Family and Social Policy

Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Final Impact Report

Researcher(s):Deanna T. Schexnayder, Daniel G. Schroeder, Jerome A. Olson, and Hyunsub Kum
Date Published:
January 2003
Publisher(s):
Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin

Abstract: In 1995, the Texas Legislature enacted H. B. 1863, which formed the basis for Texas’ waiver from existing Federal laws governing the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program. The Texas waiver, officially known as the Achieving Change for Texans (ACT) demonstration, aimed to assist participants to achieve independence from welfare through an increased emphasis on employment, training, temporary assistance and support services. The random- assignment net impact evaluation measured the effectiveness of two major components of this legislation: time-limited benefits and use of a personal responsibility agreement for recipients of public cash assistance.

This is the final impact report from this evaluation. It includes net impacts of the ACT demonstration from its inception in June 1996 through September 2001, and measures impacts of state time limits and the Texas personal responsibility agreement on welfare dynamics, client self-sufficiency, participation in workforce development programs, and several family and child indicators.

Availability:

Full Report (PDF)
Appendix (PDF)

Printed Copies:
Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , Texas Department of Human Services, (512) 438-3353

 

Texas Families in Transition / Surviving Without TANF: An Analysis of Families Diverted From or Leaving TANF

Researcher(s):Deanna Schexnayder, Daniel Schroeder, Laura Lein, David Dominguez, Karen Douglas, and Freddie Richards
Date Published:
January 2002
Publisher(s):
Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin; and the Center for Innovative Projects for Economic Development, Prairie View A&M University

Abstract: In the post-welfare-reform era, many states have begun conducting research to determine how the new policies affect the families they serve. In particular, states need to understand if former welfare recipients are employed or receiving other types of economic supports, how many have returned to welfare, and reasons for families’ success or failure.

This report addresses the following questions:

  • What are the characteristics of families who left or were diverted from TANF?
  • To what extent are these families participating in other government programs, especially Medicaid and food stamps?
  • To what extent are these families employed and/or receiving other economic supports, such as child support and child care subsidies?
  • Over time, how do these families manage and what hardships do they face?
  • How do potential applicants view the diversion/application process?
  • Are there particular points after leaving TANF at which people are the most vulnerable to returning?
  • Which factors are associated with leaving TANF, being employed, or returning to TANF?

This report examines these research questions for two populations of low-income families: those diverted from TANF prior to enrollment and those who have left TANF. Among ‘diverted’ families, three types are being studied: families redirected prior to TANF application, those denied TANF for non-financial reasons, and approved TANF applicants opting to receive a one-time payment in lieu of TANF benefits.

Availability:

Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)
Executive Summary (HTML) Printed Copies: 225pp.
To order please contact the Texas Department of Human Services, (512) 438-5101
 

Urban Welfare-to-Work Transitions in the 1990s

Researcher(s):Peter R. Mueser and Christopher T. King
Date Published:
October 2001
Publisher(s):
Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin

Abstract: The Center for the Study of Human Resources conducted joint research to revise a March 2001 report on analysis that focused on patterns of welfare use and employment for welfare leavers for central counties in each of the metropolitan areas of Atlanta, Baltimore, Fort Lauderdale, Chicago, Houston and Kansas City. Researchers examined the extent to which economic growth and welfare policy interact to induce observed patterns. Following a review of the literature on the determinants of the welfare caseload and employment of welfare leavers, researchers provided detail on the waiver provisions and related welfare reform activities occurring in each of the sites and their respective states, as well as information on how implementation of the 1996 federal reform legislation influenced state programs. Researchers began their quantitative analysis showing how unemployment rates and welfare caseloads varied across our sites over the period of our study. It was clear that, at most sites, the decline in caseloads occurred at the same time that welfare-to-work transitions occurred in increasing numbers.

Availability:

Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)
Printed Copies: 47pp, $4.70
Contact:
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
 

Texas Families in Transition/Surviving without TANF: A Preliminary Analysis of Families Diverted From or Leaving TANF

Researcher(s):Deanna Schexnayder, Daniel Schroeder, Laura Lein, David Dominguez, Karen Douglas, and Freddie Richards
Date Published:
March 2001
Publisher(s):
Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin

Abstract: Since welfare reform began, many states have been conducting studies to determine how these policy changes are affecting the families served by Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). In particular, states are interested in understanding whether former welfare recipients or those diverted from receiving TANF are employed or are receiving other types of economic supports. They also are interested in how many families are returning to welfare and the reasons for their return.

This preliminary report concentrates on answering the research questions: What are the characteristics of families who left or were diverted from TANF? To what extent are these families participating in other government programs, especially Medicaid and Food Stamps? To what extent are these families employed and/or receiving other economic supports, such as child support and child care?

The report summarizes results from initial analyses of administrative data files for families who were diverted from or left TANF from April 1998 through June 1999 and intensive interviews conducted between November 1998 and March 2000 with a sample of these families.

Availability:

Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)
Executive Summary (HTML) Printed Copies: 93pp, $9.00
Contact:
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
 

Urban Welfare-to-Work Transitions in the 1990s: Patterns in Six Urban Areas

Urban Welfare-to-Work Transitions in the 1990s: Patterns in Six Urban Areas

Authors: John Baj, Julie L. Hotchkiss, Christopher T. King, Peter R. Mueser, Phillip S. Rokicki and David W. Stevens.
Publication Date: March 2001
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, Office of Policy and Research, Division of Research and Demonstration. 40pp.
Availability: Ray Marshall Center, contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
 


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