner:

Skillpoint Alliance

Project Duration:

September 2004 - December 2014

Participating Districts:

Austin ISD, Bastrop ISD, Del Valle ISD, Eanes ISD, Elgin ISD, Hays CISD, Hutto ISD, Lake Travis ISD, Leander ISD, Liberty Hill ISD, Lockhart ISD, Manor ISD, Pflugerville ISD, Round Rock ISD, San Marcos CISD

Description:

The Student Futures Project—formerly known as Creating a Central Texas High School Data Center—is a research partnership of the Ray Marshall Center, Skillpoint Alliance, and a growing number of Central Texas independent school districts (ISDs). The project is documenting and analyzing the progress of Central Texas high school students as they move onto colleges and careers. It relies on a combination of student surveys and linked administrative records to improve feedback and policy and program alignment for Central Texas ISDs in preparing students for the demands of adulthood and for success in the workplace.

The purpose of the Student Futures Project is two-fold:

1) To provide ISDs, postsecondary institutions, and employers with comprehensive, longitudinal research on what high school students are doing after graduation, why they are making these decisions, and how a variety of educational, personal and financial factors are related to their success in higher education and the workforce; and

2) To offer workshops, seminars and applied research on best practices and applied research that will assist ISDs, the Education Service Center and postsecondary institutions to increase the number of regional youth who obtain postsecondary academic and workforce credentials.

Each year the Student Futures Project issues reports on area high school graduates to allow districts and schools to see exactly how their preparation has helped high school students move on to the next phase of their development either in college, training or the workplace. The reports address the following questions, among others:

• Who is and is not going to college and why?
• Who is and is not going to work and why?
• Who is both working and going to college?

These reports will trace each graduating class as they move through work, postsecondary education and training and other options for up to four years after graduation. The focus of these reports is to identify trends and practices that best enable students to capitalize on the opportunities they meet after graduation and to ensure that schools have a process for evaluating how they prepare their students for what lies beyond graduation.

Reports Available:

Initial Postsecondary Enrollment Statistics through December 2011 for Class of 2011 Central Texas Graduates

Authors: RMC
Date: Revised October 2013
Publication Type: Tables, 5pp

Trends in Low-Income Enrollement and Outcomes in Central Texas for School Districts and Campuses, 2008 through 2012

Authors: RMC
Date: November 2013 
Publication Type: Tables, 7pp

The Influence of Activities and Coursework on Postsecondary Enrollment and One-Year Persistence for the Class of 2010

Authors: Greg Cumpton, Gary Davis, Chandler Stolp, Heath Prince, and Christopher T. King 
Date: August 2013 
Publication Type: Report. 90pp.

FAFSA Filling Patterns and Direct to College Outcomes for Class of 2012 Central Texas Graduates
Authors: Greg Cumpton, Gary Davis 
Date: August 2013 
Publication Type: Report. 8pp.

Initial Postsecondary Enrollment Statistics through December 2012
Authors: Greg Cumpton, Gary Davis 
Date: August 2013 
Publication Type: Report. 6pp.

Findings from the 2012 Student Futures Survey
Authors: Greg Cumpton, Gary Davis
Date: January 2013
Publication Type: Report. 88pp.

Factors Associated with Education and Work after High School for the Classes of 2008 and 2009
Authors: Greg Cumpton, Deanna Schexnayder, and Christopher T. King; with assistance from Chandler Stolp 
Date: February 2012 
Publication Type: Report. 93pp.

Initial Postsecondary Enrollment Statistics for 2010 Central Texas Graduates through December 2010
Authors: The Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources
Date: July 2011
Publication Type: Report. 5pp.


Findings from the 2010 Senior Surveys

Authors
: Greg Cumpton, Shelby Tracy
Date: January 2011
Publication Type: Report

Initial Postsecondary Enrollment Statistics through December 2009 for Class of 2009 Central Texas Graduates
Authors
: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources
Date: September 2010
Publication Type: Report

Findings from the 2009 Senior Surveys
Authors:Tara Carter Smith, Greg Cumpton
Date:
December 2009
Publication Type:
Report

Central Texas Student Futures Project Conceptual Model
Authors: Brian L. Levy, Christopher T. King
Date:
September 2009
Publication Type:
Report

Education and Work After High School: Central Texas Outcomes through December 2008
Authors:
Greg Cumpton, Deanna Schexnayder, Christopher T. King
Date:
September 2009
Publication Type:
Report

Education and Work after High School: Findings from Multi-Methods Research in Central Texas
Authors: Deanna Schexnayder and Greg Cumpton.
Date: April 2009
Publication Type: Report. 24pp.

Education and Work after High School: Findings from Multi-Methods Research in Central Texas
Authors: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources
Date: April 2009
Publication Type: PowerPoint presentation. 24pp.

Findings from the 2008 Senior Surveys
Authors: Tara Carter Smith, Nicole Beck and Greg Cumpton.
Date: February 2009
Publication Type: Report. 98pp.

Education and Work after High School: A First Look at the Class of 2007

Authors: Deanna Schexnayder, Christopher T. King, Greg Cumpton, Nicole Beck, Brian Levy and Chandler Stolp.
Date: February 2009
Publication Type: Report. 86pp.

2007 Research Brief
Editors: Christopher T. King, Deanna Schexnayder, Nicole Beck.
Date: February 2008
Publication Type: Brief. 12pp.

Findings from the 2007 Senior Surveys

Authors: Tara Carter Smith, Nicole Beck, Greg Cumpton.
Date: February 2008
Publication Type: Report. 87pp.

Central Texas Student Futures Project Community Briefing
Authors
: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources
Date: November 2007.
Publication Type: PowerPoint presentation. 32pp.

Outcomes One Year Later: An Update on the Class of 2006
Authors: Nicole Beck and Greg Cumpton. 
Date: February 2009
Publication Type: Report. 26pp.

Findings from Education and Work after High School: A First Look at the Class of 2006
Authors: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources
Date: April 2008.
Publication Type: PowerPoint presentation. 24pp.

Education and Work After High School: A First Look at the Class of 2006
Authors: Christopher T. King, Deanna Schexnayder, Greg Cumpton, Tara Carter Smith, Chandler Stolp.
Date: (September 2007, rev. November 2007). 
Publication Type: Report. 90pp.

Central Texas High School Graduate Data Center: Findings from the 2006 Senior Surveys
Authors: Deanna Schexnayder, Greg Cumpton and Nicole Beck.
Date: May 2007
Publication Type: Report. 78pp.

Central Texas High School Graduate Data Center: Year One Report Brief
Authors: Greg Cumpton, Esmeralda Garcia, Hannah Gourgey, Brendan Hill, Christopher King, Deanna Schexnayder, Tara Carter Smith, David Wilkinson.
Date: April 2006
Publication Type: Brief. 8pp.

Central Texas High School Graduate Data Center: Year One Final Report

Authors: Deanna Schexnayder, Brendan Hill, Greg Cumpton, Esmeralda Garcia, Tara Carter Smith, Christopher King, Hannah Gourgey and David Wilkinson.
Date: March 2006
Publication Type: Report. 130pp.

Beyond the Numbers: Improving Post-Secondary Success through a Central Texas High School Data Center

Authors: Christopher T. King, Deanna T. Schexnayder and Hannah Gourgey.
Date: 2006
Publication Type: Report. 208pp.

Preliminary Year One Findings: January 2006
Authors: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, and Skillpoint Alliance
Date: January 2006
Publication Type: PowerPoint presentation. 33pp.

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17 Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey - Daniel Schroeder
Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey
Principal Investigators: D'nika Travis, Jim Schwab, Daniel Schroeder, Monica Faulkner
Sponsor: Texas Workforce Commission
Research Partners: Center for Social Work Research, The University of Texas at Austin
Project Duration: April 2003 - February 2014
Description: This project conducts a child care market rate survey to be used by 28 Local Workforce Development Boards that manage the federal child care program in Texas. The goal is to produce up-to-date, reliable data and information to use in setting maximum reimbursements rates that ensure equal access to child care, thereby maximizing public resources.

Reports Available:

2013 Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey: Final Report (February 2013). The Center for Social Work Research and the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, at The University of Texas at Austin. Copies may be obtained from Texas Workforce Commission.

2012 Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey: Final Report (February 2013). The Center for Social Work Research and the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, at The University of Texas at Austin. Copies may be obtained from Texas Workforce Commission.

2011 Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey: Final Report (February 2012). The Center for Social Work Research and the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, at The University of Texas at Austin. Copies may be obtained from Texas Workforce Commission.

2010 Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey: Final Report (February 2011). The Center for Social Work Research and the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, at The University of Texas at Austin. Copies may be obtained from Texas Workforce Commission.

2009 Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey: Final Report (January 2010). The Center for Social Work Research and the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, at The University of Texas at Austin. Copies may be obtained from Texas Workforce Commission.

2008 Texas Child Care Studies: Transportation Study
(
February 2009). By Daniel Schroeder, Julie Beausoleil, and Laura Lein. Copies may be obtained from Texas Workforce Commission.

2008 Texas Child Care Studies: Non-traditional Hours Study (February 2009). By Julie Beausoleil, Daniel Schroeder, and Laura Lein. Copies may be obtained from Texas Workforce Commission.

2007 Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey: Final Report (February 2008). The Center for Social Work Research and the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, at The University of Texas at Austin. 200pp. Copies may be obtained from the Texas Workforce Commission.

2006 Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey: Final Report (February 2007). The Center for Social Work Research and the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, at The University of Texas at Austin. Copies may be obtained from the Texas Workforce Commission.

2005 Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey: Final Report.
(February 2006). The Center for Social Work Research and the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, at The University of Texas at Austin. Copies may be obtained from the Texas Workforce Commission.

2004 Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey: Final Report. (January 2005). The Center for Social Work Research and the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, at The University of Texas at Austin. Copies may be obtained from the Texas Workforce Commission.

2003 Texas Child Care Market Rate Survey: Final Report.
(
January 2004). The Center for Social Work Research and the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, at The University of Texas at Austin. Copies may be obtained from the Texas Workforce Commission.

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Completed Projects
# Article Title
1 Institutes of Higher Education Capacity Survey (IHEC)

IHEC - Heath Prince

Official Project Title: The Institutes of Higher Education (IHE) Capacity Survey


Principal Investigator:

Heath Prince and Monica Faulkner

Sponsor:

University of Texas Health Science Center (UT-HSC)

Project Duration:

February 2013 - August 2013

Description:

The Ray Marshall Center in collaboration with the Child and Family Research Institute at the UT Social Work department are conducting The Institutes of Higher Education (IHE) Capacity Survey funded by the Texas Early Learning Council. The purpose of the survey is to assess the level of preparedness of new professionals in the early childhood care and education (ECCE) field. The project will survey providers of ECCE working in different settings as well as administrators of higher education programs offering certificates and degrees in the field of ECCE. The research team led by Dr. Heath Prince includes Drs. Monica Faulkner and Daniel Schroeder who have extensive experience in conducting research in the field of ECCE.

Reports Available:
Texas Early Childhood Care and
Education
Institutions of Higher Education
Capacity Survey Final Report

Texas Early Childhood Care and Education Professional Preparation - Survey Data Report

Date: June 2013
Publication Type: Report 29pp

Texas Early Childhood Care and Education Institutes of Higher Education - Survey Data Report

Date: June 2013
Publication Type: Report 29pp

Texas Early Childhood Care and Education Institutes of Higher Education - Capacity Survey Final Report

Date: July 2013
Publication Type: Final Report (PDF, 30 pp.)

Texas Early Learning Council link to report:

http://earlylearningtexas.org/ihe-capacity-survey.aspx

 

 

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2 Patterns of Local Program Services Participation and Outcomes (WFE Austin)

Official Project Title: Patterns of Local Program Services Participation and Outcomes


Principal Investigator:

Heath J. Prince, Ph.D.

Sponsor:

City of Austin

Project Duration:

November 2012 - March 2014

Description:

In June 2009, the Department of Housing and Urban Development announced funding for the Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program (HPRP), under Title XII of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Congress designated $1.5 billion for communities to provide financial assistance and services to either prevent individuals and families from becoming homeless, or to help those who are experiencing homelessness to be quickly re-housed and stabilized. The City of Austin received $3,062,820 to implement its HPRP effort; services began in December 2009 and concluded in December 2011. A total of 2,517 clients were served by three sub-grantees: Caritas of Austin; Austin Tenants’ Council; and Youth and Family Alliance.

The City of Austin is funding an evaluation of the Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-housing Program (HPRP) to better understand its outcomes. Specifically, the City is interested in identifying any patterns in the use of other public services by program participants, as well as, to the extent possible, labor market outcomes. This information will help the City further refine its investments in Best Single Source Plus, a multi-million dollar initiative to help stabilize disadvantaged families in Austin, and other social service contracts.

RMC researchers will work with the City of Austin to identify participants in HPRP, and to assess the quality of data kept on HPRP participants. RMC researchers will use existing data sharing agreements with state agencies to identify patterns in HPRP participants use of other public services, including TANF, SNAP, UI, job training, emergency utility assistance, etc. RMC researchers will use existing data sharing agreements with the Texas Workforce Commission to examine labor market outcomes for participants.

