Audio or video recording usually increases the risk to research subjects.
Therefore, we strongly encourage researchers to use audio and video recording only as necessary to conduct research. The consent forms for research involving the recording of audio or video must include the necessary confidentiality provisions:
- that the interviews or sessions will be audio or videotaped;
- that the cassettes will be coded so that no personally identifying information is visible on them;
- that they will be kept in a secure place (e.g., a locked file cabinet in the investigator's office);
- that they will be heard or viewed only for research purposes by the investigator and his or her associates; and
- that they will be erased after they are transcribed or coded. If you wish to keep the recordings because of the requirements of your professional organization with respect to data or because you may wish to review them for additional analyses at a later time, the statement about erasing them should be omitted and you should state that they will be retained for possible future analysis. If you wish to present the recordings at a convention or to use them for other educational purposes, you should get special permission to do so by adding, after the signature lines on the consent form, the following statement, "We may wish to present some of the tapes from this study at scientific conventions or as demonstrations in classrooms. Please sign below if you are willing to allow us to do so with the tape of your performance." And add another signature line prefaced by, "I hereby give permission for the video (audio) tape made for this research study to be also used for educational purposes." This procedure makes it possible for a participant to agree to being taped for research purposes and to maintain the confidentiality of the information on that tape.