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institute of classical archaeology
Excavations

As at Metaponto, excavation was planned from the very beginning as an integral component of the Crotone project, to sample representative sites of all the principal periods identified. Sites in the chora of Croton are generally less well-preserved than those at Metaponto as a result of recent agricultural activity, in particular plowing with heavy equipment and construction, especially along the coasts.

Capo Alfiere.  Excavations began in 1987 at the site of Capo Alfiere on the promontory of Capo Colonna. Surface finds recovered during the field survey, including a variety of impressed prehistoric pottery known as "Stentinelliano" from the site in Sicily (Stentinello) where it was first discovered, indicated a chronology in the mid-Neolithic period. The site, excavated during three campaigns (1987, 1989 and 1990), is an exceptionally important one for the Italian Neolithic, for it is the northernmost site on the peninsula containing Stentinelliano pottery.   The architectural remains consist of a monumental stone wall, a rarity in this early period, and enclosed huts with well-preserved pavements. The stratigraphy is clearly defined, with an early phase, the main period, and a later occupation.   Careful collection and study of the organic remains, both of plants and animals, from all phases make it possible to discern changes in the agricultural regime. Capo Alfiere, the subject of a Ph.D. dissertation by its excavator, Jon Morter, merits a fully detailed publication which has, tragically, been delayed and complicated by the premature death of Dr. Morter in 1997.

Torre Bugiafro. The remains of an isolated single-family Greek farmhouse at Torre Bugiafro, similar to the farmhouses excavated in the chora of Metapontum, were selected for excavation because of the relatively undisturbed state of the landscape. But the site was seriously damaged by agricultural activity just a month prior to excavation, so that very little evidence for rural life at colonial Croton was recovered.

 
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•Introduction


•Excavations

•Scientific Research

•Field Survey

•Croton Bibliography







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