In addition, RMC researchers will conduct a process analysis of the HPRP program, through site visits, field interviews and document analysis to identify strengths and weaknesses in the HPRP program in terms of its stated mission.

Reports Available:

Housing 360: Patterns of Program Participation and Outcomes
Authors: Tara Smith, Kristin Christensen, Daniel Schroeder, Heath Prince
Date: December 2013
Publication Type: Final Report, 36pp

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3 Adult Basic Education Innovation Grant (ABE-IG)

Official Project Title: Adult Basic Education Integration Grant (ABE-IG)


Principal Investigator:

Heath Prince

 

Sponsor:

Austin Community College

Project Duration:

February 2013 - August 2013

Description:

The Ray Marshall Center is evaluating Austin Community College’s (ACC) Adult Basic Education Innovation Grant (ABE-IG). ABE-IG aims to prepare unemployed and underemployed adults for career-path employment and post-secondary education in high-demand or targeted occupations. ABE-IG prioritizes its services for lower-skilled, Adult Basic Education students who may or may not have a GED or high school diploma, serving them through integrated entry-level job skills training and Level 1 certificate training.  ABE-IG focuses on four distinct career tracks: HVAC, Accounting/Bookkeeping, Nursing, and PC Tech.  The ABE-IG model is modeled on Washington State’s Integrated Basic Education and Skills Training (I-BEST) program, incorporating both a content instructor and a basic skills instructor in the classroom. RMC researchers will share lessons learned with ACC administrators and ABE-IG staff on an ongoing basis, serving a vital continuous program improvement role as well as a strictly evaluative one.

Reports Available:

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4 Resident Opportunities for Self Sufficiency Evaluation

Official Project Title: Resident Opportunities for Self Sufficiency Program

Principal Investigator:

Dan O'Shea

Co-principal Investigator Heath Prince

Sponsor:

Housing Authority of the City of Austin

Project Duration:

January 2013 - December 2013

Description:

The Ray Marshall Center has been awarded a contract to conduct a detailed process analysis of the Resident Opportunities for Self-Sufficiency (ROSS) Program administered by the Housing Authority of the City of Austin (HACA).  The ROSS Program supports Priority One programs that connect public housing residents with workforce development and supportive services available through community-based partnerships.  The evaluation will include a detailed examination of client flow, services, partnerships, and outcomes, as well as forms and procedures for client intake, initial assessment, case management, and program performance measurement.  The ROSS Services Delivery Assessment Report will be completed June, 2013. Heath Prince and Dan O'Shea are serving as co-principal investigators for the project.

Reports Available:

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5 Texas Education Research Center - Deanna Schexnayder and Christopher T. King

Texas Education Research Center

Principal Investigators:

Deanna Schexnayder and Christopher T. King

Sponsors:

Texas Education AgencyTexas High Education Coordinating Board

Research Partner:

The University of Texas at Dallas

Project Duration:

September 2007 - August 2012

Description:

The University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) and its partners -- including the Ray Marshall Center -- have established an Education Research Center (ERC), sponsored by the Texas Education Agency and the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, which will conduct research for the benefit of education in Texas, as authorized by Section 1.005 of the Texas Education Code. Current approved projects are:

Project 1: College Readiness, Transition, and Performance

The Ray Marshall Center will use linked high school and postsecondary education records, in combination with variables developed from the TEA AEIS public database to determine the rates of graduation and college enrollment for seniors in Texas school districts and factors associated with successful transitions to postsecondary education. Statistical models that were developed in a similar project that used different data sources will be run on data obtained from the ERC data warehouse to test the degree to which findings are consistent across the different data sets and available variables used in the two separate projects.

Project 2: An Analysis of Early Education Factors Associated with School Success in the Elementary Years

Ray Marshall Center researchers will conduct an exploratory analysis of the relationship between participation in pre-kindergarten and success in the early school years. Outcome measures to be used in this phase of the analysis will be either 1st grade passing rates or 3rd grade performance on TAKS tests, depending on the years of TEA data available in the ERC data warehouse at the time that the study is conducted.

Reports Available:

Study of Early Education in Texas: The Relationship of Pre-K Attendance to 3rd Grade Test Results
Authors: Aletha Huston, Anjali Gupta, and Deanna Schexnayder
Date: March 2012
Publication Type: Report. 51 pp. 

Factors Associated with Education and Work after High School for the Classes of 2008 and 2009

Authors: Greg Cumpton, Deanna Schexnayder, and Christopher T. King; with assistance from Chandler Stolp 
Date: February 2012 
Publication Type: Report. 93pp.

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6 Austin College Access Network (ACAN) – Christopher T. King and Tara Smith

Austin College Access Network

Principal Investigators:

Christopher T. King and Tara Smith

Sponsor:

TG Public Benefit Program

Research Partners:

E3 Alliance

Project Duration:

October 2011 – August 2012

Description:

In partnership with E3 Alliance, the Ray Marshall Center (RMC) is participating in the Central Texas College Access and Persistence Program Evaluation. The evaluation seeks to increase regional capacity to provide critical and effective support to traditionally underrepresented college students to help ensure that they enter college and persist in their studies through completion.  The project has two primary goals: 1) to increase Austin College Access Network (ACAN) member awareness of the nature and breadth of college access and persistence services offered in Central Texas and identify service gaps; and 2) to increase the capacity of ACAN member organizations for program evaluation and continuous improvement activities.

Under the project, RMC will:

  • Develop a common definition of college access and persistence terms across ACAN member organizations
  • Research and map the types of services offered by each organization
  • Interview program and school personnel to identify service gaps and develop recommendations for expansion
  • Obtain student data to compute enrollment and persistence rates
  • Estimate net impacts of results against a matched comparison group
  • Provide reports on process, outcome, and impact results to each participating organization, as well as a summary report for ACAN as a whole

Reports Available:

Central Texas College Access and Persistence Program Evaluation: Outcomes and Impacts Summary Report
Authors: Tara Smith and Greg Cumpton
Date: January 2013
Publication Type: Report. 72pp

Initial Evaluation Findings: Central Texas College Access and Persistence Programs
Authors: Tara Smith and Greg Cumpton
Date: May 31, 2012
Publication Type: Report. 47pp

Information Brief: Common Definitions

Author
: Tara C. Smith
Date
: Feb. 1, 2012
Publication Type
: Information Brief. 1 pp.

The Ray Marshall Center's 2010-2011 project with the Austin College Access Network as well as available reports are accessible at this link: ACAN - "Staying Powers" Project

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7 Labor Market Research for the Workforce Potential Project – Christopher T. King & Robert W. Glover

Labor Market Research for the Workforce Potential Project

Principal Investigators:

Christopher T. King and Robert W. Glover

Sponsor:

Austin Area Research Organization

Project Duration:

January 2012 – June 2012

Description:

The Workforce Potential Project, an initiative of the Social Equity Committee of the Austin Area Research Organization (AARO), aims to better align the local human capital supply and projected industry demand in support of economic growth in Central Texas.   WPP targets area residents 25 years and older with some postsecondary achievement to obtain an associate’s degree or certification that will enable them to qualify for high-demand, high-wage jobs offering opportunities for stable employment and career advancement.

AARO engaged the Ray Marshall Center to conduct in-depth labor market research, including identification and analysis of industry sectors and occupations meeting WPP criteria; to prepare of a range of return-on-investment estimates; and to synthesize findings and recommendations for improving and connecting skills, education, and training capacity with projected job opportunities for the target population.  The initial report, Workforce Potential Project: Analysis of Labor Market and Provider Capacity, presents the results of this collaborative research effort and provides a basis for advancing WPP toward implementation.

Reports Available:

The Workforce Potential Project: Analysis of Area Labor Market and Provider Capacity

Authors: Robert W. Glover, Dan O'Shea, Christopher T. King, Laura Stelling, and Richard Fonté
Date: September 2012
Publication Type: Report. 60pp.

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8 Austin College Access Network (ACAN) "Staying Powers" – Deanna T. Schexnayder

Austin College Access Network - "Staying Powers: Building College Persistence for our Most Challenged Students"

Principal Investigator:

Deanna T. Schexnayder

Sponsor:

TG Public Benefit Program

Research Partners:

E3 Alliance

Project Duration:

December 2010 – July 2011

Description:

In partnership with E3 Alliance, the Ray Marshall Center (RMC) is participating in the Austin College Access Network (ACAN) college persistence project entitled “Staying Powers: Building College Persistence for our Most Challenged Students”  The project’s goal is to conduct a program  to enhance the collaboration of participating organizations in the Austin College Access Network to improve college persistence for the region’s low-income and first-generation students at several area colleges and universities.  In particular, the program will help establish data capabilities and provide resources for engaging higher education partners to develop shared programming to improve retention.

Under the project, RMC will:

  • Participate in strategic planning with partners to develop a Central Texas Plan for College Persistence with identified strategies and associated activities and also create an identified  protocol and system of tracking ACAN students in higher education.
  • Work with ACAN partners to develop a tracking model for students and alumni of ACAN programs.
  • Develop a matching cohort of Central Texas high school seniors to serve as a comparison group for evidence-based evaluation of ACAN programs outcomes to a cohort of like students not receiving support services and provide evidence-based evaluation of ACAN programs. Additionally, RMC will work with project partners to identify priority strategies and activities to help first generation and low-income college students succeed.

Reports Available:

Development of a Student Tracking System for ACAN Participants
Authors: Deanna Schexnayder, Patty Rodriguez, and Greg Cumpton
Date: January 2012
Publication Type: Report. 9pp.


The Ray Marshall Center's current 2011-2012 project with the Austin College Access Network as well as available reports are accessible at this link: ACAN

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9 Evaluating Skillpoint Alliance’s Gateway Allied Health – Christopher T. King
Evaluating Skillpoint Alliance’s Gateway Allied Health
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: Texas Workforce Commission via Skillpoint Alliance
Research Partners: Skillpoint Alliance
Project Duration: April 2010 – June 2011
Description: Skillpoint Alliance’s Gateway Allied Health program seeks to train, credential and provide job placement assistance to under- and unemployed Central Texans in the high-demand, allied health sector, focusing on jobs in Medical Insurance Billing and Medical Office/Customer Service. The program employs a rapid training model using curricula directly linked to industry standards, based upon experience with Skillpoint’s successful Construction Gateway program.  Participation in Gateway Allied Health is designed to result in industry-recognized credentials. In addition, the program includes a component to help participants learn soft skills to enable them to obtain, retain and advance in the health care industry.

The Ray Marshall Center is evaluating the effectiveness of the Gateway Allied Health program. With Skillpoint and its partners, including Austin Community College, the Center is developing an evaluation strategy appropriate to the size, scope and nature of the project. The Center is accessing data from the program as well as key state agencies (e.g., Texas Workforce Commission) for the evaluation.  Center researchers will produce quarterly reports and a design for continuing to evaluate the Gateway Allied Health program in the future.

Reports Available:


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10 A Statewide Early Childhood Education Needs Assessment for Texas – Deanna T. Schexnayder

A Statewide Early Childhood Education Needs Assessment for Texas

Principal Investigator:

Deanna T. Schexnayder

Sponsor:

Texas Early Learning Council, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Research Partners:

Steve Murdock, Ph.D., Hobby Center for the Study of Texas

Project Duration:

June 1, 2011 – October 31, 2012

Description:

The Ray Marshall Center is beginning work with the Texas Early Learning Council and University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston to identify and evaluate education programs and services in Texas for children under the age of 13. The project has four objectives: 

1. To understand and estimate the number of children under age 13 who will be eligible for early childhood education programs and services and before and after school-age care programs and services in the near term (2012-2015).

2. To understand and document the current supply across the state of Texas of formal providers of early childhood education programs and services as well as school-age care for children under the age of 13 based on data from federal, state and local agencies and service providers.

3. To conduct a gap analysis based on objectives #1 and #2.

4. To generate a final, comprehensive state of Texas needs assessment analyzing Texas’ early childhood education and school-age care system; and provides recommendations for meeting identified gaps in programs and services and quality and recommendations for conducting periodic needs assessment.

Reports Available:

Change in the Early Childhood and School Age Population in Texas, 2000 to 2010, and Projected to 2015 (September 2012). Steve H. Murdock, Michael Cline, Debbie Perez, George Hough and P. Wilner Jeanty. Hobby Center for the Study of Texas, Rice University. 140 pp.

Texas Early Childhood Education Needs Assessment: Supply and Quality of Early Care and Education and School-Age Care (August 2012). Deanna Schexnayder, Cynthia Juniper, Anjali Gupta, Daniel Schroeder and Vanessa Morales. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Humas Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 114 pp.

Gaps between Need and Availability of Early Care and Education (October 2012). Deanna Schexnayder, Cynthia Juniper and Daniel Schroeder. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Humas Resources, The University of Texas at Austin.

Texas Early Childhood Education Needs Assessment: Final Report (November 2012). Deanna Schexnayder, Cynthia Juniper, Daniel Schroeder, Steve H. Murdock, Michael Cline, Deborah Perez, P. Wilner Jeanty and George Hough. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Humas Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, and Hobby Center for the Study of Texas, Rice University. 80 pp.

