Family and Social Policy

The Role of Child Support in Texas Welfare Dynamics: Statistical Supplement for Local Workforce Development Areas

Researcher(s):Deanna T. Schexnayder and Jerome A. Olson
Date Published:
July 1999
Publisher(s):
Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin

Abstract: The Role of Child Support in Texas Welfare Dynamics was published in September 1998. That four-year study measured the influence that increased child support enforcement strategies had on Texas welfare dynamics in the period following the implementation of the Family Support Act but prior to passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, the country's latest round of welfare reform.

This supplement provides descriptive statistics about Texas' adult welfare recipients and the noncustodial parents of their children for each of Texas' 28 local workforce development areas. It should be used as a companion piece to the statewide publication and provides statistics about both welfare caretakers and noncustodial parents that are often difficult to obtain, especially at the substate level. With the increased emphasis on improving the employability of noncustodial parents in welfare families, these statistics should provide background information to guide local planners in developing appropriate services for this group.

Availability:

Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)
Printed Copies: 31pp, $3.00
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Achieving Change for Texans Evaluation: Net Impacts through December 1997

Researcher(s):Deanna T. Schexnayder, Jerome A. Olson, Daniel G. Schroeder, Alicia Betsinger, and Shao Chee Sim
Date Published:
December 1998
Publisher(s):
Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin

Abstract: In 1995, the Texas Legislature enacted H. B. 1863, which formed the basis for Texas’ waiver from existing Federal laws governing the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program. The Texas waiver, officially known as the Achieving Change for Texans (ACT) demonstration, aims to assist participants to achieve independence from welfare through an increased emphasis on employment, training, temporary assistance and support services. It includes four primary components: Time-Limited and Transitional Benefits (TL), Responsibilities, Employment and Resources (RER), Incentives to Achieve Independence (IAI), and TANF One Time Payments.

The evaluation of the ACT demonstration consists of three approaches: a process evaluation, an impact analysis, and follow-up interviews with persons who reached their time limits or who elected to receive TANF One Time payments instead of entering TANF. This report includes net impacts of the ACT demonstration from its inception in June 1996 through December 1997, and describes early impacts of the time limits and RER experiments on welfare dynamics, client self-sufficiency, participation in workforce development programs, and use of subsidized child care services.

Availability:

Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)
Executive Summary (HTML) Printed Copies: 70pp, $7.00
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The Dynamics of Welfare-to-Work: A Comparative Analysis of Four Urban Areas, 1990-1997

The Dynamics of Welfare-to-Work: A Comparative Analysis of Four Urban Areas, 1990-1997

Researchers: Julie L. Hotchkiss, Christopher T. King, Peter R. Mueser, and David W. Stevens.
Publication Date: November 1998, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, Office of Policy and Research, Division of Research and Demonstration. 76pp.
Availability: Available from the Ray Marshall Center, contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
 

The Role of Child Support in Texas Welfare Dynamics

Researcher(s):Deanna T. Schexnayder, Jerome A. Olson, Daniel G. Schroeder and Jody McCoy
Date Published:
September 1998
Publisher(s):
Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources, The University of Texas at Austin

Abstract: The Family Support Act of 1988 (FSA) mandated a number of policy changes to increase the employability of caretakers receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and to improve the collection of child support from noncustodial parents. Some states, including Texas, enacted state legislation to strengthen their child support enforcement procedures prior to these federal mandates. This research study measures the influence that increased child support enforcement strategies have had on welfare dynamics in Texas, which has one of the lowest AFDC grant levels in the U.S but relatively high rates of paternity establishment and child support collection.

This project investigated four primary research questions: Which factors have the greatest influence on the award and collection of child support in Texas? To what extent does child support influence AFDC exits in Texas? To what extent does child support reduce AFDC recidivism in Texas? What is the combined influence of child support and earnings of the custodial parent in removing families from poverty?

Availability:

Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)
Executive Summary (HTML) Printed Copies: 80pp, $8.00
Contact:
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Welfare Dynamics in Texas: An Exploratory Analysis of AFDC Turnover and Program Participation

Researchers: Christopher T. King and Deanna T. Schexnayder
Date: March 1998

Publication type: Report. Available from the Ray Marshall Center,
contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

 


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