 

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11 Strategic Positioning Project for Goodwill Industries of Central Texas – Christopher T. King
Strategic Positioning Project for Goodwill Industries of Central Texas

Principal Investigator:

Christopher T. King

Sponsor:

Goodwill Industries of Central Texas

Research Partners:

Goodwill Industries of Central Texas, Goodwill Industries International

Project Duration:

August 2010 – January 2011

Description:

The Strategic Positioning Project was a collaborative effort of Goodwill Industries of Central Texas (GICT), Goodwill Industries International (GII), and the Ray Marshall Center. The Workforce Development Services division at GICT has three main program areas – Youth Services, Community Rehabilitation Services, and Job Source – targeting populations whose needs and circumstances tend to undermine their ability to navigate labor markets and develop successful livelihood strategies.

The Ray Marshall Center measured the effects of existing GICT programs and services, and mapped participants, services, and job placements in Central Texas in order to assess the effectiveness of GICT's existing workforce services for youth, disadvantaged adults and persons with disabilities. In addition, based on a national scan of innovative and successful programs and services around the country, the project formulated mechanisms for improving outcomes and community impacts by intensifying and/or expanding current services, extending geographic and/or target group coverage, or introducing new options to the current array of services offered.

Reports Available:

Strategically Positioning Goodwill Industries of Central Texas
Researchers: Christopher T. King and Daniel O'Shea
Date: June 2011
Publication Type: Final Report. 156pp.

Also Available:
Presentation of Strategically Positioning Goodwill Industries of Central Texas: Recent Research Results . 19pp. Prepared for and presented at GICT Board of Directors May 2011 meeting.

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12 Jobs to Careers: Promoting Work-Based Learning for Qual. Care (R. W. Johnson) - Christopher T. King
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Research Partners: Johns Hopkins University and University of Baltimore
Project Duration: December 2007 - December 2009
Description:

Researchers at the University of Texas’ Ray Marshall Center, in combination with those at Johns Hopkins University and the University of Baltimore propose to advance the understanding of work-based learning (WBL) and career advancement strategies and bolster the business case for these strategies by applying a rigorous return-on-investment (ROI) approach to two Jobs-to-Careers Projects, the Austin Healthcare Collaborative and the Baltimore Alliance for Careers in Healthcare. The research will offer a framework for applying state-of-the-art ROI to frontline health/healthcare worker efforts, compute initial ROI estimates for participants (e.g., employees, employers), taxpayers and society and address their implications.

Questions to be addressed are:

  • What are key features of WBL and career advancement strategies in the two sites that are expected contributors to the success of frontline health/healthcare workers and how can these best be measured?
  • What are key elements of the returns to WBL and career advancement strategies and how can these best be measured?
  • What is the near-term (1-2 year) ROI for WBL and career advancement strategies for health/healthcare workers for participants, taxpayers/funders and society?
  • How are benefits and costs of WBL and career advancement strategies shared among the actors involved, especially participants themselves? Should participants, taxpayers or society be shouldering a greater share of the costs in light of the distribution of benefits?

The research will feature theoretical/conceptual analysis and fieldwork in year one, and data collection, impact and ROI estimation in year two. It will contribute to understanding the business case for WBL and career advancement strategies for frontline health/healthcare workers, guide future investments in frontline worker strategies, and increase understanding of the burden sharing of costs.

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13 Jobs to Careers: Promoting Work-Based Learning for Quality Care (WorkSource) - Christopher T. King
Jobs to Careers: Promoting Work-Based Learning for Quality Care
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: WorkSource - Greater Austin Area Workforce Board
Project Duration: October 2006 - September 2009
Description:

The Ray Marshall Center will participate in the Jobs to Careers: Promoting Work-Based Learning for Quality Care project by assisting with evaluation and analysis of project activities. The University of Texas at Austin will advise and assist with the conduct an independent evaluation of the project, considering both process issues and outcomes. The evaluation will monitor the implementation the project, examining whether implementation was carried out as planned and, if changed, how and why. The evaluation will document the project’s results, assess the extent to which the goals and outcomes of the project are accomplished, how well the project serves its targeted audiences and constituencies, measurable returns on investment of the project, and lessons learned from the experience .

The Ray Marshall Center will collect information through examining documents created by the project, interviews with project staff, and other sources as needed. Ray Marshall Center staff will especially focus on monitoring the project’s activities and accomplishments in achieving its outcomes through project reports and staff interviews with participating organizations (e.g., Austin Community College, Seton Healthcare Network, and St. David’s HealthCare, all in Austin, Texas).

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14 Achieving Change for Texans Demonstration Waiver Evaluation - Deanna Schexnayder
Principal Investigator: Deanna Schexnayder
Sponsor:

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Texas Department of Human Services

Research Partner: Texas Department of Human Services
Project Duration: 1997-2002
Description: Using random assignment in sites around the state of Texas, this evaluation project analyzes the net impact of time limits, the personal responsibility agreement, increased resource limits and other features of the 1995 Texas welfare reform legislation (HB 1863) on a number of outcomes. Impacts of these reforms will be measured for the following client and family outcomes: welfare dynamics, economic self sufficiency, participation in workforce development services, education and immunization of children, access to subsidized child care, and use of child protective services. Net impacts will be measured over a five-year period.
Reports Available: Achieving Change for Texans Demonstration Waiver Evaluation: Net Impacts Through December 1997, by Deanna T. Schexnayder, Jerome A. Olson, Daniel G. Schroeder, Alicia Betsinger, and Shao Chee Sim (December 1998).
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Final Summary Report, by Deanna T. Schexnayder (January 2003).
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Final Summary Report, by Deanna T. Schexnayder (December 2002) (PowerPoint presentation).
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Final Impact Report, by Deanna T. Schexnayder, Daniel G. Schroeder, Jerome A. Olson and Hyunsub Kum (January 2003).
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Final Process Evaluation Report, by the Office of Planning, Evaluation and Project Management, Texas Department of Human Services (January 2003). For printed copies, contact Debora MorrisThis e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it , Texas Department of Human Services, 512/438-3353.
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Understanding Time Limits: Supplement to the Final Process Evaluation Report, by the Office of Planning, Evaluation and Project Management, Texas Department of Human Services (January 2003). For printed copies, contact Debora MorrisThis e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it , Texas Department of Human Services, 512/438-3353.
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Texans Who Receive a One-time Benefit: The Year After, by Laura Lein, Karen Douglas, Susan Jacquet, Audrey Steiner, Greg Ellis and Veronica De La Garza, Center for Social Work Research, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin (January 2003). For printed copies, contact Debora MorrisThis e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it , Texas Department of Human Services, 512/438-3353.
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Texans Who Timed Out of Welfare: The Year After, by Laura Lein, Karen Douglas, Audrey Steiner and Greg Ellis, Center for Social Work Research, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin (January 2003). For printed copies, contact Debora MorrisThis e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it , Texas Department of Human Services, 512/438-3353.
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15 Demonstration of Administrative Records Improving Surveys (DARIS) - Daniel G. Schroeder

Demonstration of Administrative Records Improving Surveys

Principal Investigator:

Daniel G. Schroeder

Sponsors:

U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce

Research Partner:

Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago

Project Duration:

July 2008 - December 2013

Description:

The Demonstration of Administrative Records Improving Surveys (DARIS) research project will show the value of administrative records to Census Bureau demographic surveys. Initially, the project will focus on the two test states of Illinois and Texas. Later, the project may expand to other states. The objective of the project is to demonstrate methods of integrating data from surveys and administrative records, produce data sets that more accurately represent the target population's characteristics than survey data alone, conduct experiments in disclosure-proofing hybrid data sets, and document feasibility. Results of the analysis will also be used to improve Census surveys, which many program administrators and researchers use to estimate the shares of eligible populations that actually participate in the government programs.

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16 Study of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Impact on Workforce Services and Policies – Christopher T. King

 

Study of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Impact on Workforce Services and Policies

Principal Investigator:

Christopher T. King

Sponsor:

U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration

Research Partners:

Capital Research Corporation; Johns Hopkins University, Institute for Policy Studies; National Association of State Workforce Agencies/Center for Employment Security Education and Research; The Urban Institute

Project Duration:

April 2009 – June 2012

Description:

States face a range of policy and fiscal challenges as they try to meet the demands of the severe economic recession and implement the recently enacted American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). This project examines the types of policy actions states take in their workforce development and unemployment insurance systems to meet these challenges. The goal is to measure state progress and challenges in implementing the workforce and unemployment insurance provisions of ARRA, to highlight new and promising practices, and to provide technical assistance.

The Ray Marshall Center and its partners are conducting this research through several mechanisms. First, the National Association of State Workforce Agencies conducted online surveys in fall 2009 and will conduct a second round in fall 2010. Second, researchers will conduct two rounds of site visits to 20 states and two local workforce investment agencies per state. Finally, researchers will analyze data that states provide to the Department of Labor on the delivery of workforce services to determine differences between pre- and post- ARRA implementation.

Reports Available:

Implementation of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Workforce Development and Unemployment Insurance Provisions

Date: October 2012

Publication Type: Final Report. 374 pp

Publisher: Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration

 

Early Implementation of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Workforce Development and Unemployment Insurance Provisions Interim Report

Date: April 25, 2011

Publication Type: Report. 182pp.

Publisher: Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration

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17 NCHS Data Linkage with Food Assistance and Other Related Data in Texas - Daniel G. Schroeder

NCHS Data Linkage with Food Assistance and Other Related Data in Texas

Principal Investigator:

Daniel G. Schroeder

Sponsor:

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics

Project Duration:

March 2009 - September 2012

Description

The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has conducted the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) continuously since 1999. One of the major components of NHANES is the nutrition and dietary component. A recent National Academies panel on Enhancing the Data Infrastructure in Support of Food and Nutrition Programs recommended linking the NHANES data with food assistance and other related program records to more fully understand decisions that the population makes on food consumption and to guide policy makers. NCHS has decided to link 2005-2008 NHANES data with Food Stamp Program and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families administrative records in Texas. If additional funds become available NCHS will also link 2005-2008 NHANES data with Women, Infants and Children and Unemployment Insurance Wage File Reports in Texas.

Under the project, the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources at the University of Texas in Austin will perform the linkage of records.

After the linkage has occurred statistical analyses will be conducted. The analyses will assess the participation in food program assistance and the effects of long term participation as it relates to food consumption and nutrition. In addition, the analyses will assess the accuracy of collecting this information in a self reported survey compared to the results of record linkage to an administrative database. The results from this linkage analysis will help gain understanding for future food and nutrition-related policy planning in the United States and perhaps future linkage projects.
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18 Texas Workforce Return-on-Investment Analysis Plan - Christopher T. King
Texas Workforce Return-on-Investment Analysis Plan
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: Texas Association of Workforce Boards
Project Duration: September 2007 - August 2008
Description:

Researchers at the Ray Marshall Center are providing research and technical expertise to the Texas Association of Workforce Boards (TAWB) to update and refine the methodology for estimating the return on investment (ROI) from workforce services and to produce ROI estimates for Texas as a whole and up to 26 of the 28 workforce areas in the state. As part of the project, the researchers will also develop a guide to ROI estimation for use by the boards subsequent to this analysis. Center researchers demonstrated the feasibility of using a simple ROI estimation methodology and in 2003, producing “first-approximation,” taxpayer-perspective ROI estimates for 18 participating workforce areas as well as a composite board ROI estimate.

The current project will improve on the earlier work in a number of important respects:

  • be based on real estimated impacts for major workforce services and funding streams locally, projected into the future and discounted to present value;
  • be more comprehensive in workforce area coverage and perspectives;
  • adjust for varying service delivery modes; and
  • provide a practical guide for future board use.
Reports Available:

Returns from Investments in Workforce Services: Texas Statewide Estimates for Participants, Taxpayers and Society (August 2008). Christopher T. King, Ying Tang, Tara Carter Smith and Daniel G. Schroeder, with assistance from Burt S. Barnow. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 50pp.

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19 Biotech Workforce Evaluation - Robert W. Glover
Biotech Workforce Evaluation
Principal Investigators: Robert W. Glover
Sponsor: WorkSource: The Greater Austin Workforce Development Board
Research Partners: Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce, Austin Community College
Project Duration: September 2006 - August 2008
Description:

The Ray Marshall Center is conducting an evaluation of a pilot project to enhance educational offering in biotechnology at Austin Community College. Specializations in biotechnical instrumentation and in molecular diagnostics are being developed and implemented in collaboration with industry through a series of teacher externships. In addition, the college is developing a one-semester program in Biotechnology Preparation to provide job applicants with applied skills to access entry-level jobs in biotechnology. Faculty from three ACC departments are involved in this initiative: Electronics, Biotechnology and Medical Laboratory Technician.

The Ray Marshall Center evaluation is considering both process issues and outcomes of the demonstration. The project will monitor implementation of the project, examining whether implementation was carried out as planned and if changed, how and why. The evaluation will document the project’s results, assess to what extent the goals and outcomes of the project were accomplished, how well the project served its targeted audiences and constituencies, the measurable returns on investment of the project, and what lessons can be learned from the experience .

This pilot project is funded by the Texas Workforce Commission under its program “Meeting Industries’ Critical Workforce Needs” in biotechnology and administered by WorkSource: The Greater Austin Workforce Development Board. The program aims to foster workforce development for jobs in industry clusters targeted for economic development by Texas and by the Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce.
Reports Available:

Evaluation of the Austin Biotech Workforce Education Consortium
Author:
Robert W. Glover
Date:
February 2009
Publication Type:
Evaluation

Austin Biotech Workforce Education Consortium: First Year Report
Author: Robert W. Glover
Date: September 2007
Publication Type: Evaluation

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20 Welfare and Employment Dynamics Using Matched Data - Daniel Schroeder
Welfare and Employment Dynamics Using Matched Data
Principal Investigators: Daniel Schroeder
Sponsor: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Research Partners: The Johns Hopkins University, The George Washington University
Project Duration: November 2005 - July 2008
Description: The project will conduct studies of food stamp, welfare and employment dynamics using matched data from the "Three City Study" and administrative records from various governmental welfare and employment sources. It has a data collection goal and an analysis goal. (1) The data collection goal is to gather administrative records from TANF, Food Stamps, Unemployment Insurance earnings records, and several other public assistance and social service agencies on the families in the survey, to match them to the survey, and to develop a restricted use file that could be made available to other authorized researchers. (2) The analysis goal is to use the matched data to conduct primary analyses of food stamp, welfare and employment dynamics using state of the art econometric methods and to conduct a series of additional substantive and methodological analyses. These additional analyses include a study of methods of efficient estimation models which use the survey data and the universe of administrative data; a study of the seam problem in event history surveys; an examination of the effects of work requirements, time limits and sanctions on welfare use and employment outcomes; studies of food and financial hardships among families; and studies of welfare participation of children of immigrants, employment patterns of Latinas, aging low income mothers, and social service use.

The researchers at the Ray Marshall Center will participate mainly in data collection tasks, using administrative data from the state of Texas to (1) develop research files describing families’ food stamp, welfare, and other program experiences and histories of their UI-covered earnings and (2) linking these data to information from the "Three City Study." The researchers will also assist with other analysis tasks, as time and interest allow, and may develop their own analysis projects with the data.
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21 Workforce Development Employment and Earnings Outcomes - Christopher T. King
Workforce Development Employment and Earnings Outcomes
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: Goodwill Industries International
Project Duration: February 2008 - June 2008
Description:

The purpose of this research program is to assist Goodwill Industries International (GII) in developing a broader and deeper understanding of the employment and earnings outcomes, both short-term and long-term, of workforce development clients of Goodwill Industries of Central Texas. The goals of this research are to (1) develop a partnership between the Ray Marshall Center and GII in conducting joint research that will extend and enhance our knowledge of the earnings and employment experiences of workforce development clients over periods of several years after program service, and how these experiences differ from their earnings and employment experiences prior to program service andlor among different groups of clients; (2) provide relevant and useful information for management decision-making; (3) provide useful aggregate information that can be shared with other Goodwill members and workforce development service providers regarding the design of workforce development programs; and (4) demonstrate cost-effective data sources and analysis metods for providing information on client outcomes.

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22 TANF, Unemployment Insurance, and the Safety Net - Daniel Schroeder
TANF, Unemployment Insurance, and the Safety Net
Principal Investigator: Daniel Schroeder
Sponsor: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research
Project Duration: June 2007 - April 2008
Description:

This project presents a revised analysis plan to investigate linkages between Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Unemployment Insurance (UI). Using administrative data from a group of four large states, this study extends our understanding about the use of UI by recent TANF leavers. Data from the following states are analyzed: Florida, Ohio, Michigan, and Texas.

Samples from all four states will be analyzed for 2000 TANF receipt cohorts. These samples include TANF recipients in calendar year 2000 who exit from TANF for employment by the first calendar quarter of 2001. Analysis will be conducted on earlier and later TANF exit cohorts as data is available for other states. The two alternative TANF exit time frames are: (1) TANF receipt 1997Q2 to 1998Q1 and exit by 1998Q2, and (2) TANF receipt 2002Q1 to 2002Q4 and exit by 2003Q1.

Based on data for the Florida 2000 cohort, this report presents a blueprint for analysis of all cohorts by presenting tables and charts to answer questions posed in the draft analysis plan. The sections and sub-sections of this revised analysis plan correspond to the overview of research questions listed in Table 1. An overview of data available to investigate these research questions is given in Table 2.

Analysis of UI and TANF use is primarily based on data provided through the Administrative Data Analysis and Research (ADARE) consortium.1 Additional data for this project was provided directly to the Upjohn Institute by some states. Data for Michigan was provided to the Institute outside ADARE.

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23 Manufacturing Skills Initiative - Robert W. Glover and Christopher T. King
Manufacturing Skills Initiative
Principal Investigators: Robert W. Glover, Christopher T. King
Sponsor: WorkSource: The Greater Austin Workforce Development Board
Research Partners: CommunitySync, Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce
Project Duration: March 2007 - December 2007
Description:

The Ray Marshall Center is conducting research on the future of manufacturing in the Greater Austin Area, in collaboration with industry and community representatives. The goal of the project is to facilitate economic development and to alleviate any identified critical skills shortages in Austin’s manufacturing industries. A key focus of the project is skilled and technician occupations.

The project collaborates with interested employers in the selected manufacturing industries to verify the shortages, examine root causes, and seek practical solutions to alleviate the potential shortages.

Project results will be documented in a Critical Skills report for three selected manufacturing industries, including sections on contributing factors and root causes of the shortages, and solutions tailored for each manufacturing industry as well as cross-industry recommendations for action. The solutions analysis will also assess the applicability of existing E-learning systems in training delivery. The end result for Central Texas should be improved productivity for employers, as well as enhanced labor market success for area residents.

Reports Available: Manufactuting Skills Initiative (December 2007). Robert W. Glover, Suzanne Hershey. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 87pp.

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24 Project SOS: Supporting Optimal Scholarship Advanced Placement [..] - Deanna Schexnayder
Project SOS: Supporting Optimal Scholarship Advanced Placement Incentive Program
Principal Investigator: Deanna T. Schexnayder
Sponsor: Austin Independent School District
Research Partners: Austin Independent School District
Project Duration: October 2003 - September 2007
Description: This three-year demonstration project, operating in five high schools and seven middle schools in the Austin Independent School District, will identify and eliminate variables which prevent high-ability, low-income students from enrolling in pre-advanced placement (AP) and AP courses. The project goals are to increase the proportion of low-income students who: (1) are enrolled in AP classes, and (2) score 3 or higher on AP exams.
Publications: Project SOS (Supporting Optimal Scholarship) Evaluation: Final Impact Report (August 2007). Deanna Schexnayder, Daniel Schroeder, Greg Cumpton, Kelly Stewart Nichols. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 42pp.
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25 An Evaluation of Local Investments in Workforce Development for Austin - Christopher King
An Evaluation of Local Investments in Workforce Development for the City of Austin
Principal Investigators: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: City of Austin, Health and Human Services Department
Project Duration: July 2006 - April 2007
Description:

The City of Austin makes numerous investments in workforce development activities each year with local tax dollars, primarily emphasizing longer-term training and support services, offerings that have typically been constrained under federal program rules. The City has asked the Ray Marshall Center to conduct an evaluation of these activities. The evaluation is organized into two areas of focus: (1) the Rapid Employment Model project, and (2) other workforce development services.

Rapid Employment Model

The Rapid Employment Model (REM), a collaborative effort of Travis County, the City, WorkSource-The Greater Austin Workforce Board and area workforce service providers, aims to decrease the time that disadvantaged/indigent residents are out of work through partnerships with employment and training providers to connect these individuals to jobs and opportunities for career advancement.

Process Evaluation: The process evaluation will document REM implementation. Service and training providers will be profiled to provide an overall picture of who they serve; what services/training they provide; typical client flows; and other information deemed relevant to the study.

Outcomes Evaluation: The outcomes evaluation will document the results of participation, including the number of clients served; the number completing training and related services; the number placed in employment; wages earned; and other outputs/outcomes determined largely through linked administrative data. It also seeks to validate outcomes data now reported by individual service providers to WorkSource and the City.

Other Workforce Development Services

As resources allow, the evaluation will also examine the impact of the City’s investments in other workforce development services, including: services to youth, support services such as child care, and collaborative activities.

Reports Available: Local Investments in Workforce Development: Initial Evaluation Findings (December 2007). Tara Carter Smith, Christopher T. King, Daniel G. Schroeder. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 43pp.
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26 Outcomes for Low-Income Families Receiving Child Care Subsidies in IL, MD, TX - Deanna Schexnayder
Principal Investigator: Deanna T. Schexnayder
Sponsor: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Child Care Bureau
Research Partners: Chapin Hall Center for Children, University of Chicago; U.S. Census Bureau; National Center for Children in Poverty; The Jacob France Institute, University of Baltimore
Project Duration: October 2004 - March 2007
Description:

Although billions of dollars are spent each year on child care subsidies to help low-income, working families, researchers are only beginning to understand whether and how child care subsidies influence employment. Recent research, funded by the Child Care Bureau and conducted by the principal investigators in this study, has demonstrated that the child care subsidy (CCS) plays an important role in supporting family self-sufficiency by increasing employment duration among current and former Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients.

The project proposes to extend this work by analyzing subsidy use, and employment and welfare outcomes among all low-income families in Illinois, Maryland, and Texas—not just those with TANF histories. The primary questions are how employment and welfare outcomes differ between those who use
child care subsidies and those who do not, and how these outcomes differ for different groups of low-income families. The researchers will also use the fact that child care subsidy policies vary by state to explore how outcomes vary by policies and practices, thereby advancing our understanding of the contexts that promote family well-being. By collaborating with the U.S. Census Bureau and using individual-level census records, the researchers will be able to overcome past data restrictions that have impeded study of the entire low-income population in a state.

The project will result in a more comprehensive model of CCS use that will allow policymakers to better estimate CCS need and to understand the relation between take-up and outcomes. The researchers will share the model and benchmarks with interested states at a roundtable discussion hosted by Child Care and Early Education Research Connections.

 

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27 Industry Competency Scan - Christopher T. King
Industry Competency Scan
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration
Research Partners: Planmatics, Inc.
Project Duration: June 2006 - March 2007
Description:

Industry competency models, which specify the knowledge, skills and performance needed by high performing workers, are key to guiding education and training institutions in developing curricula to meet the demands of businesses. The Department of Labor‘s Employment and Training Administration (ETA) has identified two key roles in promoting industry developed competency models that drive curricula, assessments and certifications:

  • Brokering information on industry recognized competency models and competency based curriculum; and
  • Promoting the development of industry driven competency models in high growth, high demand industries.

To fulfill the information-brokering role, ETA is developing an electronic clearinghouse of existing industry recognized skill standards, competency models, and competency-based curriculum. This competency clearinghouse is intended to link to and be used in conjunction with two existing electronic resources in America’s Career InfoNet where users currently can search for skill certifications by occupation and industry and State occupational license requirements. The goal is to create an Internet site that will provide industry a means to publicize their emerging skill needs and where businesses, both small and large, educators, and individuals can go to ascertain the emerging skill demands in the U.S. workplace. It will be a tool for businesses and human resource professionals to develop job requirements; for educational institutions to use in curriculum development; and for career exploration and guidance.

Planmatics, Inc., working with its subcontractor the Ray Marshall Center, will support ETA’s efforts in this arena by carrying out a scan of selected industries that are part of the President’s High Growth Job Training Initiative in order to identify and catalogue the major competency models in use within these sectors. While our focus will be on industry-wide technical competencies, we also will report on competencies we find that address other levels in ETA’s building-block framework, for example, industry-specific and occupation-specific competencies.

This task will review existing national, state, and industry skills standards and competency models for 4 to 5 individual industry groups. Summary descriptions, commonalities and gap analyses will be forwarded to ETA as they are completed during this time.


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28 The Economic and Workforce Impacts of Katrina [...] - Christopher T. King and Bruce Kellison
The Economic and Workforce Impacts of Hurricane Katrina and Ongoing Demographic Changes on the Space Shuttle Program
Principal Investigators: Christopher T. King and Bruce Kellison
Sponsor: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
Research Partners: IC2 Institute, Bureau of Business Research
Project Duration: June 2006 - March 2007
Description:

In 2004 and 2005, a series of eight major and minor hurricanes wreaked havoc all along the U.S. Gulf Coast, resulting in scores of counties being declared Major Disaster Area (MDA) counties. Hurricane Katrina, which bombarded the region in September of 2005, was among the most devastating of these. While not inflicting direct damage on facilities critical to the Space Shuttle Program (SSP) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Katrina caused considerable adverse effects as it shut down schools and destroyed homes, roads, water treatment plants and other essential components of the region’s infrastructure.

The Space Shuttle Program’s mission is to fly up to four human space flight missions each year between now and September 2010, referred to as the SSP “fly-out” date. Each of these missions is estimated to require intensive months of planning and subsequent implementation effort by highly skilled teams of engineers and related technical and support staff in two key facilities that lay in Hurricane Katrina’s path:

  • The Stennis Flight Center in Bay City (MS), which tests the rocket engines for the shuttles. Stennis, the only facility in the country that conducts tests on the shuttle’s external rocket engines, is operated by Pratt and Whitney/Rocketdyne.
  • The Michoud Assembly Facility just east of New Orleans (LA), which builds the external fuel tanks for the space shuttles. Michoud, the sole facility in the country making and assembling the shuttle’s external fuel tanks, is operated jointly by Lockheed Martin.

Together, these vital SSP facilities employ around 2,000 workers. Many of these employees are highly educated engineers and technical staff with skills that will be costly to replace, both in terms of the time it would take to recruit, screen, hire and train them and the lost productivity for the Space Shuttle Program. Of these employees, more than 1,500 are employed by Lockheed Martin to work n the external tank assembly and related operations and almost 400 work at Stennis Flight Center on rocket engine testing.

It is also important to note that both of these facilities are also facing serious internal workforce challenges as a result of ongoing demographic changes, primarily their aging workforce. According to officials at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, a substantial share of the engineers and technical/support staff at these two facilities are fast approaching retirement age and, given the added “push” from Katrina and its aftermath, may leave their jobs at some point in the near future.

Both of these forces — Katrina and its associated effects on the region’s infrastructure, plus the aging of its workforce — have the potential to adversely impact the ability of the Space Shuttle Program to accomplish its mission, namely flying up to four human space flight missions each year between now and mission “fly-out” in 2010. This proposal will estimate these potential adverse impacts and then develop recommended strategies for addressing them.

Approach

The researchers propose to assess the economic and workforce impact on the Space Shuttle Program’s capacity to achieve its mission of flying human space flight missions between now and September 2010 and to develop a series of recommended strategies for countering any adverse impacts that emerge based on this research.

Major Research Components. The major components of the proposed research are:

  • Environmental Scan. We will begin the research with a preliminary scan of the environment affecting these facilities. The scan will rely on basic document and data gathering, as well as initial meetings and discussions with key personnel to gain an understanding of the ‘lay of the land’ in this area. The research team will also examine regional business relationships SSP facilities have with suppliers, vendors, or related product/services companies for a deeper understanding of how the NASA centers are embedded in their local economies.
  • Focus Groups. Both to learn about the issues that are likely to affect SSP’s direct and indirect workforce in these facilities—including their decisions to remain in or leave their jobs—and to help us in developing a more comprehensive online survey, we will conduct a number of focus groups in each affected facility/area with workers and adult members of their families.
  • Online Workforce Survey. Based on the information gleaned from the focus groups and the environmental scan, we will develop and conduct an online surey of the SSP workforce, direct and indirect, in these facilities to gauge the importance of Katrina, demographic and other factors to their decisions to remain working with the SSP program over the next four years.
  • Field Interviews. We will conduct a series of in-depth interviews with SSP directors, HR managers and other senior staff and with government and civic leaders who are playing major roles in the reconstruction of the Gulf Coast area in Katrina’s aftermath.
  • Scenario Modeling. Building upon work that both the Ray Marshall Center and IC 2 Institute have done examining critical skills and economic development strategies in key industry sectors in Austin and other areas (including Canada), we will model scenarios for economic and workforce impacts for the area and SSP facilities given what emerge as likely parameters for the near future, i.e., the critical 2006-2010 timeframe.
  • Recommended Strategy Development. Finally, we will also conduct a structured process to develop recommended strategies for addressing any projected adverse economic and workforce impacts.

Reports Available:

Economic and Workforce Impacts of Hurricane Katrina, Demographic and Related Changes on NASA’s Space Shuttle Program: Findings and Recommendations (Summary Report) (March 2007). Christopher T. King, J. Bruce Kellison, Tara Smith, Eliza Evans, MaryAnn Anderson, Ara Merjanian, Bryan Hadley and Andrew Stackhouse. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, and IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin. 52pp.

Economic and Workforce Impacts of Hurricane Katrina, Demographic and Related Changes on NASA’s Space Shuttle Program: Findings and Recommendations (Final Report) (March 2007). Christopher T. King, J. Bruce Kellison, Tara Smith, Eliza Evans, MaryAnn Anderson, Ara Merjanian, Bryan Hadley and Andrew Stackhouse. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, and IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin. 214pp.

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29 Central Texas Workforce Intermediary Initiative Pilot - Christopher T. King

Central Texas Workforce Intermediary Initiative Pilot

Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: The Rockefeller Foundation
Research Partners: Skillpoint Alliance and Capital IDEA
Project Duration: October 2005 - March 2007
Description:

The Central Texas Workforce Intermediary Initiative (CTWII) will build and strengthen support among Central Texas stakeholders for a major workforce intermediary initiative linked to long-term economic growth and regional vitality. Specifically, the initiative will result in increased training and job creation, especially high-skilled jobs offering high wages, improved job retention and career advancement for area residents, new business and industry development, greater productivity for the Central Texas business community, and greater economic and social equity across the community. The will focus its efforts on nursing and allied health careers in the region’s steadily growing healthcare industry sector.

The CTWII coalition will utilize a two-phase approach as it transitions from the planning stage to implementation. Phase I will focus on systems and capacity building. It will continue to solidify and expand accomplishments from the planning grant phase, including promoting ongoing stakeholder engagement, bolstering funding, finding additional ways to align funding streams, and continuing to work for improved public policies and political support. This phase will allow the group to implement and test select strategies in one initial industry sector — healthcare — then make adjustments as necessary before full-scale implementation.

Phase II will include the continued expansion of the initial industry sector initiative and planning for the expansion of the initiative into at least one and possibly two additional industry sectors. This phase will also focus on long-term planning and sustainability of the efforts launched in Phases I and II.

The overarching goal of our work in the healthcare industry sector will be to address the human resources needs of Central Texas healthcare employers by increasing the capacity of leading education and training institutions locally — especially Austin Community College and University of Texas’s School of Nursing — to connect low-income workers with job and career advancement opportunities in the healthcare industry. Through our efforts, we will:

  • Support the continued growth of the Central Texas healthcare industry sector;
  • Promote “high-road” strategies that result in high-skill, high-wage jobs;
  • Develop a healthcare workforce that is more representative of the Central Texas region’s diversity;
  • Create new career advancement opportunities for adults with significant barriers to employment; and
  • Build on the accomplishments of the Health Industry Steering Committee (HISC) by identifying additional opportunities to align local healthcare workforce development programs and funding streams.
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30 Food Stamps, Unemployment Insurance and the Safety Net - Daniel Schroeder
Food Stamps, Unemployment Insurance and the Saftey Net
Principal Investigator: Daniel Schroeder
Sponsor: Joint Center for Poverty Research, Food Assistance Research Small Grants Program
Project Duration: July 2005 - December 2006
Description:

Legislative reforms in the food stamp and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs in the 1990s, together with a booming economy and the Earned Income Tax Credit, led to dramatic increases in employment among single mothers and smaller increases among other low-income families. The deterioration of the economy after 2000, however, has raised again the question of the adequacy of the safety net for nonworking families. This study will examine the extent of support from government programs, especially food stamps, among nonworking families, but with a focus on a program that has not received much research attention: the Unemployment Insurance (UI) program.

The UI program is of interest because the increases in employment among disadvantaged families in the 1990s should have been expected to increase eligibility for benefits. This, in turn, may have led to greater receipt of UI in the recent downturn and to less reliance on food stamps, given that the latter program is also aimed, in part, at serving unemployed families during downturns. The researchers will use an administrative data set from the state of Texas containing information on food stamp, TANF, and UI recipients over the period 1996 to 2005 to investigate these questions.

The study will document the incidence of different kinds of assistance receipt, especially during the downturn, giving particular attention to the relationship between food stamps and UI benefits (how many individuals receive one but not the other, both, neither); will estimate event history models to determine whether receipt of UI leads to reduced entry and increased exit from the food stamp program; will examine how the nature of food stamp and UI spells changed as the Texas economy moved from expansion to recession to recovery; and will estimate the effects of such receipts on income from earnings, UI, and welfare.

Reports Available:

Food Stamps, Unemployment Insurance, and the Safety Net
Author: Daniel Schroeder
Date: May 2007
Publisher: The Harris School of Public Policy Studies at the University of Chicago
Publication Type: Final Report. 43pp. (Harris School Working Paper Series 07.15)
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31 Community Agenda Assessment Project - Christopher T. King and Ying Tang

Community Agenda Assessment Project

Principal Investigators:

Christopher T. King and Ying Tang

Sponsor:

United Way Capital Area

Project Duration:

November 2005 - December 2006

Description:

The Ray Marshall Center at the University of Texas at Austin (RMC) is conducting a research project to assist the United Way Capital Area (UWCA) develop a Community Agenda on health and human services within the 10-county Capital Area region. The research is designed to lead to a synthesis of existing information and stakeholder perspectives on the priorities in health and human services. Specifically, RMC is charged as follows:

Phase I: Identify, collect and analyze existing regional data on the state of major health and human services issues, indicators and demographic trend; and

Phase II: Gauge the perspectives of major stakeholders across the ten-county area regarding major issues, root causes, solutions and prospects for health and human services.

The Ray Marshall Center will produce a data analysis report as a result of Phase I work. The data analysis report will present major indicators of demographic trends, several indicators under important issue areas related to health and human services, a summary listing of the issues or priority issues previously identified by stakeholders through community assessment or planning processes in recent years, and a number of regional and county-specific highlights based on data and issues analysis.

The report of the Phase II work will be a summary of findings based on analysis of input from different types of stakeholders in the ten counties. Specifically, stakeholder input is sought on the following topics:

  • The way stakeholders define their community
  • Their vision for that community, or how they would like it to be;
  • What issues they believe are “in the way” of realizing this vision for their community;
  • The issues that they think are the highest priority;
  • Their thoughts on the possible root causes, or “drivers” behind the problem or issue;
  • Their ideas for possible solutions or approaches for addressing these root causes; and
  • Their perspectives on the highest priorities for initial action, based on the highest priority issues and the responses that would leverage results.

To the extent possible, the Phase II report will also attempt to compare the issues and priorities that loom largest in the perspectives of the stakeholders and comparable data points on such issues and priorities.

Reports Available:

A Profile of the Capital Area Community: A data analysis report for the United Way Capital Area (March 2006). Ying Tang, Suzanne Hershey, Christopher T. King, Katie Ryan and Erin Brown. Austin, TX: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 94 pp., 3 appendices.

A Profile of the Capital Area Community: A Profile of the Capital Area: A Regional Summary (March 2006). Ying Tang, Christopher T. King, Katie Ryan, Erin Brown and Suzanne Hershey. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 21pp.

Toward Equity for All: Findings from Stakeholder Input on the Capital Area Community Agenda Project (July 2006). Ying Tang, Christopher T. King, Erin Brown, Katie Ryan, Bryan Hadley and Suzanne Hershey. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 165pp.

Toward Equity for All: Findings From Stakeholder Input on the Capital Area Community Agenda Project (Executive Summary) (July 2006). Ying Tang, Christopher T. King, Erin Brown, Katie Ryan, Bryan Hadley, Suzanne Hershey. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 9pp

Community Agenda Project Findings and Recommendations (August 2006) (PowerPoint presentation). Christopher T. King and Ying Tang. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 16pp.

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32 Critical Skill Shortages Initiative - Robert Glover and Christopher T. King
Critical Skill Shortages Initiative
Principal Investigators: Robert Glover and Christopher T. King
Sponsor: WorkSource – Greater Austin Area Workforce Board
Project Duration: April 2005 - August 2006
Description:

The Ray Marshall Center will collaborate with industry and community representatives to work with two industrial sectors to alleviate critical skills shortages in key occupations. The two targeted industrial sectors will have high job growth, pay higher than average wages and benefits, and be experiencing critical skill shortages in key occupations. The project will examine root causes for these critical shortages and propose practical solutions.

The researchers anticipate that the first target sector will be health care. Abundant information is already available regarding this industry in Central Texas, as well as existing activities and institutions that can be built on. Researchers will do a quick verification to confirm this choice. This strategy of selecting health care on the front end will allow researchers to accelerate the project rapidly into the second (root causes) and third (solutions) phases for this sector. Key representatives from this sector have indicated that while much is known about it already, much more needs to be done to understand and effectively respond to its needs.

The second industry sector will be selected on the basis of findings from the data analysis and discussions with representatives from industry and the community regarding their responsiveness to work with this initiative.

Researchers will build on existing efforts and make best use of available data and programs underway. They will collaborate with interested employers in the selected industries to verify the shortages, examine root causes, and seek practical solutions to alleviate the shortages. The project will be documented in a series of reports, including a Critical Skills Report, for each of the two industry sectors selected, a report on Root Causes of the shortages, and a report on Solutions tailored for each sector. Each of the solutions reports will include a work plan, with endorsements that could be used as the basis of a proposal to be submitted to an external funding agency or organization.

The researchers view this project as a means to establish a more effective collaborative process in Central Texas – not merely a research project designed to develop a series of written reports. They aim to put into placed a catalytic process that will generate and facilitate activities by key actors. Success will require strong input and meaningful participation by the firms and industries involved, as well as by training providers and the community. The end result for Central Texas should be improved productivity for employers in key sectors, as well as enhanced labor market success for area residents.

Reports Available: Critical Skill Shortages Project: Recommendations for Selection of Two Key Industry Clusters for Further Work by Robert W. Glover, Suzanne Hershey, Christopher T. King and Deepshikha Roychowdhury. Austin: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, The University of Texas at Austin, June 2005.

Critical Skill Shortages Project: An Assessment of Root Causes for Skill Shortages in Biosciences and Biotechnology in Greater Austin by Robert W. Glover, Suzanne Hershey, Christopher T. King and Deepshikha Roychowdhury. Austin: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, The University of Texas at Austin, July 2005.

Critical Skill Shortages Project: An Assessment of Root Causes for Skill Shortages in the Wireless Industry in Greater Austin by Robert W. Glover, Suzanne Hershey, Christopher T. King and Deepshikha Roychowdhury. Austin: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, The University of Texas at Austin, August 2005.

Critical Skill Shortages Project: Addressing Potential Skill Shortages in Biosciences and Biotechnology in Greater Austin by Robert W. Glover, Suzanne Hershey and Christopher T. King. Austin: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, The University of Texas at Austin, October 2005.

Critical Skill Shortages Project: Addressing Potential Skill Shortages in Wireless Technology in Greater Austin by Robert W. Glover, Suzanne Hershey and Christopher T. King. Austin: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, The University of Texas at Austin, October 2005.
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33 Bridging the Gap Pilot Study - Deanna Schexnayder
Bridging the Gap Pilot Study
Principal Investigator: Deanna T. Schexnayder
Sponsor: Center for Economic and Policy Research
Research Partners: Center for Social Policy, University of Massachusetts, Boston; and Center for Urban Economic Development, University of Illinois at Chicago
Project Duration: January 2005 - March 2006
Description:

The "Bridging the Gap"Pilot Study has the following goals:

  • To begin to show how the problems faced by working families appear and unfold in any particular state, but are also part of a national pattern;
  • To demonstrate how collaboration between national and state-level partners is critical for understanding the problems facing working families and determining the appropriate policy solutions;
  • To engage policy advocates in the start-up phase of the project to make the research relevant to those actively engaged in the political process.

The Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources will produce a preliminary report on the major findings in Texas. RMC will subsequently conduct outreach activities, which will include briefings for advocates and provider organizations in Texas, in order to present preliminary findings and generate feedback from advocates.

Reports Available: Bridging the Gaps (PowerPoint presentation). Austin, TX: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, and Center for Economic and Policy Research, February 2006. 16pp.
Texas Economic Supports for Working Families: A Product of the Bridging the Gaps Project (February 2007). Deanna Schexnayder, Ying Tang, Brendan Hill, Sarah Looney Oldmixon. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 24pp.
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34 Devolution of Subsidized Child Care Services in Texas - Deanna Schexnayder
Devolution of Subsidized Child Care Services in Texas
Principal Investigators: Deanna Schexnayder and Laura Lein
Sponsor: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Research Partners:

Center for Social Work Research, The Univeristy of Texas at Austin

Project Duration: October 2001 - September 2005
Description:

The purpose of this three-year research project is to examine subsidized child care programs over a time period during which responsibility for these programs was devolved from the state to the local level. The study will address the following questions: How do local child care policies in Texas vary following the devolution of responsibilities for child care policies to the local workforce boards? What is the process by which changes in the provision of publicly subsidized child care are implemented? Which changes in the availability of child care statistically associated with policy variations? Which change in patterns of child care usage are statistically associated with policy variations at the state and local level?

During the first year of this project, researchers will survey all 28 local workforce boards, identify policy changes, and analyze subsidy and market rate data to develop profiles describing each local area. Three sites will be selected for an in-depth examination of policy variations, patterns of service utilization, shifts in the supply of services, costs of care and quality of services.

In the third year, data from all facets of the over six years covered by this research will be combined and used in an econometric analysis to answer the research questions.

Reports Available:

The Texas Child Care Subsidy Program After Devolution to the Local Level: A Product of the Study of Child Care Devolution in Texas (June 2004). Deanna Schexnayder, Daniel Schroeder, Ying Tang, Laura Lein, Julie Beausoleil, Gina Amatangelo. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, and Center for Social Work Research, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin. 50 pp., 5 appendices.

Texas Child Care Profiles for Local Workforce Development Areas FY 1998 - FY 2001: A Product of the Study of Devolution of Subsidized Child Care in Texas (April 2003). Daniel Schroeder, Trish Norman, Ying Tang, Matthew Randazzo, Deanna Schexnayder, Laura Lein, Julie Beausoleil, Sara Trott. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 92pp.

Preliminary Findings from Interviews with Child Care Program Managers: A Product of the Study of Devolution of Subsidized Child Care in Texas (April 2003). Laura Lein, Julie Beausoleil, Sara Trott, Deanna Schexnayder, Daniel Schroeder, Ying Tang, Matthew Randazzo. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 29pp

The Process of Devolution: Perceptions from Local Boards: A Product of the Study of Child Care Devolution in Texas (October 2007). Laura Lein, Julie Beausoleil, Ying Tang. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, and the Center for Social Work Research, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin. 58pp.

Child Care Devolution in Texas: The Relationship of Child Care Policies to Subsidy, Employment and Market Durations: Final Technical Report (March 2008). Deanna Schexnayder, Daniel Schroeder. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, and the Center for Social Work Research, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin. 64pp.

The Devolution of Subsidized Child Care in Texas: Final Summary Report (March 2008). Deanna Schexnayder, Laura Lein. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, and the Center for Social Work Research, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin. 27pp.

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35 Workforce Intermediaries - Christopher T. King
Workforce Intermediaries
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: The Rockefeller Foundation
Research Partners: Skillpoint Alliance and Capital IDEA
Project Duration: October 2004 - August 2005
Description:

Central Texas has a robust, dynamic and unique set of workforce institutions — including Skillpoint Alliance (formerly Capital Area Training Foundation), Capital IDEA, and Austin Community College — that
are the envy of other communities across the nation. These organizations, as well as Central Texas’ two workforce development boards, embody key features of leading-edge workforce intermediaries. The region is also unique in a number of other respects that make it a particularly attractive site for developing and operating a major workforce intermediary initiative, including: unusually high levels of public and private support for its workforce development services; its pursuit of a cluster-based approach to workforce
services; and the level of grass-roots action and public concern over skills gaps and income disparities among its residents.

The Ray Marshall Center is coordinating a nine-month planning process to design a workforce intermediary initiative for all of Central Texas, working in partnership with two of Austin’s premier workforce intermediaries: the Skillpoint Alliance and the Capital IDEA. The researchers will also engage a broad array of local stakeholders in this process, including employer groups, community organizations, and philanthropic institutions. The principal outcome of this planning process will be the design and funding plan for a uniquely Central Texas workforce intermediary initiative, based in its own set of institutions, traditions and context.

During the planning process the research will focus on addressing several core questions:

♦ What is the nature and scope of employer demand in targeted sectors for skilled, living-wage occupations?

♦ What is the current capacity and education level of disadvantaged workers who could potentially fill these occupations and what would it take (cost and services) to match these workers to target occupations?

♦ How does Central Texas develop a long-term model with diverse revenue strategies that can create stability and sustainability in workforce initiatives?

♦ What are the key public policy initiatives that can help drive and support these funding streams over time?

Reports Available:

Approaches to Adjusting Workforce Development Performance Measures (August 2005). Joe Siedlecki and Christopher T. King. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 7pp.

Proposed Approaches to Workforce Development Performance Measurement (February 2005). Sarah Looney and Christopher T. King. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 6pp.

Expanding Opportunities for Business and Workers: Promising Practices for Workforce Intermediary Initiatives (February 2005). Sarah Looney and Christopher T. King. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 31pp.

Mapping and Improving State Workforce Development Systems: Lessons from Five States (August 2004). Sarah Looney and Christopher T. King. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 15pp.

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36 NCP Choices: Providing Workforce Development Services to Non-Custodial Parents - Daniel G. Schroeder
NCP Choices: Providing Workforce Development Services to Non-Custodial Parents
Principal Investigators: Daniel G. Schroeder
Sponsor: Office of the Attorney General of Texas and Texas Workforce Commission
Project Duration: July 2005 - August 2011
Description:

The goal of the Non-Custodial Parent Choices (NCP Choices) demonstration is to get unemployed and/or underemployed non-custodial parents (NCPs) with unpaid child support orders into workforce development services so that they can better meet their financial obligations to their children.

Child support can be one of the most important sources of income in assisting single parent households to escape from poverty. Despite significant gains over the last decade or so, receipt of child support among public assistance families remains low. Many NCPs are unable to meet their financial obligations due to unemployment or underemployment. Previous attempts to engage low-income NCPs in workforce development services have had success for some participants, but typically have problems meeting enrollment goals. NCP Choices solves this in a straightforward manner: noncompliant NCPs are given the choice of paying their child support, participating in workforce services, or going to jail.

The Ray Marshall Center (RMC) is estimating preliminary impacts of NCP Choices in four demonstration sites. Outcomes of interest include child support collections, workforce development participation, employment and earnings levels of NCPs, and TANF receipt by the custodial parents (CPs).

Reports Available:

Non-Custodial Parent Choices PEER Pilot: Impact Report (August 2011). Daniel Schroeder, Kimberly Walker, and Amna Khan. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 45 pp.

Non-Custodial Parent Choices Establishment Pilot: Impact Report
(August 2011). Daniel Schroeder and Amna Khan. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 52 pp.

Non-Custodial Parent Choices Establishment and PEER Pilots: Preliminary Impact Report
(May 2011). Daniel Schroeder and Amna Khan. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 70 pp.

Non-Custodial Parent Choices Establishment Pilot: Early Implementation Results (December 2010) Daniel Schroeder, Amna Khan. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 40 pp.

Texas Non-Custodial Parent Choices: Program Impact Analysis (August 2009). Daniel Schroeder and Nicholas Doughty. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 127 pp. Related presentation available.

Texas Non-Custodial Parent Choices: Program Impact Analysis (August 2008). Daniel Schroeder and Stephanie Chiarello. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 101pp.

Texas Non-Custodial Parent Choices: Program Impact Analysis (August 2007). Daniel Schroeder, Stephanie Chiarello, Kelly Stewart Nichols, Christopher T. King, Elizabeth McGuinness. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 74pp.

Texas Non-Custodial Parent Choices: Preliminary Program Impact Analysis (February 2007). Daniel Schroeder, Kelly Stewart Nichols, Elizabeth McGuinness; with Christopher T. King, Esmeralda Garcia, Sarah Looney Oldmixon, Andy David. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 42pp.

Evaluating the Non-custodial Parent Choices Program in Texas: Literature Review, Early Implementation Results and Preliminary Impact Analysis Plan (September 2005). Daniel Schroeder, Christopher T. King, Esmeralda Garcia, Sarah Looney Oldmixon, Andy David. Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. 76pp.

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37 Urban Welfare-to-Work Transitions Book - Christopher King
Urban Welfare-to-Work Transitions Book
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King and Peter Mueser
Sponsor: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research
Research Partner: University of Baltimore
Project Duration: 1999-2004
Description: Christopher T. King and University of Missouri-Columbia economics professor Peter Mueser received a grant from the W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research in 1999, supplementing funding from the U.S. Department of Labor's Employment and Training Administration, to prepare a book on welfare-to-work transitions in six, very diverse urban areas around the country: Atlanta, Baltimore, Chicago, Ft. Lauderdale, Houston and Kansas City (MO).  King, director of the Ray Marshall Center and the Hogg Professor of Urban Management at the LBJ School, and Mueser completed their research in 2004.  The Upjohn Institute published the book, Welfare and Work: Experiences in Six Cities in February 2005.
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38 Transforming State and Local Workforce Development Systems - Christopher King
Transforming State and Local Workforce Development Systems
Principal Investigators: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: National Governors Association, Ford Foundation
Project Duration: April 2000 – December 2004
Description:

Researchers at the Ray Marshall center participate in selecting and convening a Next Generation Initiative Advisory Group. They assist in conducting a competitive process in the spring of 2002 for selecting up to eight states to participate in the academy for planning and implementing policies and strategies to transform the workforce development system in their states. They participate in conducting site visits in each of the selected states in late spring/early summer to meet with the state team regarding their participation in the academy and work with the partners to expand the scope of the Next Generation Initiative throughout the first year by connecting with other related initiatives.

Through research on policies, strategies, and practices they develop a policy/strategy paper on comprehensive performance management/measurement to inform the Next Generation on workforce development.  They will assist in developing papers starting in early fall 2001 as part of the NGA Chair’s Initiative that draws on the knowledge gained from the Next Generation policy/strategy papers. The paper will be finalized in January 2001 and presented to Governors at the NGA Winter Meeting in February 2002.

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39 Integrated Performance Information - Christopher King
Integrated Performance Information
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: U.S. Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration
Research Partners:

Washington State Workforce Training and Education Coordinating Board,
National Governors Association Center for Best Practices

Project Duration: December 2003 - December 2004
Description:

The purpose of this project is to provide the Department of Labor with input from the states on what is required to support integrated information on the results of workforce investment programs and the One-Stop system. Examples of integrated information on results include but are not limited to: outcome measures that apply across multiple workforce development programs; measures of the performance of One-Stop Centers and the One-Stop system; other measures of the shared results of workforce investment programs that are attributable to the combined effects of multiple programs; and training provider results reported to meet the requirements of multiple programs.

The project encompasses the six states of Florida, Michigan, Montana, Oregon, Texas and Washington. In collaboration with its partners, Ray Marshall Center staff have:

  • Planned and facilitated three IPI "academy" meetings with the 6 Planned and facilitated three IPI "academy" meetings with the 6 Planned and facilitated three IPI academy meetings with the six states and other experts;
  • Prepared three issues papers;
  • Planned and participated in a one-day meeting of performance measurement and management experts from workforce, education and related fields in Washington. D.C., to solicit their input and suggestions; and
  • Contributed to preparation of the draft project blueprint report that will be released in Fall 2004.
Reports Available:

Integrated Performance Information for Workforce Development: Framing the Issues, by Christopher T. King and Dan O'Shea. Austin, TX: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, December 2003.

The Alignment of Workforce Performance Measures and Policymaker Needs in Ten Leading-edge States, by Dan O'Shea, Sarah Looney and Christopher T. King. Austin, TX: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, March 2004.

Proposed Performance Measures and State Responses: Analysis and Next Steps, by Christopher T. King and Sarah Looney. Austin, TX: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, June 2004.

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40 Capital Area Training Foundation Construction Gateway Evaluation - Christopher King
Capital Area Training Foundation Construction Gateway Evaluation
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsors: Capital Area Training Foundation, Jobs for the Future
Research Partner: Capital Area Training Foundation
Project Duration: January 2004 - December 2004
Description:

The Capital Area Training Foundation (CATF) and the Ray Marshall Center have entered into a strategic partnership that will:

  • Provide valuable research on regional workforce and educational issues;
  • Offer program analyses and evaluations of CATF programs; and
  • Develop standards for objective research and evaluation of CATF programs.

The Construction Gateway Evaluation component of this partnership seeks to document results of the Gateway Program, identify practices/policies associated with positive results, and provide options for maintaining and expanding the initiative as well as exploring the possibility of replicating the model in other industry sectors. Moreover, the research feeds back into the larger objective of engaging civic interest and capacity in workforce development and career advancement, validating current investments, and influencing the public policy environment to promote more investment through the example of a “grounded” community program. The evaluation will be available Fall 2004.

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41 National Benefit/Cost Analysis of Three Digit-Accessed Telephone Information [...]- Christopher King
National Benefit/Cost Analysis of Three Digit-Accessed Telephone Information and Referral Services
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: United Way of America
Research Partners:
Project Duration: January 2004 - December 2004
Description: Given the enhanced profile and prospects for a national three-digit accessed (2-1-1) network for health and human services information and referral (I&R), United Way of America has contracted with the Ray Marshall Center to estimate the net value to society created by public and private investments in the system. Researchers will quantify the observed benefits and costs associated with eleven fully operational state and local 2-1-1 programs as a basis for estimating the net value of a national system, should policymakers and legislators decide to support such a system.Researchers will employ established methodologies to estimate benefits and costs. Research tasks conducted between March and August 2004 included a review of the I&R and benefit/costs literatures; recruiting and preliminarily screening sites; formally requesting fiscal and operational data; site visits and interviews with program administrators and staff; and conversations with professionals and individuals across the general public who have used 2-1-1 to address their health and human service needs. An interim report is scheduled for September 2004, to be followed by a final report on October 2004.
Reports Available: National Benefit/ Cost Analysis of Three Digit-Accessed Telephone Information and Referral Services by Dan O'Shea, Christopher T. King, Stuart Greenfield, Elaine Shelton, Laura Sullivan, Erin Taber and Jerome A. Olson. Austin, TX: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, December 2004.
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42 State and Local Service Delivery under the Workforce Investment Act - Christopher King
State and Local Service Delivery under the Workforce Investment Act
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: Rockefeller Institute of Government at the State University of New York
Research Partners: Rockefeller Institute of Government/The Research Foundation of State University of New York
Project Duration: May 2002 – November 2004
Description: Dr. Christopher T. King, director of the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, is co-director of a two-year, eight-state study of service delivery under the federal Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998. The project is funded by a grant from USDOL/ETA with a specific objective of informing the Act’s federal reauthorization discussions in Congress next year. The study focuses on WIA and related workforce programs in Florida, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Texas, Oregon and Utah. Researchers will examine WIA governance, administration, planning and service delivery efforts at the state level and in two local workforce areas in each state. The research pays particular heed to the operation of the One-Stop job training centers, market mechanisms in workforce development, information technologies, and other aspects of service delivery associated with provisions of WIA.

Dr. Richard P. Nathan, director of the Rockefeller Institute of Government at the State University of New York, Institute, is the Principal Investigator for the project. Dr. Burt Barnow, the associate director of the Institute for Policy Studies at Johns Hopkins University, is co-director of the research with Dr. King. This study evolved out of a 3-state pilot study of early WIA implementation conducted by Dr. King and Dan O’Shea of the Ray Marshall Center, entitled The Workforce Investment Act of 1998: Restructuring Workforce Development Initiatives in States and Localities, Rockefeller Report No. 12 (April 2001). As part of the field research network assembled for this study, Dan O’Shea will have primary responsibility for analyses of WIA and workforce systems in Michigan and Texas.

Read the Press Release.
Reports Available: The Workforce Investment Act in Eight States: Overview of Findings from a Field Network Study: Interim Report, by Burt S. Barnow and Christopher T. King. Albany, NY: Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government. July 2003.
The Workforce Investment Act in Eight States, by Burt S. Barnow and Christopher T. King. Albany, NY: Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government, February 2005.
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43 Texas Fragile Families Bootstrap Evaluation - Deanna Schexnayder
Texas Fragile Families Bootstrap Evaluation
Principal Investigator: Deanna Schexnayder
Sponsor: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Research Partners:

Texas Office of the Attorney General, Center for Public Policy Priorities

Project Duration: January 2002 - September 2004
Description: This project will evaluate the impact of enhanced services offered to selected Texas Fragile Families local sites on the following measures: consistent payment of child support, employment rates and earnings for non-custodial parents, and the use of TANF by custodial parents. Local sites offering the services to be evaluated include Austin, Laredo, San Angelo, and Baylor/Houston.
Reports Available:

Factors Affecting Participation in Programs For Young Low-Income Fathers: Findings from the Texas Bootstrap Project, by Sarah Looney and Deanna Schexnayder. Austin, TX: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, April 2004.

Impacts of Workforce Services for Young, Low-Income Fathers: Findings from the Texas Bootstrap Project, by Daniel Schroeder, Sarah Looney and Deanna Schexnayder. Austin, TX: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, October 2004.

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44 Non-federal Workforce System Performance Measures - Christopher King
Non-federal Workforce System Performance Measures
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: National Governors Association Center for Best Practices
Project Duration: February - December 2003
Description: The National Governors Association Center for Best Practices contracted with the Ray Marshall Center to gather information about the progress states have made in developing additional performance measures beyond those required by federally funded programs. Under the direction of RMC Director Christopher T. King and Neil Ridley of the NGA, RMC researchers Dan O’Shea and Sarah Looney identified 10 states for in-depth interviews regarding their progress in developing and implementing additional workforce performance measures. Findings from this research will be disseminated through profiles of each state and an overview report.
Reports Available:

Non-federal Workforce System Performance Measures in the States: Overview by Dan O'Shea, Sarah Looney and Christopher T. King. Austin: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, December 2003.

Non-federal Workforce System Performance Measures in the States: Ten State Profiles by Dan O'Shea, Sarah Looney and Christopher T. King. Austin: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, December 2003.

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45 Work Skills/Life Skills: Preparing the Next Generation - Christopher King
Work Skills/Life Skills: Preparing the Next Generation
Principal Investigator: Christopher King
Sponsor: Hitachi Foundation
Project Duration: March 2001 - February 2003
Description: Ray Marshall Center researchers provided technical assistance to the Learning Network of the Work Skills/Life Skills: Preparing the Next Generation Initiative of the Hitachi Foundation. They participated in convenings of the Learning Network, prepared research and technical assistance briefs for dissemination, and provided focused assistance in developing effective business partnerships.
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46 "On the Right Track" Evaluation - Christopher King
"On the Right Track" Evaluation
Principal Investigator: Christopher King
Sponsor: Texas Department of Health
Project Duration: 1999-2002
Description: Researchers are conducting an evaluation of the "On the Right Track" project for the prevention of secondary conditions among children with disabilities. Evaluation activities judged the extent to which various project goals were being addressed.
Reports Available: Year Three Evaluation: On the Right Track
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47 Designing Systemic Workforce Performance Measures - Christopher King
Principal Investigators: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: The Workforce Leadership of Texas
Project Duration: June 2001 – December 2002
Description:

The Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources is working with the Workforce Leadership of Texas (now the Texas Association of Workforce Boards), a membership group comprised of local workforce Board chairs and executive directors, to develop, implement and test improved performance measures for the Texas workforce development system.  This work builds upon previous work the Ray Marshall Center has done in this area, including developing initial performance standards for national CETA programs in the late 1970s and early 1980s; implementing state and local performance standards for JTPA and other programs in the 1980s; examining and recommending cross-cutting performance measures for workforce programs nationally in the 1980s; and devising more systemic state workforce measures in the 1990s, including early work on return-on-investment and employer performance measures.

The ongoing work is being conducted in two stages.  During Phase I, researchers reviewed current workforce performance measures and proposed a series of new system outcome measures for implementation in workforce boards around the state.  In Phase II of the project, researchers developed a Return-on-Investment model and ROI estimates for local workforce development boards.

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48 Patterns and Effectiveness of Vocational/Technical Education [...] - Christopher T. King
Patterns and Effectiveness of Vocational/Technical Education in Participation in Texas
Principal Investigator: Christopher T. King
Sponsors: MPR Associates, National Assessment of Vocational Education
Project Duration: April 2000 - December 2002
Description: Christopher King and Lee Holcombe will study the patterns and effectiveness of vocational/technical education participation in Texas in the 1990's at both the secondary and postsecondary levels as mandated by the U.S. Dept. of Education as part of the National Assessment of Vocational Education (NAVE).
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49 Rockefeller Institute of Government State Capacity Study - Christopher King
Rockefeller Institute of Government State Capacity Study
Principal Investigators: Christopher T. King
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation
Research Partners: Rockefeller Institute of Government/The Research Foundation of State University of New York
Project Duration: May 2001 – August 2002
Description: Researchers at the Ray Marshall Center provided state analysis and annual updates regarding cash assistance, job training, Medicaid and other social services in Texas.  These reports combined with those of researchers in other states to produce national studies regarding the capacity of state government administrators and program operators to efficiently manage services in an era characterized by the devolution of increased responsibility for human services from the federal government to states and localities. The current analyses concerned recent changes in TANF cash assistance and work programs, which were followed by a study of the design and implementation of the Food Stamp program in Texas.  The studies were conducted under the direction of Richard Nathan at SUNY-Albany through a field network of Rockefeller Institute Associates in selected states.
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50 Child Care Subsidy Duration Study - Deanna Schexnayder
Child Care Subsidy Duration Study
Principal Investigator: Deanna Schexnayder
Sponsor: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Research Partners:

Columbia University (School of Social Work and National Center for Children in Poverty), Oregon State University

Project Duration: 1999-2001
Description: The Child Care Subsidy Duration was a collaboration of researchers in several states aimed at providing important information to policymakers on the duration of child care subsidy use. The research team used administrative records from state subsidy systems to build comparable linked, longitudinal datasets on children receiving subsidies, and used the data to produce descriptive information on the dynamics of child care subsidy use. The project was a multi-state study of relationships between subsidy policies, the duration of individual’s subsidy use, and the duration of individual child care arrangements. The main objective was to determine the duration of child care subsidy use and to explore how subsidy duration varies by family income, ages of children, and types of child care used. Ray Marshall Center researchers conducted the Texas portion of this analysis.
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51 Surviving Without TANF: A Study to Determine the Effects of Welfare Reform [...]- Deanna Schexnayder
Surviving Without TANF: A Longitudinal Study to Determine the Effects of Welfare Reform on Individuals Denied, Redirected, or Diverted from Temporary Assistance to Needy Families
Principal Investigator: Deanna Schexnayder
Sponsor: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Research Partners: Texas Department of Human Services; University of Texas at Austin School of Social Work
Project Duration: 1999-2001
Description: The purpose of this study is to research the economic and non-economic outcomes of Texans who were redirected or denied Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) services for non-financial reasons, those who elected to recieve a lump-sum payment in lieu of TANF and those families who left TANF. Research questions will address the following topics: demographics of families diverted from or leaving TANF; employment and other economic supports; utilization of government programs; applicants' attitudes toward the diversion/application process; hardships faced by families; and factors influencing TANF exits, TANF returns, and employment.
Reports Available:

Texas Families in Transition/Surviving without TANF: An Analysis of Families Diverted From or Leaving TANF (January 2002)

Texas Families in Transition/Surviving without TANF: A Preliminary Analysis of Families Diverted From or Leaving TANF (March, 2001)

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52 Parent Satisfaction Survey of Austin Independent School District - Robert Glover

Parent Satisfaction Survey of Austin Independent School District

Principal Investigator: Robert Glover
Sponsors: Office of the President, The University of Texas at Austin; The Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce; and The Sid Richardson Foundation
Project Duration: December 1999 - August 2001
Description: This project conducted an independent survey of the satisfaction of parents with the Austin schools their child attended during March and April 2000. The survey was sponsored jointly by the Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce and by the Office of President Larry Faulkner of the University of Texas at Austin. The Sid Richardson Foundation provided partial financial support. Telephone surveys were conducted in English or Spanish by the Office of Survey Research in the UT College of Communications with a randomly selected sample of 1,176 parents who had a child enrolled in an Austin ISD public school during the 1999-2000 school year. Dr. Bob Glover of the Ray Marshall Center staff served as overall coordinator for the project. Lee Holcombe assisted with the analysis of the data. Deanna Schexnayder participated with a group of volunteer experts on education or survey research from across the University and the Austin business community to develop the survey instrument. Professor Lynn Stokes of the UT Department of Management and Information Systems, designed a random sample stratified to provide valid results by major ethnic or racial group (African American, Anglo and other, Asian American or Latino), by level of school in which the child was enrolled (elementary, middle school or high school), and by the income status of the household (low income or not). The survey included 32 questions measuring satisfaction with various aspects of schooling in Austin, along with 13 questions identifying school programs in which the child participated and activities in which parents participated. A follow-up parent satisfaction survey is planned.
Reports Available: Please see information about the survey on the Austin Chamber of Commerce web site.
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53 Technology-Based Solutions to Workforce Service Delivery - Christopher King
Technology-Based Solutions to Workforce Service Delivery
Principal Investigator: Christopher King
Sponsor: Texas State Comptroller
Project Duration: September 2000 - August 2001
Description: Ray Marshall Center researchers are conducting a policy research project addressing challenges and opportunities in workforce service delivery resulting from technological innovation in the New Economy. Drs. Christopher King and Robert Glover serve as PRP co-directors, meeting with participating students on a weekly basis, shaping their assignments, guiding their research, arranging for speakers, overseeing preparation of the project reports and related project tasks.

Reports Available:

 


Technology-Based Solutions to Workforce Service Delivery
Project Directors: Robert W. Glover, Christopher T. King, Francis Dummer Fisher, Lodis Rhodes
Date:
October 2002
Publication Type:
Policy Research Project Full Report (PDF,
243pp). Printed Copies: $22.00 (PR-142, ISBN 0-89940-755-2)

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54 Estimating the Impact of Subsidized Child Care on the Employment & Earnings [...] - Jerome Olson
Estimating the Impact of Subsidized Child Care on the Employment & Earnings of Welfare Recipients in Harris County (Houston) Texas
Principal Investigator: Jerome A. Olson
Sponsor: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Research Partners: Wellesley College
Project Duration: March 2001 - July 2001
Description: This project applies an existing statistical model to study the relationship between subsidized child care, employment and training in two disparate locations - Dade County (Miami), Florida, and Harris County (Houston), Texas.  Ann Dryden Witte and Magaly Queralt performed the Florida application and the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources tested the statistical model for Texas.  The primary purpose of this research was to test the generality of the model by fitting in different locations and during different time periods.
Reports Available: Employment and Earnings of Child-Care Subsidy Recipients in Harris County, Texas (June 2002)
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55 Transforming Workforce Development Systems: Planning Phase - Christopher King
Transforming Workforce Development Systems: Planning Phase
Principal Investigator: Christopher King
Sponsor: University of Washington
Research Partners: National Governors Association, John J. Heldrich Center for Workforce Development at Rutgers University, Institute of Public Policy and Management at University of Washington
Project Duration: April 2000 - April 2001
Description: Dr. Christopher T. King and Daniel P. O' Shea worked with consortium partners, the National Governors Association's Center for Best Practices and Rutgers University's Heldrich Center for Workforce Development, to create a network of workforce institutes as outlined in a proposal to the Ford Foundation entitled, "Transforming State and Local Workforce Development Systems to Meet the Demands of the New Economy".
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56 The Cost-Effectiveness of Non-Custodial Parent Referrals to Texas Workforce Services - Christopher K
The Cost-Effectiveness of Non-Custodial Parent Referrals to Texas Workforce Services
Principal Investigator: Christopher King
Sponsor: Texas Office of the Attorney General
Project Duration: March 2000 – February 2001
Description: The Ray Marshall Center assessed the cost-effectiveness of referrals of noncustodial parents from the Office of the Attorney General’s Child Support Division and other agencies to workforce services provided through local workforce investment boards and their provider networks in demonstrations operating in Bexar and Harris Counties. The three main components of this assessment were be implementation analysis, quasi-experimental analysis, and cost-effectiveness analysis.
Report Available: The Effectiveness of Non-Custodial Parent Referrals to Workforce Services in Bexar and Harris Counties: An Initial Assessment
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57 The Effectiveness of Various Child Support Collection Strategies [...] - Deanna Schexnayder
The Effectiveness of Various Child Support Collection Strategies in Increasing Child Support Collections
Principal Investigator: Deanna Schexnayder
Sponsor: Texas Office of the Attorney General
Project Duration: March 2000 – February 2001
Description: The Ray Marshall Center analyzed several different child support collection strategies to determine their cost effectiveness. The strategies studied included round-up of non-custodial parents who were delinquent in their child support payments, increased pass-through of child support payments to custodial parents on welfare, and enforced access and visitation privileges for non-custodial parents. Each analysis measured the cost-effectiveness of a given collection strategy.
Report Available: The Effectiveness of Various Child Support Collection Strategies in Increasing Child Support Collections
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58 State Capacity Project/Texas - Christopher King and Daniel O'Shea

State Capacity Project - Texas

Principal Investigator:

Christopher King and Daniel O'Shea

Sponsor:

Kellogg Foundation

Research Partners:

Rockefeller Institute of Government, State University of New York (SUNY) - Albany, and Field Associates in 20 states

Project Duration:

1998 - 2000

Description:

The national study, directed by Dr. Richard P. Nathan and Thomas L. Gais of the Rockefeller Institute at SUNY-Albany, explored welfare and workforce devolution and the capacity of states and localities for taking on new roles. Researchers at the Ray Marshall Center conducted the Texas portion of this research and a pilot of the workforce devolution portion of the study.

Reports Available:

Implementing the Personal Responsibility Act of 1996: A First Look
Authors: Richard P. Nathan and Thomas L. Gais
Date: 1999
Publication Type and Availability: Book. 80pp. Available from SUNY-Albany's Rockefeller Institute of Government.



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59 Teacher Mentoring Programs in Texas - Robert Glover
Teacher Mentoring Programs in Texas
Principal Investigator: Robert Glover
Sponsor: SEDL - Southwest Educational Development Laboratory
Project Duration: March 2000 - November 2000
Description: In collaboration with Southwest Educational Development Laboratory staff, Dr. Robert Glover examined mentoring programs and practices for novice teachers in schools and school districts across Texas. The study included a survey mailed to all Texas school districts, an analysis of administrative data available from the Texas Education Agency, and case studies of three school districts with established programs for mentoring teachers new to the profession. The study aimed to identify promising practices, gather information on the effects of mentoring, and provide a research base for advising educators in schools and school districts and state policy makers who want to begin or improve mentoring programs.
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60 The Value of a Comprehensive Texas Information and Referral Network - Christopher King
The Value of a Comprehensive Texas Information and Referral Network
Principal Investigator: Christopher King
Sponsor: Texas Department of Health and Human Services
Project Duration: July 2000 - August 2000
Description: Researchers prepared a benefit/cost analysis of the proposed comprehensive Texas Health and Human Services Information & Referral Network under contract with the Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC).The analysis will assist HHSC and other policymakers who will decide the State’s role and level of commitment regarding the implementation of a comprehensive, public/private I&R Network statewide.
Reports Available: The Value of a Comprehensive Texas Information and Referral Network: August 2000 Update
Authors: Daniel O'Shea, Leah Kegler, and Christopher T. King,
Date: August 2000
Publication Type: Report. 10pp.


The Value of a Comprehensive Texas Information and Referral Network
Authors: Christopher T. King, Daniel O'Shea, and Alicia M. Betsinger
Date: December 1998
Publication Type: Report. 60pp.
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61 Capital Area Education and Careers Partnership School-to-Career Grant: [...] - Christopher King
Capital Area Education and Careers Partnership School-to-Career Grant: An Assessment of Early Accomplishments, Constraints and Prospects
Principal Investigator: Christopher King
Sponsor: Texas Workforce Commission
Project Duration: January 2000 – March 2000
Description: Ray Marshall Center researchers, Christopher King and Daniel O’Shea conducted an evaluation of Year One and Year Two deliverables of the “School-to-Career” project. These activities and services were delivered under the School-to-Work Opportunities Act of 1994 by the Capital Area Education and Careers Partnership.
Report Available: Capital Area Education and Careers Partnership School-to-Career Grant: An Assessment of Early Accomplishments, Constraints and Prospects
Authors: Daniel P. O'Shea and Christopher T. King
Date: March 2000
Publication Type: Report. 23pp. 
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62 Administrative Data Research and Evaluation (ADARE) Project - Christopher T. King

Administrative Data Research and Evaluation (ADARE) Project

Principal Investigator:

Christopher T. King, David W. Stevens and others

Sponsor:

U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration

Research Partners:

University of Baltimore, Florida Atlantic University, Georgia State University, University of Missouri-Columbia, Northern Illinois University and W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

Project Duration:

April 1998 - June 2012

Description:

The ADARE Project began in 1998 using the availability of longitudinal files of state administrative records and the combined expertise of university researchers and state Labor Market Information unit staffs to investigate policy issues of interest to the U.S. Department of Labor’s Employment and Training Administration. The 1998-2002 phase of the Project focused on welfare-to-work transition flows in six large urban centers—Atlanta, Baltimore, Broward County (Ft. Lauderdale), Chicago, Houston and Kansas City. Since July 2002, the ADARE Project partners — the University of Baltimore, the University of Texas-Austin, Florida Atlantic University, Georgia State University, the University of Missouri-Columbia, Northern Illinois University, and the W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research — have concentrated attention on Workforce Investment Act Standardized Record (WIASRD) files provided by Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, Missouri, Texas and Washington. Projects are currently focusing on client flows, services and outcomes under the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 in the participating states. An ADARE Project website is being developed. Project reports and related information will be available on the website of the Jacob France Institute at the University of Baltimore.

Reports Available:

Welfare and Work: Experiences in Six Cities
Authors: Christopher T. King and Peter R. Mueser.
Publication Date:
2005 (Kalamazoo, MI: Upjohn Institute Press.)
Availability: Available for purchase from W. E. Upjohn Institute at this link.

The Role of Child Support and Earnings in Texas Welfare and Poverty Dynamics
Authors: Christopher T. King and Daniel Schroeder.
Publication Date: September 2003
Availability: PDF of Report. Click here.


Preliminary WIA Net Impact Estimates:
Administrative Records Opportunities and Limitations
Authors: Kevin Hollenbeck, Christopher T. King and Daniel Schroeder.
Publication Date:
July 2003 (Austin: Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, The University of Texas at Austin).
Availability: PDF of Report. Click here.

Human Capital Potential of NonCustodial Parents: Preliminary Texas Results
Authors: Christopher T. King and Daniel Schroeder.
Publication Date:
February 2002.
Availability:
Available from the Ray Marshall Center, contact rmcpubs@raymarshallcenter.org

The Welfare Caseload, Economic Growth and Welfare-to-Work Policies: An Analysis of Five Urban Areas
Authors: Christopher T. King, Peter Mueser, Julie Hotchkiss, Phil Rokicki, and David W. Stevens.
Publication Date:  April 2000 (
Baltimore: The Jacob France Center, University of Baltimore)
Availability: PDF of Report. Click here.

Welfare-to-Work Transitions in Five Urban Areas: Initial Results from the Pooled Multivariate Analysis
Authors: Christopher T. King, Jerome Olson, Julie Hotchkiss, Peter Mueser, Phil Rokicki, and David W. Stevens.
Publication Date: March 2000. (The Jacob France Center, University of Baltimore, Baltimore)
Availability: PDF of Report. Click here.

Urban Welfare-to-Work Transitions in the 1990's: A First Look
Authors: Julie L. Hotchkiss, Christopher T. King, Peter R. Mueser, Phillip S. Rokicki and David W. Stevens.
Publication Date: December 1999, revised October 2001 (The Jacob France Center, University of Baltimore
)
Availability: PDF of Report. Click here.

The Dynamics of Welfare-to-Work: A Comparative Analysis of Four Urban Areas, 1990-1997
Authors: Julie L. Hotchkiss, Christopher T. King, Peter R. Mueser and David W. Stevens
Publication Date: November 1998 (Presented to the Southern Economic Association Meeting).

Availability: Available from the Ray Marshall Center, contact rmcpubs@raymarshallcenter.org

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